“Change must come; but it is ours to determine whether change of growth, or change of death. Shall the Parthenon be in ruins on its rock, and Bolton Priory in its meadow, but these mills of yours be the consummation of the buildings of the earth, and their wheels be as the wheels of eternity ? Think you that ‘men may come and men may go,’ but mills go on for ever ?
Not so; out of these, better or worse shall come; and it is for you to choose which”.
John Ruskin, to the Merchants and Manufacturers of Bradford, regarding their plan to build a cloth exchange, 1864.
The first version of this Catalogue was compiled in 1995 as spin-off from research into the social and political history of Huddersfield for my PhD thesis. The original records were on an Amstrad PC and when Word became available to the author, an attempt was made to transfer the files to a new machine. In the course of this operation letters, words and whole chunks of text were obliterated, so that reference dates found themselves next to events to which they bore no relation, phrases were lost, obscuring the meaning of some entries and key words disappeared so that searching the document became inefficient. In short a major effort of re-editing was required, which due to the lack of an up to date hard copy was not easy. Consequently, the 1995 version was incomplete and in a few places quite garbled.
Two decades on, hopefully, most of these problems have been corrected and a mass of new information has been added. Whereas the old version ran to 179 pages the current edition has added around 100 more, while using in places a reduced size font to conserve space. A few more mills have been added and some of the problems, but by no means all, of identifying mills, sorted out. These problems relate mainly to areas where several mills adjoin each other and are not specifically named in reports, or where names of the site, or the millowners /manufacturers, have changed, leaving it unclear who owned what and when.
The references are drawn from published accounts, mainly in local newspapers, but also from books, and from documentary sources such as solicitors’ papers, estate records and business records in Huddersfield Library or West Yorkshire Archive Service. Where there are archives relating to specific mills, these have not been recorded, since printed catalogues of these collections usually exist. I would like to record my thanks to staff in the Local History Library and Archives for their help over the years in putting this together. Particularly I would like to acknowledge my debt to the late librarian and dear friend Lesley Kipling for passing on her detailed knowledge of the area and all kinds of information she discovered in the course of her work. Of course I am also indebted to others who have pioneered this field including Crump & Ghorbal, D. T Jenkins, Colm Giles and George Ingle.
The emphasis is on the social history of the mills and the effects of technological change. An outline of the origins and early development of mills and factories is contained in my PhD thesis, also in the Local Studies Library. This also needs revising in the light of subsequent research.
Using The Catalogue
It is still hoped that the Catalogue will form the basis of a magnum opus on the Huddersfield textile industry from the industrial revolution to c.1914. However, since other projects and demands on the author’s time have intervened it is thought that this information should be made freely available to all interested in this subject or who wish to mine it for genealogical purposes. Anyone not using it for commercial purposes is welcome to share the information, although an acknowledgement would be nice. This is not only for reasons of vanity but also because more frequent the citations more chance there is of other researchers being guided towards the catalogue. I believe that the historians craft is one which thrives best if it is a cooperative activity.
The mills and factories listed comprise almost, but not quite, all those built prior to 1914 in the area south of the Calder embracing the Valleys of the Colne, Holme, Fenay Beck and Upper Dearne and their tributaries. Some on the edge of this area such as Bridsedge and Scammonden are included because of their links with the area. A few others are omitted, simply because of the paucity if historical references to them. All premises involved with the processing of wool, cotton and silk, and/or the manufacturing of yarn and cloth have been included, except for dyeworks. Only one of these is described in any detail, due to the author’s particular interest in it, and that is Magbridge. There are other references, where dyeing took place on the premises, or a dyeworks succeded where a mill had been, as in the case of Woodroyd at Honley and Royd Edge at Meltham.
The Catlogue has already served as the basis for the ‘biographies’ of individual mills. The author has written accounts of several, in some cases as part of a campaign to preserve them from demolition. Steps Mill, Longroyd Bridge Mill, Low West Wood Mill and Grove Mill (Honley) have been ‘written up’ . Some of the information has also been incorporated into Michael Day’s excellent history of the textile industry in the Holme Valley, ‘Wool and Worsit’.
It can also be used thematically. The relation of the fancy handloom weavers to the factory system has also been explored by the author. Mill architecture, the development of steam power, or machinery, the social life of the mill and industrial relations are all topics on which the Catalogue has something to say.
Many people have used the Catalogue during their genealogical research. The author would be interested in any information which throws further light on any of the characters mentioned, be they millowners or millworkers.
CVG Colne Valley Guardian
HE Huddersfield Examiner
HEW Huddersfield Examiner (Weekly)
Hexp Holmfirth Express
HC Huddersfield Chronicle
HWN Huddersfield Weekly News
HLHL Huddersfield Local History Library
HHE Halifax and Huddersfield Express
IBJ Isaac Beardsell’s Journal (Transcribed by Michael Day)
KC Kirklees Collection
LM Leeds Mercury
LI Leeds Intelligencer
LT Leeds Times
LTR Land Tax returns
OS Ordnance Survey
NS Northern Star
RCHM Royal Commission on Historic Monuments survey
VWR Voice of the West Riding
WYAS West Yorkshire Archive Service
W The Worker
WCR Wakefield Court Rolls (Researched by Michael Day)
YFT Yorkshire Factory Times
YTD Yorkshire Textile Directory
PART 1. ACRE TO GROVE MILL
1. ACRE MILL (Lindley)
1850. OS Map 6””.
1852. HC 7 Feb. machinery assigned by widow of Lydia Walker and Dan Walker to Widow Sykes Now in possession of Wm.Sykes.
1866 HC 13 Jan: ‘Wanted, a number of power-loom weavers. Good wages. Apply to Henry Mallinson, Acre Mills, Lindley.’
HC 20 Jan: ‘Wanted, all weavers to keep away from Henry Mallinson’s. Acre Mill, Lindley, until the strike is over.’
Turn out due to Mallinson not conceding a demanded advance of wages. Intimidation of workers and a number of summonses taken out.
1867 HC 15 Jun: Henry Mallinson premises, machinery to be sold
Also at Marsh Mill.
HC 3 Aug: finishing machinery to be sold. John Wilkinson & Sons giving up business.
1868. HE 4 Jan: Wm.Sykes Snr giving up business – scribbling, carding and spinning machinery to be sold.
1870. HC 21 May: Jos Sykes Bros mill, fire in scutching room, large amount of cotton destroyed. Workpeople of Jos. Walker, Plover Mill assist.
1875. HEW 9 Jan. John Sykes & Co. workers help to fight fire at Oakes Mill.
1876. HEW 26 Feb. Sykes Bros, cotton spinners . Fire.
1890. HEW 24 May. Woman (41) suicide in dam.
Tel: Jos. Sykes.
1893 HEW 26 Aug: Jos. Sykes Bros. Ltd – 5s. holiday money given, (under 16s, 2s.6d), to 300 workers. 8 days holiday.
1895 HEW 23 Nov. Building accident.
1903. HEW 7 Mar: James Neild Sykes, obit, son of John Sykes, cardmaker, Lindley, builder of Acre Mill. Became Co. about 13 years ago. Generosity to Lindley.
1914. HED, HDC 10 Aug: John Sykes, Acre House, obit. (71) son of Sam Sykes, ‘model employer of labour and a philanthropist’, Jos Sykes Bros, Ltd belonged to English Card Clothing Co., studied cotton spinning at Oldham, later with Platt Bros & Co, machine makers, and managed cotton firm for them in Bombay for three years.
HDC 13 Aug: funeral St Stephen’s, Lindley, flags flown at half mast at mills.
1923 HEW 7 Apr: Fred Sykes, obit (66), son of William Sykes. Chair of English Card Clothing Co, Jos Sykes Bros Ltd, Acre Mills branch.
2. ALBANY MILL (Firth Street)
see also Gladstone Mill
1868 Built by John Eastwood (Parkin’s Huddersfield Almanac)
1876 Trade Directory ‘Gladstone Mill’.
1882 1 Aug: Fire – £40,000 loss (Parkin)
1885 HEW 27 Jun: John Eccles. Reduction of cotton twiners’ wages – strike affects several firms.
HEW 26 Dec: Fire in hay loft at mill, room and power let to late John Eccles, cotton warp manufacturer. (Obit: 12 Dec, Kirkburton)
1886. HEW 15 Mar: tender for erection of weaving shed, Abbey & Hanson, architects.
1889. HEW 30 Mar: to be sold, 169 by 104 feet by 3 storeys, 35hp nominal hp, steam engine by Woodhead & Mitchell.
1890. Tel: Allen Mallinson.
1891. HEW 17 Jan: John Eastwood, obituary, builder, formerly Gladstone Mill, but Eastwood becomes Unionist and changes mill along with his political allegiance.
1891. HEW 16 May: Foreman (37) mending shaft , accident – dies.
HWN 9 May: Ditto
1895. Room and Power.
1897 HEW 6 Mar: Allen Mallinson & Co. retired from business, mills let machinery to be sold.
1898. HEW 19 Feb: Herbert Calvert, worsted spinner – William Beaumont (14) doffer killed by gust of wind blowing through hoist doors, falls three storeys, 26 Feb, inquest
1900. HEW 17 Mar: 69 year old man killed by rag machine.
1910. YTD Albany Mills Co. Ltd, (lasting, worsted coatings and serge yarns) 15,000. spindles.
YTD: R.S.Walker & Co., mungo and shoddy manufacturer.
1915. YTD Ditto. 18,000 spindles.
3. ALBERT MILL (Holmfirth)
1841 Ben Mellor, cloth finisher begins business, HEW 11 Sep 1897 – obit. Son Jos Ramsden Mellor continues business.
1864 Date Stone.
1867 HC 19 Jan: Bowers, Strap accident to beamer and sizer.
1871 HC 24 Nov: Benjamin Mellor & Son, cloth finishers, 20% advance conceded.
1872. HEW 16 Mar: termination of tenancy, machinery to be sold, including powerlooms.
1874. HEW 1 Aug: Fire – patent extincteurs used.
1886. HEW 16 Jan: Ben Mellor & Sons, cloth finishers, treat at Druids Hall.
1889. HEW 15 May: Ben Mellor & Sons, female knotter leaving work without notice case.
1892. HEW 23 Jan: Ben Mellor & Sons, cloth finishers, treat.
1896 HEW 18 Jan: B. Mellor and sons – 55th annual gathering, 100 at Drill Hall, head of firm (84), ‘Green-leaf’ party. AP Mellor manager, JR Mellor. Sandford’s quadrille band.
1897 HEW 11 Sep: Ben Mellor obit, (86). Attended mill up to a few weeks ago.
1910. YTD B. Mellor & Son, Ltd, dyers, fullers, finishers, waterproofers and shrinkers.
1915. YTD Ditto.
4. ALBERT MILL (Lockwood)
1853. Berry and Turner decide to erect mill and hold moieties then begin partnership ‘the mill shall be forthwith commenced’ HEW 2 Jul 1881.
1856. HC 28 Jun: treat for out weavers at Thurstonland to celebrate peace. Procession to Farnley with decorated donkeys.
Aug 30: lease for 999 years begins.HEW 2 Jul 1881.
1857. Apr 25:. Geo Kaye hurt in building Accident.
Aug 26: Berry & Turner – flood damage.
1860. HC 7 Apr: Berry & Turner, offence against Factory Act, employing Jane Everson after 6 o’clock at night. Plead guilty, first offence.
1863 HC 8 Aug: four slubbers charged with absenting themselves from work Berry discharged slubber in middle of his work and others left when he was not reinstated. say they had also to pay feeders 2d/hour overtime instead of 1 ½ d. Agree to return
1865 May, The Naturalist John T Aspinall engineer finds Potomogeton natans plant growing in cistern on top of engine house. Water pumped by force pump from canal. Seeds probably from fleeces.
1866. HE 26 May. Tenders to build Fire proof mill.
Berry & Turner evidence to Commission on River Pollution. 200hp engine .
HC 11 Aug: Berry & Turner. Cart driver, Edward Gelder of Victoria St, contracts cholera. Lack of proper drainage in street.
1869. HC 1 May: Berry & Turner breach of contract case against three weavers (from Paddock, Linthwaite and Honley Bridge) for leaving work. Average 20s. a week, 2-3s/day piece work. Magistrates unable to decide case. 8 May, Thursday meeting of weavers at Lockwood, firm paying 2-3d per 10 feet less than others and refuse to adopt pay list adhered to by other mills.
HC 13 Aug: trip to Scarborough to celebrate majority of C A Berry. Also announce early closing on Saturdays.
1871 HC 18 Mar: Berry & Turner, ‘extensive premises’, serious fire on Saturday morning. ‘A considerable amount of valuable material destroyed.’ Kaye’s brigade arrives first but water not on. Corporation engine arrives and uses water from cistern o premises.. Liverpool and London and Globe engine joins in. Spontaneous combustion suspected.
HC 13 May: Elizabeth Horsfall, condenser feeder, three sets of machine under her charge. Monday morning ‘parcel’ finished about 7 o’clock. Machines cleaned before fresh parcel. Becomes caught between pulley and strap. Thigh broken by force throwing her to floor. ‘was infringing the rules of the mill…’
HC 17 Jun: Tender for ‘pulling down and rebuilding dyehouse and firing place, lengthening warehouse etc….Mark Beaumont architect.’
HC 2 Sep: Fire in bag of shoddy in mill yard.
HC 30 Sep: Charles Armitage, power loom weaver, hand caught in cogs.
1873 HEW 9 Aug; 16 Aug: Berry & Turner, Wm Hardy, 17, self actor minder, Emma Riley, piecer, 17, fall from 5th storey, ‘larking’. Hardy dies half an hour later. Inquest. He had lifted bar from landing door out of staple.
1875. HEW 15 May Josiah Berry at Parliamentary committee on LNWR and canal. Works worth £50,000, 300 employed, used water for 14 years.
Partnership with J.B.Turner dissolved, mill valued at £34,000 HEW 2 Jul 1881. (J.B.Turner bankrupt, losses 1878 £2-3,000 in 1878).
1881 HC 31 Dec: to be sold, occ JB Turner & Co, 6 storey mill, fireproof weaving shed adjoining Holme, 44 yard octagonal chimney, two Arnold boilers, 40 hp beam engine by Timothy Bates & Sons, etc…
1883. HEW 11 Aug: Brierly Bros sale of shed at Ashbrow Mill.
1884-1965: WYAS KC302.
1885 HEW 28 Nov: ‘Fourth Room’, occupied by Ben Lawton, spinning machinery to be sold.
1892 YFT 14 Oct.James Brierley Fire.
HEW 15 Oct: Brierley Bros, fire in bales in six storey mill, extinguished.
1895 YFT 18 Jan Brierley comng of age celebrations.
HEW 31 Aug: Alfred Mellor, teamer for Parkwood Finishing Co. Longwood, falls off cart onto pipes. taken home dies from internal injuries.
1896 HEW 19 Sep: Brierley Bros, yarn spinners, Ltd Co. registered. Members of old firm, £50,000 capital.
John Blamires, condensors and mules to be sold.
1899 HEW 9 Jul: Brierley Bros, Ltd, weft skep, 40-50lbs falls from second storey hitting Richard Priestly, secretary and cashier, passing through yard. Large cut on hand and teeth knocked out.
1899 Brierly Bros: Jms A Brierly coming of age – oak smoking cabinet presented.
1900. HEW 17 Mar: Ben Lawton,yarn spinner, 1875 to 1883, bankrupt.
1901. HEW 20 Jul: Josiah Berry obit son of Godfrey Berry, founder of firm which became Henry Crowther & Sons. Josiah founds Berry & Turner, Baptist.
1910. YTD Brierley Bros. Ltd, woollen carders and spinners, 8,000 spindles.
1915. YTD ditto.
1939 HEW 21 Jan: Sykes Dawson, foreman cutter, presented with gold watch, with firm since 14 years old in 1888.
5. ALBERT MILL (Linthwaite)
1902. HEW 22 Feb: James Shaw & Sons, to be sold/let.
6. ALBION MILLS (Huddersfield)
1859. Whiteley moves from Turnbridge.
1865 HC 11 Feb: Albion Mills, Chapel Hill, tenders requested for warehouse, winding and warping rooms, staircase, cart shed, stable, dwelling house and other additions to mill.
1872. HEW 10 Feb: Stable St, Messrs Whiteley, cotton spinners and warp makers, workpeople’s ‘yearly festival’.
1900 Becomes Ltd. Co. (Sam Whiteley’s obit).
1905. HEW 18 Mar: Joshua Whiteley obit., bother of John and Joseph, started in 1853 aged 21 at father’s cotton spinning business at Turnbridge Mill.
1910 YTD : Joshua Whiteley & Co. Ltd, spinners, doublers and warp makers, 45,000 spindles.
1913 HEW 1 Nov: Samuel Shaw Whiteley, Eldon Bank, Berry Brow, obit,54, son of Joshua Whiteley, who with brothers John and Joseph, founded firm of Joshua Whiteley & Co. Albion Mills, Mitford St. Senior director and chairman of company since death of Joshua. Liberal and lifelong Lockwood Baptist.
1919. Joshua Whitley & Co. cotton spinners, doublers and warpers. Mills driven by electricity generated on the premises.
7. ALBION MILL (Kirkburton)
1894. HEW 5 May: to be sold, 48 yard long mill.
8. ALBION MILL (Meltham)
1864. Date Stone.
1865 HE 7 Oct James Ramsden Offence against Factory Act. Wilfully or connived at making false registry of when young person commenced working.
1870 HC 29 Jan: Ramsden, woollen spinner, fire in third storey in wool and mungo. Spontaneous combustion due to steam pipe under floor.
HC 9 Apr: Sykes, woollen manufacturer, treat for 60 at Victoria Hotel.
HC 28 May: Ramsden, scribbling miller. Fire in shoddy and other refuse in mill yard.
HC 24 Nov: James Sykes, treat for 40 at Swan Inn. J E Sykes (the son) present.
1871 HC 23 Dec: Handloom weavers wanted…Good wages.’
1872 HEW 9 Mar: James Ramsden, woollen spinner, fire in stove. Spink Mire Fire Brigade attends but not needed. Damage £30-40..
1873 HEW 19 Apr: Ramsden, woollen spinner, fire in stove, Ben Whitwam, engine tenter gives alarm. Meltham Mill and Spink Mire Fire Brigades.
1878 HEW 1 Jun: James Brook Jnr & Sons fatal accident to boy carried round shaft. It takes some time for engine to stop. Jury recommends some way of immediately disconnecting main shaft.
Treat for designer Tom Brooke who leaves after 7 years service.
1880. HEW 10 Jan: fire in scribbling room put out by extincteurs.
1888. HEW 24 Nov: James Sykes & Son, complain to Local Board about run-off from highway entering boiler house and flues.
1891. HEW 21 Jan: James Sykes Snr, distress for rent, machinery to be sold.
1895. HEW 15 Jun: 48 yards long by 5 storeys, outside staircase
1901 HEW 9 Nov, to be let, five storey mill.
1902 HEW 29 Nov: still to let.
1904 HEW 3 Dec: still to let
1905. HEW 20 May: to be sold, 5 storeys x144x43’6”, ground floor partly fire proofed, horizontal condensing steam engine, 25” cylinder, 4’ stroke.(Also Lower Sunny Bank)
1906. OS Map. ‘disused’.
1910. YTD: Allen Taylor & Co. Ltd, yarn spinner, 3,600 spindles.
YTD: J.R. Mawdsley & Co. yarn spinner, 1,350 spindles.
1911. W 29 Apr:A.Taylor & Co. fatal accident in flywheel race, fettlar (45) barring engine (horizontal 35hp) falls in, 10 foot deep by 2 foot 6 in wide. Wheel turned due to compression before he had time to take bar out.
1915. YTD: as 1910, but Mawdsley 2,000 spindles.
1917. Datestone on office.
9. ALBION MILL (Golcar)
1865 Commencement of 999 year lease.
HC 11 Feb: under construction for Joe Harrison & Co. ‘in the hollow below Brook lane.’ Boiler being removed from lane, where it had been waiting, to bed. Placed on beams to slide it down while toad (flat cart) put in front to slow it down. John Ward, labourer, Swallow St. Huddersfield , using wedge as break. Frosty ground subsides and boiler falls on him and kills him.
1867 HC 10 Aug: Crowther & Gledhill, retiring from business, finishing machinery to be sold.
1868 HE 15 Aug: Jos.Harrison & Co. Room and Power.
1873 HEW 12 Apr: J & J.Harrison & Co, Joel Harrison leading coal from Scarr Wood coal staithes to mill, horse ‘with a reckless disregard for the high price of coals’ takes flight, tail board of cart falls and trail of coal scattered. All pieces picked up, ‘a sight which would have done even a pit owner or gold digger – alias coal digger – good to witness the care.’ it was collected.
1877 HEW 21 Apr: to be sold. Lease from 1865,ground rent £30.p.a. “nearly new”, 5275 square yards. Occupied by John Harrison and Whiteley & Taylor.
Bought by Jos Taylor from Jos Harrison & Co.
Employs about 260 hands at Albion and Victoria mills.( 1884,obituary).
1881 HC 24 Dec: fire in teasing room of John Hirst, : Jos Taylor’s engine puts it out, cotton and mungo destroyed.
1884. HEW 10 May: Jos Taylor, obituary.(see also Victoria Mill, Golcar: Sunny Bank and Spink Mire, Meltham.
1885 HEW 24 Oct: Charles Henry Taylor obit. (48) of C.H. & A.Taylor
1891. HWN 8 Aug: Edwin Lees of firm William Taylor & Sons, Bankrupt, mortgaged for £3000.
1892. HEW 27 Feb HWN 5 Mar: 94 feet 4 inches by 46 feet by 4 storeys in two bays, vertical engine,14 foot flywheel, 3ft x 6in stroke, 27in cylinder. Machinery [B/ETB].
HEW 2 Apr: Joseph Taylor & Sons, immediately after machinery sale on 4 Apr, auction of ‘WELL KNOWN FIRE ENGINE called the “Alabama” with the hose piping, hydrants, , jets, suction pipes and all fittings, by Joseph Hall, Oldham’
(see Brook Mill, 1902)
1895. HEW 27 Dec (et seq): to be sold, ditto plus spinning, scribbling and weaving machinery.
1897. HEW 24 Jul: to be let apply J. Kilburn.
1910. YTD Joe Taylor, rugs, tweeds, shawls &c.
1914 HEW 31 Jan: Joe Taylor, executors, mill, machinery and stock to be sold.
1915. YTD Taylor.Livesey & Co.Ltd, shawls and rugs.
10. ALBION MILL (Thongsbridge)
1866. HE 21 Apr: Woodhead leaving work early case, ‘Albion Mill’.
HC 2 Jun: John Woodhead. Since previous leaving work cases brought by him had been dismissed because the defendant could not read notice in mill he had decided to read out and explain rules to them, stipulating sevfen days notice. Emma Roebuck leaves without giving notice. Bench says she should return or go to prison, her father says she would elect to go to prison.
1870. HE 15 Jan, 11 Jun: John Woodhead, room and power.
1876. HEW 15 Apr John Woodhead Room and Power.
Condensing beam engine,10hp to be sold.
1910. YTD: John Woodhead ,lambs wool and merino spinner, 10,000 spindles.
11 . ALEXANDRA MILL (Almondbury)
1905. HEW 4 Nov: worsted spinning machinery to be sold.
Oct: Mill premises to be sold as ‘going concern’. 4 storey mill 80×45 feet. Vertical and horizontal donkey engines.
12. ALMA MILL (Thongsbridge)
See Thongsbridge Mills.
1855. HE,HC 10 Nov: Jos Mellor Sons ‘substantial commodious building’ opened Saturday
last, treat for whole of workpeople (300). Banner ‘Success to the Allied Army and Prosperity to Alma Mill’. Patriotic toasts, Godfrey Mellor in chair ‘He could recollect washing wool in a basket and he never thought he would employ the number of men he did at present’ George Robinson, toast ‘To village and trade of Thongsbridge’. Attributes rapid progress of trade ‘to the enterprise and zeal of the Mellor family.’Glee singing, ends with National Anthem.
1858. HC 27 Feb: ‘Wanted, an engineer or fireman to undertake the management of the Engine at Alma Mill, Thongsbridge. As the engine is under the inspection of the Engineer to the Huddersfield Boiler Association, none but competent persons need apply – personal applications to be made to Mr Godfrey Mellor.’
1860 HC 16 Jun: James Lee, 18, sitting in doorway of third story at gable end of mill, towards the road. Sudden gust of wind blows door to and throws him into road.. Badly broken leg.
1872 HC 21 Sep: Thomas Mellor & Son, fire. Material lost.
1884 HEW 20 Sep: tenders for reservoir and filter beds.
1890. HEW 9 Aug: Jos Mellor & Sons. Two pattern weavers claim £2.4s. each wages for two weeks owed – both instantly discharged for doing work outside their duties, dispute pending at time. One week’s wages awarded.
1896. Machinery sale [B/ETB].
1902. HEW 22 Feb: boilers,engine house, shafting, fittings to be sold. HEW 15 Mar ditto, motive power to be sold Beam Engine 28 inch cylinder compounded with horizontal engine,18 inch cylinder, 5 foot 6 inch stroke, plus horizontal engine,16 inch cylinder, with air pump, Schofield & Taylor 1882.
1907. W ; HExp19 Jan: Sheard Bros & Co., shoddy, waste and mungo merchants, adjoining three new cottages built by Pearson and Batty, mill nine by three windows by five storeys, only used for storage, fire. £2000 damage. Messrs Vickerman and Woodhead’s hoses assist. Empty mill adjoining.
HExp 8 June: for sale, heavy foundation stones in engine bed.
1911 HExp 5 Aug: C.W. Sheard, shoddy merchant, second storey, fire – £1200 damages. Owned by Alf Sykes JP. ( HExp 14 Oct, Alf Sykes JP visits mills at Robaix as delegate of Chamber of Commerce).
12.(a) ALMA MILL (Lowerhead Row,Huddersfield)
1861. HC 5 Oct: J M Hassall’s estate, cloth finishing machinery and stock in trade to be sold.
13. ARMITAGES’ MILLS (Milnsbridge)
1824 First mill erected. (1823, Joseph Armitage of Highroyd, Honley, buys Milnsbridge House from 2nd Baronet, Radcliffe estate HEW 17 Feb 1913).
1825 Dispute with WRFWU, letter from woollen cord weavers , In March the woollen cord weavers sent a circular letter to their employers followed by a deputation which visited Deighton, Huddersfield, Crosland Moor Bottom, Milnsbridge and via Outlane, Stainland and Sowerby. . The were paid per score hanks of yarn, for which they demanded increases in velveteens, seven shaft cords and broad cords, as well as seeking to reduce their own costs and labour input. They added;
‘N.B. It is also necessary to inform you that in future you will be required to find your own Gears and scour all your Weft’
Apart from one master, who commented that they could seek parish relief and if ancient Britons could survive naked, so could they, in general the manufacturers conceded, including the large firm of Joseph Armitage at Milnsbridge. (Letter Tolson Museum. 3 March).
1827 George Armitage, coming of age (see 1870).
1834. Factory Comms Report: Whiteley Bottom, Spring and Bankhouse Mills, Armitage Bros &.Co.
7 March: letter to Armitage Bros at Milnsbridge complaining of a threatened wage reduction. ‘Sirs, having been informed that your intention is to reduce your fancy weavers in their wages we as a body deemed it proper to take into consideration that subject and our conviction is that our wages are not so much and that we are not receiving more than other masters are giving for the same kind of goods, Mr Fryer, Mr Schofield and others…’ The writer warned that if the reduction was enforced the weavers would be ‘enticed’ by other manufacturers and ‘not only work for them but consider them as their Masters as well as you…’. preserved with this letter is the fragment of a note in a different hand which indicates that the general collapse of the unions a few months later had brought a change of heart, ‘It has been unanimously agreed at a meeting of the weavers that we wish you to let things drop for what is past and it is further agreed that we do not intend to stand to those rules brought forward. And it is further agreed that if we do not give you satisfaction with our labour you have the liberty…’ (WYAS) the most revealing part is lost.
1838 HG 20 Feb: Jos Armitages third son John, majority.Treat for 300 with glee singing “which both masters and servants joined with enthusiasm,. [see Burdett Mill].
LT 14 Apr: Jos Armitage JP. horsewhipped by Wm Starkey, surgeon of Wakefield, brother of Starkeys , newly created Whig magistrates.
LT 28 Apr: Huddersfield Conservatives dinner in honour of J Armitage and Sir F. Burdett.
1843 Bradford Observer 16 Feb: Emma second daughter of Jos Armitage Esq marries Rev D James, incumbent of St Mary’s, Kirkdale, Liverpool at Huddersfield Parish church.
1844 LM 27 Jan: Jos Armitage chairs public meeting at Court of requests, Huddersfield, to consider M&LRCo proposal for a line to Huddersfield.
1847 LM 2 Jan: treat at Milnsbridge House for fire brigade, Geo Haigh, 32, falls through four inch of ice on fish pond and is drowned. Leaves widow and two children.
1848 LM 9 Sep: fishponds filled with spoil from Springwood Tunnel.
1851 Prize medal at Great Exhibition.
1854. HC 2 Dec: Mrs Jos Armitage, obit 3 Feb 1854, marble monument erected in St Luke’s, Milnsbridge.
1855 HC 15 Sep: Armitage Bros, letter re fire at Geo Dyson’s , Queen Street. Report that they didn’t have hose wrong. 200 feet of hose, but did not have length from nearest plug. Brigade served for upwards of 16 years, at disposal of those who require it.
1856. HC 2 Aug: George Armitage chair at ceremony of opening of St Luke’s school. Speech.
HC 23 Aug: Armitage Bros dam stones displaced by heavy rain, stopping mills. Stones damage ‘burr wall’ of Baptist Chapel which is washed away and bodies in some of graves exposed. £400 damage.
1858 HC 20 Feb: Jos Armitage, 80, treat – Dinner for whole of workforce in room at mill. Press shop set up as smoke room. Speeches refer to church and schools he had built and concern shown for workpeople. Ref to first mill in 1824, plug plot turn outs cold shouldered by workforce, 200 to 300 out-weavers once employed, then handlooms on premises, now power-looms.
1859. HC 12 Mar: Fire in stove. Engine soon on spot. Contents and roof destroyed. £185 damage.
HC 25 Jun: Whitsuntide festivities. 350 children invited to grounds of Milnsbridge House. Walk through ‘extensive shrubbery’ and in field in front of house play games, cricket, quoits. Mrs and Misses Armitage give them gingerbread and buns to take home.
HC 10 Sep: Caroline Jane, second daughter of Geo Armitage, marriage to Rev. James Hope of Copley at St Luke’s, Milnsbridge.
1860 HC 11 Aug: Geo. Armitage third daughter Gertrude marriage to George Blacker Buchanan, of D’Urban House, Forest Hill, Kent Ceremony at Milnsbridge Church performed by Rev. Geo. Blacker, vicar of Laragh Brian and prebendary of Maynooth.
HE 18 Aug; 1 Sep: Joseph Armitage obit (83) at Birkby Lodge. Formerly of Milnsbridge House, magistrate and deputy lieutenant for Yorkshire. Only son of George Armitage, of Highroyd House and Sarah, daughter of Jos Walker of Lascelles Hall. Born 9 Feb 1778, married 25 Sep 1804, Anne, daughter of Jos Taylor of Blackley hall, Lancaster. Six sons and nine daughters, Anne died 3 Feb 1854. Six surviving daughters married, including Charlotte m. to late W L Brook. Eldest son George, of Milnsbridge House, born 24 Sep 1806, magistrate and deputy lieutenant for Yorkshire, married to Caroline Jane, eldest daughter of James Dowker of North Dalton. HC 22 Sep: Birkby Lodge, sale of furnishings etc….
1861 HC 19 Jan: Miss Armitage, a daughter of George Armitage Esq JP of Park Riding and only surviving sister of Joseph Armitage (who died August last), dies at residence St Mary’s Hill. Devoted a large part of her income to the building and repair of including St Lukes Milnsbridge. Interred in family vault at St Lukes. the vault at Almondbury having been ordered to be closed.
1861. HC 28 Sep: Joseph Armitage Armitage, eldest son of George, coming of age, celebrations at Milnsbridge House, 450 on excursion to Liverpool, also 1s.6d. men, 1s for women.
1862. HC 3 May: George Armitage, Milnsbridge House, eldest daughter marries Rev. Henry Freer Radford, Rector of Broughton Astley, Leics.
HC 27 Dec: Christmas day, Rev. J E Dowling, incumbent of Golcar for 26 years killed on way to Christmas dinner at Milnsbridge House, when carriage crashes and throws him down old quarry.
(Death of his daughter in law in suspicious circumstance, but inquest jury decide epileptic fit cause HC 8 Aug).
1863 HC 21 Feb: George Armitage, JP chairs Milnsbridge MI 11th annual soiree.
1864 HC 16 Jul: MI Gala in large park at front of Milnsbridge House. 3,000 present.
1865 HC 9 Dec: presentation to Wm Rushforth, foreman of finishing department for nearly 50 years, retiring through ill-health. Easy chair and gold rimmed specs in tortoiseshell case.
1869. HC 1 Feb: Gas to Milnsbridge House cut off when storm blows down a large poplar tree in grounds, the roots lifting up the pipe and snapping it.
1870 HE 30 Apr: Chas Ingram Armitage, (Birkby Lodge ) eldest son of JT Armitage, coming of age. Presented clock with toilet of Venus figure. John Donkersley, manager. George Armitage sends letter saying 1827 since he met workpeople on his occasion, treasures it to this day, and some of those present today also there.
HE 4 Jun: Messrs Armitage post notice announcing works will close at one on Saturdays.
HC 11 Jun: meeting of employees to tender their gratitude for the additional hour.
1871 HC 22 Jul: Spring Mill, ‘Factory Hill’ ,newly constructed road with steep incline and sharp curve to mill road. When descending coach with wife of J A Armitage JP, his child and nurse horse bolts and carriage tips over on bend, smashing to pieces. All including coachman uninjured apart from shaking and bruising. Horse runs unharmed into mill yard.
HEW 23 Sep: concede wage advance of 20% requested by cloth dressers in memorial adopted at meeting at Gymnasium Hall on 26 Aug.
HC 23 Sep: Armitage Bros. donate £100 towards extension of infirmary.
HC 30 Sep: report that 20% increase requested by cloth dressers given published previous week not true.
HC 16 Sep: Milnsbridge Mechanics Institution. Lecture by Frank Curzon, new agent to Yorkshire Union of MIs on ‘A night among the classes’, very good audience, chaired by George Armitage Esq, JP
1872 HC 10 Feb: George Armitage esq, chair of the WR Magistrates, Huddersfield Division – letter of thanks on resignation of clerk, James Campey Laycock.
HC 20 July: Flood. Some of Armitage’s workers have to escape through roof.
HC 17 Aug: Alfred, son of Edward Armitage of Edgerton Hill, coming of age, workpeople present him with clock of ‘Egyptian’ design with sphinxes. Richard Hill, employee for 40 years makes presentation. John Donkersley, chairman, refers to strike in Holmfirth district. Masters should also be responsible for moral good of workpeople.
1875 HEW 1 May: presentation of desk to bookeeper on occasion of marriage.
1875. HEW 15 May: HEW 3 Jul: Ed Armitage at House of Lords Committee on the sale of water from the canal. Mills built 1823/1827, 1837, 1845. Employed 3-400 people. Water two miles from Huddersfield ‘too foul’ to use and so used canal water for scouring and washing. Two years ago L&NWRCo. found they had no power to sell water from canal. Only a few millowners knew about it until recently. It would cost millowners eight times as much for alternative supply. Also Pres of Chamber of Commerce which had considered question. Corporation could not supply all mills until 1871 works completed which would take ten years. Only ‘may’ not ‘shall’ supply in act.
1878. HEW 23 Feb: George Armitage obit. Nunthorpe, b. 1806 (72). Eldest son of Jos Armitage. Five brothers. One of three brothers of Armitage &.Bros, formerly Jos Armitage &.Sons. Joseph Taylor Armitage now succeeds to firm.
1880. HEW 17 Jul: Jos Taylor Armitage, Birkby Grange, obit, 71, , Armitage Bros, offices and warehouse, New Street. Formerly 6 Bros, only Ed Armitage JP, Edgerton, surviving.
1884. HEW 1 Mar: Fire Brigade sets out having heard mill whistle alarm, but at Scar Bottom cant hear where from – returns home. Later messenger arrives from Hirst Mill, which is badly damaged. Shoulder of one of brigade ‘put out’ fighting fire.
HEW 6 Dec: Letter from Armitage Bros, 53 New St, Huddersfield, on the Weavers’ Association’ accusations. At present only employ male weavers at Milnsbridge. Scale proposed by them. Six or eight applicants for each loom shows paid fairly.
1885 HEW 24 Oct: Mrs Charles I Armitage of Highroyd Honley provides altar cloth for new Milnsbridge Parish Church.
(Ibid) C.I Armitage speaks at Col. Brooke’s Honley election meeting. Says hopes working classes might be ‘abbreviated’. ‘doubtless an unconscious revelation of the truth’ according to Examiner correspondent.
HEW 10 Oct: John Donkersley, Crosland Moor, 69, obit, employed by Armitage Bros for many years. Buried at Honley cemetery, members of firm attend and workmen act as bearers
1886. HEW 24 Apr: Armitage Bros worsted mill, laying down of 50hp, nominal, horizontal engine by Pollitt & Wigzell. Engine named Ethel started by Edward Armitage. Jos Armitage, grandfather of J.A.Armitage, ‘had put down the first engine in the Colne Valley.’[?].
1887. HEW 5 Mar: tender for erection of sheds.
1890 HC 6 Sep 1890
1896. HEW 29 Aug: presentations.
1897. HEW 20 Mar: Spring Mills.
1898 HEW 9 Apr: Jos Armitage Armitage JP, Storthes Hall, obit (57), s. of late Geo Armitage, Edgerton Hill, partner in firm of Armitage Bros. Son GP Armitage, daughter TJ Dyson.. [See HEW 14 Jul 1900 for description of Storthes Hall estate – residence of Mrs JA Armitage. Land already acquired for asylum].
HEW 16 Jul: Estate, net £13,215. widow Julia Frances, nee Pollard, son George Pollard Armitage, daughter, Julia Ethel, son in law, Thos James Dyson.
1899 HEW 29 Apr: Harold Ingram Armitage, son of . Chas I Armitage, coming of age, also CI Armitage, 50, presentation. Edward Armitage sends apologies, in London.
YFT 21 Jul: Armitages old mill, Brierly Mill, taken over by Crowthers.
1907 HEW 5 Jan: Edward Armitage obit. Born 1819, Honley, retired 1890.
1913 HEW 10 May: ‘Armitage drain’ used by six mills – Elm Ing, Stonefield, Union, Burdett, Spring, Stanley for 200,000gallons of effluent a day plus privies in mills. Application by River Board to prosecute Linthwaite UDC under Rivers Pollution Act 1876. Local Government Board Enquiry.
1922 Centenary of firm celebrated by dinner at Whitleleys café.*
1930 HEW 19 Jul*: Armitage Bros (Huddersfield) Ltd, of Burdett Mill, to close down, 300 thrown out of work. Winding up due to legal proceedings.
Jos Armitage father of 15 children. Spring Mill erected in 1822 [sic] , first mill in Milnsbridge. Burdett Mill, 1838, Lower Bankhouse or Brierley Mill 9 Apr 1840. Now only Burdett Mill.
14. ARMITAGE BRIDGE MILLS (South Crosland)
John Brooke occupies Smithy Place mill [q.v.] according to J.Kaye in deposition to court case about the height of mill weir causing backwater at Mytholmbridge Mill (Crosland & Fenton solicitors papers WYAS KC.164/121.)
1817. RD.GM62/589: 28 Apr: timothy Bentley and other executors, transfer of land at Armitage Fold to William Brooke of Honley, where ‘mill now erecting’.
[Thanks to Laura de Boer for this ref.]
1819. Move of John Brooke from Honley according to Crump.
1824. LM 21 Feb: Fire. £4000 damage (insured for £1800. River pebbles block engine pipes.
1828 LM 5 Jan: Jn Brooke & Sons, Armitage Bridge, counting house broken into, 50gns reward.
1829. (Crump) power mules and billies introduced.
1832. LM 19 May: Brooke agrees to pay weavers according to Gott’s scale.
1832. (Crump) installation of 40hp steam engine by Low Moor Co and two boilers cost £3500.
1833. Factory Comms Report. Two engines, 34hp and 40hp. Three water wheels, 2 of 30hp and one 60hp., 261 employees.
HG 4 May .Patent gas oven. (installed 1828.)
VWR 27 Jul: John Brooke signs anti trade union declaration.
1835 LM 2 May: John Brooke introduces candidate Jn Stuart Wortley who apeaks from George Inn.
1836. (Crump) 6 broad and 6 narrow power looms introduced in room of a new building.
LM 15 Oct: Oastler meets J.R.Stephens on 8 October at Warren House, Milnsbridge in carriage and pair and a large procession of workers and factory children escort them into town where Stephens gives an oration on the Ten Hour Bill outside the Cloth Hall. The following day he delivered a Sunday sermon in the Market Place , ‘to a large assemblage of people many of whom came from the surrounding villages.’
1838 (Crump)£3000 for building of new mill for power looms from E Leach of Rochdale.
According to election poster of 1853 (HE 2 Apr) Brooke did not employ females as power loom weavers, unlike Joseph Starkey who replaced male weavers by cheaper females.
In this year Abel Stephenson, formerly of Thurstonland, inquires from America if Brooke still only had 27 power looms. Number of Thurstonland weavers on mill books, and ‘Owd Neddy Field’ by mill where donkeys kept. (Edward Brooke in ‘Pistol’ HEW 19,26 Jan 1963).
1838 HG 27 Mar: Patent gas ovens 1828. Renewed in 1835.
1839 LT, NS 14 Dec: the sacking of socialists, but J.Brooke sets them back on after hearing Robert Owen defend Socialism.
1851. HC 1 Feb: Exhibition Club. 123 subscriptions towards trip to Great Exhibition.
HE 15 Nov: Oldfield’s piecing machine trials.
1852 HC 14 Aug: Jms Winterbottom, Berry Brow, charged with leaving warp unfinished, agrees to finish and pay court expenses.
1853. HC 28 May: John Brooke esq, portrait painted by Mr Tomlinson, painted for John William Brooke, Sibton Park, his eldest son.
HC 18 Jun: Mill water power 120 hp, water rates £113.12.6d.
1854. HC 11 Feb: John Brooke chair of Holmfirth relief committee. Donated £500. Letter re rumour that as mortgagee of Holme Reservoirs he had got agreement for £7,000 of relief fund to pay for repair of reservoir.
HC 25 Feb: John Brooke at meeting regarding Factory Inspectors’ orders to box all shafting and going gears.
Letter from John Brooke re relief fund, ‘I may be abrupt in manner and rude in speech but I am not conscious of intentionally being discourteous or disrespectful to any one member, either of the Huddersfield or the Holmfirth committee…’
HC 16 Sep: large weaving shed, show of workpeople’s garden produce, set out with great taste by one of the weavers, known as ‘Lord Morpeth’. Exhibits by Jabez Hodgson, Castle Hill, James Buckley, Lud Hill, etc.
HC 23 Sep: Mr Thos Brooke jun, marriage, (See Steps Mill), dinner for all adult workmen. All of population of Brow turn out when couple return from Almondbury. Dinner at Fleece, Ingham Brook, brother, responds to toast. 483 at dinner plus 1s to spend, outmakers dinners at different localities. 423 women and children, 1s each.
HC 21 Oct: Armitage Bridge ‘great consternation’ as brother and sister die of cholera. HC 28 Oct: Parents die and another young man. Bedding and clothes etc burnt. John Brooke ensures the best medical assistance. Houses whitewashed. Mrs Bradley at Berry Brow dies wife of Geo Atha, woolsorter, at Armitage Bridge ill.
HE 23 Dec: Patriotic Fund, subs include Abraham Lockwood 2/6d. For Abraham Lockwood and Brookes’ see Little Abe:Bishop of Berry Brow.
1855. HC 7 Apr: John Brooke’s daughter out riding with footman. Horse shies at Thongsbridge Turnpike and gallops off with her. Stopped by a railway carrier at Bridge Lane.
[1857 HE 14 Nov: Armitage Bridge dyeworks, Bapty & Lee, fire in stove Batley? & Lee – Jos Batley town later town clerk obit, 1885 HEW 24 Jan, ] was former dyer at Armitage Bridge and before that Burnlee].
HC 1 Aug: Visit by delegation from Yorkshire Union of Mechanics Institutes. Richard Tinker manager.
1856 HC 20 Sep: A number of petty larcenies at mill. Joseph Hawkyard steals pint of lamp oil worth 7d. Messrs Brooke say not vindictive but want to make example. Committed to House of Correction for 7 days with hard labour. Had been in their employ 20 years.
1858 HC 11 Sep: Hopkinson’s Patent Compound safety valves for preventing boiler explosions
Fire insurance policy for £7000, including two steam engines valued at £250 each.
HC 11 Dec: fulling stocks, Lewis’s and Davis’s cutting machines, raising gigs and gearing, force pump etc to be sold.
1859. HC 10 Sep: Funeral of Thos. Brooke. (Obit 31 Aug age 61) 300 male workmen assemble at Northgate House, ‘joined by the “outworkmen” or those who have their work at their own homes, and who came from the surrounding villages…. All of workpeople given a funeral card as a momento which ‘ will no doubt be treasured up in every house and also will be transmitted down to posterity as an heirloom in every family.’
HC 3 Dec: Herbert Mayo of London of London City Mission, Monday, addresses, ‘numerous workmen’ of John Brooke & Sons, during dinner hour, text from Isaiah.
1860 HC 2 Jun: District Fire Brigades annual procession. Messrs Brooke’s brigade appear in new uniform and helmets.
HC 29 Dec: Workpeople at mill raise 20 gns for distressed Coventry weavers.
1861 HC 13 Apr, Thomas Brooke, Northgate, marriage.
1862. HC 4 Jan: Notice of intention to make road from near Big Valley to Armitage Fold, replacing footpath through fields of John Brooke and George Senior Tolson.
HC 14 Jun: James Walker, member of fire brigade injured at Longroyd Bridge when jumping off moving engine to pick up 2s dropped by toll bar man, who refuses to take their money unless they stop, while on way to Whit Monday fire-brigades procession.
HC 28 Jun: John Brooke JP, Armitage Bridge, to leave area.
HC 12 Jul: Presentation of address to J Brooke from Choral Society of which he is president. Also inscribed silver plate from fellow townsmen.
HC 26 Jul: Trip to London. See also J Brooke’s obit 1878.
HC 11 Oct: John Brook & Son’s, donate £120 to Cotton Districts Distress relief Fund.
1862. HC 30 Aug: Warehouse employees cricket match v. Northgate House Club.
1864 HC 23 Jul: Friday evening, just before stopping time the main upright shaft which drives nearly all machinery broke. Mill idle until Wednesday
HC 5 Nov: John Bradley, gatekeeper, helps rescue man from river Holme, fallen in near where goit culvert flows in.
1865 HC 29 Apr: gas supply from mill to Big Valley paid for by subscribers, including Jesse Kay, landlord of inn and Bentley Shaw. Netherton Brass Band at ceremony at inn..
(1862 Purchase of Armitage Fold dyeworks).
(1864 HC 16 Apr.Tolson, clean water supply threatened by railway works at Butternab.
1865 HC 29 Apr: GS Tolson of Dalton, moving quick set hedge near dyeworks, large horse pistol found, believed to be one used by Luddites. John Worth, foreman, says that about four years ago was told by Bob Wood a Waterloo veteran that the pistol was in the hedge, but didn’t know exactly where. Pistol in possession of Jesse Kay at Big Valley Hotel, ‘where large numbers of people have HC 23 Aug:
1866. HC 3 Nov: Pollution of Rivers Enquiry at Huddersfield. ‘Mr Thomas Brooke, manufacturer, Armitage Bridge, South Crosland employed about 540 hands. They used steam and water power combined. I believe our water power has been indicated at 140 horse and the steam will be nearly the same. The weight of coal used is over 5,000 tons per year: and the ashes produced over 600 tons per annum, the great bulk of the latter being thrown into the stream. They had a capacious goit and sludged about every five years and the sludge went into the river. They have abandoned the river water for manufacturing purposes 30 years ago: they have independent supplies – two bore holes and a stream. They used the river water for feeding the boilers: and there had been no incrustation up to the present time. The water from the stream and bore holes was exactly alike – too soft in fact – which led them to believe the water came from the same source. It was strongly alkalic water and had great effect in scouring wool. We have some agricultural land: we have 120 acres altogether, but have not adopted the irrigation system. We have good hay crops.
1868. HE 29 Feb. Treat for apprentices at “Big Valley.”
HE 13 Jun: Joshua Jaggar Beaumont, stover, 31, found dead. Suffered fits.
HE 11 Jul: Presentation to Messrs Brooke by workpeople, over 900 in People’s Park at Scarbourough. Thos Scarth, foreman finisher presides, Geo Atha proposes address. Thanks to Wm Brooke. Joe Drake with firm 57 years, speaks. Wm and John Arthur Brooke reply.
1870. HC 3 Sep: W. Brooke at meeting in Council chamber , Ramsden St, on aid to sick and wounded in Franco-German war. Firm contributes £100 to Central Fund in London.
1871 HC 1 Jul: ‘Messrs John Brooke and Sons, woollen manufacturers, Armitage Bridge , are well known for their generous treatment towards the workpeople in their employ…some three months since when the Saturday short time movement was being agitated, without solicitation conceded to their workpeople…the closing of the extensive mills…at one o’clock on Saturday afternoons, instead of two o’clock as previously…In the finishing department of the establishment, the men have hitherto received but 31 per week in wages; last week, without any intimation to those most immediately interested, the wages of these men were increased to £1.1s per week.’
HC 15 Jul: Mrs Thomas Brooke to lay foundation stone of new church at newsome on Monday since Lady Gwendoline Ramsden unable to attend. (Thomas Brooke donates £100 to building).
HC 22 Jul: account of ceremony and church, designed ‘gratuitously’ by W H Crosland.
HC 23 Sep: John Brooke esq ‘late of Armitage Bridge’ donates £210 towards extension of infirmary.
HC;HEW 21 Oct: Wm Brooke, Honley, s.of late Thom Brooke, marries Gertrude Elizabeth Ingham, daughter of Joshua Ingham, Blake Hall, Mirfield, Thursday 19th. Around 800 workpeople travel to Mirfield and return for dinner in wool warehouse. George Atha says he has worked 59 years for firm. Never been any strikes at firm and hoped there never would be. (Previous Monday, presentation of clock to Wm Brooke, who referred to striking of clock).
John Brooke & Sons, donate £100 to Chicago fire relief fund (also Jonas Brook & Bros,, Starkey Bros etc…)
1871 HC 2 Sep: Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association excursion to . Col. Thomas Brooke, Armitage Bridge.’one great object of their visits to commercial and manufacturing towns was to show that some of the money that was made there was well expended in the preservation and care of the monuments of the past.’
1872. HEW 13 Jan: Jos Littlewood, 58. cloth finisher, found drowned in forebear of dam. Suffered from asthma and despondent, believed to be suicide.
HEW 4 May: Mrs Thomas Brooke presented with tea service bought by 192 workpeople and neighbours, in ceremony in National Schoolroom, for services in house to house visits to poor and sick.
HEW 29 Jun: spinner, employed for 30 years, accident in fall near Big Valley, wearing new clogs.
HEW 31 Aug: death of Thos Brooke’s only son. (Vice pres of Yorks Archaeological and Topographical Association, can not attend , visit to Ripon and Fountains Abbey.)
HEW 23 Nov: Robin living in ‘firing up place’ attracted with crumbs by Tom Ainley, gatekeeper, who also assists at fires. Not afraid of noise.
HC 30 Nov: Robert Hirst, ‘Old Bob obit, 81, buried at Armitage Bridge churchyard on 26th, worked as a spinner when a boy at John Brooke & Sons. Afterwards one of first weavers they employed. Aged 18 he joined 33 Regiment of Foot, the havercake lads, as substitute for a Wakefield woolstaplers son, for premium of 70 gns. Took part in storming of Badajoz and battle of Salamanca, through to Waterloo without a single wound. He was a thorough Radical in politics, took an active part in the agitation for the Reform Bill of 1832, the repeal of the corn law and other measures…’ During later years used to sit in chimney nook of Big Valley, where he was born, and ‘fight his battles again’. Only confined to bed a fortnight ago.
In 1862 Rev Hardy and Thomas Brooke secured him a blinf pension of 4s a week. About 1868 W R Croft representations to War office got him a life pension of 1s a day. ‘
1873. HEW 11 Jan: presentation of clock to John Arthur Brooke for marriage. Subscriptions from workers, John Tinker, bookkeeper makes presentation.
Tolson, Haigh & Brooke To be sold,’celebrated soft pure water flowing from the delph stream.’
HEW 15 Mar: milling premises enlarged and new machinery started. treat for millers in Fire Engine House. Adjourned to sitting room in mills where foreman Pinder called to chair. Discussion on present high price of coal and whether exports ought to be stopped. Rushworth, engineer.
1874 HEW 7 Feb: Col Brooke defeated by Leatham in Huddersfield election. William and John Arthur address crowd. James Watkinson, wool merchant St Geo Sq, collapses after hurrying to vote for him.
HEW 30 May: ‘An Atrocious Offence’ – rope on hoist used by men constructing new chimney in Brooke Wood, partially cut through. 22 yards to top of structure. Firm offers £25 reward.
HEW 1 Aug: Brooke’s Fire engine runs down and kills dyer from Armitage Fold.
HEW 12 Dec: Thos Milner, 81, obit, fine-drawer at mill for 60 years. Socialist.
1875 HEW 20 Nov: workpeople present address to Wm Brooke on birth of son to former Ms Ingham and to JA Brooke on birth of daughter. John Bottomley manager in chair.
1876. HEW 2 Sep: overlooker Geo Wilkinson of Berry Brow,(45) indecent assault of 10 year old Hannah Harpin, feeder at mill, Wm Brooke gives character evidence, known defendent for 24 years. – £20 fine.
1877. HEW 24 Mar.Accident – youth’s hand in burring machine.
HEW 5 May: horses decorated for May Day. Waning custom.
HEW 26 May: Fire Brigades procession around Huddersfield proceeds to mill for friendly competition in mill yard for highest stream of water, followed by dinner.
1878. HEW 16 Feb: body of Bridget Mate, thread, pin and needle hawker, widow of cinder dealer, Irish, found in goit by John Sunderland, assistant engineer. Injuries to head and partially clothed, but no verdict as to how she got there.
HEW ,HWN 15 Jun. JOHN BROOKE JP Obit. ae 84, Kensworth House, Dunstable, following fall. Hudds Banking Co. Coral Soc, Mechanics Institution, chamber of Commerce. 1862 moved to London.
1882. HEW 26 Aug:cloth finisher (17) hand caught in hydro-extractor.
1883. Weavers strike
1883 HEW 13 Oct: Opening of Beaumont Park
‘Colonel Thomas Brooke, the President of the Huddersfield Technical School and Mechanics Institute, is a member of the firm of Messrs John Brooke and Sons, who have very extensive works at Armitage Bridge, which are in full view from the cliffs at Beaumont Park…
1884 HEW 9 Aug: South Crosland Local Board – proposed alteration of road for mill extension approved.
1885. HEW 28 Mar: fatal accident to Huddersfield Corporation labourer laying down pipes for plugs. Head caught in steam hoist.
1887. HEW 29 Jun: Tate’s patent electric valve-closing apparatus used to rapidly stop engine when man greasing wheel carried round shaft. By breaking glass disc engine or waterwheel can be stopped within seconds.
1893. YFT 15 Dec HEW 9 Dec: Accident, fatal, John Lee (63) – machine tenter caught in Garnet machine. Cover off to remove dirt from ‘stuffer’.
1895. YFT 21 Jun: Dam drowning.
1899. HEW 14 Jan: male weaver’s treat at Butcher’s Arms, Berry Brow.
HEW 21 Jan: finishing department treat at Fleece.
HEW 3 Jun; 15 Jul: Thomas Brooke made baronet, trip to Llandudno.
1900. HEW 1 Dec: Lt J.W.Brooke,son of J.A.Brooke, returns from South African war. Women workers organise reception with colourful costumes, decorations, band, church bells rung, ‘For He’s a Jolly Good Fellow’ sang as he speaks from waggon.
1901. HEW 11 May: Lady Brooke, obit. wife of Thos. Brooke, Amelia Dewar, daughter of a Dunfermlin linen manufacturer. ‘retiring nature and…frail condition…’
HEW 18 May: Funeral.
HEW 27 Jul: Alfred Bamforth of Lockwood commits suicide in goit.
HEW 9 Nov: South Crosland UDC, reference to J.Brooke’s supply of gas to street lamps in Armitage Bridge.
1902. HEW 11 Jan: women allowed off early for tea party in Berry Brow Co-op Hall.
HEW 19 Apr: William Brooke, brother of Thomas and John Arthur, with firm for fifty years. Presentation of gift from workpeople. 19 Jul: treat and trip to Llandudno.
1903 HEW 12 Dec: Firm complains to UDC about excessive surface water from Bankfoot Lane running onto firm’s land in danger of entering chimney flue.
1904. HEW 2 Jul: Thos. Brooke (s.of William) marries Beatrice Gundreda Carlile, presentation at mill.
1907 HExp 1 Jun: William Brooke’s tour to the Holy Land, Jordan at Banyas ‘not much less than our river at Honley Bridge.’
1908 HEW 21 Mar: Tom Turner, 67, former quarryman found dead in dam.
HEW 18 Jul: Sir Thomas Brooke, Bart, obit, (16 Jul) b.1830, son of Thomas Brooke, Honley, educated at Cheltenham College, 1847 joined firm. Lived 1854-58 at Fenay Lodge, moved to Northgate House (now residence of William Brooke) and then to Armitage Bridge House. 1859, founder of Volunteers, supporter of Mechanics Institute and Technical School. Founder of Antiquarian Society which became Yorks Archaeological and Topographical Society of which he was president. Liberal, tolerant and art lover. First marriage to Eliza Vickerman on day of battle of Alma, she died less than a year later in childbirth. Only son Francis Thomas Brooke died 1872. 1861 married Ms A Dewar, died 1901 than 1902 married widow of Rev. Forster, daughter of Thomas Priestly of Taylor Hill (c.43). HEW 25 Jul: Funeral at Armitage Bridge, mill closed at dinner time, work people in mourning, massive crowd, buried with son.
1909 25 March 1909, Conveyance Dame Mary Brooke, widow, William Brooke, Northgate Mount, John Arthur Brooke, Fenay Hall, Robert Ingham Tidswell, Haresfield Court, Stonehouse (Gloucs), executors of will Sir Thomas Brooke, property at Steps/Magdale conveyed to Thomas Brooke, Healey House.
HEW 29 May: Presentation at mill to Robert Weston Brooke, son of J A Brooke, nephew of William Brooke, forthcoming marriage. Sam Woodhead employee for over 60 years performs ceremony. HEW 5 Jun: Full report of wedding.
HEW 31 Jul: G. H Edgecombe, Moor Cottage, Netherton, obit (62), managing director. arrived as manager 32 years ago.
1910. YTD: John Brooke & Sons Ltd. 220 looms.
1912. HEW 6 Jan: Wm. Brooke, JP, Northgate, president Honley Conservative Club.
HEW 10 Feb:Wm. Brooke’s diamond jubilee celebrated at mill..
1913 HEW 28 Jun: Juvenile worsted spinners strike. Return without increase.
1914 HEW 28 Mar: Thomas Brooke, Healy House, son of William Brooke, Northgate, serious hunting accident. Magistrate and president of Huddersfield jnr Unionist Association.
1922 HEW 29 Jul: Thos. Brooke, Healy House, Chair of Directors of John Brooke & Sons, conservative PPC. Born 1873, former soldier, JP, chair of South Crosland UDC. Nephew of Sir Thomas Brooke.
1938 HEW 29 Jan: William Derbyshire, chief engineer for 33 years – only three days sick leave. Formerly at Providence Mill, Luck Lane (Addy, Horsfall & Pontefract)
HEW19 Mar: Dame Mary Brooke, widow of Sir Thomas Brooke, daughter of James Priestly, Bankfield, Taylor Hill, obit (80). (Sir Thomas died 1908).
HEW 16 Jul: Estate – £68,000.
15. ASHBROW MILL (Bradford Road)
1845 LT 5 Jul: Ashbrow print works, woollen and calico printing on a large scale, with 8hp engine.
1850 HC 13 Apr: to be sold, formerly Mooney, print works, 36×12 yards, 3 storeys, engine house, ‘a never failing supply of the nest water by the aid of several reservoirs, is well roaded…’
1857 HC 19 Sep: to let 3 stories, 100 feet long including engine house, part 33 ft, part 21 foot wide, 3 cottages, contingent to Bradford turnpike road. Ramsden lease. J Wilson of Ashbrow will show the premises.
1858. HE 30 Jan – Room and Power.
1866 HC 30 Jun: Henry Lister, fancy manufacturer, action against Thom. Hargreaves, former weaver. ‘Mr Lister had distinguished himself for the peculiarity of his designs and when he required certain designs weaving the looms in use among his weavers required some alterations adapted to the design. For these alterations the plaintiff advanced money and then deducted it by instalments from the wages of the weavers whose looms underwent alteration. The defendant had a loom in his own house and Mr Lister supplied him with work. The loom of the defendant was not adapted to the peculiar work of the plaintiff and it was altered by Wm Oldfield of Moldgreen at a cost of £2 12s…’ for new ‘going part’. 15s 2d deducted from his wages. Defendant says John Berry Lister, the putter out (Henry’s brother) had said he would get the part free if he was not given work for 12 months. JBL sys all he promised was work as steady as anywhere else. The mill stopped on account of the state of trade and the defendant only had work for one month. Hargreaves says now weaving another class of work and not using gearing for which he had paid money. Ordered to pay up or return gearing. Defendant sais he ought to be paid for time his loom kept idle.
1871. HC 15 Apr: Henry Lister’s – fire in stove. Six pieces destroyed.
HEW 22 Jul: Jos Armitage, beamer, killed by shaft. arm ripped off.
1876 HEW 9,23 Dec: H Lister, patterns stolen, John Oldroyd of Fixby Park, chair of Mark Oldroyd & Sons, Ltd, Deswbury, prosecuted for inciting Tom Bentley to steal samples of cloth.
1878 HEW 22 Jun: fire in carding machine on first floor, part of premises occupied by Jos Stork, cotton spinner. Seen by Mrs Henry Lister who drove in trap to Police Station, but extinguished by workmen.
1884 HEW 13&27 Sep: termination of lease, spinning and carding plant to be sold.
1886 HED 3 Mar: H.Lister case brought by Norton for the infringement of sealskin patent. Designer Noah Jessop, sent to Skelmanthorpe to talk to weavers, learn of Tussle/tussore silk sealskins made by Field & Botterill. Jessop suggests putting 1ib of mohair to 19lb of silk to get round patent. Lister recruited weavers in Skelmanthorpe and Noah’s son, Sam Wilson Jessop went to work for Norton.
3 Apr: letter from Nortons,
1883 HEW 20 Jan:Henry Lister fancy and sealskin manufacturers. Fire.
HEW 11 Aug, shed 60 x 24 feet to be sold, Brierly &. Bros Albert Mills.
1885 HEW 8 Aug:H.Lister sealskin manufacturer. fire in stove. Considerable loss, 200 pieces some, 20,30 or 40s. a yard.
1888 HEW 7 Jan: H.Lister case against Ben Hirst, joiner and builder of Spring St, contractor in erection of Ashbrow Mill 1877.
1890 HEW 8 Mar: Henry Lister & Son Co. Ltd established. 8000 £10 shares. H.Lister,managing director – £1000 renumeration.
1892. HEW 23 Jan: Henry Lister & Sons, silk plush and worsted manufacturer, McKinley tariff and ‘heavy fall in the silk market have resulted in considerable losses…’ payments to creditors suspended. 9 Apr: Affairs of firm. Winding up of Co. 5 Mar, creditors meeting.
HEW 27 Aug, stock to be sold. 24 Sep:Woollen, sealskin etc machinery to be sold.
HEW 10 Sep: Henry Lister inteview in Boston Daily Advertiser – new spinning plant in Jamestown, New York to get round McKinley tariff, some machinery to be brought from England.
HEW 24 Sep: machinery to be sold.
1893. HED 4 Feb: Henry Lister & Sons occupier, mill to be sold, including horizontal steam engines.
HED 18 Mar, late occupier Henry Lister & Sons including weaving shed, ‘fitted with incandescent electric lighting.’
HEW 10 Jun: suicide in dam.
HC 29 Jul: To be sold pursuant to orders of High Court of Justice, in action Lister V Henry Lister & Sons, lots 1-2 letters patent for improvements in machinery for scoring, dyeing and drying hanks of yarn , improvements in manufacture of pile fabrics, improvements in frames for packing sealskins and other goods. Lot 4 plot of land on part of which tentering shed. Lot 5. plot with reservoir and pipes., steam engine and boiler. :pt 6, leasehold colliery, Fell greave Colliery, situate at Ashbrow Mills, low moor better bed, rent £45 per acre, £4 acre for surface land, pit hills etc.
1894. HEW 10 Nov: Huddersfield Banking Co. Henry Lister & Son (1890 Ltd) at chancery division dispute over what are mill fixtures.
1896. HEW 14 Mar: to be let or sold, 9 May to be sold 4 storeys by 67 by 46 feet, weaving shed etc, four 25hp horizontal engines by Broadbent drive different portions of mill, four Arnold boilers, 300 light dynamo.
1900. HEW 1 Dec: to be sold.
1905 HEW 8 Jul: To be let, two mills large shed and warehouse.
1910. YTD: Crowther & Nicholson,Ltd, fancy woollens, 6,800 spindles, 60 looms.
1915. YTD: Ditto, 9,000 spindles, 100 looms.
1911. YFT 11 Mar:accident.
1918 HEW 8 Jun: Crowther & Nicholson, Ernest Wilfred Haigh, 36, dyers labourer, dies from fall in boiler house while adjusting valve. Suffered from epilepsy.
1919. Crowther & Nicholson woollen manufacturers.
1935 HEW 21 Sep: powerful explosion in pump of 142 foot well, flames leap from bore hole, suspected gas build up.
16. ASPLEY MILLS (Upper and Lower) (Huddersfield)
1778 Ramsden plan of Huddersfield, depicts frizzing mill on goit off tail goit from Shorefoot Mill.
1781. Land Tax returns Mr Atkinson for mill £4.0.0
1793 “Doodlebank Mill” insured by Richd Atkinson (DTJ)
1795. Richard Atkinson for mill.
1797 Ramsden Estate survey, mill at Aspley,
1812. WYAS. KC,165/39.Richard Atkinson of Aspley, frizer, Elizabeth his life inherits from Lucretia Constance Radcliffe, widow of Thomas Radcliffe of Charlestown South Carolina.
1817. KC,165/39. Memo of agreement, Richard Atkinson frizing and scribbling mill at Aspley, to Samuel, Richard jnr, and Thomas Radcliffe Atkinson.
1837 Josh Tinker/Jn Mitchell & Sons
1839 NS 12 Oct: wage reductions.
1840 LM 14 Mar: Upper Mill Tom Sykes & Co. cloth fin.partnership dissolved
1844 LT 13 Jul: Hellawell & Spivey Offence Against factory Act.:21 Sep, Fire.
1849 LM 14 Ap,5 May, 24 Aug: To be let Wm.Hen,Hellawell, machinery to be sold (Incl mules by Schofield, Cookson & Co.)5 May, Hellawell £1200 rent arrears. Bailiffs enter and cut straps to stop machinery.
1850 LM 23 mar. T.Swift Offence Against factory Act.
1851. CENSUS. Lower Mill: Chas Wrigley, cotton spinner, 23 men,14 women,4 boys,6 girls. Upper Mill: Hen Wrigley cotton spinner:
HC 23 Aug: Chas Wrigley cotton manufactory for sale (also Turnbridge Mill).
HC10 May: Taylor & Green,woollen spinners.
HC 6 Dec: Upper Mill
1852. HC 7 Aug: Jos Winterbottom cotton spinner, in mill for 6 months, accused of theft of yarn from Isaac Simpson
HC,HE 2 Nov: small mill built 1852 by Chas Geo Kaye near Shorefoot Mill weir on west bank of goit.
1853. HC 1 Jan: machinery to be sold.
* 4 April Pearson quits mill for Upper Aspley Mill and asks Ashworth for permission to leave gas fittings a few days. Ashworth will then not allow removal until machinery put in order.
HC 5 Nov: Shorefoot Mill, tail goit causing nuisance, flows beneath house of R S Carter of Aspley Place, doctor’s bill reached £20 a year. Improvement Commissioners discuss enforcing J W Ramsden to remove nuisance.
HE 12 Nov: (Wharf Dyewood Mills opened)
1854. HE 4 Feb: rag machine.:HC 30 Dec,scribbling and fulling.
*HC 11 Mar: Lister Pearson’s action to recover £18.5s.3d, value of gas fittings. John Ashworth says machinery was left in shocking state of disrepair , not oiled or cleaned and parts broken. Ordered to pay £12 for fittings. HC 16 Sep: Ashworth awarded £9.8s.8d. for damages to machinery.
1855. HC 6 Jan, HE 8 Sep: New Mill to be sold, scribbling and carding, 100 by 40 feet with 3 stories and attic, steam engine 25hp, Ramsden lease. Also tenant right in adjoining fulling and frizing mill of Sir John Ramsden. Worked by two 30hp Water wheels ‘one of which is an iron wheel and quite new’.
1856. HC 10 May: Upper Aspley Mill, Messrs R & J Mitchell. Sheet of 110lbs cotton wool on fire. Spark from raked dyehouse fire blamed.
HC 6 Sep: Lower Aspley Mill unoccupied. George Dryden in charge of premises, discovers theft of lead from roof. Henry Sugden committed for trial. Thomas Manghan pleads guilty and sentenced to three months.
HC 20 Sep: Accomplice of above, Peter Conroy charged with stealing 66lb of lead value 15s property of George Dyson. Committed for trial.
HC 1 Nov: machinery to be sold.
1857. HE, HC 28 Feb: Lower Mill, recently taken by E T Monk & Co, silk spinners, fittin up with new machinery with most approved methods of boxing off gears and shafting. Accident to Nancy Bullen/Bolland, (27) ‘experienced factory worker’ cleaning picker while running silk picking or cutching machine, against instructions. Arm drawn in and taken off above elbow. Helped by father working nearby who places her in hand cart to take to infirmary then faints. She admits it was her own fault.
HE 30 May: Room and Power.
HC,HE 28 Nov: Chas Geo Kaye cotton twister and warp manuacturer in small 3
storey mill built 1852 near Shorefoot weir, boiler explosion Monday 23 Nov 10 past 2. Twelve killed. Cornish boiler 21x5foot by Gledhill, Mitchell and Armitage, Bradley Mills., steam engine 16 hp Armitage & Kaye (Turnbridge), HC 5 Dec. Inquest. Stop valve to safety valve closed, no pressure gauge, boiler patched though said to be only 9 months old Illustration and Plan. Inquests. Leads to formation of Steam Boiler Association.
1858. HC 30 Jan: Mitchell Room and Power.
HC 20 Mar: E.&.T.Monk Lower Aspley silk mills. treat, Joe Brook, eldest son of John Brook, registrar, partner in firm, majority. Thomas Brook, Colne Villa, uncle in chair.
1858 HC 11 Sep: Charles Kaye, Hopkinson’s Patent Compound safety valve for preventing boiler explosions.
E T. Monk & Co. ditto.
HC 9 Oct: Lower Aspley Mills, Messrs Bowker & Sykes, finishing machinery to be sold.
1859. HC 29 Jan: John Taylor, employed by Monk for about a month, steals several silk bobbins. His house at Ashbrow searched and other bobbins found. Four months hard labour.
HE 30 Jul: E.T.Monk, summoned for wages by Jn Robinson, silk dresser. Accused of breaking machine and refusing to pay fine. Manager says sometimes done so men can get away from work.
HC 1 Oct: Edward Monk showing friend view from Castle Hill, dog cart driven by his brother Joseph hits stone at turn by farm at Castle Hill End. Arm badly injured by fall. Other brother, a sergeant major on leave, goes to get help from Mr Dyson, surgeon, Almondbury. Limb removed at his home at Aspley by Frederick Greenwood to prevent ‘mortfication’.
HE 29 Oct, Offence Against Factory Act.
HC 31 Dec: E.T.Monk, Directors of Holme reservoirs seek to recover £11.14s.6d rates for use of water at Aspley Mill. Learoyd defence council states that mill exempt from Holme Reservoir Act so long as water wheel not increased, directors might as well demand rates from mill in France. Joseph Hall, surveyor of Holme reservoirs, examined wheel. At time of passing of act two small wheels worked at mill. Now worked by one large wheel. Crosland asks if it uses more water, Hall says he cannot tell. Magistrates say proof on plaintiff of use of water, not size of wheel. Learoyd says defence can prove wheel used less water than two before. Discharged.
1860. HC 21 Apr: Aspley Silk Mills, Lower Aspley, Joseph Brook, 23 son of John Brook , registrar, one of proprietors of mill, found in engine room by engineer bathed in blood from shot to heart. Still alive and able to walk from engine room, asks for drink and father. taken to father’s house in Buxton Road. Rifle ball two or three inches below heart. Stomach perforated. Showing signs of recovery. A sergeant in 2nd Co. Rifle Volunteers, had taken rifle into engine room as a dry place to keep it. Had ammunition for target practice in ground near mill.
HC 5 May: Jos Brook. funeral. Manager at mill. Workmen and Rifle Volunteers in cortege.
HC 16 Jun: ‘Public Notice – the whole of the Machinery (except one winding frame and warping mill), including broaches, straps and gas piping in the attic occupied by Mr Rowland shaw at Upper Aspley Mill is the Property of Mr C G Kaye.’
HC 15 Sep: Upper Mill, George Hirst fined 12s.6d. for assault on Mary Hirst (no relative) when she refuses to put up a billy.
HC 29 Sep: E.T.Monk & Co., silk spinners, Lower Aspley Mill, operating a patent duplicate doubling frame by Charles Wilkinson of Slaithwaite.
1861. HC 21 Sep: E.T.Monk, charged by gatekeeper at Lockwood toll for rfusing to pay for horse and carriage Saturday last. Toll 6d for horse and vehicle on Meltham Rd whose destination is short of Dungeon toll-gate. Driving in one of Oxley’s cabs. Told little girl he was going to cricket ground but refuses to giver her the 6d. Toll keeper goes out but he still refuses saying he had business beyond Dungeon bar. Monk says if going beyond Dungeon only 2d at first gate. Had offered via Oxley to pay the additional 4d on Sunday but gatekeeper refused to accept it . On admitting this was true the magistrates ordered him to pay 16s expenses and accept the 4d from Mr Monk.
HC 28 Sep: Monk summonsed again by lessees of toll. Complainant claims that charge he falsely claimed to be exempt not heard. Magistrates ‘decline to hear it.’
1862. HC 8 Feb: Upper Mill to be sold.
HC 18 Oct: E T Monk charged with employing child under 12 without certificate, registration or school attendance. Says done without his knowledge but pleads guilty. £1 plus expenses.
1863. HC 17, 21 Nov, 5 Dec: Edward Thomas Monk, silk spinner, bank’d and fraud case, implicating John Ogden – dismissed. But Monk committed to York for debt.
HC 19 Dec: Lower Aspley premises and silk machinery to be sold. Mill 100×40 feet by 3 storeys. 25 hp steam engine, also mill and building, formerly used as a Fulling and Friezing Mill, three storeys.’The greater portion of the machinery is new.’ Aspley mill part under Ramsden lease.
1864. HC 30 Jan: Aspley Silk Mills to be sold. 100 x 40 ft x 3 stories. Steam engine 25 hp, two 25 hp boilers., mill formerly used as fulling and frizzing mill, 3 stories. Iron water wheel, 30 hp.Lately used by Messrs E T Monk & Co.
HC 7 May: Edward Thomas Monk, bankruptcy case.
HC 22 Oct: Upper Aspley to be let.
HC 17 Dec: Upper Aspley Mills and dyeworks still to be let. ‘Established upwards of 40 years.’ Engine ‘put into thorough repair’, 40 hp boiler. Milling machine etc, ‘there are water reserves which hold between 40,000 and 50,000 gallons.’NB the Mills are let to a respectable tenant.’
1865. HC 22 Jul: Aspley Woollen Mills to let. Premises will be shown by J Hardcastle, Turnbridge.
1866 HC 3 Feb: to be sold, as above, 100x40ftx 3 stories, 25 hp steam engine, near canal, in busiest part of Huddersfield, ‘in a neighbourhood which is being rapidly opened and improved’.
1867. HC 9 Nov: Upper Aspley Room and Power.
1868. HE 25 Jan. Upper Aspley to be let.
HE 5 Dec: machinery to be sold (also Turnbridge).
1869 HE 1 May: To let, recently occupied Albert Hall & Co.
1870. HE 9 Apr: Abe Hanson, master spinner, leases R&P, accident. Throwing off willeyer strap becomes entangled, dies from injuries. Isaac Robson, mill owner.
HE 21 May: Isaac Robson, dyer, smoke nuisance, chimney inadequate for boiler, Mr Graham to build new one. HE 29 Oct: Ditto.
1871 HC 22 Apr: Aspley Mill, four storey woollen mill to be sold, occupied Tolson, Haigh and Brooke. 25hp steam engine.
HEW 10 Jun: Abram Hanson & Son, yarn spinners, Henry Isaac Hanson, bankrupt.
HC 10 Jun: Robson’s Mill, Upper Aspley, sale of machinery
HEW 8 Jul: Robson, smoke nuisance case again.
HC 28 Oct: George Brook jnrs mill at Aspley, George Alfred Lodge, 13, killed. Entangled in ‘drum’ or ‘ balloon’ of machine.
HEW 4 Nov: accede to request of dyers meeting held in the wharf, for a hour a week reduction. Wages of dyers from 15s to 22s a week.
1872 HC 13 Jan: Four storied woollen mill to be sold/let, late occupied by Tolson, Haigh & Brooke.
HEW 13 Jul: Cllr John Eccles, cotton spinner, presented with gold pencil case by workpeople on occasion of his marriage.
HC 7 Sep: Shorefoot Mills, Thomas Sugden & Sons, logwood grinders.
1873 HEW 22 Feb: Wm Briggs, rag grinder, Thos Quinn, 16, killed by shaft.
HEW 19 Jul: ‘Aspley Mill Wool Works’ committee of inspection affairs of W H Dinham, wool extracting and yarn preparation machinery. Tenancy may be continued at ‘moderate rental’.
1874. HEW 28 Mar:Wm Brigg. Brigg & Co, mungo and shoddy manufacturers, witness in Redfearn (Leeds Rd) bankruptcy case.
1875. HEW 20 Mar: Lower Mill -(old mill owned by Ramsden) experiment with Sanderson & Proctor’s Automatic Fire Extinguisher, puts out fire with steam..
1876. HEW 29 Jul: Old Mill water wheel, shafting and piping.
Aspley Dyeworks Mill, Bedford & Battye, new engine, last one made by R.Gledhill of Bradley Mill, retiring from business, 35 hp beam engine 22 foot flywheel, 26 tons. Taylor boiler and Hopkinson fittings. Ornamental arch designed by B Stocks.
HEW 9 Sep: John Smith drysalter, engine improved, compounded by Wood Baldwin & Co. Brighouse increase 30-40 strokes a minute.
1892. HEW 1 Oct: Aspley Mill, Ben Dickinson, cloth finisher and dyer bankrupt.
HEW 5 Nov: to be sold, dyeing and finishing premises, three storey mill, beam engine, 30 inch cylinder..etc
(HEW 27 Aug: Aspley Print Works , formerly occupied by Dewhirst at corner of Firth St/Colne St, 4 storey mill, 4 storey warehouse etc to be sold).
1894. HEW 24 Feb: St Andrews Rd, 3 storey mill, dyeing plant and machinery to be sold.
(HEW 21 Jul: Aspley Print Works, to be sold, lately occupied by R Dewhirst & Co. situate in Firth St and Colne St Aspley. Four storey mill, and 4 st warehouse etc)
1895. HEW 8 Jun: Upper Mill, fire, successors of late John Eccles, cotton spinner and doubler, starts in ground floor of old mill, built up against new mill which has end towards Firth St.
1896. HEW 11 Jan: St Andrew’s Road, to be sold, 3 storey and attic, by 96 feet 3 inches by 39 feet, beam engine 30 inch cylinder by 4 foot 6 inch stroke. 8 Feb large attendance at auction, but withdrawn from sale.
1901. HEW 2 Nov: Upper mill, cotton doubling ,to be sold.
1902 HEW 8 Mar: John Eccles & Sons Ltd. To be sold, plant and stock
1910. YTD: Arthur Dawson, fancy cotton spinners Ltd, fancy cotton yarn spinner and cotton hank merceriser.
YTD: Upper Aspley Mill: John Eccles & Co. spinners, doublers and warpers.
1919. A.Dawson & Sons fancy cotton spinners.
16 a BANK MILL (Scammonden)
1850 May to 1852, John Crabtree, Woollen Scribbler and Slubber. Bankrupt.(1853HC 14 May):
17. BANK BOTTOM MILLS (Marsden)
1824/25 HE 20 Mar 1858, 4 storey mill built.
1833. Factory Commissioners Report, Norris, Sykes & Fisher 120 employed. Upper 12 hp waterwheel, Lower, fulling, 13hp.
1851. HC 11 Oct: Upper and Lower Mill Norris, Sykes & Fisher.
Census: Ottiwells. John Tallent Fisher age 46, born Newark.
1854. HC 14 Jan: Charles Sykes, last surviving partner of firm of Norris, Sykes & Fisher ‘oldest exisiting merchant’s firm in this town.’ obit.
1856 HC 17 May: J T Fisher, 20 years churchwarden, speaks at opening of Marsden school. Laid foundation stone previous year. A fortnight before had visited Heptonstall to see church. Wished to see one like it in Marsden. John Brooke of Armitage Bridge.’ Mr Fisher had made one remark which he did not altogether like. He said his affections were centred in that school. He was in hopes that their was still a little corner left in Mr Fisher’s heart – which might be the means of sooner or later causing them to say that they had no longer a bachelor for their church warden. (Laughter and cheers)’
1858. HE,HC 20 Mar: Ben Sykes & Sons Fire, building erected 1825. Building forms two sides of a square each 30yds long and three storeys high., adjoined by cottage of Mr Hirst, dyer, whose wife discovers fire around 8 o’clock in evening. Runs two hundred yards to nearest house Someone goes to station to telegraph to Huddersfield for L&Y engine since none at Marsden. Horseman heads for Armitage Bridge to alert engine there. Foundary bell alerts locals. Talk by ‘Yankee Davis’ in Assembly Rooms abandoned. Bucket chain organised. Half of bottom storey wool warehouse of J T Fisher, half warehouse and dyestore of Ben Sykes & Sons. Second storey spinning room. Fisher’s counting house at end near staircase where two buildings joined. Third storey jennies attic tenter stove. Sykes & Sons principally engaged in the foreign trade and do country work for other parties. 50 bales of wool purchased in London for £1,2-1,500. L & D Hall of Huddersfield had that day sent 30 pieces to mill. Fisher’s safes and books and 80 pieces rescued. Upper storey and attic everything destroyed. Roof collapses. Only shell of building left despite arrival of L&Y Brigade. Armitage’s Brigade 20 minuted after. Hirst’s cottage saved. Engines play on fire until 3 in morning. £2,000 damage to building £2,000 loss of goods etc. Only 12 workpeople employed in that part of mill, while between 2-300 in mills as a whole.
HC 19 Jun: J T Fisher’s housekeeper, Miss Taylor leg fractured and other injuries in Springwood railway collision.
1859. HC 29 Jan: Ben Sykes & Sons, treat for 200 in Assembly-room.
HC 2 Jul: Ben Sykes & Sons, new mill, soiree to celebrate laying of foundation stone of Marsden Mechanics’ Institution, 9 Jul.
HC 16 Jul: ‘The meeting was held in the large new rooms of the Bank Bottoms Mill, which, since its rebuilding after the conflagration, something more than twelve months since, has not been filled with machinery.’ 800 attend. Tea served from long tables in field near mill for 3,000.
1860. HC 4 Feb: Ben Sykes & Sons, treat in mill for 300. Formerly premises of Norris,Sykes & Fisher, which Fishers “considerably extended”.
HE 31 Mar, farewell dinner for Dave Hoyle, leaving to take up position in Ben Sykes & Sons New York establishment.
1861 HC 26 Jan: Ben Sykes & Sons owners and occupiers of mills (also known as Marsden Mills) treat in assembly room for 250.
1864 HC 16 Jul: John Armitage, 14, piecer, attempting to put strap on drum, smock caught, whirled round shaft, engine minute and half to stop. Very precarious state.
1865 HC 12 Aug: B Sykes & Sons, Marsden, wanted 20 to 30 second hand power looms.
1866. HE 24 Nov: accident.
1869. HC 17 Apr: Ben Sykes & Sons bankrupt, £30-40,000 liabilities. [Trade bad in Marsden]: HC 29 May: Upper and Lower mills, stock in trade to be sold:
HC 29 May: J T Fisher, obit. Worked mill until 14 years ago having joined Priestly, Norris & Sykes after death of Priestly. In Marsden for more than 40 years.
HE 5 Jun: John Talents Fisher, obit, b Newark 1804, apprenticed Leeds,1825, following death of Mr Priestly joined Norris & Sykes. Lived initially at Ottiwells. Leading Tory and churchman.
HC 6 Jun: Upper and Lower mills to be sold by private treaty, also wools, yarns, dyewares and effects &c.
HE 28 Aug: to be sold, late occ Ben Sykes & Sons. Portion of modern construction, main mill 4 storeys x180x42 feet, engine 30nhp, two iron water wheels, upper mill 29 di x 12 feet, lower, 18di x 6 feet. Water from Wessenden res.
HE 9 Oct: ‘beautifully situated’ mills auction at Geo Hotel Tuesday great interest, since diss of partnership belonged to Fisher. 1855 bought for £11,000, same amount since spent on property. Bidding started at £4,000, stood at £7,000. Auctioneer said he would have to sell it since no reserve. Bids creep up to £9,600, bought by Mr Jaggar for E&G Dyson Bros., Milnsbridge. Most important sale of property that ever took place in Marsden.
HC 13 Nov: machinery sale goes badly.
HC 4 Dec: Ben Sykes, 81, almost destitute. Firm hit by high duties of American tariff. Subscriptions opened for his support, donatuons by several manufacturers.
1870. John.Crowther & Sons, move from Britannia Mill.
1872 HC 27 Jan: scribbling engineer wanted.
HEW 20 Jul: 13 Jul Marsden flood, lower floor flooded, small dam bursts.
HC 24 Aug: Ginnethon [sic] Dyson & Shaw, Jonas Sykes , teaser, putting strap on willow, arm broken.
1874. William and Elon Crowther leave to found Messrs W.&.E. Crowther, Crimble Mill. [Jos. obit. HEW 17 Jun 1905, Lockwood p 18)].
1873. HEW 1 Feb: John Crowther & Sons, weavers strike, prosecutions for leaving work.
HEW 22 Mar: machine makers patterns To be sold.
1874. HEW 10 Jan: Alf Rhodes & Co.,treat.
HEW 21 Feb: Jn Crowther & Sons, Treat.
1875. HEW 2 Oct: Alf Rhodes & Co., minor fire in fire proof mill.
HEW 18 Dec: Rateable value increased from £697 in 1865 to £723.
1876. HEW 17 Jul: John Crowther & Sons,, more recent small “new mill” occ. by Alf Rhodes & Co. Fire, building ruined £1000 damage, machinery and stock. Preacher charged with theft of cops.
HEW 16 Sep: Upper Mill Sam Shaw & Co, shawl fringe twisting machine on view, invented by Wm Brooke of Manchester, brought up in America, mechanic.
1879. HEW Feb. John Crowther & Sons joint treat with workers of new Marsden Mill Co. Mill.
Upper Mill Sam Shaw & Co. serious fire, £1000 damage, 100 persons out of work.(HEW 25 Feb: Letter on need for fire Brigade)
(HEW 18 Jan 1908) Sam Shaw & Co. fire starts in tentering place, mill owned by E & G Dyson.
1883 HEW 23 Jun: Lower Mill, Aaron Rutherford Wood, attending brushing machine, looses two fingers.
1884. HED 25 Feb. Alf Rhodes & Wm. Halsted woollen shawl manufacturers, bankrupt, £9,000 liabilities.
1884. HEW 23 Feb: Lower Mill, John Crowther treat for 100.
HEW 14 Jun: John Crowther & Sons tenants of lower mill since c.1870 ‘a large portion of the population of Marsden has found full and remunerative employment at them…’ Now at a stand as Crowther completes removal of machinery to a large mill at Milnsbridge. (Union Mill, John Edward Crowther, youngest brother, 20 years junior of Jos. joins firm [Jos. obit. HEW 17 Jun 1905].
1885. HEW 10 Jan:room and power in two rooms 69 x 14 yards, late occupied by John Crowther & Sons..
1886. HEW 18 Sep: upper mill, To be sold ‘as a going concern now in full work’.
1887. HEW 9 Jul:machinery to be sold:23 Jul announcement mill to be sold.
HEW 15 Oct: Mill details. 30hp condensing beam engine. Upper Mill,Dyson & Co,occupiers. two storeys plus weaving and spinning shed, water wheel 30’ diameter by 12’6”.
Lower Mill, 3 storeys plus attic, carding, spinning and weaving and 3 storey scribbling and fulling mills, 2 storey warehouse. Holme Close, 30hp steam engine, waterwheel 20 foot diameter, 6 foot waterwheel ‘motive power for both mills.
HEW 5 Nov: Mill sale. 50 years ago ‘sheltered and beautifully wooded dell.’
Owners, Horsfalls: Norris, Sykes & Fisher:Ben Sykes in 1850s, expansions and extensive trade with US: 1869 sold for £9,600 to E.&.G.Dyson & Bros, Milnsbridge. Upper Mill not rebuilt after fire some years ago, Dyson & Co, lease ,£260 rent,expires 1895. Lower Mill Sykes & Dyson.
Bidding starts at £5000. Bought for £9000 by HuddersfieldWater Corporation. Jos. Crowther buy cottages and close for £590. i.e. estate fetches £10 less than in 1869.
1889. HEW 5 Jan: Lower Mill to be let including 30hp beam engine ‘in good working order’.
1905 HEW 17 Jun: Joseph Crowther killed in car crash.
1906. YFT 10 Aug: new dining room with crockery with mill’s name stamped on. 24 Aug, cheap meals provided. HEW 25 Aug: all must leave mill when engine stops, but can bring own food, which must be handed in to steward
10 Aug,24 Aug: breakdown due to collapse of engine bed.
1907 HEW 16 Nov: Old Bank Bottom Mill chimney felled by Messrs John Tinker, Manchester Rd, Huddersfield, close to embankment of Butterley res, property of JE Crowther, disused for some time since bought by Huddersfield Corporation. 180 foot high, 72 foot of which brick addition 1875, 40 foot circumference at base. Around 1,000 tons. Large number of persons on hillsides to watch.
1909 HEW 19 Jun: J E Crowther , ‘Big Fire’, twisting sheds gutted, £10-15,000 damage, 1000 employees affected including Ready Carr and Fall Lane Mills.
HEW 25 Aug: Trip to Blackpool for workers of mill and ready Carr and Fall Lane, to celebrate marriage of Geo A Crowther. Free admission to tower included. Some over sleep on way back and have to walk from Huddersfield. One weaver falls on line and foot badly injured.
1910. HEW 17 Sep: six storey mill under construction, crane lifts beams into place, labourer (34) for contractor Whitehead & Bradbury dies in fall when unloosing tie. John Willie Bradbury, supervisor (HEW 13 Aug: James Whitehead, Marsden, contractor obit (67) built Deanhead Church and many mills in Marsden).
YTD: John Edward Crowther, fancy woollens, 60,100 spindles, 502 looms.
1911. W 7 Oct: J.E.Crowther, 18 cloth pressers discharged and replaced by machines.
1913 HEW 24 May: 22 twisters involved in dispute. Four Crowther mills closed and 1700 thrown out of work.
HEW 31 May: twisters return but only to finish work they had left then they walk out again.
1914. W 21 Nov: suicide of woollen feeder (19), found dead at bottom of fire escape,
fallen from 5 storey. Had been in army , but bought out. Had been heard to remark that he thought life wasn’t worth living.
1917. CVG 3 Aug: Huddersfield Engineer Society visit. 600 looms, five or six steam engines “largest privately owned woollen mills in the world.”
1919. John Edward Crowther fancy woollen and worsted manufacturer. Also Marsden Mill and Ready Carr Mill.
1935 HEW 5 Jan: Mrs Hall nee Ellen Shaw, of Marsden 90, age 11 half timer at Bank Bottom, (later demolished to make way for Butterley waterworks) from 6am to 6pm. Age 13 sister died and she had to remain at home, handloom weaving, for Geo Mallinson & Sons.
18. BANK END MILL (Austonley)
1800 Built (According to Factory Commissioners Rept)
1802. Nov 6: Roof on New Mill at Austonley collapses – three killed.(Mayall)
1834. Factory Comms Rep.Jonas Roebuck water wheel 8hp, employed 20.
1852. HC,HE 7 Feb: Flood. Jonas Roebuck. Corner abutting onto river swept away, along with stove, dyehouse, boiler house and dam. 60 unemployed, £3000 damages.
1853. HE 22 Jan: John and Wm. Roebuck, Bankrupt. Machinery to be sold, including mules.
1854. HC 18 Feb: Fulling and Scribbling Mill to be let. Partially restored by tenants. £800 grant from relief committee towards restoration. Dwelling house and 8 cottages.
1855. HC 20 Jan: to be let. Upwards of £300 still in hands of Relief Committee for further repairs.
1857. HC 27 Jun: water power fulling and scribbling mill. £300 in hands of relief committee for further repairs, purchase of shafting &c.
HE 14 Jul: to be let. £300 from relief committee, owners will add further £300.
1871. HC 12 Aug; HE 12 Sep: S.& J.Moorhouse, liquidation, machinery and wool to be sold.
1872 HEW 6 Apr: Ditto.
1873 HEW 15 Mar: machinery to be sold.
1888. HEW 23 Jun: Tinker Bros occupiers. to be let. John Tinker and brother move to Bankend Mill from Brownhill Mill after Batley Corporation sell it to RR and A Heap. At Bankend 14 years before move to Mytholmbridge. (HExp 4 Sep 1897)
1895. HEW 7 Dec: to be let.
1902 HEW 12 Jul: To be sold: four storey mill plus attic, former dyehouse, boiler house stove, etc. Boiler , engine, and water wheel.
19. BANKFIELD MILL (Moldgreen)
1848. LM 8 Apr Beaumont & Taylor dyehouse storm damaged.
1848 LM 8 Apr: ‘new mill of Messrs Day & Sons’ adjoining Rookery Mill, flooded.
1849. LM 26 May: Beaumont & Taylor.
1850. LM 16 Feb: Day moves to Bankfield Mill. Treat for 100 to celebrate move.
1851. Census:John Day employing 63 men, 30 boys, 7 girls and 160 handloom weavers.
1857. HC 30 Oct. weavers strke.
1859. HC 29 Oct: John Day & Sons, factory chimney in course of erection, fall in easterly direction destroying a two storey building used as smith and carpenters shop. Three o’clock in morning otherwise would have been fearful loss of life as six or seven masons working on chimney and 4 or 5 in carpenter’s shop. Designed by Cocking and erected by Beaumont & Wood of Moldgreen, intended to be 45 yards high. Had reached 41 ½ yards. Foundation, firm, seven feet thick. On top of this pedestal, 12’6” sq and 4 feet thick.. Shaft octagonal , flue 4ft wide at bottom, 4’6” at top/ ‘The use of soft rubbly stone for backings and the absence of through stones about every yard to bind the interior and exterior walls together, caused accident. £200 damage. If it had fallen in northerly direction would have destroyed new warehouse facing the road to Almondbury. If to south part of mill would have been destroyed.
1861 HC 13 Apr: John Day & Sons, fire in willowing room caused by friction, slight damage.
1864 HC 23 Jul: John Day & Sons, fire in second storey of mill, found in ‘cards’ by John Jaggar, engineer. Water from cistern at rear of mill used. £70 damage.
HC 31 Dec: Mill working all night, fire discovered by John Moorhouse carding hand. Water from dam speedily extinguishes it with only £30 damage.
1865 HC 21 Jan: Charles Senior, 17, scourer, falls into tub of boiling water. Severely scalded.
HC 4 Feb: treat for 40 at Staff of Life.
HC 18 Feb: Boar’s Head, next to mill, police spy on Day’s workers playing dominoes and ‘puff and dart for 1d bets, beerhouse keeper cleared of allowing gaming on premises.
HC 25 Mar: fire in stove. Noticed by Sam Ellam operating a Norton patent drying machine in room above. Put out by buckets.
HC 14 Oct: John Day & Sons, for some time running night and day. Stop at half past one in morning for ‘dinner’. Young men congregate outside mill shouting, singing and generally disturbing inhabitants. Police Sgt Greenwood cautions them to remain on premises. Saturday morning, takes sleeve of Squire Sutcliffe to force him into mill yard. Sleeve torn and Greenwood sued for damages. Case dismissed, memorial by respectable inhabitants complain Greenwood was only doing his duty.
1867. HC 2 Feb: John Day & Sons Fire.
1871. HEW 4 Feb: John Day & Sons, Tuesday between 8 and 9 in morning several portions of mill collapse, causing considerable damage to other parts of mill. Near to Mr Day’s home three blocks – taking in and burling warehouse, building for Whiteley’s patent tentering machine costing £3-400, , old two storey unused tentering room abutting on new road to Almondbury. Gives way from Somerset road end with rumbling like thunder, new tentering machine damaged. Several years ago building buttressed. Pressure from newly formed road blamed. Uninsured.
1872 HEW 6 Apr: Joe Jaggar, engineer, slightly injured in Berry Brow rail crash when loco runs into back of passenger train at station on Easter Monday.
1874. HEW 7 Feb: minor fire.
HEW 31 Oct: John Day JP, elected Constable of Almondbury by court leet.
HEW 19 Dec: John Day & Sons prosecuted under Factory Act., spinner employs piecer under 13.
1882. HEW 19 Aug: John Day JP, obit, injured on Langsett Moor returning from grouse shoot.
1899. HEW 21 Jan: suicide of Ben Dawson (69) Almondbury. Labourer.
1902. HEW 25 Oct: John Day & Sons, declining business machinery to be sold.
HEW 15 Nov: 5 and 4 storey mills to be sold. Beam engine, 30” cylinder, 5’ stroke.
1910 W 30 Jul: Peter Conacher & Co. organ works Springwood, fire. Temporary works at J Days former mill Moldgreen.
1914 HEW 28 Mar: Wm Day, grasscroft, Honley, son of John Day, obit 87. Partner in firm. Retired 40 years ago and moved to Honley 23 years ago. Conservative, councillor, guardian and director of WR Bank.
[1930 HEW 4 Oct: Bankfield Mill, Almondbury, Sam Firth & Co, mungo & shoddy, mill gutted. East gable collapses. Building one of oldest in Huddersfield: Photo]
20. BANKGATE MILL (Slaithwaite)
1800. Dartmouth Terrier.
1806. Ibid. insured for £500 to Edward Eastwood. short distance upstream from Blackmoor Holme immediately under canal reservoir.
1828. Dartmouth terrier : built 1814. 36 foot fall water wheel 10hp, iron buckets and axle bosses, wooden arms and shields average 9 months power: boiler house and steam engine 12hp. 7 carders, 8 scribblers, 8 billies, 2 fearnought. In addition 30 foot of fall ‘which cannot well be occupied save through the present mill’ should be let with right to using it through present mill since a further dam could not be built due to steepness of the bank.
1834. Fact Commissioners Rept. J.&.J.Farrar, water wheel and steam engine 12hp occasional use, 8hp required for machinery. 44 employed. take food when bought by relatives. holidays include St James, village feast.
1837. Dartmouth Terrier. John and Joseph Farrar, rent £115 per ann. ‘The canal should be written to as their bywork is gradually undermining the dam.’
1851 Census: ‘Back Lane’, Slaithwaite, John Farrar, 58, born Holmfirth, ‘woollen scribbler and spinner’. Wife Jane. [1854, daugther Grace, (20 in 1851), marries George Brook Jnr son of George Brook, Huddersfield].
1861 Census: ‘Old Church Yard’, John Farrar, 68, ‘woollen scribbling miller employing 49 persons’.
1871. Census: ‘Back Lane’, John Farrar, 78 (now widowed, his widowed daughter, Jane Sykes 50, housekeeper) ‘woollen scribbler employing 19 men’.
HC 22 Apr: Mary Garside of Pickle Top commits suicide in dam.
HEW 26 Aug: premises to be let John Farrar machinery to be sold, including four pair of mules total 2040 spindles.
HEW 23 Sep: Mill taken by J Brierley, formerly of Old Corn Mill and fitted up with new machinery.
1872. HEW 27 Jan: J.Brierley’s accident.
HC 11 May: mill closed for day for celebrations of majority of Lord Lewisham, son of earl of Dartmouth.
1874. HEW 25 Apr: J. Brierley’s horse injured while pieces being unloaded from milling cart of Low West Wood Mill, bolts down steep road into burial ground wall..
1875. HEW 30 Jan: Fire.
1876 HC 1 Jul: Farrar’s, ‘Park Gate Mill’ [sic] Jos Pickles, carrier unloading machinery from lurry kicked by horse, badly hurt.
1877. HEW 24 Mar, Fire. ‘the mill is situate on a scar side leading to leading to the Slaithwaite reservoir, the embankment of which adjoins the garden in which one portion o the premises are built and can be fairly seen in the passing cars of the London and North Western line going over the first viaduct from Marsden. This mill is the property of Mr John Farrar, whose name is so closely associated with it by the long length of time in which he ran it as a country mill for local manufacturers…’ Some time ago let to J Brierley, who left last year to go to Bridge St. Re-let to Jos Taylor, yarn spinner, former partner with his brother William at Britannia Mill, Crosland Moor. Thursday, fire in old teasing room under the main building. In about three hours building gutted. £5-6,000 damage.
Letter from C.H.Wilkinson, who wrote almost six years ago after fire at Brook Mill- 35 mills above Milnsbridge but no Fire Engine.
HEW 31 Mar: John Farrar letter of thanks to those who helped fight fire.
HEW 25 Aug: John Farrar, obit, one of Slaithwaite’s oldest inhabitants, thrown by horse at Mukar, Richmond while out shooting. Came to Slaithwaite from Leeds, began as scribbling engineer at Bankgate Mill formerly Mr Eastwood’s, (friend of Wm Horsfall). A few years ago leased his mills, including three at Meltham. Bankgate still not rebuilt following fire. Also large farm at Sutterton, Lincs and wood plantation.
John Farrar, the fine old English sportsman, who was one of the most truthful men I ever knew, had Carr Lane fields (now filled with mills and cottages) as a rabbit warren. He was a woollen scribbler at Bank Gate. The mills were burnt down, the old gentleman died, and everyone of the remaining family have gone away. JOHN SUGDEN SLAITHWAITE NOTES PAST AND PRESENT.. (JOHN HEYWOOD, MANCHESTER, 1905)
1878 Probate: 24 Jan. John Farrar obit 20 Aug 1877, at Muker in Swaledale, scribbling miller and spinner. Execs William Daniel Henshaw, linen draper, Hudderfield, James Kilburn, ironfounder, Meltham. Estate less than £6,000
1886 HEW 13 Mar: Wright Blackburne & Co. hearthrug manufacturers, employing 30 children, half-timers, under 16 without teachers or fitness certificates in register. Fined 5s. for each case.
HEW 17 Jul: Wright Blackburne informed by Slaithwaite Local Board about nuisance from mill. If he does not take action resolved to summons him.
1907 HEW 9 Feb: To be let: four storey mill.
1910. YTD: Wright Blackburn & Co.hearth rug manufacturer (also Colne Road and Linfitt Mills).
1914 YFT 8 Jan: minor fire.
1915. YTD: no entry.
21. BANKHOUSE MILL (Milnsbridge)
1811. KC 165:379 – lease.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. wool since 1830, 24 employed, water wheel 15hp, short of water two to three months, principle reservoir 7 miles away, first mill on river begins at 6, water does not reach Bankhouse until 10-11am, therefore they expect to run 3 or four hours after first mill stops so ‘water will not run waste’.
1841. Report of Factory Inspector, half yearly report ending 30 June 1841. Superintendent of Factories, James Bates, Holmfirth 21 May 1841.Armitage Bros Fact Insp. Offence Against Fact.Act. overworking girl under 15 and not having school attendance voucher. Joseph Armitage JP father of defendants, fine agreed without case being heard in court.
1859. HC 6 Aug: to be let, ‘well adapted for milling, scribbling and spinning, having a powerful waterwheel and an abundant supply of water.’ Apply Armitage Bros.
1867. HC 27 Jun: Robert Beaumont fire.
1869 HE 19 Jun: owned by Geo. Armitage, fire, gutted, £1700 damage to stock, £400 to property.
HC 30 Oct: To be let, ‘The mill has been rebuilt and is fitted up with entirely new shafting.’ steam and water power, ‘never failing supply of pure water.’ apply G Armitage esq, Milnsbridge House.
1870. HE 15 Jan. still to be let. ,
1872 HC 20 July: Ben Taylor, flood – lower storey below two yards of water, wool damaged
1906. HEW 4 Aug: B. Taylor & Sons, fire in scribbler. (River flows past mill).
1910. YTD: Ben Taylor & Son, angola and woollen yarn spinner, 3,000 spindles.
1914. HEW 21 Mar: Ben Taylor, 65, sudden death.
W 13 Jun: Jos Taylor (63), of Ben Taylor & Sons, yarn spinners, drowns in dam, son present when body found.
22. BANKHOUSE MILL (Lower) (Milnsbridge)
See Brierley Mill
23. BANKS MILL (Honley)
18 th Century rape seed oil mill
1856 HC 2 Feb: to be sold, large and commodious warehouse 3 stories, at or near Bank’s Mill, near to 12 newly erected dwelling houses ‘Bright’s Buildings’, formerly occupied by David Shaw, Sons & Co, more lately by Ben Ledger Shaw.
HC 9 Feb: corn mill of Jos Schofield broken in to and quantity of bran, sharps and pig meal stolen. Contents of one of sacks found at Far End.
1860. HC 10 Mar. John Haigh & Co. Dissolution of partnership. Richard, George H., John and William Haigh, scribbling and fulling millers.
1864 HC 19 Mar: William Haigh, Co. Court, prosecutes Holroyd for non return of 10 skeps, value £4, but Holroyd shows receipt. Also v. John Brook, carrier, damages for cow bought. Looses this case also.
1866 HC 4 Aug: Ben Baxendale and Jonathan Kilburn, slubbers charged with leaving work without 14 days notice. Not a mutual agreement, therefore chairman says invalid. Haigh says Baxendale had worked for them before and then given notice. Says he had given the engineer a weeks notice but Haigh wouldn’t take it until pay day. Bad management at mill. Couldn’t earn 10s week. Absent to see lifeboat at Huddersfield. Bench refuse to commit on notice used, advises men to finish work then leave and Haigh to get a new notice.
1868. HC 25 Apr: William Haigh, horse runs away with stone roller into Honley and crashes into wells.
HE 6 Jun: John Haigh & Co., fire. old mill gutted but new one adjoining saved. £2000 damage, Royal & Atlas insurance.
1869. HC 3 Apr: Wool and meal mill to be sold. and “remaining portions of a woollen mill”. Apply John Smith, land agent, Lightcliffe.
1881. Directory: Edward Holroyd and Sons, joiners, builder, cabinet makers.
1887. HEW 7 May: Banks Mill and Lower Banks Mill and estate to be sold.
1889 HEW 6 Jul: Mill and ground to be sold plus estate at Hope Bank, house and farm.
24. BATH MILL (Lockwood)
1850. HEW 15 May 1875. pipes to canal first installed.
1869 HE 18 Sep: Lockwood Spa Baths to be sold. ‘one of very best sites for manufacturing or dyeing purposes remaining in the district the large supply of water being a matter of certainty.’
1875. HEW 15 May: Edmund Eastwood Parl. Cttee on Canal and railway. £40 spent on installing pipes. 200 employed.
1877. HEW 21 Apr: Roberts & Co. declining business, machinery to be sold.
1878 Taken over by Joah Lodge & Sons. (Obit)
1880. HEW 4 Dec: Robert Gledhill & Co, machinery to be sold.:
1882. HEW 2 Sep: Joah Lodge& Sons, trip to Scarborough.
1884 HEW 16 Feb: Joah Lodge, pattern weavers collect nearly 320 for widow and children of employee Arthur Windle found drowned in Aspley Basin.
1889. YFT 21 Sep. J.Lodge Dobcross looms, plain work, two boxes and Schofield & Kirk 80 pick looms for fancy worsted.
1890. YFT 7 Feb. J Lodge short time. YFT 22 Aug: Full time resumes.
1892. HEW 24 Dec: Joah Lodge & Sons, fancy woollen manufacturer, John Edward Hartley killed in hoist accident.
1896. HEW 12 Jun: machinery to be sold.
HEW 20 Jun: J.Lodge & Sons occupiers, plant, furnishings etc to be sold, or as going concern; 29 Aug: to be let. (Lodge retired – see obit)
1897. HEW 17 Jul: to be let, late occupiers J. Lodge and Sons, 4 storeys by 14 by 44 yards, apply F.Eastwood, Engine bridge Mills.
HEW 2 Oct: ditto.
1899. HEW 8 Jul: four storey mill by 32 by 42 yards and beam engine 30inch cylinder, 5 foot 6 inch stroke by 20 foot fly wheel.
HEW 26 Aug, YFT 1 Sep: Joah Lodge, obit, Granum Lodge, Edgerton, 71, not in good health since lost one of his eyes, stroke last January. From Kirkburton, one of best and ablest designers. Ellis & Carter, waistcoat manufacturers, J Tolson & Sons, Dalton, J Taylor & Sons, Colne Rd, W&T Taylor Newsome, on death of Walter Taylor becomes partner, Taylor and Lodge. In 1878 founds own firm at Bath Mills.
1906. HE 15 Dec: Priest, dyer, labourer (14) killed in fall.
1910. YTD : Allen Priest & Sons,Ltd, angola yarn spinner (also Lockwood Mills) 8,400 spindles.
1935 HEW 13 Jul:Philip Priest and Allen Priest, (sons of Walker T Priest and Liversedge Priest, directors of Allen Priest & Sons), build ‘flying flea’ at Sherburn Aerodrome, designed by Henri Mignet, can be built for £80. Philip member of Huddersfield Gliding Club. Cyril Brooke along with Frank of Wm Lawton Ltd, Paddock, first to build one. HEW 12 Oct 1935: Brooke’s ‘Flea’ crashes on maiden flight at Sherburn.
25. BAYHALL MILL (Birkby)
(See Ramsden papers).
Stork Bros formerly occupy room at Brook’s factory, Northgate (HEW 1862 23 Aug).
1863 HC 7,18 Jul: new mill now being built for Stork Bros, mechanics labourer killed hoisting up large iron beam, scaffolding collapses, three injured. G and J W Brook, builders, ironwork Harrison & Co. Leeds Road.
1866 HC 6 Jan: Stork Bros, treat for reelers at Royal, Fartown.
HC 10 Nov: Stork Bros offer their new road to Paddock Local Board.
1867 HC 5 Oct: Jos Stork Bros, at meeting at Plough Inn of Angola manufacturers of town and district against rate of insurance upon Angola yarns.
1871 HED 6 Feb, HC 11 Feb: Stork Bros Angola manufacturers. Fire starts in teasing machine.
HC 20 May: Eliza Parkin, 14, Castlegate, fingers crushed in pulley.
HC 4 Nov: Buzzer at mill raises alarm. Fire in three storey mill of John Brown, woollen cord cloth finisher, Bay Hall. Corporation engine quickly on scene, but mill destroyed.
1872. HC 1 Jun: Stork Bros, letter re spinners dispute. Men earning 37s /week some 50s-£3. At meeting at Plough society says some only receiving £1.
HEW 15 Jun: Stork Bros, spinners dispute.
HEW 26 Oct: John Hinchliffe, 58, accident in dyehouse.Arm crushed in rollers. Amputated, dies from shock.
1874. HEW 25 Jul: Stork Bros Angola manufaturers. Fire in teasing room. Corp engine, Wrigley’s arrives but not required. .
1889 YFT 19 Jul: Stork Bros attempted weavers wage reductions dspute.
HWN 28 Sep: Engine naming.
1892. HEW 16 Apr: Stork Bros, converting to spinning only, finishing plant to be sold.
1893. YFT 13 Oct: HEW 7 Oct: Stork Bros Angola manufaturers. Fire. Fireproof carding room, helped by Armitage & Clelland’s workers. £1500-2000 damage.
HEW 7 Oct: ditto..
1903. HEW 10 Jan: Clara Jessop, winder (15) killed in hoist fall. Under 1901 Factory and Workshops Act should be fenced off.
1909. YFT 22 Apr: FIRE. 100 laid off.
1910. YTD: Stork bros, woollen and angola spinners, 8,500 spindles.
YTD: D.J.Green, fancy woollens and vicunas, 1800 spindles, 31 looms.
YTD:Charles Walton Ellis Ltd, fancy worsted, nautilus serges, 27 looms.
1919. Stork Bros.
26. BEAUFORT MILL (Linthwaite)
(Formerly Low West Wood Lower Mill)
1881. Directory: ‘Lower Low West Wood’ Beaumont, Bates & Sons.
1893. HEW 11 Mar, 8 Apr, shafting, gearing, piping etc of former tenants to be sold.
HC 24 Mar: ‘Beaufort Mills, Low Westwood, near Golcar station. These premises to let with valuable water power steam engine and boiler complete, fire extinguishing apparatus, together with milling scouring and wringing machines and fulling stocks. The mill is four storeys in and attic in height, with willey house, weaving shed and dyehouse. The whole premises with mill, dam and land adjoining contain over five acres. Possession may be had on May 1st, – For rent and particulars apply to W Lipscomb Esq, Saville Estate Offices, Dewsbuery.
HC 25 Nov: Hoyles. Alfred Barker, piecer (14), Upper Clough Linthwaite dies of tetanus after clog and foot pierced by screw on mule.
1894. HEW 21 Apr: Joseph Hoyle & Sons, Longwood, working overtime since took mills, now moving to new mill at Longwood. All employees who wish to be will be employed at Longwood.
HEW 21 Apr: machinery etc to be sold, 4 storey mill to be let.
HEW 26 May: Low West Wood to be let, apply W.Lipscombe, Savile Estate offices Dewsbury.
1895 HC 16 Mar: Body of unknown, poorly clad woman aged c. 60 found in mill dam. Believed to be tramp.
1896. HEW 6 Jun: mill idle since Hoyle moves to Longwood. Part to be occupied by Kaye of Golcar, weaving shed under repair for Whiteley of Leymoor, necessitates running of engine and old water wheel. Blacksmith shop and dyehouse occupied by Lockwood & Son, Linthwaite for storage. 100 tons of coal piled nearly to roof causes wall to collapse, partly into river.
1897. YFT 8 Jan: Jos Berry & Co. moves from silk mill Slaithwaite.
HEW 20 Mar: Joseph Berry, invites J.H.Firth of Huddersfield and District Temperence League to address workers in weaving shed in dinner hour, some pledges taken.
1899. HEW 18 Feb: Henry Kaye giving up business, flock manufacturer. To be sold.
HEW 15 Jul: Joseph Berry & Sons, woollen manufactuers, employes present Mr Hirst Berry with set of silver mounted carvers on occasion of marriage.
1902. [Saville estate.]: Advert 4 storey mill with basement, 21’x14.6”, water wheel. Part occupied by J. Berry and George Whiteley & Co.
Sale description. including three storied engine house, 20hp low pressure beam engine. and ‘large water wheel’ 21’ diiameter, 14’6” breast. Vacant possesion on 1 Aug ust 1903.
HEW 28 Jun: George Henry & Co. To be sold: machinery. Business ansferred to Bradley Mills.
1909. W 7 Aug: J.S.Glendenning mill, 3 storeys by six by 3 windows burnt down. 100 employed.
1910. YTD: G.Whiteley & Co. , commission, Beaufort Mills, Low West Wood.
Colne Valley Spinning Co founded [KC 630].
1911 CVG 27 Jan: Chimney 30 yards high, by 30 foot circumference at bottom and 25 foot at top felled by John Tinker & Sons using burning method. Took ten minutes, fell most of way in one piece – about 200 tons.
1915. YTD: G. Whiteley ditto 1910 entry.
1918. YTD. no entry.
1937 HEW 3 Apr: Wm Henry Sykes, Golcar, obit, 80 formerly of John Sykes Jnr and Sons, Beaufort Mill, m. Constance Ramsden d. Jn Ed Ramsden of Ramsden Mills.
CVG 2 Apr: ‘The death occurred at his home, Bankfield, Golcar, on Sunday, of Mr.William Henry Sykes, at the advanced age of 80 years. He was formerly in business as a woollen manufacturer at Beaufort Mills, Golcar. Mr. Sykes, who belonged to an old Golcar family, was formerly associated with his father and brother, Joseph, in the firm of John Sykes, Junior, and Sons. a woollen manufacturing concern which had its premises on the site of the Colne Valley Spinning Co.’s mill. Afterwards Mr. Sykes began business as a woollen waste and cloth merchant, which he carried on until quite recently. He had been ill only about nine weeks.
In his younger days he was prominently associated with the Golcar Conservative Club, and for many years be was choirmaster at St. John’s Church, Golcar. His wife died seventeen years ago on the same date (March 28) and he is survived by two sons and two daughters. The interment took place at St John’s Church, Golcar, yesterday.’
27. BEEHIVE MILL (Marsden)
1888. HEW 6 Oct: near centre of Marsden, built by late John Crowther, but never occupied in his lifetime,, large extensions made by his executors, for tenant R.R.Cook, cotton spinner, Huddersfield. Electric light and rope driven machinery.
1890 HEW 15 Feb: To be sold by auction, machinery for cotton doubling etc. Also 250 incandescent lights, Crompton dynamo, and small horizontal engine, 6” stroke’.
28. BEEHIVE MILL (Kirkburton)
1876 HEW 1 Jan: Completion of 4 storey building.
HEW 29 Jan: opening. Dan Brook stay and corset manufacturer. Adjoins his residence at Dean. Amos Smith & Son, mason. Trade introduced into distict by Chas Hepponstall about 20 years ago. James Carruthers of Brookfield Mill proposes toast to contractors.
1881. Directory: D. Brook & Son (Earle), wove stays and corset manufacturer.
1886. HEW 4 Sep: Beehive Mill and foundry works, E.Brook, ironmongers stock etc To be sold.
1896. HEW 5 Sep: B.Messanger & Sons, grocers occupiers.
29. BENTLEY SILK MILL (Meltham)
1848. WYAS KC278.
1851. Census: Healy House, Charles Brook silk throwster and farmer of 24 acres, employing 57 men and 255 women (Tot 31).
1855. HC 17 Feb: Charles Brook, Healey House, silk spinner, shareholder in Huddersfield Banking Co.
1857 HC 1 Aug: Visit by delegation from Yorkshire Union of Mechanics Institutes. ‘The visitors were shown the silk as imported from China and elsewhere and also the substantial operations of twisting, washing, dyeing, winding &c. Mr Brook’s descriptions were very excellent and well understood by all. In the same manufactory a very novel method of firing the steam boiler was shown and explained.’
1858 HC 19 Jun: Chalres Brook & Son, trip to York for 170 in honour of Wm Brook’s marriage. Returning run into thunder storm near Wakefield many drenched – open carriages..
HC 11 Sep: Charles Brook, Meltham Silk Mill, Hopkinson’s Patent Compound safety valves for preventing boiler explosions in use.
HC 20 Nov: letter, Joshua Major, Knosthorpe, Extensive silk mills erected by Charles Brook of Healey House, more than doubled in size by Chas Brook jnr, employing 1500 hands [sic…confused with Jonas Brook’s?]. Parsonage designed by Charles Pritchett, also handsome terrace of workpeople’s cottages. Dining room etc
1859. HC 23 Jul: silk mill 800 squares of glass broken by hail storm though Meltham Mills and Spink Mire only few hundred yards away unaffected. Massive damage to crops between Greave and Netherthong.’
1862 HEW 1 Feb: Chas Brook jnr, patron of Meltham MI. at annual soiree introduces speaker, great friend of working classes, Rev. G S Bull. Now of Birmingham.
1881. Directory: Wm. Bamford & Sons, silk throwsters.
1887. HEW 16 Jul: Stafford, silk dyer, leaving district, farewell dinner.
1888 HEW 28 Jan: Wm Bamford & Sons, new engine, Messrs Tangye & Co. Ltd, Birmingham, erected by George Barret of Banford & Sons. Couples to mill on Jubilee day, run well since. named ‘The William Bamford’. Dinner for masons, joiners and mechanics at Victoria Hotel.
1890 HEW 19 Jul: Wm Bamford & Sons, meeting; acquiring mill and running as Ltd Co.
HEW 30 Aug: To be sold: silk spinning plant, Wm Bamford & Sons, Armitage & Norton, trustees, deed of assignment.
HC 13 Sep, HEW 27 Sep: Directors and prospectus of new Co.
1891. HEW 28 Mar: Mechanics and blacksmiths tools to be sold.
HEW 31 Oct: Engine breakdown, stoppage for three weeks, 150 out of work. J.Kilburn carrys out repairs..
1892. HEW 23 Apr: ‘We print two letter’s in reply to “WILLIE WINN’S”challenge to Mr SUGDEN, one from the gentleman himself and one from the manger of the Bent Ley Silk Mills, Meltham, pointing out that the actual fixing of the wages is a matter in which Mr Sugden has had no voice, and that the mills were started to give employment to workpeople out of work in the district. We rejoice to find that Mr Sugden has so good an answer to “WILLIE WINN’S” letter and that the shareholders of Bent Ley Silk Mills Co. are actuated by motives so much more disinterested than those with which men usually go into a commercial undertaking.’
HEW 30 Apr: Wages, letter from ‘Willie Winn’ . Meltham Mills- women on 11 to 18s. week, piecework 13-14s. Bentley Silk Mill – 9s to 9s.9d. to 10s. Doublers 11s. Lower wages than silk workers in Brighouse. Rude treatment of workers, managers set on instead of former overlookers – not as harmonious as manger makes out.
(HEW 27 Sep – silk dressers strike at Messrs Ormerod, Brighouse, assault case)
1892-1899 Bentley Silk Mill Ltd, audit books, Armitage & Norton accountants [B/AN].
1893. HEW 4 Nov: Bentley Silk Mill Co. John Sugden, Herbert Whitwam, Henry Holdroyd directors.
1895 HEW 9 Mar: Manager requests UDC for reduction in water price.UDC ‘inopportune time’
1900 YFT 2 Mar: presentation to Isaac Taylor who has been ordered to join his regiment, 3rd Batt. Dk of Well. sent to Cork and thence to front.
1901 HEW 12 Jan: Captain Chas L Brook, Dirker Roods, return from South Africa. ‘All the mills in this town closed towards noon, and soon afterwards thousands were wending their way to the Silk Mill to meet Captain Brook on his arrival at the boundary of the township…’ Mill nicely decorated with flags and bunting.’
HEW 7 Sep: tender for engine house and engine bed.
1902 What a busy place Bent Ley Silk Mill is to-day, now that all the extensions are completed, and the new engine running so smoothly ! It is like a hive of busy bees, all manipulating the soft skeins of the tender silkworm, where lovely girls find clean and healthy employment and stronger men do the harder work. Meltham finds the place a real help in time of need to make up a little for its decaying industries, which have been too marked during the last few years, now especially that the woollen trade has nearly gone, but, let us hope, not for ever. The men have found work elsewhere, and are to be seen in the morning at the station, going by the early trains to earn their daily bread, and returning at night like hares to the old ground which they love so well. Still, the old village does not seem impoverished, for hands are not to be had, and Bent Ley is that short-handed that workers have had to be imported with the Nottingham branch to fill in the vacancies. JOHN SUGDEN SLAITHWAITE NOTES PAST AND PRESENT.. (JOHN HEYWOOD, MANCHESTER, 1905)
1910. YTD: Bent Ley Silk Mills Ltd, mercerised cotton or silk and botany twists, sewing silk on reels (for clothiers and woollen merchants), throwsters and dyers. 20,000 spindles.
1912 HEW 24 Feb: burglary
30. BILBERRY MILL (Austonley)
1846. IBJ 17 Mar: We were seen today by Geo. Robinson and others respecting the opposition to the Bilberry Reservoir. A number intend to oppose the new Bill in parliament. It is a most unreasonable thing that such a Mill as Bilberry which only earns £1000 a year should pay more in Rates than such a Mill as Roebucks that earns £3000 a year, but such would be the case by the new Bill.
1849 LM 3 Feb: ‘Opposition to the Reservoirs – We are glad to hear that many millowners and occupiers are coming forward to oppose the mortgagees (who have given notice of their intention to apply to parliament this session) in getting further powers. It is an acknowledged fact that these reservoirs are of very little use, if any. The one at Bilberry ia a mere apology for one: upwardsof £20,000 have been expended upon this one reservoir and yet it is worthless:the embankment which was always leakey has been very much injured by the late heavy rains’
1852. HC,HE 7 Feb: FLOOD. Jos.Broadhead ten yards of building destroyed along with fulling mill and machinery. £1,000 damage.
1853. HC 15 Oct: Jos.Broadhead occupier, charged with refusing to pay £21.0s.0 ½ d one years rate due to Commissioners of Holme Reservoirs. For year 1 August 1852 to 31 July 1853. Defence that mill not in existence at beginning of period claimed for having been swept away and was not rebuilt or got into work again until 8 March 1853, therefore only liable for five months. Case had been adjourned from 24 September when magistrates had ordered that an equitable offer be considered. Commissioners claim they could accept no less than whole years rate. The defendant still ‘held’ the fall, even if he did not ‘occupy or employ’ it. Armitage again refuses to convict and says he will consult with Haigh with a view to discharging case.
1856. HE 12 Jan HC 19 Jan: Jos.Broadhead occupier. To be sold, moiety of scribbling and fulling mill, 3 storeysx16x16 yds, waterwheel, 36×4 ft, ‘situate at Lumb Bank’. “The mill is of very recent erection… replete with new and very excellent machinery…”. First on the stream, when Bilberry Reservoir completed abundant supply “even in the driest of times”.
1865 HC 21 Oct: David Broadhead, Bilberry Mill and Stubbin, woollen yarns, oils, farming stock to be sold. (Bankrupt).
1869. HC 3 Jul: Broadhead & Mason fire in lower floor, burns through to storey above, £220 damage.
HE 7 Aug: to let, with three billies and mules to follow stocks and all required for fulling mill, dyehouse and stove.
1872. HEW 22 Jun: Edward Hirst’s Mill, Jane Hirst, 14, accident in teaser, father refuses permission for amputation of arm in serious condition
1873. HEW 5 Apr: Thos Hirst, yarn manufacturer, claim by Henry Sutcliffe, commission agent, for yarn sold @ 2 ½ % to customers obtained by him. Hirst says commission was only on samples sold and not all yarn to all customers. Jn Blamires and Allen Priest to arbitrate.
HEW 25 Oct: Thos Hirst owner part of mill withstood flood, part rebuilt late,
1852 and part added recently. Fire. £1500 damage. Fred Shaw & Dyson Whiteley salvage to be sold.
1874 HEW 1 Aug: Thos Hirst machinery sold Jn Dyson Whiteley prevents broker taking away machine, claiming that according to lease his.
1875. HEW 27 Mar: Tender for rebuilding of mill, along with cottages, Newton & Evins, architects. Plans on view at Commercial Inn, Holmebridge.
1976. HEW 11 Mar: ‘newly erected’mill to be let.
1877. HEW 13 Jan: waterpowered mill ‘newly built and adopted for modern machinery’ John Dyson Whiteley (Green Owlers).
1878 HEW 27 Jul: Bilberry Mill, to let, four storeys and attic, stove and (three pan) dyehouse. Fitted up with new shafting. 28 Dec: ditto, apply John Dyson Whiteley.
1887. HEW 5 Mar: accident to 10 year old boy bobbin winder lowering skep of bobbins.
1888. HEW 21 Jul: Greenwood & Son occupiers, to be let.
1901 See Digley Mill.
31. BIRDSEDGE MILL (Birdsedge)
1840. LM 2 May: 14 year old boy working at mill drowned in dam trying to rescue 12 year old.
1854. HC 1 Apr: Thomas Waterhouse, 22, married with a child charged with abducting Ruth Barrow, 16, daughter of Dan Barrow clerk and sexton of Cumberworth on 26 Feb. For 1 ½ years she had been working as “piecener”. Waterhouse took her to father’s house at Hawick where Barrow tracks her down and brings her back. Girl says she consented to go with him and considered themselves married. Committed to assizes.
1856. HE 5 Jul: Hirst Bros and Armitage Bros of Shepley trip to Liverpool for 600.
1859. HE 3 Dec. Fire in drying machine.
1865 HC 9 Dec: Hirst Bros, Joshua Wood, engine tenter, killed by fall from steps in engine house.
1867. HC 2 Feb: Charles Hirst treat at Crown, Alfred Hirst’s majority..
1881. HEW 4 Jun, 11 Jun: To be let Hirst Bros 2 steam engines, 52hp, first mill on Dearne. machinery To be sold, mules,powerlooms etc.
1886. HEW 14 Aug: boilers, stocks, scribblers etc.To be sold (along with machinery of Inkerman mill at Denby Dale, James Peace).
1890. YFT 14 Mar: Child notice of fines. Seal weavers’(25) shop meeting. Seal weavers 4 months play a year c.f Almondbury.
YFT 21 Mar: Child claims regulations same as those at Listers’ Manningham Mills.
YFT 27 Jun: Strike against 2 women being employed onbroad plush looms.
YFT 18 Jul: Weavers’ Association (WA) collector at Birdsedge, indicates members.
1901. HEW 5 Jan: Child & Co, liquidation. receivers sell weaving and winding machinery.
1904. HEW 9 Apr: William Child, Cumberworth, obit (68), fancy waistcoating manufacturer ‘and when the fashion turned he began making astrachans, plushes, sealskins and later furniture cloth.’
1908 HEW 4 Apr: E Hart, in liquidation, sale of stock and machinery.
1910. YTD: F.H.McGrath, plain and fancy worsted coatings, trouserings &c.
1919. F.H.McGrath worsted and woollen manufacturer.
32. BIRKS MILL (Almondbury )
1803. WYAS. KC 165/8. 17 proprietors, including James Kaye, Thomas Heaton, Joseph Fisher, William Nowell, Joseph Cockill, appeal against £3,14s poor rates. Cookson Stephenson, solicitor
Rated at one seventh of annual value, valuation by Wm Roberts 16 April 1803.
£ s d.
‘Building of the Mill 1500…..
Steam Engine 100……
8 Stocks 350……
Gearing for Machinery 150……
& other Extra Charges 300……
15 Scribbling & Carding Machines
& 10 Billys 1600……
Rent of Mill without the
Machinery & Billys at 7 per Cent 280……
One seventh of the Rent for the Rate 40……
Steam Engine 30 Horse Power
at £9.0s.0d. £ 270…..
One Seventh of this for the Rate 38.11.5.
‘The mill can earn per week £58.0s.0d.
Wages of different workmen will cost per week £22.0s.od.
Coals per ditto 4.4.0.
There will remain for Rents & Profits
& Repairs per week 31.16.0.’
1804.KC 5/26. 8 Dec: Blacker & Robinson, London, to James Kay of Almondbury requesting, ‘remittance of the cash instalments from the Birks Miln Company…’ due to have been paid last month. [Correspondence in KC 5 of Kaye and Thomas Heaton, clothiers regularly trading to Hamburg and buying wool via Blacker.
1805.Dartmouth Terrier. Fisher & Co.
‘A large stone and slate scribbling, slubbing and fulling mill consisting of 3 floors and worked entirely by a steam engine of 30hp. Engine house, stove room, Dyehouse barn and stable, cartshed and outbuilding. 6 cottages’.
1814. KC.164/1. Account Book begins. Gives dividends to 1820s. Accounts for rape and gallipoli oil, and for later century, gas.
1833 HG 4 May . John Nowell, Birks Mill Co. Patent gas oven. (installed 1828.)
1834. Factory Commisioners Report. Nowell,Cockhill & Benett..
Joseph North answers questionnaire. 30hp steam engine. 42 employees, two piecers and a feeder to each slubber. 66 hours worked. Ten hours sufficient for other children or adults.
1836 LM 2 Jul: Nowell,Cockhill & Benett, offence against factory act.
1851. Census:James Hanson frm of four, woollen cord manufacturers 6 men, 6 boys and 6 girls employed.
1853. HE 29 Jan: juvenile turnout. Piecers protest at not being able to warm drinks.
HC 2 Jul: Wm Hanson, cloth dresser at mill, doesn’t return home for breakfast. Wife finds his razor is missing and goes to look for him. Finds he has cut his own throat in field near Honley, where he used to live.
1855 HC 29 Dec: ‘To wire drawers and others…’ notice that Messrs Burgess & Co are to sell by auction remaining stock in trade.
1859. HC 29 Jan: Mr Nowell at meeting of Huddersfield Steam Boiler Association. ‘some time ago he perceived his engine would not do its work. He placed it in the hands of the inspector, who had affected a saving of two tons of coal per week, whilst the engine did more work. Formerly he did not know whether the engine tenter or the engine ran fastest –(laughter)- but now the man could stop, and do his work comfortably, (hear , hear).’
1861. HC 5 Oct: Henry and Charles Blackburn (slubber), Almondbury, charged with assaulting Henry Green, spinner at mill to take keys of mill from him. Henry overlooker at mill entrusted with keys but complainant had got possession of one to let himself in and out. Discharged because reasonable force used to get key back.
1867. HC 3 Aug: J E Taylor Bros, win silver and bronze medals at Paris Exhibition.
HC 14 Sep: Taylor Bros. robbery. 24lbs copings worth £40. Thieves cover shoes with old stockings to leave no tracks.
1869. HE 16 Jan: JE Taylor Bros, also Commons Mill
HC 13 Mar: John Nowell obit. Patented a number of inventions including dyes and carbonisation process also introduced gas lighting to Birks mill said to have been first local mill to do so.
(A number of cloth samples finished and dyed under his personal supervision are in Tolson Museum).
1870. HE 21 May: JE Taylor Bros smoke nuisance.
1870 HC 22 Oct: JE Taylor Bros, treat for 40 at Three Crowns Inn.
HC 19 Nov: footpath between Birks Mill fold and Woodsome Hall gates repaired by Local Board but full length of lane to mill still dilapidated.
1879. HEW 4 Jan:H.Taylor Bros treat. Also Northfield Mill.
1880. J.E.Taylor Bros, fancy manufacturers also of Northfield Mill.
1884 HEW 25 Oct: Henry Blackburne, mill manager, witness in attempted murder case. Heard victim scream when in mill yard.
1888. HEW 9 Jun: J.E.Taylor Bros. also of Northfield Mill, workpeople present Ed Taylor Jnr with black marble clock and silver cruet on occasion of his marriage.
1884. HEW 7 Jun: J.E.Taylor: weavers’ grievances
1904. HEW 20 Aug: E.B.Taylor, to be sold, with Northfield mill, 3 storeys 140 x 38, also machinery.
HEW 17 Sep: J.E.Taylor, obit, firm father founded by grandfather Chas, passed to father Thom.
1910. YTD: no entry.
33. BIRKHOUSE MILL (Moldgreen)
1887 HEW 2 Jul: Godfrey Sykes & Sons, sealskin manufacturers, fire in stove – £1000 damage.
1898. HEW 8 Oct: Birkhouse estate to be sold.
1910. YTD: Godfrey Sykes & Sons, astrachans, sealskins and mantle cloths.
1913 HEW 13 Sep: ‘Moldgreen Mill’, Godfrey Sykes & Sons, David Golden (75) falls and fatally fractures skull while white-washing over top of boiler during holiday.
1919. Godfrey Sykes & Sons manufacturer of sealskins, astrachans, caraculs etc and plush for teddy bears and other soft toys.
34. BLACKMOOR HOLME MILL / Tape Mill (Slaithwaite)
1796. DartmouthTerrier.1805.Built by Townend & Varley 18×16 yards x 3 floors. Blackmoor Holm Mill was named after the stream which runs past. It was erected in 1796 by two men named Townend and Varley, and cotton spinning was carried on there in the year 1805. The mill is a three-storeyed, stone-built erection, standing on low ground on the left of the steep Bank Gate as (one looks upwards to the railway viaduct. The top storey is on a level with the roadway, and the mainentrance is approached from Nabbs Lane. [CVG 16 Apr 1937]
1800 Townend & Varley insure mill for £200 and Thos Haigh, cotton machinery 3350 and stock £50
1806. 31 year lease John Townend, Wm. & Tom Varley, rent £5.5s.
1811 Thos Varley, 5 mules x 216 spindles and 2 throstles x 120 spindles, (Ingle p 127)
1827. Dartmouth Terrier: 1828.additions 6×10 yards x 2 floors. 38 foot fall enough for 9 months.
In, the year 1827 the mill was enlarged, and at that time it was used as a tape mill. [CVG 16 Apr 1937] ( For recollections of ‘Tape Mill’see also ‘Slaithwaite Notes of the Past and Present’. Chapter pp, 25-28; 32-35)
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. W.J.&.E.Kent smallware since 1822,
72 employed. water wheel 6 hp. ‘the principle part of our workpeople being weavers and the looms going by power can take their meals while work proceeds.’ One fatal accident since started. 72 hour week.
1836. Dartmouth Terrier: water wheel ‘maybe’ = 8hp.
1837. Dartmouth Terrier: agreed yearly tenancy with Richard Varley £100.
1864 HC 15 Oct: windows broken
1871. HEW 23 Sep: Tape Mill, taken not long since by G Haigh, ‘is undergoing a thorough repair, after which it will be added to the number of mills in the hands of this successful young man’
1880 HEW 21 Feb: Geo Haigh , ‘Tape Mill’, treat for burlers. (Excrs Brierley, Cotton & Wm Sugden)
1897 The freehold was purchased by Messrs Cotton from the then Earl of Dartmouth in March. [CVG 16 Apr 1937]
1900 HEW 17 Nov: ‘Fagg Mill [sic]’ Nabs Lane, owned and occupied by WE Cotton, fire caused by fluff from rag puller being ignited on gas jet. Firebrigade captained by JE Gledhill (formerly Brearley’s) attends, then geo. Haigh’s engine. £200 damage. Not insured.
1910 YTD: W E Cotton & Sons Ltd, raw cotton and cotton waste merchants, wool washers and shoddy manufacturers. ‘Tag Mills’.
( cf CVG , mill known as ‘T’ Tag Hoil’) .
35. BLACKROCK MILL (Linthwaite)
1864 HC 1 Oct: Chas Lockwood takes Mrs Jane Lightowler, butcher, to court for polluting beck with blood and offal. Decribed as manufacturer, Hoylehouse Clough.
1871 HEW 25 Nov: Martha Lockwood, sec dtr of Chas, marries Tom Richard Beckett, one of props of Ossett Observer.
1872. HEW 2 Mar ‘Low Eastwood Mills’ [sic]. Henry. son of Chas Lockwood, Linthwaite, putting strap on winding machine. Caught on shaft, badly unjured.
HEW 28 Dec: Shaw & Bray, workers of Chas Lockwood, who occupy another part of mill decline to have joint treat. Attempt to steal barrel of ale, rolling it along canal bank toward Slaithwaite baths. Surprised by S&Bs engineer who gets help to retrieve it.
1873. Mill established (HEW 16 May 1896). Formerly operated machinery at Lees Mill and Lower Low West Wood. (Lockwood p 46) (1870, Treat for about 50 of C. Lockwood’s employees at Linthwaite, Coach & Horses, HEW Feb 26.
HEW 22 Mar: Tender for Mill dam at Clough, Linthwaite, plans at residence of Chas Lockwood.
HEW 30 Aug, Chas Lockwood new boiler ‘drawn by a large number of horses’ from Taylors’ foundry, weaver injured by horse.
1874. Engine runs for first time on 29 Feb (Frances Lockwood autobiog 1932)
1874. HEW 29 Aug: Chas Lockwood son drowns in dam.
1878. HEW 2 Nov: Josiah Lockwood, jnr partner in firm, married to Mary Sugden, Field House, Lingards, treat at Lewisham Hotel.
1882. HEW 14 Jan: Arthur Lockwood,majority,treat.
1885 HEW 19 Sep: Chas Lockwood & Sons, presentation, employees assemble in finishing room to give Arthur Lockwood a dessert service, soon to be married, ladies present gift for his wife.
1886. HED 17 Mar: Chas Lockwood & Sons, wedding.
1888 HEW 6 Oct: Breach of Factory Act – allowing women to work through meal times.
1897. HEW 16 Jan: Chas Lockwood & Sons treat.
1899. HEW 18 Mar: Magistrates Court case brought by Inspector, engine not properly fenced. Dan Hirst, woolsorter and stock-keepr killed by engine flywheel 23 Jan. new horizontal rope engine put in by Woodhouse& Mitchell of Brighouse, started last August, 20 foot diameter flywheel, 70 rev/min. £10 fine.
1911. YTD Charles Lockwood & Sons, Ltd, fancies, 8,500 spindles, 170 looms
HEW 30 Sep: Fire started in carbonising plant. Major fire watched by large crowd. (Lockwood 1932) HExp 30 Sep: glow seen from Holmfirth and alarm rung since it was though to be Deanhouse Mill on fire !.
W. Nov : three condensing engines damaged by drunken feeder Fred Iredale throwing his dinner basin and plate into machines
1915. W 15 May: fatal accident.
1937 – CVG 2 Apr: Mrs Josiah Lockwood, obit.
36. BLACKSIKE MILL (Austonley)
1800. RD.E.623:943:Deed, David Kippax, Netherthong, mason to William Walker, Huddersfield, gentleman. also lately erected fulling and scribbling mill in Austonley, ‘known by the name of Royds Wood Mill…now in the possession of Thomas Battye.’
1805. [DTJ] ‘Liphill Bank’ mill, insurance £400 Tom Battye.
1821. [Mayall’s Annals] Flood.
1851. HC 17 May: to be sold among other lots, mill along with workshop and dam. In possession of Ely Roebuck. Mill on 99 year lease from 1839, rent £40 p.a.
1854. HE 25 Feb: Joshua Woodhead bankrupt, machinery
HE 1 Apr: Ditto 16 hp Steam engine.
1856. HC 12 Jan:.T.&.T. Barber fire, mill “recently rebuilt”.
1858. HE 6 Feb: Thos .Barber & Co Treat. for 50 at New Inn, Hinchliffe Mill
1859. HC 22 Jan: Thomas Barber, treat at New Inn. David Kaye engineer at works presides. ‘Harmonious gatherings of the employers and the employed are becoming general throughout the Holmfirth valley.’
1862 HC 12 Jan: T Barber & Co. supper at New Inn.
1864. HC 15 Oct: Tom Barber Strike.
1868. HE 18 Jan: Barber Treat.
1870. HE 8 Jan.: weaver, drowned in dam.
1871 HC 18 Mar: Thomas Barber in liquidation., yarns , mungo, flocks, oils and dyewares etc to be sold.
HC 20 May: HED 30 May: Barber & Co. to be sold. three storey scribbling and spinning mill and two story finishing and fulling mill. Arnold boiler, engine 16 hp.
1872. HEW 6 Jan: Thos Barber to be sold,
1874. HEW 10 Jan. chemical extracting and wool cleaning plant to be sold.
1880. HEW 8 May: To be sold, including 25 hp beam engine and Arnold boiler.
37. BOTTOM HALL MILL (see Sykes’ Mill) (Milnsbridge)
1834. Factory Commissioners Report : Shaw, Eastwood & Taylor, scribbling and carding about 30 years,, 35 employed, water wheel 8hp,another let to corn grinder.
1859. HE 14 May: Wm Shaw upper room, fire Thursday morning, extingushed by bucket chain. Caused by friction spark? In separate incident girl’s hand crushed.
1861 HC 23 Mar: Messrs Shaw & Son, fire in stove, water taken in cans and buckets from reservoir near mill. Controlled after two hours, £50 damage.
1865 HC 29 Apr: Joseph Hanson, breach of FA, employing Sam Leach under 13 without cert. father also fined for allowing him to work more than 6 ½ hrs/day.
1867 HC 27 Apr: Milnsbridge, two four storey woollen mills, WW 16ft di. x 12 ft wide. also adjoining corn mill. Wm Taylor, owner and occupier.
1871. CENSUS: Edward Taylor Sykes, Leonard Place, Regent Rd, Edgerton, 28, born in Slaithwaite, woollen cloth manufacturer , employing 103 hands.
HC 9 Sep: E T Sykes, breach of contract case. Frederick Sykes, cleaner or fettler, left without giving notice. Written notices up in mill requiring 14 days notice. Magistrate Geo. Armitage says that law was that notice should be read to men when engaged. Discharged upon payment of costs.
HC 30 Sep: ‘Wanted, 40 female power loom weavers for Dobcross looms; also 30 hand-loom weavers. Good work and liberal wages. Apply to E.T.Sykes, Bottom Hall Mills.’
HC 25 Nov: E.T.Sykes, six power loom weavers summonsed for leaving work. On 13 November he received notice from ‘The Weavers in Your Employ’ that they wanted 1 ½ d per string on all goods. On 14th 7 weavers, (not those charged), entered mill, some ‘in drink’ and asked for pieces to be measured and to be paid off. 18 others left work in unfinished state. The defendents were warned to finish their work. Rules put up in mill requires 14 days notice. Some time ago the weavers had turned out because a handloom weaver had been put on a steam loom. Under original prices could earn 24-30s / week, but now with the present work only 16-20s. Ordered to return to work and finish warps at new prices. After haggling each party to pay own costs. (NB. George Armitage on bench).
1872. HEW 2 Mar: E.T.Sykes weavers wanted, can earn 25s-30s a week.
HEW 9 Nov: Edward Taylor Sykes, summonsed by spinner for not paying fortnights wages of £2.12.11d. Sykes’ witnesses claim he had damaged machinery and mixed wrong yarns.
HC 12 Oct: E T Sykes writes to Local Board asking permission to use his buzzer to summon people to work in response to notice sent out by LB regarding Act against buzzers, saying it will only be used twice a day. Agreed.
1874. HEW 12 Sep: E.T.Sykes machinery to be sold.
1877. HEW 22 Sep: E.T.Sykes new 1500 sq.yd. weaving shed. Sykes architect himself.
1879. HEW 31 May: Edward Taylor Sykes patent case against James Howarth, cardmaker of Battyeford for improvements in rollers of carding machine, in 1877.
1880. HED. 1 Jun. E.T.Sykes, Dobcross weavers wanted.
1882. HEW 30 Sep: Sykes scribbler Sarah Jane Wilson (25) injured on 5 Aug pushing strap from fast to loose pulley old type of machine with no throwing off handle. Fractures skull and dies in infirmary on 28 Sep.
1886. HEW 2 Jan: To be sold, scribbling and spinning mill, 5 storeys and attic, water wheel, horizontal steam engine, 2 boilers (one by Daniel Adamson), fulling and finishing mill 3 storey.
HEW 29 May: Bottom Hall Mill Co.(Ltd) room and power.
HEW 31 Jul: accident to office boy (15) working for accountant/secretaryof Bottom Hall Mill Co. ‘Billycock’ hat found in dam. His body found against grate to waterwheel by men using rake kept to remove debris from grate.
HEW 18 Dec: stock To be sold.
1890. Tel: James Sykes.
1892. HEW 2 Jan: water-rights case, Wessenden commissioners – 13 foot 6 inch fall.
1893 HEW 25 Feb: Learoyd Bros & Co. rank Learoyd presented by workpeople with silver tea service, marriage. Ernest Learoyd presides.
1895 HEW 27 Dec: Learoyd & Co. Fred Dyson, under 18, working in finishing dept hour and 35 minutes after time, found by Inspector. Foreman dismisse, firm fined £1.
1896 HEW 11 Jul: mending room presentation of electroplated tea urn to Ernest A. son of James Sykes, Cassemere House, Heaton Rd, Marsh, on occasion of marriage to Miss E Gunson of Seascale.
1898. HEW 12 Feb: J.Sykes, treat.
1899. HEW 25 Feb: George Quarmby & Sons, fire in cops on 3rd storey of 6 storey by 12 by 5 windows mill, adjoining newer building occupied by James Sykes. around £600 damage.
1900. HEW G.Quarmby &Co. presentation to E.S.Quarmby.
1901. HEW 23 Feb: Bottom Hall Mill Co. in liquidation, mill to be sold, two 6 storey mills including ‘old mill’, weaving shed etc, Arnold boiler, Pollitt & Wigzell engine.
HEW 26 Oct: Hirst & Mallinson accidental fall from landing, not serious.
1910. YTD: Hirst & Mallinson, also Longwood.
1919. Hirst & Mallinson fancy woollen tweeds. Also Cliff End Mill.
38. BOTTOMS MILL (Holmfirth)
1852. HC,HE 7 Feb: FLOOD. Barber & Co. Lower rooms flooded and machinery broken.
1853. HC 3 Sep: Joseph Barber of Bottoms Mill, elected director of Holme reservoirs.
1857 HC 18 Apr: Fire, church bells rung summoning fire brigade. In stove, little damage.
1859. HC 13 Aug: young man trying to put strap back on horizontal shaft entangled and whirled round. In precarious state.
1860. HE 5 May: one quarter share in fulling and scribbling mill on 59 year lease (also Hinchliffe Mill).
1861 HC Jan 12: J B Hirst, bankrupt. Machinery to be sold. Also furnishings and 8 Vol of Hume and Smollett ‘History of England’.
1866 HC 12 May: 6th part share leasehold scribbling and fulling mill.
1868 HE 25 Jul: J Barber/H&S Wimpenny/C&H Bashforth, fire in warehouse.
1873. HEW 20 Dec: Jos Barber Bankrupt, machinery to be sold.
1874. HEW 3 Jan: Ditto,cloth etc.
HEW 10 Jan: Auction. 4 pm Monday floor collapses, accident, Henry Tinker, auctioneer, brother of F.Tinker, and Samuel Wimpenny who works part of mill, injured.
1878. HEW 26 Oct: Chas Bashforth’s hand caught in rollers of ringing machine.
1881. Directory: Samuel Wimpenny, woollen manufacturer, Burnlee.
1891. HEW 10 Oct: Brook & Brownson occupiers, distraint for rent machniery to be sold.
1892. HEW 23 Jan: A.W.Brook & T.Brownson bankrupt, 30 Jan: Barber & Co sued for illegal distress on premises. 12 Mar: case continues , loom worth 6£ considered to be room and power
1893 HEW 6 May : to be let, 110’x50’x5 Storeys, two 28×7’ water wheels and steam engine.
1896. YFT 21 Aug: alterations and additions.
1897. YFT 18 Jun: mill renovated.
HExp 4 Sep: T & J Tinker Bros. Mill deserted for bet part of last decade. Weds last Mrs Charles Tinker of Royd Top christens engine ‘Spider’. Rope driven, beam engine remodelled and reconstructed by Schofield & Taylor, 30 in cylinder, 5 foot stroke, 45 rpm, 200 ihp, also two 60 hp waterwheels. Worsted drawing, spinning and finishing machinery by JB Farrar & Sons , Halifax and Ramsden Bros, Keighley. Firm started 35 years ago in small mill of Messrs Greenwood now demolished. (Father before at Digley). Thence to Brownhill, bankend and Myrholmbridge. Residence built at Woodlands. Formerly produced everlasting tweeds but now serges and worsteds. Landed £1000s of goods in YU just before tariff introduced. Mr Tinker says they must go further afield and education, particularly in modern languages, important.
1899 HEW 21 Oct: Charlie Tinker pleads guilty to employing four women and two young persons at 5.30 am. Sunrise defined as 6 in morning under 1878 Textile Act. Fined £1 and 7s.6d cost on each case.
1910. YTD: T.& J. Tinker, worsted manufacturer.
YTD: J.Thristle Barber, stockinettes and fancy woollens, 6 looms.
1911 HExp 18 Mar: John Tinker, also of Mytholmbridge Mill, photo.
HExp 16 Sep: T & J Tinker, (photo)
A NEW CHIMNEY – “On May 9th Mr- Albert Tinker, a member of tlie firm of Messrs. T. and J. Tinker, laid the first brick of a new chimney at the splendid mill premises of that firm at Bottoms, Holmfirth. Since then the residents of the district have watched with interest tlie growth of the graceful structure, until on Monday noon Mr. Albert Tinker successfully laid on the topstone—or rather the top brick—of the chimney, which is now a prominent landmark in our valley…. The audience at the top of the chimney comprised Mr. Tinker, Mr. N. Brown (architect), Mr. S. Earnshaw (contractor), the reporter, and the masons who had been engaged in the work. Mr. Tinker expeditiously begun to lime the cavity left for the final brick, and so plentiful was he in the use of his mortar that a journeyman remarked that Mr. Tinker was making a right job of it. Mr. Tinker replied that if any bricks came outhe wanted his to stick. He refused to be hurried, and completing his task in British workman style, Mr. Tinker declared the brick well and truly laid. He said his opinion was that that chimney did great credit both to Mr. Earnshaw and the men who had been working on it… The height of the chimney above ground is150ft., and its circumference at the base is 48 feet. About 200,000 bricks have been used in its construction. The construction is of the strongest nature, and everything on the most up-to-date and best principles. The design is both graceful and well proportioned. The shaft is perfectly plain up to 124ft. above ground. Tlie first string course commences here, followed by fluted panels which run up the sides of the stack for a distance of 16ft. The main cornice then appears formed of specially moulded bricks, and the whole is surmounted by a heavy iron cap. An efficient lightning conductor is to be fixed to make all complete”.
1913. HE 15 Nov: John Tinker presents 10s. to each worker for jubilee of business. In 1863 began with 12 employees at Brownhill Mill.
1914. HE 13 Jun: John Tinker 74, began as piecer, later spinner, at Bilberry Mill. Son of George of Hoowood, clothier. Wool stored at Lower Digley Mill lost in flood. John and brother Tedbar found firm at Upper Digley Mill. Transfer business to Brownhill mill and in early 1870s, Bankend Mill. Unable to purchase Bankend, buys Upper Mytholmbridge (1885). 1897 buys Bottoms Mill.
1919. T.&.J.Tinker woollen and worsted manufacturers, stockinette fabrics and puttees. Also Mytholmbridge Mill.
1938 HEW3 Sep: John Tinker, Morefield, Thongsbridge, obit, 61, carried to church on one of firm’s motor wagons and borne into church by employees. Hundreds fill church.
39. BRADLEY MILL (Huddersfield)
1780s. Fulling Mill, Atkinsons.1.[W]est [Y]orkshire [A]rchive [S]ervice, Kirklees,
Crossland & Fenton,solicitors’ papers KC 165/36 25 July 1787. John Robinson against Richard Atkinson at York assizes of Bradley Mill for contravening a law of Edward VI by finishing cloth with a gig mill.
1799. RD.ED.174:238. 30 Oct, Henry Preston, Morely to Joseph Atkinson,
BradleyMill merchant, ‘and also all that new erected fulling mill with the scribbling mill over it formerly in the tenure or occupation of the said Joseph Atkinson and also all those two…buildings one of which is converted into and used as a mill for frizing of cloth and the other into a warehouse, counting house, shops and other uses..’ also drying house ‘for the tentering of cloth’ occupied by Thomas Atkinson.
1802. [P]arliamentary [P]apers 1806 (268) III Report of Select Committee
‘Inquiry into the State of Woollen Manufacture’. pp.352-358. August the Huddersfield Clothdresers Institution attempted to stop the use of gig mills by Law Atkinson. Threats to twenty eight strikebreakers that, ‘they would gig them as they gigged at Bradley Mill.’ resulted in seven croppers being sentenced to two months hard labour at Wakefield House of Correction for intimidation. Cloth on Atkinson’s tenters was also slashed and in December
1804. Dec, Bradley Mill was damaged by a ‘mysterious’ fire. Although Atkinson
did not think it was arson, ananonymous letter sent from Huddersfield to the Royal Exchange Insurance offices in London in 1805 warned against insuring machinery, ‘N.B.Only remember Bradley Mill in this county, which did not do one sixth of what was wished for: and expect more about December.’
1806. PP Inquiry into Woollen Trade: Law Atkinson 17 looms on premises.
1808. LM 17 Sep. Fire, burnt down.
1812. KC.165/39: Joseph Atkinson senior bond for surety for £ 10,000 guaranteed
by Jos Atkinson jnr and Law Atkinson for mortgage fom Benjamin Haigh Allen, for ‘new erected fulling mill with scribbling mill over it then in the tenure or occupation of the said Joseph Atkinson the Elder and also all those two erections or buildings one which was converted into and used as a mill for frizing of cloth and the other into a warehouse, counting house and shop and for other purposes…’ joint occ. with Thomas Atkinson.
1820. March, Joseph Atkinson Snr bankrupt., due to ‘heavy losses in trade and bad
debts’ Bradley Mill still mortgaged to B.H.Allen for £5000. Continues business by renting mill from Assignees, Joseph Brook, Thos Lockwood, Joseph Lee, for rent of £250 (including estate at Thurlestone which brings in nearly £50).
1825. Joseph Atkinson obtains loan of £6000 on mortgage of property to purchase it off assignees, £5,000 of which goes to pay off B.H.Allen mortgage. Also buys dyeing vats, frizing machinery etc.
1826. Jos,snr’s ‘health began very materially to decline’ business overseen by sons Jos jnr and Henry ‘to whom he had previously allowed the privilege of using part of the premises and machinery at Bradley Mills in manufacturing fancy goods on their own account…’ They reside with him at Grove estate, ‘But he always reserved for himself the balancing of his accounts and the young men had therefore no means whatever of knowing the state of their fathers business…’
B.&.H.Cour 17 Aug: ‘ To be let by Private Contract the earnings of the whole of the machinery of the Fulling and other large mill called Bradley Mill near Huddersfield now in the occupation of the Assignees of Mr Thomas Atkinson. The Assignees will advance the necessary Sums of Money for wages to be re-paid at the next Mill Feast and the taker will be required to give the bond of two persons as sureties for the due payment of on half of such earnings. Further Particulars may be had of miles Netherwood of Deighton, one of the Assignees and proposals for taking the same with the names of the proposed sureties to be in writing and addressed to Mr Wm. Jacomb, Huddersfield, solicitor to the assignees, 12 Aug. 1826.’
LM 18 Mar: Geo. Wilson Addison Dalton, worsted spinner, bankrupt, 22 Jul. machinery to be sold including powerlooms.
1827. Jos,Snr decides to withdraw from business ‘in consequence of his continued ill health and the unfavourable state of commercial pursuits.’ Leases mill for 14 years for £300 to Jos jnr, Henry, Frances, Thomas, Charles, Anne, Elizabeth, and Herbert Chamberlain Atkinson. including woodmill, frizing mill, fulling mill, water wheels, steam engine, blue dye house, stock, weaving shops etc., upper or scarlet dye house and dye house occupied by James Westermann & George Fox (plus other property including pews in Huddersfield church).
Insurance: £1650,buildings,£1000 warehouse,£200 water wheels,£400 wright’s work, £1200 machinery,£1000 stock. Premium: £25.14.6.
Jos. Snr contracts with Jos,& Thos.Cliffe ‘to make him a 12 horse power engine to be completed an running by the 31st of the following May.’ Not ready on time, Henry ‘blaming Cliffe for being a blundering workman’. Henry says he paid for masons work and foundations. Engine begins running in December. Jos. Snr was to have paid £45 but Jos. Jnr and Henry only pay £499 since ‘the engine did not prove so good as it ought to have done’.
Jos.&.Henry let woodmill to Ellam & Kirk for £305. They pay £200 for machinery for latters’ use. ‘as they had the water wheel in those premises we were obliged to put up a new steam engine which cost us £520’. Henry says steam engine ‘was to supply the place of one which was finished and would not work’. Engine costs £200 per annum, Jos.& Hen. also pay all repairs on water wheels and one third of damages to weirs caused by floods. £450 paid for dye vessels etc. sued by Westermann & Fox who rent dyehouse for £110.
Aug, list of c.80 weavers, three noted ‘2 looms’ ‘199 pieces this month’ Sep 1,7: ,Oct 1,61:,Nov 1,20,Dec 105. The significance of the inclusion of this amongst the case papers is not clear but we can assume it does refer to Atkinsons’ weaver.
1828. Feb: Jos Snr, declared bankrupt again. Assignees suspect fraudulent actions by family in purchasing machinery from him. Jos. jnr and Henry claim no knowledge of his state of affairs and rightful ownership of machinery and steam engine. Invoice dated 2 May 1827 claims Jos and Henry bought from Jos. Snr, 3 frizing machines, one rasping and one chipping machine, pair of grind stones, knives, utensils , vats pans, brushing or raising gig. etc.
1 Aug:London Gazette 5 Sep.: Jos, Henry, Frances and Thomas Atkinson
1829. 21 Mar, York Assizes. Case found against defendants £400 damages
awarded to assignees Edward Hinchlffe, Charles Lee, James Buttry, Robert Howard, Leonard Simpson.
Law Atkinson occupier of mill at Birstall 1818-1826, brother of Senior refers to coals for 20hp steam engine costing £60 a year – not clear whether this is at Bradley Mill. He knows Bradley Mill well ‘they have always been short of water since I knew them.’
1833. HG 4 May: Tom Atkinson patent gas oven in mill.
1834. Factory commissioners, Tom Atkinson scribbling, carding, slubbing, spinning, weaving and dressing. (Dressing since pr 1800) Mules used. Water wheel,10hp, steam engine 10hp, 140 employed. ‘children do not work – it is only confinement, they work more at play in one hour and have more fatigue than the confinement all day – say 12 hours.
Henry Wilkinson 25 employed,
Abraham Wilkinson 23 employed, share water wheel 65hp, steam engine 35hp.
1836. HG 27 Feb. Assignees of Thom Atkinson under commission of bankruptcy dated 6 May 1820
SALE BY AUCTION
‘ All those extensive mills, works and premises late the property of the Bankrupt, called Bradley Mills situate on the River Colne near the Town of Huddersfield with the steam engine, water wheel and the whole of the valuable woollen machinery, utensils and implements therein now let by the assignees to and in the occupation of respectable tenants and producing a rental exceeding £1700 per annum. The estate is freehold of inheritance and comprises a large fire proof scribbling and fulling mill with steam engine and engine house attached thereto, a frizing mill, a stove or drying house, a dye house, sundry weaving and frizing shops, warehouse and other buildings and conveniences for carrying on a large business, here are also several dwelling houses near to the works in which some of the work people reside. a capital family mansion at a convenient distance now in the occupation of Mr Thomas Atkinson’ [also pew and 11 acres] ‘The machinery is complete and of the most valuable kind consisting, amongst others of 16 scribblers, 15 carders, 14 slubbing billies, 3 shake wileys, 2 tenter hook Do., 5 pairs of mules with 150 spindles each, 9 double fulling stocks, 1 single Do, 2 washing machines, 4 gigs, 2 hydraulic presses, press oven and bottom, sundry press plates, 9 double shearing frames, 16 single Do., several pair of hears, extra weights &c.&c. a list or schedule of which will be produced at the time of sale. There are 4 water wheels attached to the mills and works which are supplied by the River Colne with a fall of 17 feet and the steam engine is equal to 35hp. The Bradley Mills are one of the oldest and most extensive woollen manufacturing concerns in the neighbourhood and the Frized Cloths made there have long been in high repute.’ near canal, turnpike rd ‘coal and stone abound in the neighbourhood and the proposed line of the Railway will pass near to it. The estate from the local situation and other advantages admirably calculated for carrying on the woollen, worsted and fancy manufacture upon an extensive scale or from the respectability of the tenants is a safe investment for the capitalist.’ Abraham Wilkinson on premises will show on request.
1837 LM 16 Dec: T Atkinson, Bradley Mills, seriously injured when car upset by pile of stones left in Lowrhead Row by builders.
1839. NS 12 Jan.: High winds blow chimney through roof damaging machinery c£1000 damage.
LM 21 Sep: John and Abraham Bennet robbery.
1843. LT 23 Dec.accident Ben Watson, dyer, drunk in fulling mill ‘where he had no business’ fell on tappet wheel and thence in wheel race, thigh severed and disembowelled.
1844. LM 20 Apr: George Fox & Wm Worthington dyers bankrupt.
1848. Directory: six firms of dyers.
LI 25 Nov: Armitage, Mitchell & Gledhill theft.
1850. LM 30 Mar: John and Abraham Bennet, offence against factory act. Stepmother provides false birth certificate since surgeon refuses to certify child as over 13.
1853. HC 23 Jul: Bradley Mills Estate for sale, mills, buildings, water privilege and steam engines, etc… James Brook & Bros.
HE , HC 6 Aug: To be sold, fireproof mill called Bradley Mill ‘and the recently erected addition thereto at the east end thereof, both of the height of five storeys…’, workshop, warehouse, porter’s lodge, ‘three powerful waterwheels (one of which has been renewed within the last year), which are together of 50 hp or thereabouts, Steam Engine, 35hp., recently erected mill chimney, spinning rooms…’
‘The fireproof mill is a firm and most substantial building. It was built regardless of expense, and admirably proportioned for a first-rate woollen mill…’ Ground floor 14 ft high, other 12ft, 106×42 ft.
Also woollen mill, formerly used as frizzing mill, mule spinning room and ‘the Half Moon’ warehouse, 12hp water wheel, 10hp engine, dyehouse tneter stove etc.
John and Abraham Bennet occupiers, James Brook & Bros. mill to be sold.
HC 1 Oct: to be sold, apply W.Brook.
HC 10 Sep: Armitage, Mitchell & Gledhill, advert for moulders, millwrights, engineers and fitters.
1854. HC 4 Feb: Bradley Mill dam, 9 o’clock Sunday morning tops stones on left side of dam give way. Large quantity of rain fallen day and night, river much swollen from Tuesday due to thaw. Height nearly same as time of Holmfirth flood catastrophe. Banks of water course damaged. Two months before it can be repaired, cost £250. Brook and Atkinson owners of property. Dam there for 40 years, provides 60-70 hp. Keen frosts may have hastened its decadence.
HE 6 May, Richard Armitage.
1856. HEW 1883 17 Nov: John Brook & Sons move from Bridge Mill.
1857. HE 14 Feb: John Bennet Bankrupt.
HE 7 Mar: ditto, machinery to be sold.
HC 26 Dec: James Brook sued by John Durrans weaver for non payment of 19s.10d wages. Brook says contracted weaving to Jonathan Hinchliffe who employed and paid weavers. Piece in question badly damaged. Case referred to arbitration of Henry Hirst. Finds cloth damaged 10d/yd, but partly due to bad material. 34 yards, weaver allowed 8s.2d.
1858. HC,HE 28 Nov: Armitage, Mitchell & Gledhill boiler makers, boiler explodes at Upper Aspley Mill.
HE 17 Jul: Ditto’s iron foundry., HE 4 Sep, clearance sale.
HC 25 Sep: Gledhill.
HE:HC 27 Nov: James Brook & Sons, woollen manufacturers, Fire in dust pipe over willow. Little damage.
1860. HC 31 Mar: ‘factory girls’’ strike for 1s week increase. James Brooke summons 8 girls for leaving work without notice. 25 slubbing machines stopped as well as all mules. They agree to return.
HC 18 Aug: Milner & Hale occupy portion of works. Fire in woollen and cotton yarn in stove. L& Y Brigade attend.
1861. HC 19 Jan: ironworks treat.
HC 22 Mar.: Henry Bradley machinery to be sold.
HC 10 Aug: James Brook, Rachel Sykes, winder, charged with stealing woollen waste. Had been with firm considerale time and used to take winding home. But suspected of taking waste and ordered to work at mill. Questioned by Mr Brook in counting house. Police man called and ordered to empty pockets. Couple of small cops found. Home searched and waste found hidden in oven. Magistrates say a warning had to be given and sentenced to two months in House of Correction.
1862. HC 5 Apr: Pollard dyehouse fire.
HEW 11 May: Pollard, fire in stove. Atkinson’s engine under manager Charles Shaw attends. Starts in cotton wool, 1,000lbs destroyed, damage £20.
HC 5 Jul: John Wright Robinson, fulling miller at Bradley Mill from June 1859 to June 1861, bankrupt. Subsequently at Mill Hill.
HC 12 Jul: James Brook & Son’s mill at Bradley Mills. Charles Stocks , mason, working under direction of Robert Gledhill, master mechanic who was repairing Brook’s engine. Mason’s required to enlarge engine bed. Gledhill’s men hoisting up large ‘wall box’, hoist falls, hitting Stocks, causing broken shoulder and back injury. Claims compensation from Gledhill. Judge says aggravated by indifference shown by defendant who never went to see plaintiff or offer help. Verdict of £30 awarded.
1863 HC 21 Feb: George Bottomley charged with maliciously damaging woollen gearing and material to amount of 40s. property of Messrs Brooke & Son, Bradley Mill. Dismissed and went back to his two jennies and proceeded along with piecer who he ordered to pull out coppins and slubbins. Then took nuts from wheels and otherwise damged machine. When another worker remonstrates with him says he ‘did not care a d——- for Bradley Mills.’ and that the next man would have a job with his jennies. But says in court it could have been put right in ten minutes. Also says he was charged because he asked for wages owing. Ordered to pay 40s damages, 10s fine and expenses.
HC 17 Oct: James Brook & Son, fire in willowing room. Atkinson’s engine assists. Spontaneous combustion in bag of waste.
HC 14 Nov: Charles Atkinson & Co, treat for 100 at Waggon & Horses on Joseph Atkinson attaining his majority.
1864. HC 5 Mar: Bradley Mills Lane-end, behind wagon & Horses Inn, adjoining canal tow path, dyehouse, boiler house, wareroom, stable etx, to be sold. Walter Wadsworth occupier.
1864 HC 16 Apr: Wm Milner, Hannah Stall, Fartown, caught in shaft of scribbler. Badly shaken.
Ibid. Charles Atkinson & Co’s dyehouse, George Schofield, 15, tale end, or assistant gigger, scalded to death by falling in tub used to heat tea with.
HC 23 Apr: ‘Wanted, a number of Broad Power-Loom weavers. Extra wages will be given to good workmen.- Apply James Brooke * Son, Bradley Mills.’
HC 17 Sep: Bradley Mill dam. Wm (5) son of Jos Wild, power loom weaver, drowns. Dam railed off against cattle but children can get underneath and parents could not keep him away from it. Jury recommends it is properly fenced off.
1865. HC 15 Apr: ‘Fatal and Horrible Mill Accident’ , Wm Milner & Sons, Jn Wm Sharpe, 17, Primrose Hill, willow tenter, drawn into machine and torn almost to pieces. ‘mangled remains’ conveyed to Waggon & Horses for inquest.
HC 29 Apr: Luke Newsome summonsed for non payment of wages to two female winders. Found that they had mixed weft causing 14s damage to piece.
HC 7 Oct: Tenders for new spinning rooms, Wm Cocking, architect.
HC 14 Oct: James Brook, Ben Woodhead charged with leaving work unfinished. Wife also power loom weaver. refused to finish beam which had been beamed for another loom then rebeamed and was full of picks. Wife offered to finish it but tuner refused to let her.
HC 11 Nov: Ben Kershaw, 50, labourer, falls of plank into excavated hole and is killed.
HE 18 Nov: James Brook & Sons, woollen manufacturers, summons weaver Robert Bower for leaving cloth in loom unfinished, wove 2 pieces and only 2 inches of third, told by tuner if he threw threw shuttle only once he would have to weave all piece. Goes to work at Listers.
1866 HC 17 Nov: James Brook & Sons, who employ a large number of people and Eastwood dyers, wool thefts. Val £350, three arrested one cart driver for brooke for 20 years.
1867. HC 19 Jan: Sykes, Hale & Bell, ‘new and extensive mill’, fire in teasing room, put out by engine on premises. 30 sheets cotton damaged.
HC 26 Feb: James Brook & Sons, Ben Jaggar, tenterer, claims £1.14s arrears of wages. Is a week had been deducted for damage he had caused to cloth. Leaves firm and summons for arrears but the damaged piece produced in court and case dismissed.
HC 28 Sep. (et seq) Sykes, Hale & Bell ,theft of ‘rubbers’ by Joseph Hanson, scribbling engineer.
HC 5 Oct: Sykes, Hale & Bell, at meeting at Plough Inn of Angola manufacturers of town and district against rate of insurance upon Angola yarns.
1868 HC 24 Oct: treat for workpeople at Waggon & Horses on occasion of marriage of Joseph Beaumont Atkinson, son of Charles Atkinson of Bradley Mills to Miss Taylor of Fenay Lodge at Almondbury.
1870. HE 22 Jan. James Brook & Sons,treat for 240.
HC 7 May: Robert Gledhill, Bradley Mill ironworks treat at Waggon & Horses on occasion of marriage of his daughter
HE 10 Dec, Sykes, Hale & Co. room and power.
1871 HC 18 Mar: James Brook & Sons, Walter Woodhead, sizer and warper, son Ben drowns in’ beck’ ‘supplying the waterwheel of the above mills.’ Bodycarried through byewash into river. Jury recommends that gate be put on bank leading to goit.
HC 2 Sep: Samuel Kirk Hirst, Bradley Mills, charges Jos Hirst, slubber, Lockwood of leaving work, causing machine to stand. Slubber says he did not have a feeder. Complainant says slubbers found feeders but he paid them, ‘ and could discharge her if she did not work properly’. Did it to ‘secure her wages’. Mellor , magistrate, says not a good system. Defendant to pay expenses, 8s.
HC 21 Oct: Atkinson’s finisher, George Hinchliffe, thumb torn off in perpetual machine.
HC 30 Sep: Sharpe, Longworth & Co. breach of contract case against weaver.
HC 30 Nov: Wanted, menders for fancy woollens. James Brooke & Sons
1873. HEW 11 Jan: Ald Brooke’s dam, Mary Rooks, 9, drowns fetching water.
HEW 31 May: Hirst Bros. new cotton mill, Turnbridge, new immense beam engine built by Robert Gledhill, Bradley Mills, largest in Huddersfield ‘The Templar’ 500- 600hp.
HEW 13 Sep: River Mill, Edmund Morton tenant, machinery, stock, to be sold.
1874. HE 21 Feb: Thos Hale room and power.
HEW 24 Oct: extracting shed near river, sale of soap and oil extracting plant.
1875. HEW 15 May;3 Jul: Henry Brooke of James Brooke & Sons, at House of Lords Committee on the sale of water from the canal. Last year mayor. Growth of manufacturing in town had heavily depended on water from canal. 880,000 gallons a day according to Canal Co.
1875. HEW 17 Jul: Thos Hale, throstle yarn spinner, trip to Blackpool.
Ibid.T.Binns bankrupt, [HEW 26 Jun] £1834 liabilities.
HEW 9 Oct: ditto machinery to be sold.
1876. HEW 6 May: E&C.Eastwood dyers, summons for damage to goods by shoddy merchants.
HEW 5 Aug: prosecution brought by Henry Brooke against Learoyds, for dumping ashes into river.
HEW 12 Aug: Gledhill gives up business after 30years, last steam engine made for Aspley Mills, foundry and ironworks to be sold.
1877 HEW 20 Jan: Ald Henry Brooke welcomes Corporation decision to reduce price of water for manufacturing purposes.
1878 HEW 19 Jan: Thos Hale, treat, W Milner , manager, J Sanderson, overlooker.
HEW 16 Feb: Ald Henry Brooke JP, at MI meeting, says corporation water better than canal water for scouring and recommends it use.
HEW 9 Mar: Upper Dyeworks, Ed Eastwood, horses, lurries and dyeing utensils to be sold.
HEW 17 Aug: Chas Atkinson & Sons, cloth finishers, smoke nuisance, 10s fine.
1883. HEW 3 Feb: Corporation contracting for completion of Bradley Mill Bridge.
HEW 17 Nov: Henry Brooke JP son of James Brooke, of Bridge Mill, obit. Born 1825. Wesleyan.
1886 HEW 27 Nov:‘River Mill’ To be let, 17 by 45 yards, separate power and warehouse, apply Tom Hale, Bradley Mills.
1890. HEW 26 Apr: H.Dawson & Co. dyers, shed being re-erected, blows down, joiner killed..
1891. HEW 3 Jan: ‘New Mill’ to be sold, fireproof, 5 storeys by 123 by 46 feet.
‘River Mill’ 3 storeys by 149 by 52 feet six inches.
HEW 10 Oct: James Brooke & Sons, machinery and main mill to be sold with 40hp beam engine.
1892. HEW 2 Jan: to be sold.
1893. HEW 28 Jan: “River Mill” to be sold.
1893. HEW 15 Apr: Jos Beaumont Atkinson (owner), Chas Atkinson & Co.,
tenants: case against Huddersfield corporation for tipping snow with road sweepings into river, preventing them using water for dyeing and finishing.
HC 29 Jul: River Mill, Bradley Mill, to be let. Three lofty and well lighted rooms, 49×17 yds, driven by a separate engine.
1896 Edward Crowther, cotton spinner moves to mill.
1897. HEW 3 Jul: dyehouse and finishing mill to be sold, late occupier Atkinson & Co, upper dyehouse
1900. HEW 24 Mar: Sellers, Lister & Co, teazing mill fire – ‘epidemic’ of mill fires.
HEW 27 Oct: Fred Ernest Lister, trading as Sellers, Lister & Co, yarn spinner, case against John Smith, Pennyhurst Mill, Wigan, for £302.18.5d goods supplied.
1903 HEW 17 Oct: Edward Crowther, cotton spinner, gives up. bank’d
1908 HEW 13: Ralph Wood & Co, woollen manufacturer, Offence against Factory Act – employing under 15 after 5.30pm
1910. YTD: Sellars, Lister & Co. woollen, angola and hosiery yarns,also commission spinners, twisters and winders. 9,500 spindles.
YTD: James Brooke & Son, commission spinners, 1,800 spindles.
1910 HEW 20 Aug: Sellars, Lister & Co, tenters and teasers dispute, 14 prosecuted for leaving work without notice. Only one days losses awarded to firm.
HEW 20 May: Sellars, Lister & Co, spinners, fire. Corporation’s new engine ‘Ladas’ first used. Mill running day and night.
1913. Machinery sale – fire salvage [B/ETB].
HEW 28 Jun: Sellars, Lister & Co. yarn spinners, storage shed gutted – rumour that Leeds Rd stand had been fired by suffragettes.
W 1 Nov: Robert Gledhill, court of chancery case, against trustees of estate of father who died in 1880, for allowing property to deteriorate and having sold it.
1914 YFT 23 Jul; HDC 13 Aug: Frederick Ernest Lister, Wincanton, Somerset, formerly Roundhay, Leeds, bankrupt.
40. BRICK FACTORY/FOUNTAIN MILL (Bradley Spout, Huddersfield)
1832. VWR 27 Jul: Both Nathan and Robert Bros sign masters agreement not to employ unionists. Must come with reference.
HHE 5 Sep: NP & H Nathan accident inquest on mechanic killed attempting to fix strap to moving shaft. Oastler foreman of jury, includes PitKethley and Leadbetter. Powerlooms crowded, John North, foreman and Thomas fernside, overlooker, say at other mills even more crowded, so straps can’t be boxed off. £50 fine. Nathan to appeal against ‘so exorbitant a demand’.
VWR 27 Jul:
1833. VWR 24 Aug: Roberts, Ben Sykes injured accident.
1834. Factory Commissioners report. Roberts & Co. scribbling and milling firm begun 1828, 20 employees.
N.P & H Nathan cotton and woollen manufacturer, firm commenced 1832. John Cummins silk and cotton twisting and warp making since 1829. Share power of steam engine 34hp, [see 1841 – bought from Law Atkinson, formerly in Gott’s factory Leeds].
1836. HG 17 Dec: Learoyd , Roberts Factory, Bradley Spout, fire in shoddy…’a very large mill and very full of machinery.’
1837. “Fountain Mill” Roberts & Co. / NP & H Nathan.
1840. LM 26 Sep: room and power.
1841. LT,HG 2 Jan: Roberts, the Brick factory, Fountains Street, woman in row of cottages adjoining mill discovers fire on Christmas day evening at 7.30, in upper room leased to Wm Learoyd Jnr. L&Y engine arrives 8.15, firemen drunk, fight for who is to hold hose. Police have to break it up with staves and some firemen taken away. Armitage Bros engine arrives at 9.30, followed by Shaw’s from Honley. Brooks, Meltham Mills, drawn by four horses, arrives in very short time. Blaze visible ten miles away. Attracts ‘immense concourse of spectators.’ ‘One ruffianly looking fellow was heard to express his satisfaction and wished twenty more mills were burned down.’ Steam engines wooden beam burnt but rest remains. Part occupied by Nathan & Co, of Manchester, power loom cotton cloth manufacturer, Macauley & Schofield, cotton spinners. Meeting to be held at Guild Hall to form committee to relieve those thrown out of work.
HG 9 Jan: Frost, foreman of brigade fined £5 for assault case arising from incident.
1847. LM 9 Jan: Roberts Bros, room and power.
1850 LM 6 Apr: Roberts ‘Brick Factory’ near station. New reservoir being built, old one adjacent breaks banks and floods workings, fortunately at breakfast time.
1853. HE 15 Jan: Thewlis & Wrigley, cotton warp manufacturer, treat 150.
HE 29 Oct: room and power, first floor. Tenter stove, 120 feet with four sets of tenters.
1854. HC 11 Feb: Thewlis & Wrigley, Obidedum Hopkinson charged with leaving work without notice.
1855. HC 1 Dec: Walker & Malleson bottom room, machinery to be sold.
1856 HC 1 Mar: Henry & Edward Wrigley, claim from Anne Crawshaw for 13s.6.d for work done. Told she would be put on spinning 70s instead of 48s, and would only earn 9d a day. Refuses, E Wrigley says he will not pay her off if she leaves. Defence claims she left work without notice. She offers to work out her notice. Firm says they will pay her off.
HC 26 Apr: to let room and power, 80×50 ft. Room above now occupied by Jos Walker & Sons, Lindley, will ‘be at liberty on the 1st July next.’
1860 HE 11 Aug: Jn North & Sons, fire.
1861. HC 5 Jan: Henry and Edward Wrigley, cotton , spinners, Brick Factory, summonsed for having 1lb defective weight.
1863. HC 17 Oct: woollen machinery for sale, purchaser will be required to occupy rooms until expiration of tenancy.
1864 HC 11 Jun: North, Brick Factory, woollen scribbling and spinning machinery to be sold.
1870. HC 30 Apr: H & E Wrigley, cotton spinners, summonsed for not having a steam engine constructed so as to consume smoke. W R Croft, sanitary inspector, case instructed by resolution of town council with regard to smoke nuisance. Case unusual in that emissions were on Sunday. warned 18 months ago. Since then say had adopted ‘a smoke prevention apparatus’. Croft says that consuming apparatus with a boiler like theirs ‘constructed on an old fashioned principle, the oldest perhaps in Huddersfield…’ it was impossible to prevent smoke. They should keep a red fire during day to prevent smoke. Starkey, magistrate says it is a very peculiar case and recommends it be withdrawn with payment of costs.
(Letter from ‘A Yorkshire Manufacturer’ in same paper says problem is that ‘smokeless Welsh’ coal , used in London, more expensive in Yorkshire than bitumous Yorkshire coal).
1871. HC 19 Aug: H & E Wrigley, trip to Blackpool.
1873. HEW 1 Mar:E.Wrigley cornish boiler To be sold.
HEW 16 Aug,13 Sep: Fountain Mill or Brick Factory to be sold, including reservoir. Frontage to Jn Wm St, H.&.E.Wrigley cotton spinners, close to railway station coal depot. 6stx84x51feet, spinning rooms. steam engine,40hp.
1874. Fred Learoyd owner. Mill valued at £14,800, Learoyd pays £10,750. Previous occ paid £650 pa rent (without cottage). (see 1891)
1891. HEW 19 Sep: Brick Factory, formerly Fountains Mill, Fred Learoyd. Corporation to purchase mill, valuation discussed with arbitrator. Part to be pulled down for road improvements.
HEW 31 Oct: boilers and going gear to be sold
1892. HEW 26 Mar: Brick Factory on John William Street, demolition, begun for road widening.
HEW 30 Jul: letter complaining buildings and ‘brute of a chimney’ still standing, when policy of corporation to prohibit tall chimneys in town centre. An ‘eyesore’.
1894 HC 3 Mar: Demolition – letter re unemployed employed as cheap labour.
1899. HEW 24 Jun: Demolition 8 years ago for improvement of John William St, on part of site new warehouse for Vickerman & Co.
41. BRIDGE MILL / Brigg Mill/Old Mill (Meltham)
see also Brighouse Mill
1891. HEW 7 Feb: Bentley & Co. treat firm removing to Halifax.
HEW 14 Mar: to let, including weaving shed, contigious to railway goods yard, steam and water power, Apply Sec. of Meltham Spinning Co.
HEW 13 Jun: J.B.Bentley machinery to be sold.
1894. HEW 10 Feb: Room and power, would suit rug manufacturers.
1899 HEW 7 Oct: Brigg Mill – ‘extensive alterations’, property of Meltham Spinning Co. last brick in new chimney laid by John Pogson, clerk of works, built by Philip Myles of Myles & Werner, contractors, Staleybridge and London. Wm Carter, architect ‘deserving of great credit for its graceful proportions and for the neat and effective decoration of the upper part of the structure…’ Bottom di. 14 feet, , on stone base ten feet from ground, 150 foot high, internal di at top 6 foot 4 inches. Messrs Blacksage of Dukinfield provide fire clay mouldings and cornicing, bricks, Brighouse Tile & Clay Co, ‘first-class workmanship’. friends, both ladies and gents risk ‘primitive’ method of ascent for view from top.
1910. YTD: J. Walker &. Co. woollen and angola yarn spinners, 1,100 spindles.
1915 YTD. no entry.
42. BRIDGE MILL (Holmfirth)
Survey of the Graveship of Holme carried out in the mid to late 16th Century. The survey is not dated and does not say who ordered it to be done, or who compiled it. One entry says ‘Edward Booth holdeth by copy two messuages one fulling milne and 23 acres of land and payeth by year 7s 11/2d’. It also mentions ‘the Queens mill in Holnefrith’ from which I dated it to be compiled between 1553 and 1603 during the reign of either Mary or her sister Elizabeth.
By the mid 18th Century, there was a fulling mill and also a corn mill with a drying kiln on the site, plus a house. The owner of the property at that time was Samuel Haigh of Marsden. The Haigh family appear to have continued to own Bridge mills and surrounding land until about 1849, when it was advertised for sale Leeds Mercury .[Information from Mike Day]
1790. Netherthong overseers book, rate evaluation,”Brigg Mill” Jos Matthew Woodhead
1811. LM 5 Jan: To be sold, 23 Jan at White Lion, ‘Large Commodious Building now used as a scribbling Mill’ at Bridge Mill, Netherthong, with water wheel, machinery and large reservoir, also wood and two cottages in possession of Jonas Roberts and Wm. Cuttell.
1813. LM 2 Jan: Ditto.
1830. Parsons & White directory. Wm Woodhead, scribbling and fulling miller.
1833. Child Employment Commission, Ben Woodhead long hours worked
1838. LM 2 Jan: William Woodhead & Sons bankrupt.
1845. LT 29 Feb: Woodhead summonsed for £142 debt by Bradshaw, cloth dresser, for cloth finished.
1846. LT 26 Sep: water rights case.
1844. IBJ 18 Jan: Jo Mellor [see Mytholmbridge Mill] also told me that Mr. B. Bradshaw was about letting his Mill (Bridge Mill) he said his brothers were about taking it, he said it would be let for under £300 per Annum for four Billies, he (Mr. Bradshaw) finding power. I thought this another good opportunity for removing town if we were not so much fastened up here…. 23 Jan: I saw David Brook, he left me a Letter he had received from Mr. Bradshaw stating the terms upon which he would let his Mill. They were these. He would let the four Billies two of 60 spindles and two of 80 spindles, four Scribblers and four Carders well fitted up. A Superior Teaser and Fearnought and find power for them all at the sum of £315 pr Annum. He would let two pairs of Mules at the same Rent as Jo Mellor now pays for them £72 pr Annum. The machinery all to be valued when the Tenant went to it and when he left, and the difference in valuation to be paid to the party entitled to it. He would also let the House, Warehouse, Dyehouse and Cottage for Engineer at £27 pr Annum. The poors and other Rates to be paid by the Tenant Six months notice to be given by either party to quit. He stated the earnings for the mill for Scribbling for the last six months ending Nov. 1 1843 to be £546 19s Id.
1848. Directory: Jos. Broadbent.
1849. LM 20 Oct: mill to be sold, 5 storey part of recent erection. Reservoir at Mark Bottoms and private taking of water from Hebble Dyke.
1851. HC 13 Dec: distress for rates issued by Reservoir Commissioners.
1852. HC 7 Feb: Flood. Mill property of Messrs Broadbent. Employed 50. Windows broken, pieces damaged and willow room, 5×6 yards destroyed.
HC 17 Jul: Jos. Broadbent & Sons, fire in stove.
1853. HE 1 Apr: James Brook & Sons.
HC 15 Oct: Jos & Richard Broadbent charged with refusing to pay £12.14s. 4d, the rate on Digley stream (Bilberry res) and £14.17s. 8d. rate on Ribbleden stream (Homestyes res). Offered to put the case to arbitration but since this had been done only after summons was issued, convicted on amount of rates.
HE 26 Nov: Isaac Thornton’s piecing machine can be seen in operation at James Brooke & Son, Bridge Mill.
1854. HC 4 Mar: accident.
HC 24 Jun: Charles ‘Ancient’ Fitton, fined 9s for fishing in stretch of water belonging to J Brook of Bridge Mill, between mill and Markbottoms.
HC 16 Sep: Messrs Brooke & Son, wool placed on steam boiler catches fire. Boiler found to have no water, explosion narrowly averted.
1856. HE 15 Mar: James Brook assaults Abraham Hinchliffe at meeting on war.
HC 24 May: James Brook chairs meeting of manufacturers at Elephant & Castle on Col Wilson Patten’s Factory Bill, resolving that birth registration certificates should be used as proof of children’s age, not surgeon’s certificates.
1856. HEW 1883 17 Nov: James Brook and Sons moves to Bradley Mills. (But see below).
1857. HC 13 Jun: J Broadbent & Sons, Mill adjacent to James Brook’s. Fires separately same day, in stove and top room. Latter ‘a mystery’. Part of roof falls in.
HC 27 Jun: George Tinker, auctioneer charged with assaulting Police Inspector Parkin during fire. Tinker was in charge of two lines of men passing cans of water from reservoir to fire across turnpike road. He stopped people passing and keeping crowd back. Did not know Insp Parkin who was in plain clothes. He did not say who he was but tried to force way through when alleged assault took place. Charge withdrawn.
HC 11 Jul: Broadbent – fire in stove.
1858. HC 20 Feb: Distress warrant against Jos and Richard Broadbent, Bridge Mills for non payment of water rate £44.8s.9d.
HC Feb: Jos Broadbent & Son trading suspended.
1859. HE 10 Sep: Broadbent fire. ‘Teasing boy’ teasing cotton, catches fire in machine. Boy opens door of machine and fire spreads but put out by workmen.
1860. HC 4 Feb: Joseph Turner & Son, Bridge mill, treat for 70 at Royal Oak
HE 7 Sep: Broadbent, treat.
1861. HC 30 Mar: Joseph Senior, does country work, accused by Kaye, Inspector of Woollen Association of embezzlement of woollen material – worth 2s.6d.. Willow or teasing locks which should have been sent back to owners. Senior proves they are ‘burs’ dressed by his men when they had nothing else to do, manufacturers didn’t want them back. Thomas Hinchliffe and other manufacturers testify in his support. Case dismissed.
HC 3 Aug: Jos. Senior. Witness in cruelty to animal case – sees police inspector and two PCs throw cat into goit which they had set a dog onto in Police Office yard. Ben Senior, Jos brother, engineer at mill draws water off and finds cat.
HC 24 Aug: Jos. Senior occupier, two mills to be sold. Adjoining Woodhead Rd. Old Mill, 4 storeys, and Spinning Factory, three storeys, Steam engine 16 hp, 37 hp boiler, waterwheel, 19ft2in di x 8ft 10in wide. 28 Sep: scribbling and spinning machinery to be sold.
1864 HC 30 Apr: Proposal at Local Board to make direct road from Bridge Mill to Netherthong since at present route via Thongsbridge.
HC 9 Jul: Tom Wadsworth, mason, Holmfirth, apprehended in engine house at mill by Police Inspector Ayrton where he had hid after attempted rape of Sarah Jaggar of Honley in field near Netherthong footpath.
1865 HC 8 Apr: ‘Wanted, at Bridge Mill, near Holmfirth, Country Work for three or four pairs of fulling stocks – Apply to the fulling miller at the mill.’
HC 15 Apr: Joseph Turner & Sons, new building being erected, accident to masons labourer, John Quin while carrying stones to fourth storey, falls backwards with neck on joist dislocating it. Fellow workman has presence of mind to “pull it in”, slow recovery.
HC 6 May: Jos Turner & Sons, ‘rearing supper’ for 53 workman erecting warehouse at mill. Jos Barrowclough & Sons architects, W Wadsworth & Co contractors. ‘the most stately warehouse in the neighbourhood of Holmfirth.’
1866 HC 24 Nov: Turners, dam wall and tail goit damaged by flood, may be two months before they can run by water.
1870. HE 15 Jan: Geo. Greenwood treat.
HC 11 Jun: Whit-Monday. Holmfirth fire brigades contest at mill. The Thongsbridge Excelsior beats others (including Bridge Mills Alexandra) by throwing water over the chimney.
1874. HEW 24 Jan: ditto. cloth finisher.
HEW 10 Oct: fire, put out by own engine.
1875. HEW 12 Jun: Turner fire brigade a funeral of member of Robinson’s FB.
1876 HEW 30 Dec: Geo. Greenwood cloth finisher, fire. Pieces brought out into yard. £600 damage.
1879 Huddersfield Directory: James Hinchliff and Sons, woollen manufacturers.
1881 HEW 26 Feb: To be sold: machinery, James Hinchliffe & Sons in liquidation.
1890. HEW 15 Feb: scribbling and spinning machinery to be sold.
HEW 3 May: 10 May : Arthur Tinker of George Tinker & Sons, Bridge Mills, bankrupt. Commenced business 1874 in partnership with brother Ben, with £600 capital, dissolved partnership in 1888. Mill rental £105 pa. ‘The debtor states that the cause of his insolvency are long continued ill health, loss of energy, very keen competition in his class of trade, the serious advance in the price of worsted yarn…’. To be sold: woollen machinery.
1892 HEW 6 Feb: Barnes & Taylor, trustees, scribbling, spinning, weaving etc machinery to be sold. 20 Feb: sale of worsted and woollen yarns
1896. YFT 21 Aug: soon will be partially occupied and improvements made.
1897. YFT 8 Jan: John Woodhead son of Woodhead of Bridge Mill, four times mayor of Capetown.
1898 HEW 26: Walter Greenwood, obit, 62, ‘The Heys’, Thongsbridge, Greenwood, Senior & Greenwood, cloth finishers. Pushed and fell by fish stall
1904. HEW 22 Oct: Greenwood, Senior & Greenwood, accident to cloth finisher.
1907 HExp. 2 Feb: Greenwood, wanted, menders for fancy worsteds.
1909 HEW 20 Mar: Fire, owned by T.Turner JP, several occupants, material and machinery of Crosland Marshall, waste dealer and manufacturer, damaged.
1910. YTD: Fred Lawton, fancy.
YTD: James Watkinson & Sons, mixed goods, also Washpit Mill.
1916 HExp 15 Apr: Sold at auction by Eddison, Taylor & Booth, £6,100. 8,0000 square yards, 4 storey mill, two three storey mills, water rights, Bridge Mill wood and land totalling four acres. Six cottages and Roseleigh House withdrawn.
1919. Fred Lawton plain and fancy worsted.
‘1962 YTD: Walter Gledhill & Sons Ltd, , trade name ‘Holmvale’
1965 The last large textile user of the mill was W. Gledhill & Sons Ltd. who went into receivership in 1965 and subsequently closed down with the loss of 200 jobs. The sale of their machinery took place on the 2nd and 3td of June 1965..
1965 UHO 14 July, Hepworth Electric Ltd., plan for WCs passed. (Hepworth Iron Co. (Engineering) Ltd. bought the mill after Gledhill’s demise to house their subsidiary companies.
1965 UHO 16 Aug., Hepworth Iron Co., plan to raise shed roof passed.
1965 UHO 15 Sept. Hepworth Iron Co. back filling of dam, also use of land at rear of mill, for car parking passed.
1987 H’firth Exp. 29 May, Workmen excavating a dam at the mill discovered some human bones. It was thought that they could be from a victim of the 1852 flood.
1987 H’firth Exp. 6 Nov. based on artefacts found with the bones, they were thought to be from a woman, (only 2 bones were found, one upper arm, one from a leg). There were shoes, a thimble, buttons from a Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway uniform, and a ring inscribed ‘Annie’ on the inside. They were estimated to be between 50 and 200 years old.
1987 H’firth Exp. 18 Dec. The remains of the unknown woman were buried in the Garden of Remembrance in Cemetery Road, Holmfirth
1988 Anecdotal evidence, mills bought by Dunsley Heating, floated a separate company called Bridge Mills Ltd. to oversee property.’ (MIKE DAY)
43. BRIDGE CROFT MILL (Milnsbridge)
1880. HEW 5, 26 Jun, 25 Sep: yarn, machinery, mill To be sold. Sam Brook, giving up manufacture.
1882. HEW 14 Oct: Joshua Barrowclough shed, scribbling, spinning etc. machinery to be sold.
1883 HEW 6 Jan: To be sold: furnishings, stock in trade, raw materials, Fred Carter trustee, firm in liquidation.
1885. HEW 11 Jul: T.Hall ground floor. John & Wm.Broadbent 4 storey x 8×4 windows. Fire in teazer, some workers have narrow escape. Mill gutted, £8,000 damage, J.Gledhill and J.Whitwam, owners.
1887 HEW 26 Nov: Tom Hall & Co, serious fire in lower floor and weaving shed. Ben Hall occupies upper floor. Starts in carder, £700 damage. Owned by James Gledhill and Tom Whitwam of Golcar.
1888. HEW 26 Nov: Tom Hall & Co. fire in carding machine worked by two girls. £700 damage.
1894. HEW 7 Apr: Herbert Wood, Golcar, thumb torn off by swift of Garnett machine.
1897. HEW 23 Jan: B. Hall & Sons – treat.
1899 HEW 14 Oct: James R Hall, approaching marriage, presentation.
1910. YTD: Joseph Berry & Sons, 1670 spindles, 20 looms.
YTD: Sam Hirst, fancy woollen cloth finisher.
YTD: Bridge Croft Dyeing Co.
1911. W 3 Jun: Ben Hall & Sons: fire, occupiers B.Hall & Sons/Major Cliffe, machinists/ Joseph Berry & Sons – £800 damaged.
44. BRIDGE STREET MILL (Milnsbridge)
45. BRIDGE STREET MILL/Waterside Lane Mill (Slaithwaite)
1875. HWN 16 Jan: Jos Brierly “new mill” Waterside Lane, contractors wanted, architects John Kirk and Sons.
HEW 16 Oct: Jos. Brierly accident man falls from chimney during building.
HEW 20 Nov: ditto, collapse of chimney.
1876. HEW 8 Apr: rebuilding of chimney begun.
HEW 5 Aug: Brierley’s, engine naming and starting, mill 5 storeys, stove, dyehouse, Kirk, architect, Taylor Galloway boiler, 40 hp, J Kilburn Meltham horizontal engine, Brierley’s little daughter turns on steam engine named ‘Lucy Jane’.
HEW 21 Oct: accident, hoist chain strikes man on head.
1877 HEW 13 Oct: minor fire. Brierley’s Mill, Bridge St, next to Waterside Mill.
1879. HEW 18 Jan: Jos Brierly fire brigade treat.
HEW 9 : press blows up. No finishers injured.
1880. HEW 18 Sep: trip to Blackpool.
1883. YFT 13 Dec: Jos Brierly & Son, new Dobcross looms.
1890. HEW 8 Mar: Joseph Brierley obituary (44) only son of Jonathan of
Linthwaite, began business with father putting out. Acquired pair of mules at Low West Wood, following father’s death moved to Old Corn Mill with Joseph Hirst then to Bankgate Mill. Erected Bridge Croft Mill. Director of Hutchinson, Hollingworth & Co, Slaithwaite Spinning Co, and Globe Worsted. Conservative Unionist, Wesleyan and patron of Mechanics Institute.
1891. HEW 17 Jan: J.Brierly & Son, treat.
1893. YFT 27 Oct: HEW 28 Oct: Sam Brierly, coming of age, Liverpool trip for 150.
1894. HEW 19 Mar: fire brigade picnic.
1895 HEW 2 Feb: fire brigade, annual supper in mill fire station, drink to health of firm.
1896 HEW 20 June: Fire brigade trip to Ripon, 23 in party.
1898. HEW 28 Jan: Jonathan Brierley, treat.
1899 HEW 22 Aug: Edmund Walker,60, Wood Top, obit, old employee and member of fire brigade.
1900. HEW 7 Jul:Executors of Joseph Brierley, Jonathon Brierley & Sons, mill to be let/sold.
14 Jul: machinery to be sold.
1901 YFT 25 Oct; Pogson & Co. new Taylor boiler installed, employees laid off 8 days, supported by union.
1902. HEW 26 Jul: Messrs Pogson & Co., minor fire.
HEW 4 Oct: serious fire,advert, tenders for rebuilding, executors of J.Brierley,
owners, occupied by J.Pogson & Co, woollen yarn spinners, town side of Colne, 5 storeys by 13 by 4 windows, seperated from river by road, on other side, Globe Spining Co. mill. Spark from carding engine or shaft causes blaze. Haigh’s and Thorpe’s fire engines arrive and steam fire engine ‘Phyliss’ from Huddersfield, drawn by three horses, £20,000 damage. Why should nearest powerful steam fire engine in Huddersfield ? Illustrations of mill from photos of W.E.Rimmer of 41 Bridge St, 1s. each.
1903. HEW 15 Aug: being rebuilt, sold to Messrs Pogson.
1906. YFT 1 Jun: Pogson & Co. breakdown.
1910. YTD: Pogson & Co. woollen and angola yarn spinners.
1911. W 22 Apr; CVG 14, 21 Apr: J.Pogson & Co. preparations for new engine, mechanics labourer, Henry Cartwright (22) scraping paint of crank shaft pedestal collapses into 13 foot deep flywheel race, fatal head injuries, perhaps slipped because of greasy worn clogs. J & E Wood, Bolton, employer.
46. BRIERLEY MILL/Lower Bankhouse Mill (Milnsbridge)
1840*: Lower Bankhouse or Brierley Mill occupied by Armitage 9 Apr 1930 HEW 19 Jul*:
1872 HC 27 Jul: E T Sykes & Co. fire.
1893. HEW 6 May; 3 Jun: For sale, five storeys and attic, two 2 storey logwood warehouses, cast iron water wheel, 15 foot di by 13 foot wide, beam engine 16 foot flywheel etc. Armitage Bros. put up for auction, but withdrawn.
HC 29 Jul: to be let, five storey mill and attic, at present occupied by Armitage Bros.
1895 HEW 1 Jun: To be sold.
1898. HEW 8 Oct: to be sold, 5 storey mill by 91 foot 6 inch by 43 feet 6 inches, octagonal chimney 50 yards high, water wheel 15 feet in diameter by 13 feet wide, beam engine 24 inch cylinder , 5 feet stroke, 16 foot flywheel.
1899 YFT 21 Jul: Armitages old mill, Brierly Mill, taken over by Crowthers.
47. BRIGG ROYD MILL/see Lower Mytholmbridge Mill
1785. Built on site of ancient fulling mill.
48. BRIGHOUSE MILL /Bridge/Brigg/Old Mill (Meltham)
1862. HC 30 Aug: to be let,’ fulling and scribbling mill called Meltham Old Mill’, three storeys, water wheel 42’x4’6”, 20 hp steam engine, 8 double fulling stocks, , scribbling , carding, piecing machines, billies and mules.. Also wool warehouse, three storeys, tenter stove, two storeys,. Never failing supply of water and near terminus of proposed branch line to Meltham.
1864 HC 16 Jul: George Morton & Co, ‘Old Mill, near the intended railway station.’ minor fire in teasing room.
1869 HE 17 Apr: Morton, Wood, Whiteley & Co. woollen manufacturers, mill near railway station, Thos Marsden, cloth miller, slept on premises, discovers fire, Spink Mire engine arrives at 3.00, Meltham Mills engine 20 mins later and is found to be out of order. Part of roof of 3 storey by 10 windows long old mill falls in, engines in same building, new building nearby. James Garside, shopkeeper, Holmfirth, owns mill and machinery.
1871. HC 23 Dec: Wood. Whiteley & Co, fire in stove ‘adjoining the old mill near the Railway Station’. Woollen ends drying. Workpeople extinguish it with water from mill cistern. Spink Mire and Meltham Mills engines attend but not needed..
1883 HEW 22 Sep: Brighouse Mill, Nathan Whitely & Son, lease expired, machinery and material to be sold.
HEW 13 Oct: Mill to let. Occupied by Nathan Whitely & Co for 20 years. WW 42×4.6in, 20 hp engine, 30 hp boiler. Two stories high, also condensers and mules, 3a land. ‘The mills are well worth the attention of manufacturers, the coal staithes are within a few yards of the boiler house, the water wheel is large, the water free, about 1,000 gallons water allowed per minute from the Huddersfield Corporation Waterworks. …’
1884. HEW 13 Sep: Meltham Spinning Co ‘Brighouse Mill’ near railway goods yard to be let.
1885. HEW 3 Jan: Meltham Spinning Co., mule and bobbin winder to be sold.
HEW 31 Jan: Meltham Spinning Co half yearly meeting, mill and greater part of machinery let to Bentley Bros., Huddersfield. Also contracted to build new shed.
1890. HEW 3 May: to be let as going concern with machinery.
1899. HEW 13 May: Meltham Spinning Co – tender for erection of boiler house and extension of engine house. William Carter, architect, Melthem
49. BRITANNIA MILL (Colne Road, Huddersfield)
1861. HC 4 May: J.Hopkinson & Co. engineers, room and power.
1862. HC;HE 29 Mar: new mill of Joseph Hopkinson, dinner and naming of engine ‘James Watt’, horizontal engine 57hp nominal, capable of 400hp, constructed by Messrs Wood of Sowerby Bridge. ‘The gigantic machine is in appearance of the most substantial – nay. formidable character.’ Boilers new design by Hopkinson – improvement on principle of Cornish boiler to run at high pressure. Hopkinson says four requisites in a mill – strength, light, room and ventilation ‘his principle object in building the mill was to endeavour to introduce into this neighbourhood what he considered the best form of steam engine and the most economical plan of raising and applying steam.’ One mill already full of machinery, the other in course of erection.
HC 5 Jul room and power.
1866. HE 23 Jun: three fire proof rooms, 50×15 yards, to be let.
1868, HE 18 Jan: Hopkinson room and power.
1869. HC 2 Jan: cotton warpers and winders wanted.
1870. HE 8 Jan: James Sykes & Co. treat.
HE 5 Mar: Geo. Haigh machinery to be sold.
HE 26 Mar: ditto.
HE 21 May: No 1 Mill, J Hopkinson’s , Joseph Scott, old farmer from Morley looking for son killed by hoist. Son, who in fact worked at Whiteley’s Lockwood, comes to identify body since he hears the deceased was from Morley and finds it is his father.
1871. HED 16 Mar: Hopkinson & Co. fire, in stove above boiler.
HEW 16 Sep: James Clegg’s, (moved to mill because of fire at Seed Hill Mill) Edmund Sykes, scribbling engineer, 58, from Netherton, killed by shaft while fixing strap. Hopkinson says did not know that Moorhouse and Broadhead had sub-let the room, or that alterations had been made to machinery.
1872. HEW,HC 6 Jul: J.Armitage weavers demand wages increase of 3d/string. Offers 1d saying they can earn more than other firms. Meeting at Royal Oak resolves to adhere to 3d demand also oppose practice of money being held back until piece finished. 13 Jul: letter from weaver denying wages held back. Armitage offers 1d string advance.
HEW 20 Jul: Lockwood, Baxter & Pontefract 27 weaversin dispute – strike settled.
(Firm later move to Leeds Rd – 1896. *HEW 22 Aug 1896 : Pontefract’s obit).
HEW 24 Aug: accident to female piecer.
1873 HEW 12 Jul: Marsden & Blamires ‘Patent Feeding Machines For Condensers And Carders’ can be viewed at H Marsden, Britannia Mills , or T & H Blamires, Phoenix Mills, Leeds Rd. Great improvement upon scotch feed.
1874 HEW 23 May: Joseph Hopkinson’s execs, room & power, fireproof mill, 5 storeys 50 by 15 yards,
1875. HEW 16 Jan: Thos Hirst, sued by Joshua Blackburne machine maker for £4.17.6d for bevels and pinions supplied in 1873 for mules set up in in 1871. Defence that Blackburne agreed to supply them free as Knowles, Houghton & Co did. Blackburne says this separate order. Verdict for defendant.
HEW 3 Jul: John Addy Hopkinson at House of Lords Committee on the sale of water from the canal. Mill erected 1860, since then scarcity of water. His mill largest hp of any on canal. 100hp nominal engine driving 500hp, rateable val almost £1,000. Water should not be taken out illegally. Often returned to canal hot.
HEW 31 Jul: John A Hopkinson, letter re water supply to mill.
1876 HEW 9 Sep: Thos Hirst cotton spinner, two rooms in mill, charged with theft of wool from Wm Lee & Co. who have three rooms in mill. Lee’s engineer R Henry Brook, Farnley, managed teasing and scribbling department, received wool, mungo and oil to scribble.
John and William Denham and Chas Livesey., Lockwood, also rooms in mill.
1877. HEW 21 Apr: Joel Denham & Co., sale of nearly new woollen machinery.
HEW 22 Sep: fire in stove. Owned by Cllr J A Hopkinson, who lets it to various tenants.
1878 HEW 12 Oct: Thos Hirst, yarn spinner, bankruptcy hearing. Filed for bankruptcy 1877.
1890. HWN 25 Jan: piecer, boy 14, killed in hoist fall.
HEW 1 Feb: room and power 50 by 15 yards.
1891. HEW 21 Feb: et seq. Smith & Co, cotton spinners strike.
HEW 20 Jun: to be sold. 5 storeys by 152 by 45 feet, Harrop & Co. occupiers, Smith & Co. occupiers of cotton Mill, 5 storeys by 176 by 46 feet
HEW 10 Oct: Smith & Co. machinery to be sold.
1892. HEW 8 Oct: ‘Britannia Works’ Colne Rd, late occupiers, Abraham Horsfall/ William Harrop and others, to be sold. Compound engine,by Wood Bros 1882 and Broadbent 1888.
1893. HEW 7 Jan: room and power, apply executors of John Hopkinson.
HC 29 Jul: room and power to let or ‘on sale by private treaty.’
1893. HED 4 Nov, to be sold, five storeys, part occupied by Messrs Wm.Harrop &.Co. lease expired on 1 Jan 1894. Steam Engine by Robinson of Rochdale. Reserve price £6,000.
1895. HEW 30 Mar,creditors meeting.
1910. YTD: Jos. Lumb & Sons.
YTD: J.F.Mellor & Co. Ltd, piece dyers, Britannia Dyeworks, Colne Road.
1912. W 4 Jul: Jos Lumb & Sons 50 boys on strike for one shilling aweek.
50. BRITANNIA MILL (Crosland Moor Bottom)
1859. HC 11 Jun: ‘Britannia Mill, Canal Side, Paddock… on the premises occupied by William Lord & Son, Firth’s Mill, (under a distraint for rent)…’, brushing machine, press etc to be sold.
HC 31 Dec: John Firth & Sons, Paddock, fire in stove. Two storey building gutted, ten yards to west of mill which at one time in great danger due to strong wind. Armitage’s engine arrives first. L&Y and Kaye’s too late to help.
1863. HC 25 Apr: 5 Dec: to be let. [RCHM]
1864. HC 2 Jan: to let, one entire mill, six storeys, fire proof, 80×20 yards, apply Messrs John Firth & Sons, Crosland Moor, or John Smith Armitage, Bradley Mills.
1865. HC 15 Jul: James Quarmby of firm Quarmby & Mitchell, yarn spinners, banked.
John. Crowther & Sons move from Lees Mill.
1870. John. Crowther & Sons move to Bank Bottom, Marsden [Jos.obit.17 Jun 1905].
HC 9 Jul: Charles Priestly, Mary Ellen Taylor, 13, working Saturday morning, hand caught in cogs of machine, looses three fingers.
1871. HC 7 Jan: John Firth & Son.
HC 12 Aug: Alfred Dyson, manufacturer, Milnsbridge, charged with assaulting James Gledhill, manufacturer, Britannia Mill. Defendant and Gledhill had agreed to take room at Mr Firth’s Mill and supply one teaser each. Defendant put in two machines argument ends in fight. Gledhill admits calling Dyson ‘an Irishman’, but not an ‘ignorant puppy’.. Fined 2s.6d and 13s.6d. costs.
Alfred Dyson enters agreement with owners, Firth & Son, room and power at rate of £5 per loom per annum, payable, quarterly. Room at £115 pa and warehouse 30s per bag. (See case below).
HEW 4 Nov: Ed Taylor & Sons, fire in teasing room, controlled by workers, Corporation Fire Brigade attends.
HC 24 Nov: Wanted. Hand-loom weavers, Alfred Dyson, Britannia Mills, Crosland Moor.
1872. HC 1 Jun: Edward Taylor & Sons, Emma Woodhead, piecer, 14, Paddock. Greasing machine dress caught in upright shaft. Hurled around several times and thighs broken. Clothes torn off her. Dies in infirmary. Inquest: Disobeyed instructions about not oiling roller ends until the arrival of spinner to draw out the mules. Shaft on 2ft 4in between mule heads. Legs dashed against steam pipe. Jury recommends shafts fenced off.
HEW 6 Jul: Taylor & Dyson, cotton manufacturers, fire.
HC 6 July: John Priestly, East Parade owner of mill. Fire in stoving shed discovered by watchman. Alarm buzzer sounds for ten minutes. Armitage Bros engine attends. £100 damage.
HEW 27 Jul: HF Priestly, son of John (also of Colne Road Mills, cotton spinner) rescues boy from canal lock. On way to mill with bag of money for wages.
HEW 5 Oct,12 Oct: machinery to be sold, including condenser sets with doffers by Marsden & Blamires, and Longbottom & Shaw.
HC 9 Nov: to be sold, machinery in ‘Old Mill’ room No.3 and ‘New Mill’, Room No. 5.
1873. HEW 19 Jul: Dyson v.Priestly, chancery case, to get Priestly to restore shafting to power Dyson’s mill. Ordered to do so until case decided.
HEW 16 Aug: Alfred Dyson Mill No.4, ejectment order by John Priestly owner, previous occupier, Jos.Firth.
1874. HEW 21 Feb: Edwin Gledhill, manufacturer, against landlord John Priestly, for money owed for milling and teaser fan taken away, 1872. Priestly says it was taken as scrap.
1875. HEW 2 Jan: room and power.
HEW 16 Jan: John Priestly cotton spinner bankrupt, £35,000 liabilities.
HEW 13 Mar: mills to be sold, including a William Arnold boiler.
HEW 27 Mar: sale. Large attendance from Lancashire. Bidding commences at £20,000 then by thousands and finally tens of pounds to £28,090. Bought by John Hoyle of Chorley.
HEW 26 Jun: For sale. portion of mills known as No.2 Mill, 4 st scribbling spinning, fulling, No.3 Mill, scribbling and spinning mill, 6 stx148x37 feet; No.4 mill, 3 storeys.
Occupied, Jn Prienstly, R Taylor & Sons, Messrs Gledhill et al.
1877. HEW 3 Mar: Britannia Mill Co to receive loans, 5% interest p.a., JohnWm.Wood secretary.
1879. HEW 7 Jun: Edwin Gledhill,also Markbottom Mill, retiring from business.
1889. HEW 8 Jan: No.3 mill cotton twister (24) falls from fourth floor landing – dies.
HEW 3 Aug: BritanniaMill Co. offence against factory act.
1894. HEW 17 Mar: Company report.
HEW 7 Apr: Huddersfield County Court Winding-up proceedings. John William Wood Crosland Moor late secretary. Creditors issued proceedings against company. Hope it would be reconstituted on reduced capital.
HEW 30 Mar: Creditors’ meeting.
1895. YFT 17 Mar: Britannia Mill Co smoke nuisance.
HEW 17 Aug: Britannia Mill Co winds up, new company launched with capital £10,000 in 2000 £5 shares, directors in Oldham and Manchester.
11 Oct. Schedule in deeds: spinning mules dating from 1860’s and 70’s.
4 Lancashire boilers (1881,1878,1877) Economisers.
Engine house with beam engine with spur driving wheels by Vemson and Thompsom.,Cross Mill: compounded beam engine.
Long Mill: vertical high pressure engine.
1896. HEW 5 Sep: Britannia Mill Co, fire, cog wheels of main shafting in third room ignites cotton in mules 6 storey by 27 by 5 windows, confined to one room but extensive water damage £2000. 250 employees affected.
1897 HEW 19 Feb: JC Wood & Co.Ltd, worsted spinners, registered Co.
1898. HEW 19 Feb: tea in Armoury, J.W.Wood managing director,
H.L.Hargreaves,Oldham, director – many ups and`downs over last two years.
1901. HEW 30 Nov: workers compensation case, George Gordge, piecer injured cleaning machine while on motion – claim of £75.
1907 HEW 16 Feb: Presentation to H L Hargreaves a director, on his 18th birthday. Officials and workpeople of Britannia Mill Co.
1909. YFT 25 Feb: HEW 25 Feb: fire, three mills on site, 200 employed. Machinery lost £1,000.
1910. YTD: Britannia Mill Co. Huddersfield Ltd , 59, 438 spindles twist, bundles, warps or beams.
51. BRITANNIA MILL (Milnsbridge)
1872 HEW 20 Jul: Floods, Shaw & Shaws, causes floor in shed to subside.
1885 HEW 13 Jun: Britannia Mill , Scarbottom, Golcar, partnership of Shaw & Shaw, dissolved 1882 – William Dale Shaw, William Shaw, Joseph Whiteley Shaw, Robert Mac Shaw cotton and Angola spinners and doublers and coal merchants.
1892. HEW 2 Jan: W.D, J.W. and`R.M. Shaw cotton spinners, water rights case lease of 12 Jan 1865 – lessor Saville and trustees Wessenden commissioners case.
1899. Shaw & Shaw,cotton spinner, Tom Rawlinson, piecer, (18) struck by belt from mule drum, 29 Jul inquest.
1910. YTD: Shaw & Shaw, cotton spinners and warpers, 43,000 spindles, twist and weft.
1915. YTD: Ditto. 52,000 spindles.
1926 HEW 7 Aug: Shaw & Shaw, cotton spinners, 5 storey mill,. Engine house gutted by fire and large double beam engine and rope race destroyed by fire.
52. BROADFIELD MILL (Lockwood)
1843 Foundation stone laid. [*see 1878].
1844 June, engine started *.
1847 Josiah Berry, uncle of Alfred Crowther, succeeds Godfrey*.
1848. Directory: Godfrey Berry (formerly of Folly Hall).
LM 8 Apr: Godfrey Berry “new mill” storm damage.
LM 23 Sep: accident.
1850. LM 11 Feb:Godfrey Berry summosed by assignees of John Eastwood for wool belonging to them
1852 HE 5 Jun: Berry & Crowther, outweavers from Thurstonland.
1853. HE 26 Mar: Berry & Crowther, fire.
HE 22 Oct: Berry & Crowther treat at Red Lion for 150. Alfred Crowther and Nathaniel Berry attend..
Berry & Crowther partnership dissolved*.
1860. HE 3 Mar: H.Crowther & Sons fire. begins in Norton’s patent wool drying machine in teazing room. Kept under control by water filled buckets kept ready and ‘small hydraulic machine’. Fire engines arrive. £40 damage. Treat for workers and neighbours who help fight fire.
1862. HC 1 Mar: James Dalton of Linthwaite convicted of having 50lbs of woollen waste worth 5d lb. Fined £30, or two months imprisonment because his second conviction. Police man found him in house of the Mellors at Thurstonland with waste in a large ‘poke’ and reported matter to Richard Henry Kaye the Inspector under the Woollen Act. The Mellors weavers for Crowther and John Henry Crowther testifies that the colour and quality was same as waste from mill which weavers had no authority to dispose of.
HC 3 May: H.Crowther & Son , convicted under Factory Act for employing 12 year old girl without surgeon’s certificate, not having her name on registry of worker and not making provisions for her schooling. Fined minimum penalty of £1 plus expenses.
1864 HC 11 Jun: William Crowther of firm Henry Crowther & Sons, fined 10s for assaulting workman Richard Armitage. Secreted himself in premises watching Armitage and when not satisfied working well tells him to put on his coat and go. Altercation and Crowther grabs him by throat up against machines. Defence says Armitage when told to leave had thrown his oil can into a tub of flocks.
1865 HC 4 Nov: Hariett Maxfield, 14, piecer, falls from top fifth storey of mill through hoist. Clothes catch the wind and cushion her fall. Only slight injuries.
John Vickerman, Wm Hirst and Joe Mellor, boys playing fall from thirds storey landing door. Mellor swinging on chain falls on top of other two who were seriously injured.
1870. HE 2 Jul: Messrs. H.Crowther & Son follow example of other firms and stop work at 1pm, Saurday. Meeting of operatives in press shop pass resolution of gratitude.
HE 8 Oct: John Henry Crowther, Lockwood, obit. at Keswick, funeral at Baptist Chapel, (which he had supported for 20 years), attended by adult workmen. Workers meeting agrees letter of condolence to Mrs Crowther.
1871 HEW 2 Sep: Wool fire in shed in yard. Kaye’s and corporation engines attend, but already told fire out. ‘only to be accounted for on the supposition that it would enable some one to send in a bill “for services rendered”’.
HEW 9 Sep: Letter from a fireman, on behalf of Huddersfield & District Fire Brigades. Told by PC fire out but motto is to go and find out if premises safe. Some occasions turned back by proprietor, only to be called later when fire broken out again. Bad enough dealing with public when they arrive at fires after they are put out, without being slandered by reporters.
Ibid. Crowthers concede wage advance of 20% requested by cloth dressers in memorial adopted at meeting at Gymnasium Hall on 26 Aug
1872. HEW 20 Jan: Crowther, treat for 140.
HC 22 , 29 Jun: Henry Crowther’s Broadfield Mill, New Street, Lockwood, fire in powerloom shed at New Street end of recently erected two storey shed built on the side of the main building nearest Lockwood Baths, extending to riverside. Fireproof, 15x 3 windows. Fire in second storey. Corporation Engine and Kaye’s Executor’s engines joined later by Messrs Brooke. £3,000 damage.
1877 HEW 26 May: Henry Crowther & Sons, Chas Rothery, 19, dyer, killed by strap of stirring machine. John Vickerman, cashier, witness for firm. Stirring machine invented by Coulter of Dewsbury, for stirring liquor in vats, which used to be done using a pole. 12 vats with one machine for all of them. Strap adjusted according to distance of vat. If strap caught on snick on drum he was not aware of it.
1878 HEW 6 Apr: Henry Crowther & Sons, Henry Ashworth Crowther, son of Alfred Crowther JP, coming of age, dinner seved for workpeople in wool room.
Alfred: foundation stone laid in 1843, engine started June 1844… (see above)
1881. HC 30 Apr: Alfred Crowther JP, obit, Dalton, head of Henry Crowther & Sons. Family originally from Paddock, connected with Millgate Mill. Firm est by Godfrey Berry, Albert’s father Henry joined by marriage with Berry’s daughter. berry obit 1850, Josiah Berry joined firm, but retired when Alfred came of age and so from 1853 firm current name. Brothers John Henry, Godfrey and William. Former Alderman, Baptist, Liberal.
1886. Henry Crowther joined by Jos Kaye.
1890. HEW 15 Feb: Kaye & Crowther owners, A. Crabtree & Co. worsted spinners. Robert Edward (14) severe injury while putting strap on drum which, as an oiler, he should not have been doing.
HEW 6 Sep: Henry Crowther & Sons, power loom tuner, Ben Booth (52), fatal accident.
1892 HEW 1 Oct: treat to workpeople, to Blackpool, celeb Lewis Crowther’s recent marriage. Four days ticket – 160, 270 day return, 3s spending money for men, 2s.6d women. Mill closed till weds for Honley Feast. Thursday evening meeting, Vernon Crowther thanked.
1895. HEW 24 Aug: H.Crowther & Sons, dispute. Men laid off women ‘act in combination’. Females win a substantial advance, men reduced 1s.2d. for two beam jobs.
600hp. tandem engine, 75 rpm, 18’ flywheel.
1896. Crowther obit.
1897. HEW 23 Jan: Kaye & Stewart, twisters and healders strike
YFT 29 Jan – 11 Feb: dispute.
1898. HEW 12 Feb: Henry Crowther & Sons.
1899 YFT 28 Apr: Cllr Allen Hirst, Netherton, sent home after hit on head by flying shuttle, struck sideways on not point otherwise more serious. Guards on looms.
1900. HEW 31 May: Kaye & Stewart,presentation to foreman tuner for 17 years service.
1901 YFT 22 Mar: dispute averted. 29 Mar: More on Cllr Allen Hirst, weaver
1905 HEW 23 Dec: Kaye & Stewart – J.H.Kaye, worsted manufacturer, witness to Chamberlain Tariff Commission.
1905. HEW 17 Feb: scourer racing in mill fatally breaks back.
1906. HEW 21 Sep: painter’s labourer fatal accident painting ventilator on roof.
1909 YFT 15 Apr: new looms installed.
1910. YTD: Kaye & Stewart, fancy worsteds, 300 looms.
YTD: W.Hall & Co. woollen spinner.
1911 HEW 27 May: Henry Crowther & Sons. Machinery sale [B/ETB].
1911. HEW 19 Aug: Kaye & Stewart. Ian Stewart coming of age presentation.
1912. HEW 9 Mar: short time due to coal shortage.
1913 HEW 14 Jun: Kaye & Stewart – 50 worsted spinners, twisters and drawers strike.
1914 HDC 27 Jul: ‘Lockwood Mill Co. to let with or without electric power, two large fireproof rooms in main mill with teasing room suitable for eight sets of carders and spinning machinery. At present in the occupation of Allen Priest & Sons Ltd. Possession Jan 1st 1915 – Apply Kaye and Stewart, Huddersfield’.
HEW 23 May: visit by 20 members of Dutch Society for Promoting Industry. Both heads of firm in London, Mr Littlewood and Mr Milnes shows party round.
HDC 15 sep: Kaye & Stewart post notice: ‘We hereby gurantee to men in our employ who are serving with the territorials, regular Army or navy, full pay for the first three months, less such Army or Navy pay as they may receive…’ after three months half pay to those with dependents. All men will be reinstated on discharge.
HE 3 Oct: weavers and dyers dispute over lower rates for army contracts settled.
1918 HEW 1 June: visit by King and queen. JH Kaye senior partner receives them. 12 workpeople in service for 30 years meet king and he shakes hands with Alfred Shaw , pres of Huddersfield Trades Council during progress through mill. On being told he is a JP asks him how he finds time for his duties. Shaw says employers kindly allow him time off.
1919. Kaye & Stewart fancy manufacturers.Three Cylinder compound engine and generator delivers 625 kilovolt amps. One of first firms in district to convert to electricity. Each group of 20 looms driven by motor.
53 BROOK MILL (Slaithwaite)
(see also Crimble Mill. note, Crimble actually in Golcar township)
1864. HC 27 Feb: ‘Crimble in Slaithwaite’. tenders for erection of woollen mill, boiler and engine houses, long chimney, John Kirk & Sons, Lion Arcade.
HE 17 Dec: accident to mason at extensive mill in course of erection by George Haigh, working on chimney now about nine feet high, shear legs for raising stones secured by guys which break raising half ton stone and legs fall on John France.
1865 HC 28 Oct: A jib erected on fifth floor to get machinery in. ben Senior, carding engineer, William liversedge, ditto, et al, hoisting carding cylinder. raised only a few feet from wagon when jib gives way, tremendous crash, both men struck by oak beam. Senior killed, Liversedge badly injured, died later. ten children between them.
1867 HC 20 Jul:Chas Wilkinson’s soap manufacturing sheds, ‘near the extensive mills of Mr Geo. Haigh…’ fire.
1868. HE 14 Jul: Haigh: accident to RR Armitage helping wind a stone up to archway. Handle slips trying to avoid stone falls and is injured.
1871 HC 20 May: HED 19 May: fire in stove. George Haigh woollen manufacture: fire engine from Victoria Mill: Golcar (Taylor & Walker). Followed by Armitage Bros, Brooke’s (Armitage Bridge) and Kaye’s Executors brigades..
HEW 28 Oct: John Hellawell, contractor. erected staircase, clearing away scaffolding and forgets hammer which falls on his head, but clings to ladder.
1872. HEW 27 Jan: Geo.Haigh female weaver dies of lockjaw following accident.
HEW 24 Feb:2: George Haigh weavers strike: sixty females: 38 males.
HC 24 Feb: Edwin Taylor, fettler, Hilltop, Lingards, toe crushed when scribbling machine setting up tips over.
HEW 21 Sep: Haigh buys fire engine following fire at Crimble Mill – ‘first class machine’.
1873. HEW 29 Mar: Sam Parkin, 14, hand caught in rag machine, has to be amputated.
HEW 21 Jun: George Haigh mill, standing a few hours each day to let water cool, since warmed by condensors of Hopkinson upstream. Haigh to sink new wells near works.
HEW 23 Nov:G.Haigh tries new fire engine.
1874 HEW 14 Feb: .Haigh buys field £180 in sale of Crimble Clough Mill .
1876. HEW 29 Apr: Geo. Haigh accident male piecer(14) hand injury.
HEW 3 Jun: George Haigh Taylors’ fitting engine: rope breaks and smashed cylinder.
1879. HEW 15 Feb: George Haigh obit, built Brook Mill 1864, also of Tape Mill.
HEW 26 Apr: Geo Brook Obit: also director of Slaithwaite Spinning Co.
1885 HEW 29 Aug: Brook Mill, Thomas H. Haigh, eldest son of late George Haigh, coming of age. Treat for employees.
1886. HEW 23 Jan: George Haigh stock To be sold.
1887. HEW 10 Dec: T. Haigh Brook Mill: machinery to be sold – 9 condensor sets and 5 pair mules. (xeroxed)
1889. HEW 30 Nov: George Haigh & Sons stock & machinery to be sold.
1890. HEW 4 Jan: G.Haigh & Sons, to be let.
HEW 8 Mar: to be sold. 5 storeys by 45 by 15 yards supported by iron columns in ten bays,outside staircase and hoist. 4 storey mill by 42 by 15 yards in 10 foot 6 inch bays.
YFT 28 Mar: Mill stopped 12 months ago. 2 large mills: 4 and 5 storeys withdrawn from auction by Eddison when bidding stops at £7000.
Machinery sale [B/ETB].
1894. YFT 24 Aug: Brook Mill: fatal accident of man falling into engine air pump.
HEW 27 Sep: Two top rooms leased to Milnsbridge firm, sign of improving trade.
1901. HEW 4 May: to be sold, George Haigh & Sons, Taylor boiler and Taylor & Hirst steam engine.
Mr. G. Haigh and Mr. J. Brierley at one time were the rising hope of Slaithwaite ; interested in everything that was for the good and advancement of the place. They began with nothing, and yet made good fortunes. The former made not less than £1 20,000 in twenty years, and unfortunately died at 43 years of age, leaving a large business at Brook Mills, which were built in the early part of his life, and at which he made most of his money. But after his death things went badly. The two boys who took it over were rather unfortunate. So much so, and with good sense, that, rather than lose all they had, the business was given up, and they deemed it best to sell the mills to Mr. William Crowther, their nearest neighbour, to whom everybody wishes continued success. JOHN SUGDEN SLAITHWAITE NOTES PAST AND PRESENT.. (JOHN HEYWOOD, MANCHESTER, 1905)
1902. HEW 8 Feb: Brook Mill, machinery to be sold and manual fire engine ‘Alabama’ by Joshua Hall, Oldham (see Albion Mill, Golcar 1891 for ‘Alabama).
George Haigh & Sons, disposed of mill premises. (xerox)
Purchased by Crowthers (Lockwood p19)
1907. W 6 Apr:W.&.E.Crowther,fire destroys 4 storey by 42 by 5 yard mill adjacent to Crimble road. £4-5,000 damage.
1910. YTD: W.&.E.Crowther, fancy woollen, Crimble and Brook Mills, 13,000 spindles, 160 looms.
54. BROOKFIELD MILL (Kirkburton)
1867. Built ? (see 1879).
1870. HE 30 Jul:Dan Brook rope and twine manufacturer,machinery to be sold.
HC 1 Oct, HE 8 Oct: to be sold, newly erected mill 4 st x 69 x 28 feet, occupied Dan Brook, stay manufacturer. New 16hp steam engine, which can be worked up to 33 hp. Dartmouth ground lease.
1871. HC 7 Jan: Dan Brook to be let/sold.
HC 11 Feb: Dan Brook treat at Rose & Crown.
1872 HC 28 Dec: James Carruthers & Co, , paper staining works, treat at Spring Grove Hotel
1874 HEW 17 Jan: James Carruthers, wallpaper stainers, treat.
1875. HEW 1 Jan: 1876, extensive additions.
1876. HEW 19 Jan: James Carruthers of Brookfield Mill at opening of Beehive Mill – both mills built by same contractors.
1878 HEW 30 Mar: treat for workpeople at Grapes Inn, James Carruthers manager in chair. toast, ‘Prosperity to Brookfield Mill’.
1879. HEW 29 Apr: fire in old part erected in c.1867, £6000 damage.
1880. HEW 4 Sep: To be sold. Kirkburton Paper Staining Works, formerly, Brookfield Mill,The Mill, 4 storeys, Old Mill, 2 st. Horizontal engine, 18?hp by Richard Armitage of Turnbridge., steam boiler by T Hill, Heywood,, Hopkinsons patent gauge.
25 Sep: single bid of £1000.
1890 HEW 19 Apr: William Singleton & Co., fire 3200 damage, spontaneous combustion.
1895 New heating boiler installed*
1896. HEW12 Dec: John Albert Singleton killed trying to thaw-out pipes killed by boiler heating apparatus.
1897. HEW 20 Feb: Singleton & Co. Board of Trade inquiry into boiler explosion. *Made by Hartley & Sugden, Atlas Boiler Works, Halifax, saddle-type boiler3 foot 6 inches by 2 foot 2 inches, thrown 30 feet by explosion
YFT 23 Apr: Dispute, two men sacked for ‘insubordination’, demand for shorter hours, strike and picketing for reinstatement. Firm refuses to recognise union. Firm from Golcar, some workers who had come from there resume work.
1903 HEW 9 May: Singleton & Co, of Brookfield Mill, also own Linfit mill.
1910. YTD: Singleton & Co. Ltd, 6,000 spindles, 100 looms.
55. BROOKHOUSE MILL (Shelley)
1846 LM 13 Jun: Wm Child, treat for workpeople.
1865 HC 4 Nov: Child’s mill, Fred Mellor, boy, tries to stop ‘”buzzer” or whistle’ of mill engine by beating it with his apron. Becomes entangled, he falls over and arm broken in two places.
HC 16 Dec: Messrs Child, fire in carding room. Boy greasing carding engine and some of ‘fly’ (waste) from machine ignited by oil lamp. Damage £30.
1870 HC 1 Oct: ‘Room and Power to let, at a low rate, with two condensers, one 80 spindle billy, 42 inch carder with scribblers, one pair of self acting mules, one pair of hand mules.’
1896. HEW 4 Jul: Arthur Stephenson (18) reaching for sizing bucket suspended over cistern, falls in 2 foot 6 inches. Fatally scalded. Pulled out and plunged in cold cistern but dies that night. Father, Joseph, a handloom weaver.
1898. 17 Dec: William Child & Co, rug manufacturer. Arthur Addy (40) killed by shaft while whitewashing – machinery not usually stopped, 15 years in mill. Son of Joseph Addy, farmer.
1901. HEW Jan 12; W.H.Armitage and P.R.Sewel receivers for Wm. Child & Co. Ltd Raw material, yarn plant and Dyehouse and finishing machinery to be sold;
HEW 19 Jan: Mill to be sold, dyehouse and two horizontal engines, east side of Brookhouse Lane.
HEW 6 Oct: Wlliam Child & Co, winding up affairs.
1902 HEW 4 Jan: sale of building material including dyehouse, boiler house and economiser place.
56. BROUGHAM ROAD MILL/ see New Mill (Marsden)
1896. HEW8 Aug: Bruce & Co. fire £100 damage.
1900. HEW 7 Dec: two Irish steeplejacks killed.
1901. HEW 15 Mar: widow claims three years wages at 37s/week for one of steeplejacks killed moving coping stones employed by John Tinker, chimney repairer, Manchester Road. Claim under workman’s compensation act.
HEW 8 Aug: New mill of Crowther & Bruce gutted by fire £10,000 damage.
57. BROW MILL (Meltham)
1861. HC 25 May: Samuel Lees and Sidney Burhouse, yarn manufacturers, partnership dissolved.
HC 9 Nov: Sidney Burhouse bankrupt.
1910 YTD: Samuel Beaumont, yarn spinner, 500 spindles.
1914. HDC 9 Nov: W 14 Nov: Walter Beaumont, woollen yarn spinner, 42, Virginina Rd , Marsh, fire. Motor fire engine ‘Atlanta’ under Insp. Wharf crashes through bridge wall at Bent Ley. JB&S’s engine sent for. Building gutted. Started in scribbler.
HEW 5 Dec: Advert – machinery fire salvage sale. Includeds 8 foot di water wheel.
1915. YTD: Walter Beaumont, commission spinners.
58. BROW BOTTOM MILL (Holmfirth)
1850. HC 12 Oct: Luke Beardsell and James Gardiner, separate occupiers, fire in stove destroys three piece wools.
1859. HC 24 Sep: Messrs Beardsell, of Holme, fire in stove. Six piece wools drying on racks destroyed.
1925 HExp 11 Apr; 26 Sep: Nature notes. Haven for owls, starlings etc, demolished to make way for Brownhill reservoir.
59. BROWN HILL MILL (Holmfirth
1844. LM 27 Jan: J Battye & Bros., mill entered by thieves and mixture doeskin end, unmilled, stolen. 10 gns reward.
1845. IBJ We have had Joshua and Wm Batty up to night to talk over taking part of their Mill, we had sent a note to ask if they would let a part or all of it. We wanted to take 3 Billies and Scribblers and power, and room and power for 4 or 5 pair of Mules. They could not accommodate us with the room we required and they did not name letting the Mill. They offered to let us the low Mill for a term and then they said we could make it to our own mind. I did not approve of that at all.
1848. Directory. Jms Battye & Bros.
1853 HC 28 May: Holmfirth Petty Sessions. Messrs C Beardsell & Sons, woollen cloth manufacturers, Brownhill Mills, against Firth & William Hobson, also of Brownhill Mills, for infringing a registered design. James Beardsell, surviving partner of firm, proprietor of new and original design for ornamenting by small checks, woollen fabrics. Messrs Beardsell won prize in Great Exhibition of 1851. Defence says not original, had been used years ago for muslins and linens. John Donkersely of Crosland Moor, designer, had worked for D Shaw & Sons, said that pattern was worked by them in 1846, not new. Magistrates agree, case dismissed. Court crowded – ‘a great portion being the principal manufacturers of the neighbourhood. The case has excited great interest in the valley.’
1855 HC 25 Aug: Brownhill Mill, Tom Battye fulling miller, small son Alfred falls in dam and drowns.
1856. HC 16 Aug: C Beardsell & Sons. Heavy rains breach dam walls.
1857 HC 10 Oct: C Beardsell & Sons, days holiday to visit Art Treasures Exhibition in Manchester. 300 journey from Dunford Bridge at employers’ expense.
1857. HC 28 Nov: Wm Kaye, 20, son of Jonathan Kaye of Holme, apprentice joiner, found dead in dam. Left work a month ago and not seen since. Body in ‘advanced state of decomposition.’ Of late in a desponding state of mind.
1858 HC 23 Jan: Batty’s Uppermill, suicide of Betty Heward 18 of Holme in dam. Second suicide here in short space of time. HC 17 Apr: Battye’s Upper Mill Dam ‘at Brownhill’, David Lawton 25 ‘a person of weak intellect’ threatens to kill himself. Later found in dam.
1867. HC 24 Aug: James Beardsell, trading under the name of Charles Beardsell & Sons, along with Alfred and William Henry Beardsell, bankrupt.
HC 5 Oct: Chas Beardsell & Sons. Stock of 105 pieces, plain and fancy woollen coating and trouserings to be sold.
HC 12 Oct: finishing, spinning, dyehouse machinery and plant to be sold.
*Occupied by John Tinker and brother until sold by Batley Corporation to RR and A Heap. Move to Bankend Mill (HExp 4 Sep 1897)
1868. HE 1 Feb: To be let. with machinery, two reservoirs ‘suitable for dyeing the most delicate colours,’ waterpower ‘for a considerable portion of the year.’ also steam power.
HC 22 Feb: Messrs Beardsell, fancy wool, cops and other material to be sold.
1869 HE 9 Oct: to be let room and power with finishing machinery. First mill on stream. ‘A considerable part of the Scribbling Machinery is now let and a good finisher would no doubt be able to secure from the tenants all their work…’
1870. HE 19 Feb: ‘Holme Bridge’ machinery to be sold by owners, not required by incoming tenant.
1871. HEW 19 Apr: to be sold. HEW 22 Jul: finishing machinery to be sold.
1872. HC 27 Jan: Jonas Hobson, supper for 80 New Inn, Hinchliffe Mill.
HEW 25 May: all machinery to be sold.
1881. Directory: Richard Ross Heap & Alexander Heap woollen manufacturers/ George Lawton, yarn spinner.
Bought from executors of Tinker estate by Batley Waterworks.
1901 HExp 28 Sep: ‘The mill is now dismantled and the old wooden fulling stocks and the iron water wheel having been removed quite recently’ (From Batley News)
60. BURDETT MILL (Milnsbridge)
1838. Datestone. Visit of Burdett to open mill of Jos. Armitage .
1860. HE 18 Aug: Jos. Armitage obit. JP since 1833, Deputy Lieutenant of W.R.for 50 years.
1910. YTD: Armitage Bros. YTD: Alfred Armitage & Co. fancy worsted.
1913 HEW 14 Jun: Armitage Bros. 100 workers demand 1s/week advance. 6d offered –strike.
1930 HEW 19 Jul*: Armitage Bros (Huddersfield) Ltd, of Burdett Mill, to close down, 300 thrown out of work. Winding up due to legal proceedings.
Jos Armitage father of 15 children. Spring Mill erected in 1822 [sic], first mill in Milnsbridge. Burdett Mill, 1838, Lower Bankhouse or Brierley Mill 9 Apr 1840. Now only Burdett Mill.
61. BUTTERWORTH’S MILL (Leeds Road)
1854. H 28 Jan: Nathaniel Holdsworth (cloth finisher) apply to for lease of Fieldgate mill.
1855. HC 17 Mar: 14 power looms, scribblers, billies etc to be sold.
1875. HEW 11 Sep: accident, stoker injured putting strap on condensor.
62. CANAL BRIDGE MILL (Leeds Road)
1871 HEW 16 Dec: Ramsden, Learoyd & Holroyd, occupiers, machinery to be sold, including 102 narrow power looms, by Smiths of Heywood. [see also Lane Mills].
1875 HEW 1 May: George Brier, fancy woollen manufacturer, fire. Premises just off Leeds Road near the canal. Main part of building forms two sides of a square. End facing roadway four storeys high, 12 windows long, finishing place. Other part three storey mule room. Also yard and shed with scribbling machines. Engine house behind. Between mill and that of James Learoyd a number of workpeople’s cottages. Fire at one in morning, people roused from beds, Learoyd’s workpeople run hose, engine tenter, James Parker, telegraphs for help from his house to police office. Horse hand hose cart brought. LL&GFI engine next arrives followed by Corp steam fire engine, which tries to use cnal water but mud blocks pipe. Wrigley’s (Kaye’s exec’s) engine and Bradley Mill engines also assit. Roof fell in after two am, shed in yard catches fire. Extinguished by 5 am.
1891 HEW 31 Oct: George Brier, Son & Co. bankrupt.
1892 HEW 6 Aug: George Brier and Latrobe Drake Brier £3209,liabilities
1893 HEW 5 Apr: George Brier Son & Co. machinery to be sold.
1895. HEW 26 Jan;12 Oct: Mill to be sold, frontage to Leeds Road, four storey mill also fulling and finishing mill, late occ. George Brier, Son & Co., condensers, mules, hydro-extractors. Ramsden lease from 25 March 1877.
1896. HEW 11 Jan: to be sold condensor sets
HEW 7 Mar: to be let, 4 storey mill G.Brier occupier,
63. CALVERLEY’S MILL (Milnsbridge)
see Colne Vale Mill.
1874. HEW 8 Aug,Titus Calverley & Sons accident, painter working for contractor James Bottomley falls from fourth storey when rope breaks on pulley, injured.
64. CARR MILL (Golcar)
1794. KC.165/285, “new erected scribbling and carding mill”, James Taylor,
clothier Golcar, occupier pays 50% of income to William Shaw fulling miller of Linthwaite mill.
1801. Taylor summoned by Shaw for not paying as agreed, £50 due 3 Jan, “moiety or half part of the earnings from or by said mill.” Valuation of carders.
65. CARR PIT MILL (Moldgreen)
HEW 23 Jan: John Bamford & Sons machinery to be sold.
66. CELLARS CLOUGH MILL (Marsden)
1841. LM 27 Feb: “extensive newly erected fire proof mill”, to be let or sold.
LM 2 May: James Crosland obit.
1850. OS Map. “cotton mill”
1851. HC 22 Feb: Sam Dowse treat 120.
1858 HC 25 Sep: Sam Dowse, cotton spinner, counting house broken into but nothing taken. Thieves remove the Milner safe to back of engine house and drill and crow bar it open but empty except for books. Takes place late Thursday night, before pay day, but money brought from bank only on Friday. Some suspects.
1866 HC 10 Feb: Dowse & Collins, treat for 300, males ‘good old English fare of roast beef, plum pudding &c, whilst the females sat down to an excellent knife and fork tea.’ in room at mills, followed by singing and dancing.
HC 21 Jul: Samuel Dowse bitten by Scottish tramp whom he accosts for knocking his wall toppings off on road between Marsden and Slaithwaite. Wm Mowbray his servant also assaulted by other tramp. James M’Wigan, 30 and his brother Michael, 24, from Glasgow, committed to prison for two and one months respectively.
1871 HC 1 Jul: ‘To be let by tender, The Excavators’ and Masons’, Carpenters’ and Joiners’, Plumbers’ and Glaziers’ , Painters’, Blue Slaters’ and Ironfounders’ Work, required in the erection of a Five Storey Fireproof Mill at Cellar’s Clough, Marsden. William Cocking, Architect &c, Albert Buildings, New Street, Huddersfield’.
HC 30 Sep: Frederick Cock, 11, Linthwaite, piecer at Dowse & Collins. Fingers caught in cogs. Amputation.
1872 HEW 13,20 Jul: Marsden flood, footbridge to mill and weiring swept away. Water yard deep in mill yard, office and new mill fronting river flooded. Also cottages at back of old mill.
1873. HEW 11 Jan: treat in room of “new mill”.
1877. HEW 24 Feb: Dowse & Collins testimonial time piece presented to William Varley, manger for 20 years sevice, formerly engine tenter, leaving to become manager of Slaithwaite Spinning Co.
1878 HEW 27 Jul: J Collins, chair of Marsden-in Huddersfield Local Board, letter.
1880 HEW 29 May: Jn Edward Walker, b. 1845, obit. book-keeper, at mill 13 years.
1885 HEW 18 Jul: Dowse & Collins, serious fire in fourth room. Hose attached to stationarly engine to pump water. Helped by workmen living nearby. Buzzer sounded, Jos Brierly’s engine comes to assist. Fire extends to attic. Robinson Bros and R.Taylor’s engines also join assisted by workers from H.Fisher & Co.’s and Marsden Mill co. Mill fire proofed and little damage to building but £2000 machinery and cloth lost. Over heating of jenny suspected.
HEW21 Apr: accident, girls hand caught in carder – amputation.
1887. HEW 3 Apr: Dowse & Collins, mule overlooker accused of stealing mule head gear. Engine tenter, Bower Sykes has key to mill.
HEW 22 Jun: only mill in Marsden to raise flag for Jubilee celebrations.
HEW 23 Jul: to be sold, mill and cotton spinning machinery, 25,596 mule spindles, 6286 twiner spindles, 7272 doubling frame spindles. 33 acre estate.
HEW 20 Aug:1 Oct: 10 Dec: more details. ‘two capital stone built mills (mostly fireproof)’ one 5 storeys 208 x 44’and 60’ wide, other 5 storeys x 120 x 45’6”, yarn cellar 123’x 61’ with warehouse over part 79×51’:well lighted shed 96×73 feet.: doubling mill 5 storeys x 70 x 30’, smiths, mechanics shops, gasworks: two high pressure Galloway boiler, Greens 72 pipe fuel economiser. ‘pair of compound beam (40” cyl,6’ stroke) and horizontal (20” di.cyl) steam engines, vertical steam engine, 24” cyl,3’ stroke: waterwheel, overshot, 30’di x 13’ wide. Also family residence, quarry at Netherwood in Marsen and sheep and beast gate. (xeroxed HEW 10 Dec)
HEW 24 Dec: report on sale of 6 Sep. Withdrawn, no bids. On 20 Dec bought by Henry Fisher, Marsden for £6,090. Sold by order of sub-mortgagee. Some sheep and beast gates and quarry withdrawn. A few years ago most valuable manufacturing premises in Marsden.
1888 Sam Firth manager (Lockwood p 27)
1890. HEW 1 Feb: workpeople’s second annual tea party and ball.
1893. HEW 14 Jan: Firth, Fisher & Co – summons cloth finisher for leaving work.
HEW 10 Jun: Gala and cricket match, married versus unmarried employees
1894. HEW 7 Jul: Fisher & Co. trip to Scarborough.
1896. HEW 4 Jul: along with Marsden Mill, Henry Fisher & Co rail trip toWindermere.
1899. YFT 6 Jan: Fisher, Firth & Co allow extra haf hour for dinner to allow J H Firth of Huddersfield Temperance League to address workers.
HEW 20 Mar: serious shaft accident.
YFT 16 Apr: looms from Marsden Mill Co. mill.
1904. HEW 23 Jan: treat.
1910. YTD: Firth Fisher & Co. fancy worsted coatings/woollens,7,000spindles,100 looms.
1913 HEW 24 May: Arthur Sykes, (40) woollen feeder found dead in pentrough. No evidence of why he fell in – in separate outbuilding. His machine was left running.
1919. Firth Fisher, & Co. woollen and worsted manufactures.
1922 HEW 3 Jun: Thomas Varley obit (64). Aged 8 started work at Cellars Clough Mill on 1/6d a week until 13 when he earned 6/6d as twiner piecer. Became a managing director of Slaithwaite Spinning Co.
1938 HEW 6 Aug: Firth. Fisher & Co – bronze tablet presented to Frank Firth to commemorate 50 years of firm. (HEW 27 Aug: photo of mill and reservoirs).
1951 HEW 3 Feb: Colne Valley’s largest waterwheel, 30 tons, 30 feet diameter, 28 feet fall, removed to be replaced by turbine running a gernerator.
1958 HEW 1 Feb: Frank Firth, obit, Cellars Clough House, MD, Fisher, Firth & Co, , 64, took over when father sam Firth obit 1929. 1938 pres Hudds Choral Soc.
67. CHAPEL HILL MILL (Huddersfield)
1816, Factory Comms, Stables.
1831. ibid, Fisher silk. LM 20 Aug: Fisher, boiler house fire.
1834. Factory commissioners’ Report: Fisher employs 120, 20hp steam engine.
Stables employs 24.
1836. HG 9 Jan: WW & H Stables, Buxton Rd Mills, to be sold., also occ Mills & Clowes, 20 hp engine, water from well on premises, water may be had from canal on trifling rent, or from Longwood spring water by agreement with Co. except for steam engine, Ramsden ground lease.
1837. LM 18 Nov: Ditto. Part of premises silk throwing.
1839. NS 10 Jun: HG 15 Jun: Fisher, Margaret Kay, 13, Paddock, mule piecer, killed when clothes catch on shaft, cleaning rollers while in motion. Inquest jury divided on deodand on machinery – £7.10s decided.
1854. HC 16 Dec: Abraham Hanson, yarn spinner, bankrupt, sale of machinery, stock etc.
1858. HC 8 May: Jos Hopkinson ill-health, machinery To be sold., machine by John Haigh.
1860. HC 4 Aug:, John Aspinall, engine tenter, leaves his watch in a hole in engine house – stolen by George Armitage. Three months gaol.
HC 11 Aug: Walkout by men when one dismissed for not been on time. Charged with leaving work. Alleged intimidation of man arising from dispute for not joining them, Both cases dismissed.
1864 HC 16 Jul: Thomas Colbeck, occupier of property of late Henry Charlesworth, fire in cotton in stove over boiler. Men throw water from roof of adjoining machine makers shop. Commisioners and L&Y engines attend.
1865 HC 16 Dec: Thos Colbeck, spinner and scribbler, black cotton ignites in stove.
1866 HC 19 May: Rockley Berry and Turner Berry, assignees, sale of power looms etc at mill. Also ten pair of hand looms at Primrose Hill ‘with fancy woollen going parts’ etc. Sale of furniture, spirits, ale porter etc at Primrose Inn and sale of furniture and farming stock at Newsome Cross.
HC 16 Jun: Thomas Colbeck, yarn manufacturer, breach of Factory Act by employing Ann Lloyd in evening after 6 pm. Defence that there had been a breakdown and workers were making up lost time. Bench says should not have made up time unless worked by water and even then should have sent notice of his intention.
1870. HE 12 Feb: Kenworthy, Royston & Crossley room and power.
HE 29 Oct: Messrs Whiteley’ cotton spinners, overlooker, Radcliffe Royds, charged with manslaughter of Barton Buckley, spinner, also employed at Whiteley’s, after incident outside Greyhound Inn. Testimonial in support from 200 workmen, plus many letters.
1871 HC 29 Apr: Whiteley’s cotton mill, Stables street. William Hadwin, ‘youth’ fingers caught between brake and cap-rod of machine.
1876. HEW 6 Feb: Kenworthy, Royston & Crossley room and power.
1877 HEW 8 Dec: Chapel Hill mills, situate East Parade and Chapel St, 2 storeys to be sold, occ. Thos Bates & Sons. Also newly erected warehouse and offices Upperhead Row/Dundas St, occ Thos Bates et. al.
1878 HEW 23 Mar: Chapel St Mills, East Parade, J&SB Thornton, commission weavers, creditors meeting.
1883 HEW 6 Jan: Chapel Hill Mills, East Parade, fire, very extensive premise belonging to W H Charlesworth of Grimscar and Charlesworth & Smith, card makers who occupy part of premises. In top floor of older portion of mills 3stx30x9 yards, occ On 2nd storey, a Walker & Co. commission spinners. Top storey, Hardy & Co. woollen manufacturers. In top storey, buzzer sounded, hose from George Brook’s mill Firth St. Borough police arrive. Roof falls in and lower floors much water damaged.
HEW 13 Jan: fresh outbreak of fire on Saturday in portion adjoing occupied by F Balmforth, cotton doubler, PC Byram on duty watching scene of previous days fire raises alarm. Caused by cotton and silk thread stored for long time in roof.
68. CHOPPARDS MILL (Cartworth)
1815. [DTJ.204] insurance £1:100 Jos Marsden
1838. LM 22 Sep: Building additional storey, floor collapses through weight of stone put their by masons.
1845. LT 7 Jun: Tom Moorhouse & Co. offence against Factory Act.
1847. LM 1 May: Mrs Moorhouse fulling and scribbling mill to be let.
1848. Directory Tom Moorhouse & Co..
1851. HC 15 Feb: Haigh treat.’These reunions are both useful and delightful as they tend to create a kindly feeling between the employer and his workpeople.’
1855. HC 17 Feb: Messrs Haigh, charge Jos Beaumont with neglect and damage to cloth during milling if £16. Ordered to pay £13.
HC 22 Dec: To be let, fulling, scribbling and spinning mill, dams, weirs , goits etc. Now occupied by Benjamin Haigh. Water wheet 40 feet diameter, 4 feet wide. Steam Engine 16 hp.
1857. HC 31 Jan: Benjamin Haigh ‘who is leaving the neighbourhood’. To be sold: five broad handlooms, warping woofs creels, skeps, shuttles, raddles, healds. dyewares etc. Also household furniture and farming stock.
HC 23 May: Notice that steam engine , boilers, going gear, fulling and scribbling machinery, mill and premises now in occupation of Eli Wimpenny of Hinchliffe Mill are property of lessors of mill, rented by said Eli Wimpenny.
HC 30 May: Fire, Mr Wimpenny of Burnlee, in bag of cotton dragged out by workpeople.
1861. HC 30 Nov: Eli Wimpenny: to be let:16hp steam engine: 42 feet diameter by 6 feet water wheel.
1862. HC 27 Dec: to be let. ‘The buildings are in complete repair…’
1863. HC 4 Jul: Legal notice – steam engine, boilers, water wheel, shafting, going gear, fulling and scribbling machinery, one pair of mules etc property of lessors of mill now rented by Charles Cromack.
1865 HC 25 Mar: B Bray & Son, assignees, sale of mules etc and materials.
1866 HC 23 Jul: Choppards Mill for sale by private contract, 4st x 18 x 11 ½ yds, engine boiler, detached willey house, dye house and stove, ‘recently erected’ water wheel, 42x6ft, 16 hp steam engine. 5 scribblers, 4 carders, billies , 4 pair mules, first mill on the stream, mines short distance away, Charles Cromack tenant.
HC 1 Dec: To be let. Mr Cromack present tenant will show the premises.
1869 HC 5 Jun: carding machine, piecing machines and billies to be sold under distraint for rent.
1872. HEW 10 Feb: machinery to be sold: scribbling machinery and spinning mules (1412 spindles).
1896. HEW 18 Apr: to be sold with water wheel with 41 foot 5 inch fall and steam engine.
69. CLIFF MILL (Shepley)
1876. HEW 8: 15 Jul: John Goldthorpe occupier: to be sold.
1877 HEW 30 Jun: John Goldthorpe occupier, declining business, woollen machinery to be sold.
1878 HEW 3 Aug: to be sold, also dwelling house and six cottages, now occupied by Riseley & Co. Machinery to be sold.
70. CLIFFE’S MILL (Leeds Road)
1845. LT 9 Aug: Roberts accident to girl (16) with unboxed shaft.
1849. LM 26 May: Jos Cliffe ironfounder: 35hp steam engine: assignees and mortgagees: rental c. £1.000. Near gasworks.
71. CLIFF END MILL (Longwood)
1859. HC 23 Apr: To builders: joiners: carpenters: plumbers: plasterers: ironfounders: painters and slaters who are willing to tender for the erection of Cliff End Mills at Longwood (for Messrs Brook & Crossland)…’:plans may be seen at the offices of Architect William Cocking: Albert Buildings. ‘sealed tenders to be forwarded to the offices of the architect on or before twelve o’clock pm on the 30th Inst. security will be required for the performance of each contract. The lowest tender will not necessarily be accepted. No allowances for estimates.’
1861. HC 12 Oct: Brook & Crossland, 12 year old boy injured by hoist.
HE 28 Dec: Brook & Crossland owner, Iredale & Lockwood occupier, bank’d, machinery to be sold.
1862. HC 7 Jun: Brook & Crosland fire in skep of waste..
HC 1 Nov: Brook & Crosland waste and mungo manufacturers: bankrupt. £37,000 liabilities. (8 Nov details). ‘ “Mungo” is the term for woollen remnants and old rags, and the trade in it is one of very recent growth; but had it not been for its large and rapid development, the price of the primitive wool would have advanced before this to a very inconvenient point.’
HC 29 Nov: newly erected fireproof cotton and woollen mill: 6 storeys x 45×14 yards: contigious to railway station: completed 1861: outside stone staircase with Wren & Hopkinson modern hoist: closet and urinal on each landing: steam engine 20hp with 20 foot spur wheel made by Richard Armitage & Co: plus 5000 gallon iron water tank: boiler house and chimney 45 yards x 4’6″draft with square base and octagonal shaft.
Also ‘Foreign and English Mungo, Irish Moss, Pelts, Teazles etc…’ at warehouse Sergeantson St.
1863 HC 3 Jan: Brook & Crosland, bankrupts, cotton machinery ‘new about one year ago’, most made by Asa Lees, to be sold. Also office furniture and farming stock.
HC 17 Jan: Bankruptcy case, Wm Fred Crosland and Jabez Brook partnership 1858. £3,000 borrowed from John Woodhead Crosland.
1864. HE 2 Apr: Jos. Walker giving up scribbling mill, machniery to be sold.
HC 16 Jul:Greenwood & Hanson extension, 50x25yards at cost of £1500, treat for 170, Wm Ed Hirst, Huddersfield, senior partner in chair, Greenwood and Ben Hanson.
HC 17 Sep: James Beaumont, 15, Paddock, entangled in strap, dies in infirmary. William Crosland witness, working at lewis cutter. Saw deceased on top of combing machine playing with strap, had no business there. Warned before about it.
1865 HC 13 May: Greenwood, Hanson & Co, fancy goods at Dublin Exhibition. Irish Times refers to ‘large amount of artistic taste’ in English woollen trade.
HC 18 Nov: ‘Wanted, about twelve box loom weavers. New looms, constant work and liberal wages.’
1866 HC 28 Jul: Cameron Sissons, willower and general labourer, leaving work without notice case. Rules about notice hung in every room in mill. Allowed to return to work out notice. Magistrates say so many cases recently they would have to send someone to prison.
1867. HC 27 Apr: Greenwood & Hanson new shed opened: capacty for 90 broad looms: Treat in decorated shed – among mottoes ‘Our interests are identical’.
1868 HE 9 May: night watchman, Henry Lace, injured by bag of material dropped from upper door of stove.
1869 HE 17 Apr: Ben Hanson, moved from Paddock to a larger house which he has erected near works. Workpeople present him with beautiful timepiece. Tea for 400. Mr Woodhouse, manager reads address, John Clegg engineer presents timepiece bought from Mr Ludwig of Kirkgate. Hanson, ‘was firmly convinced that in order to attain commercial and manufacturing success, employers and employed should cooperate and regard each others interests as identical.’
Address found in cupboard in mill in 1950, marking occasion of Ben Hanson’s move from Grove House, Paddock to Fernlee, Longwood. Workpeople’s ‘appreciation of your conduct and character as an employer; also express their high satisfaction with the admirable manner in which the Manufactory is conducted at the above mills’. Signed by John Woodhouse, John Clegg, Bernard Hogley, Jos Spivey, Edwin Shaw, Fretchfield Frobisher, Wm Holdsworth, Tedbar Moxon, Wm Beaumont. (HEW 25 Nov 1950)
1870 HC 20 Aug: Greenwood Hanson & Co, 700 workpeople and friends trip to Scarborough. Tea and coffe at Temperance Hall. Messrs Greenwood and Hanson accompany them.
1871. CENSUS: Fern Lea, Longwood, Benjamin Hanson, 52, born Huddersfield, woollen manufacturer employing 372 individuals, males 152, females 220. Also son Benjamin B[yram], manufacturer, 22.
HEW 16 Sep: Greenwood Hanson & Co. New weaving shed opened. Designed by John Laycock of Dewsbury in Gothic style, with Chamford roof. 165 feet long, over 45 feet wide. Treat for 400. G H Greenwood presides. says has known Mr Hanson for eight years and could not recollect any dissatisfaction at Mill. Hopes that next 8 years as satisfactory.. B Hanson praises workpeople. Sam Sykes, pearker, replies on behalf of the workpeople , ‘a duty and pleasure to co-operate with the firm’. Motto ‘excelsior’ on wall. B Hanson refers to ‘Golcar Lilies’. Workpeople later promenade grounds of Fern Lee, residence of Mr Hanson. Ball until midnight in shed.
1871. HEW 25 Nov: Strike. Female weavers av 14s/week, from 8s-19s.
HC; HEW 2 Dec: Powerloom weavers, grievance for some weeks despite 10% advance, demand an additional 2d per string. Majority turn out. 40 still at work. Tuesday strikers assemble near Armitage Arms and march to mill, where they hoot and ‘Bah’ the workers as they leave. Joined at night by workers from other firms, police have to clear a passage. Executive committee seeks interview with Mr Hanson but ‘he positively refused’.
Public notice from firm and open letter from Committee.
[Firm donates £3 to Longwood MI but can not attend ceremony opening bazaar to raise funds towards liquidating debt incurred on building 13 years ago].
HC , HEW 9 Dec: ‘Wanted, females and youths, from 14 years upwards, to Learn to Weave, power looms (light work). Sharp hands can be guaranteed work within a week; already nine have taken looms in this way, within the last few days. Apply to Greenwood, Hanson & co…’
HEW 16 Dec: ‘The strike is virtually over. Wanted 50 more female weavers, to make a complement for all our looms. Hands are coming in daily. Good wages guaranteed….’
larger demonstration at gates. Scabs hit by stones.
HC 23 Dec: demonstration of around 4,000 people against firm.
1872. HEW 6 Jan: strike ends: 10 Feb: weavers donate £14s.4s.2d.to infirmary.
1875. HEW 26 Jun:Hirst: Hanson & Co. summons for non payment of wages by Eliza Cottingham, feeder. £1.6s two weeks wages in lieu of notice. Sacked for refusing to do another girls work as well as her own. Replaced her sister who had agreed three feeders do work of four. Case dismissed.
HEW 29 May: Ben Byram. Hanson, in burling shed, presentation of address signed by committee of workpeople on occasion of his marriage to Lavinia Butterworth of Chipping Norton.
1878 HEW 30 Mar, 6 Apr: Hirst: Hanson & Co action v. Longwood Gas Co for damage done to premises by stones during blasting for site of new gas holder. One 2lb stone flies over six storey mill and lands near worker. 300 employeees use occupation road narrowed from 20 to 8 feet by excavations 30 feet deep.
1883 HEW 11 Aug: Sarah Woodhead, 20, minder, slightly injures finger in machine. Wraps it up and complains she feels sick. Goes to winding door for fresh air but falls out. Fatal injuries.
1884. HEW 9 Nov: joiner’s labourer killed in scaffolding fall in engine house.
1885. HEW 7 Feb: weavers in section of tuner Wm. Knight present dinner service to him at treat at Mechanics Hall on occasion of marriage.
HEW 14 Feb:Hirst: Hanson & Co. treat in mill: T.Scott: tuner: ‘while many firms in that valley had been slack they had been going on nice and gently’.
1887. HEW 5 Mar: Hirst: Hanson & Sons youth (15) killed in shaft accident
1890. HEW 9 Aug: Hirst, Hanson & Co. to be sold with woollen and worsted machinery if required.
1891. HEW 4 Jul: to be sold six storey by 45 by 14 yards. Pair of compound condensing beam engines
1892. HEW 19 Mar: Hirst, Hanson & Co. case against Albert Priestly of Bradford for non-removal of machinery bought in auction at mill on 14 October last. Should have been removed by 26 November.
HEW 13 Aug: Hirst, Hanson & Co.’s weaving shed used for meeting of Milnsbridge Labour Union addressed by Tom Mann.
1894. HEW 10 Feb: Ben Hanson obituary of Fern Lea, Longwood, partner of Edward Hirst of Lascelles Hall. Also mill at Kirkburton.
YFT 9 Feb: 69 year old woman weaver killed by mill gate blown by wind.
HEW 4 Aug: Earnest Hirst of Lascelles Hall owner, several occupiers, fire in room of Harry Beaumont, £500 damage.
1895 HEW 16 Nov: Dyson Best Hepponstall, dyer action for illegal distraint against Earnest W Hirst, owner, his agent Fred Calverley, woollen manufacturer at mill and Alfred Wadsworth, auctioneer. Rent £80/year paid quarterly – arrears, hydro-extractor etc sold.
1897. HEW 25 Sep: Fred Dyson’s engine tenter James Cook of Leymoor claims 22s weeks wage owed.
1899. HEW 17 Jun: Tom Hall & Co, giving up business, machinery to be sold.
1901 HEW 27 Apr: Hirst & Mallinson, fire in stove at entrance to mill yard from lower road and next to dyehouse. Near Longwood Gas Co. gasholder . Phyllis puts it out.
1905. HEW 18 Feb: John Edward Schofield (35) death.
HEW 15 Jul: Hirst & Mallinson (also of Bottom Hall Mills), Wm Hirst, eldest son of Stead Hirst, coming of age. Trip to Blackpool.
HEW 11 Nov: fire in drying machine.
1909. YFT 2 Jn: Cliff End Mill: ‘Toad Hole’: in 1871.
1910. YTD: Hirst & Mallinson, fancy woollen, 197 looms. Also at Milnsbridge.
1919. Hirst & Mallinson Ltd.
72. CLOSE MILL /later Clough House Mill (Birkby)
Former wood and corn mill
1802. Parish Registers.
1813. LM 17 Nov: Richard Brown shearmaker: occupier : to be sold.Hellawell & Co. woollen manufacturers: new buidings.
1819. LM 3 Apr.
1822. Directory: William Wilcock: shearmaker: grinder. ?
1850. LM 29 Jun: scribblng mill.
1851. HC 27 Feb: 28 Jun: scribbling mill 57′ by 35′ by three storeys: 14 hp steam engine.
1853. HE 16 Jul: site of scribbling mill recently destroyed by fire: 14hp steam engine also newly erected weaving and spinning shed adjoining, completely lighted from the roof. Marsden late occ. Ramsden lease,
1850s George Scholes occupier (HEW 22 Apr 1899).
1860. Scholes nephew Joseph Storks leaves firm
1868. Scholes buys Clough House estate. Mill occupier Dickinson and Platt moves to Newtown Mill
73. CLOUGHBOTTOM (Longwood)
1819. KC 165:379: draft mortgage.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report Jos Sykes 20 workers.
1844 LT 18 May: Jn Brook’s mill, Longwood Clough, occupied by Mrs Hirst, cloth dresser. Burnt down to waterwheel, £4,000 loss.
1855. HC 3 Feb: Hirst, Quarmby & Co. [sic], scribbling millers, partnership with Thomas Bailey dissolved 7 Oct 1854. Thos Hirst, Jos Quarmby, James Hirst, Thos Bailey.
1858. HC 2 Oct: to let, water and steam powered occ. Quarmby, Hirst & Co., dwelling house, cottage, gardens and land, apply John Brook, Cliff End.
HC 13 Nov: Ditto scribbling mill “Firm Mill”.
1859. HC 15 Jan: Ditto; Quarmby, Hirst & Co late occupiers: two valuable woollen mills to be let, worked together.
1860. HE 22 Sep: Cloughbottom or Firm Mills room and power.
1863. HC 17 Jan: Jos Holroyde’s premises to be sold fieri facias, mechanics and smiths’ tools and stock in trade, lathes, drilling machine etc…
1864. HC 13 Aug: Crosland Hirst, cloth finisher. Repairs, brass taps stolen.
1866. HC 7 Jul: Crosland Hirst & Co, Samuel Taylor, cloth dresser, prosecuted for embezzling cloth.
HC 29 Sep: John Broadbent, Albert Smith, 17 teazer, caught in machine, dreadfully lacerated, little hope. HC 20 Oct: inquest.
HC 15 Dec:J.Broadbent & Sons fire ‘Clough-bottom Mill’. Wool in stove, discovered by ‘private watchman on the premises.’ Sam Taylor. Extinguished by inhabitants before Victoria Mill engine arrives. c £60 damage.
1868 HC 4 Jan: ‘”Firm” Mills’, mechanic, James Shaw of Brierley Wood, employee of Broadbent ‘of Huddersfield’, foot crushed when fly wheel dropped by men erecting a donkey engine while repairs on mill engine taking place.
1869. HC 16 Oct: Broadbent’s, Harriet Beumont, Longwood, Caroline Shaw, Leymoor, returning from bible class at ‘chapel near the mills’, playing around and fall through basement storey window of mill, some 8 feet. Sever cuts and bruises. Wheel race under window only recently boarded over, otherwise would have been worse.
1870 HC 24 Dec: Messrs Broadbent’s mill Clough Bottom, James Edwin Banks, piecer ‘wrestling with another boy in a lark.’ falls and breaks ankle.
1872. HC 23 Mar: Gledhill & Quarmby, supper at Rose & Crown.
1874 HEW 27 Jun: Dyson & Robinson, owners, sued by Sykes & Illingworth, cotton waste pullers, for illegal distress. Paid rent of £25/year on each cotton waste opening machine. Raised without notice.
1879. HEW 26 Apr. Spencer Beaumont sues executors of Robert Robinson for allowing engine to race, damaging his cotton waste pulling machinery. James Kilburn, maker of engine denied engine or governors faulty.
See Parkwood Mills.
74. CLOUGHBOTTOM MILL (Linthwaite)
see Blackrock Mill.
75. CLOUGH HOUSE MLL (Birkby)
see also Close Mill
1834 HG 4 Jan: John Hannah & Co. visited by Tory candidate, Sadler.
1837 HG 18 Feb: John Hannah & Co, fire in boiler house. watchman raises alarm, L&Y engine arrives, roof falls in, spread to main mill stopped, but large amount of wool destroyed c£300.
1857. HC 14 Feb: Abraham Thornton, 15, drowned when he falls through ice on dam while sliding during dinner hour, despite attempts to rescue him.
1860 HC 16 Jun: room and power to let from 1 Jan 1861.
HE,HC 15 Dec: part of mill occupied by George Scholes, fire in drying stove, damage to building and wool and cotton mixture.
1865 HC 18 Feb: late Abraham Hirst, cloth finishing machinery to be sold.
1870. HC 16 Apr: Messrs Scholes, yarn spinners, Mary Clifford, piecer, 20, suicide in mill dam. Splashes eard by Betty Thornton, wife of ‘fire tenter’ living in mill yard.
1872. HC 2 Mar: Tenders for mill, warehouse, dyehouse and teasing place atClough House.
New mill built on site of Close Mill (HEW 22 Apr 1899, account of Clough House estate).
1875. HEW 21 Aug: George Scholes & Sons trip to Blackpool.
1889. HEW 25 May: George Scholes & Sons to give up busines, machinery to be sold.
(John Scholes, obit, former cotton spinner of Clough House and Mill HEW 18 May 1901)
1890. HEW 1 Feb: Armitage & Clelland, fancy worsted manufacturer, treat.
1894. HEW 24 Feb: Armitage and Clelland bankrupt.
HEW 12 Mar: machinery to be sold. 17 Mar: Affairs to be wound up., employed nearly 500. ‘This particular neighbourhood has suffered seriously through the closing of manufacturing establishments within recent years…’ [Ashbrow Mill also closed] 19/26 May: Machinery to be sold.
. YFT 30 Mar: Middlemost to move from Commercial Mill: Milnsbridge to Clough House: (formerly occupied by Armitage & Clelland).
1897 HEW 30 Oct: Livingstone Middlemost, Edgerton, obit. After golf at Fixby visited mill, returned home and died suddenly. Went to Australia for health last winter. Two sons and two daughters. Brother HR Middlemost.
1905. HEW 25 Mar: Middlemost Bros. claim against Corporation for flooding premises. 17 Jun. Settlement of £2,500 agreed.
1906. HEW 25 Aug: Middlemost. Fire in teasing machine.
1907 HEW 13 Apr; Emily Whitehead (28) falls down hoist.
1910. YTD: Middlemost Bros & Co. Ltd, fancy woollen, 8000 spindles, 140 looms.
1911. W 11 Mar: Middlemost weavers’ strike over ‘scramble’ for weft. Other mills deliver it to weavers, or serve over counter,.
1913. YFT 31 Jul: fire
YFT 31 Jul: HEW 2 Aug: 20 warpers’ strike ends with rise..
1914 HDC 29 Dec: Middlemost fatal hoist accident, Avis Horsfield, 22.
76. CLOUGH HOUSE MILL (Slaithwaite)
1790 Dartmouth Terrier.1828. 28×10 yards by 3 storeys.
1815. Ibid: further part built.
1828. Dartmouth Terrier. 34 feet fall: works on average 9 months: three floor warehouse: dressing shop. Insured for £1000: Richard & Sarah Horsfall: lease for 31 year from 1806 at £10.5.0 per annum.Dartmouth gives £100 towards erection.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Money deducted…’we employ younger children out of charity to their wants.’
1837. Dartmouth Terrier.1828: interpolation: 21 Jun: agreement with Mary Horsfall: woollen mill: water power 34′ fall: 6 carders: 6 billies: 5 slubbers: 2 feanoughts. water wheel in good repair: iron bosses and axle: shield and buckets with wooden arms. power = 10hp
1871. HEW 23 Sep: R V Horsfall, improvements made.
1872 HC 11 May: Horsfall’s mill closed for day for celebrations of majority of Lord Lewisham, son of earl of Dartmouth.
1874: Mill becomes untenanted – until 1885.
1875 HEW 31 Jul: fire in warehouse in old dyehouse, bales of mungo and willeyed wool saved. Roof falls in. Mill owned by R V Horsfall
1880. HEW 28 Aug: Richard Varley Horsfall machinery to be sold.
HEW 2 Oct: 14hp: steam engine:R.Taylor boiler and machinery to be sold.
1885. HEW 18 Jul: Beaumont & Son: formerly of Spa Mill: buys mill from Dartmouth for his own business. Unoccupied since 1874.
1887. New 250hp vertical ‘grasshopper’ engine by Schofield & Taylor installed in place previously occupied by a waterwheel. Named Elizabeth. Worked until 1966, now restored at Wortley Forge industrial museum.
1889. HEW 23 Nov: John Wood Beaumont owner, Edwin Shaw, linsey and serge weaver, occupies 3rd room, fire, spreads to 4th floor. Beaumont,s looms destroyed, £1000 danage.
1894. YFT 11 May, HC 5 May: John Wood Beaumont obit c. 50. Eldest son of Robert Beaumont , Spa Mill, after father’s death bought Clough House Mill estate from Dartmouth and built new mill. Liberal, Baptist at Pole Moor. Freemason.
1895. HEW 26 Jan: Edwin Shaw, treat.
1897. HEW 26 Jun: waterwheel taken out. Halifax mechanic killed when scaffolding collapses.
HEW 3 Jul:Inquest. Wheel bought from Robert Beaumont by Enoch Jackson, smith and millwright, Stainland. Labourer taking it to pieces for two or three weeks. Had cut through iron arm and was knocking it off when he fell 18 feet to bottom of wheel. Got up ladder himself complaing back hurt. Injuries to chest, died in infirmary.
1899 HEW 12 Aug: John William Shaw, son of Edwin, breach of promise case brought by Miss Mary Bamforth. Claimed to be partner in father’s firm but father says not involved in firm and only got 5-10s a week allowance. Rent on mill £300 pa, 36 looms, six sets of engines, employed about 50. Didn’t know son engaged. Defence says he had money to pay for trips to IoM and N of Ireland. £500 damages awarded.
1902. HEW 6 Dec: Edwin Shaw & Son. Occupier to be sold. 5 storey mill. Gunther’s patent vertical 85hp turbine 4ft 6in fan and fittings, boiler 28x8ft D. Adamson & Co. Vertical condensing steam engine compounded, 13 in high pressure cylinder, 26 in low pressure cylinder, Schofield & Taylor. Rag and shoddy machinery.
1910. YTD: Edwin Shaw & Sons, linsey, 3,250 spindles, 49 looms.
1974. HED 17 Aug. Jos Beaumont Jnr. Sold to Bamforth demolitions: Milnsbridge. Planners seek preservation of mill.
77. CLOUGH HOUSE MILL (UPPER). (Slaithwaite)
1792. Dartmouth Terrier 1828. small scribbling and carding mill built 36 years: 12 foot fall: now unused.
78. CLOUGH LEE MILL (Marsden)
1792. Almondbury Parish Registers: Burials: ‘John Hall scribbler: Clowley Mill’.
1794. Almondbury PRs Christenings,10 Feb: Lawrence Stansfield, Cloughlee, cotton spinner.
1801 Valuation (HEW 25 Oct 1890) ‘Clowley Mill’ Garside & Parkin £14.18s. Rebuilt 1841 after being unoccupied several years.
1805 John Garside and John Parkin insure ‘Jumble Mill’ for £600 (Ingle p 125)
1807. LM 10 Jan: cotton mill with steam engine with 16 ¼ ” cylnder. Wm Heywood:elder: bankrupt. tenant right commenced 12 May 1805.
1810. LM 10 Feb: Cloughley Mill To be sold or To be let: three storey cotton mill: water wheel formerly driving 3,200 spindles: three large carding engines. Owner John Parkin of Marsden. For sale by private contract: £200 down and five years to pay. Wm Heywood: former occupant. [cf Bygone Marsden, Lower mill called Heywood Mill also a John Heywood: cotton spinner dissolution of partnership with John Marsden LM 25 Dec 1802.]
1841. CVG Mar 1917: Lower Mill = ‘Middle Mill’, rebuilt.
1851 JB Robinson attends Kossuth meeting in Manchester. 1880. HEW 27 Nov:
1854. HC 14 Jan: Bower & Robinson, treat at mill. J B Robinson in chair.
1856 Robinson Bros. Richard Beaumont, born Hepworth 1830, becomes manager and remains for 47 years. (Obit: HEW 4 Dec 1909) (In fact still Bower & Robinson at this time).
1857 HC 17 Jan: Bower & Robinson, treat in large room adjoining mill. J B Robinson presides. Marsden MI brass band.
1860 Robinson Bros, John Bower and Wm Henry (Obit 1867). JBR’s son Arthur later a partner.[See 1907 Jan 12].
HC 13 Aug: ‘evil disposed persons’ cut down young trees of J B Robinson, breaking railings and throwing down walls. £10 reward offered.
J B Robinson, president of Marsden Gaslight Co.
HC 2 Dec: J B Robinson at opening of Slaithwaite MI.
1864 HC 6 Aug: fire in bags of shoddy in mill yard.
HC 3 Sep: George Dyson, piecer, son of James Dyson, employee of NW Canal Co residing near tunnel mouth, arm broken falling from jenny when standing to put strap on drum.
1872. HEW 10 Feb:Robinson Bros treat at Two Dutchmen: reference to improved trade.
HC 8 Jun: Michael McCormick, piecer at self acting spinning machine. Doesn’t notice jenny drawing out and crushed between head of machine and wall. Carriage of machine had to be taken down before he could be freed.
HEW , HC 20 Jul: 13 Jul Marsden flood, wooden bridge between two parts of mill swept away, dilapidated and due for repair. Part of mill flooded.
HEW 2 Nov: ditto: piecing machinery by Longbottom: Shaw & Co. to be sold.
1873. HEW 6 Dec: old man, Abraham Senior, feeder, sweeping under scribbler while in motion, thumb has to be amputated.
1874. HEW 7 Mar: Robinsons Fire.
1875. HEW 9 Jan: ditto: fire, waste falls on gaslight then fire runs along shafting. Put out by workpeople.
HEW 21 Aug: accident: boy drowns sailing in box raft on dam.
1876. HEW 1 Apr:J.R.Robinson Lower Mill to be let from 1 Aug: 20 yards by 12 yards by three storeys.
HEW 16 Sep: Stansfield & Co. lease expired: machinery to be sold.
1878 HEW 6 Jul: lightening conductor on long chimney maliciously broken, £5 reward offered for information, ‘There is a tribe in Marsden who seem to take a delight in anton mischief, whom it is a public duty to catch and convict…’
1881 HC 31 Dec: Chas Priestly Winley, 27, pattern weaver,inquest, scalded by bursting of boiler. Richard Beaumont manager. Richard Broadbent, fire tenter for 14 years. Deceased had come to get picker shortened. Arthur Robinson son of head of firm says double flued boiler put in in 1861. Inspected in November. Crown of firebox had collapsed.
1882. HEW 5 Aug:Robinson Bros ‘rearing party’ in grounds of Robinson’s house at Inner Hey to celebrate completion of new shed. 200 workpeople and contractors on lawns.
1883. HEW 6 Jan: Lower Mill: Sam Hirst shawl manufacturer: fire: owned by Robinson Bros.
1897. YFT 16 Apr: new warehouse.
1898. HEW 30 Apr: Robinson Bros, fire.
1900 HEW 15 Sep: JB Robinson, landau and horse fall through bridge railing into river near mill. Neither badly damaged.
1904 HEW 25 Jun: menders strike. 30 Jul: Storm.
1907 HEW 12 Jan: John Bower Robinson, obit. Born 1826, son of James Robinson (partner of brother in late, Sam Bower), dyers Inner Hey and manufacturer at Clough Lee Mills, Upper and Lower and New Mill, Marsden
1910 YTD: Robinson Bros. 5,000 spindles, 70 looms.
YTD: ditto. 9,200 spindles, 86 looms.
1917. W 7 Apr: fire. HEW 7 Apr; In main mill, three storeys by 12 windows. Friction in carder suspected. Engine House saved.
1923 Business sold off. Arthur Robinson, Hay Green, son of JB Robinson.
1930 HEW 8 Feb: Arthur Robinson, obit. b. 1858, educated Huddersfield College.
Obituary writer ‘EW’, recollects ‘ “Clewly Mill” parties, where the workpeople were put entirely at their ease by the Robinson family’s kindly recognition and especially, Arthur’s wit and bonhomie as he attended to everyone’s comfort…’ 1887 went together on walking tour to Alsace Lorraine.
79. COCKING STEPS MILL see Wrigleys’ Mill (Netherton)
80. COLNE MILLS (Colne Road)
1866 HC 14 Apr: Colne Mills, Colne Road, tenders for additional storey. John Kirk & Son architects.
1896 HEW 8 Aug: Samuel Field obit. b.1830, originally in firm with father Richard. Joins T G Botterill, first to introduce seal manufacture into district. Retired 1890.
1897 YFT 16; 23 Apr: Skelmathorpe, Field & Botteril, men dismissed without notice, weavers paid 2s day for women, 3s men for certain work. Mr Jackson tells men to look elsewhere for work. Attempt to persuade Smith Loom weavers and Hand loom weavers that they are not affected. ‘For generations those who have lived in the village have been noted for bearing with fortitude physical suffering…’ meeting at Old Globe Hotel, with Turner and Gee. Gee says Jackson refusing to reinstate men.
1911. W. 1 Jul: Field & Botterill, Elizabeth Holroyd, Almondbury, weaver killed in shaft accident. Joe Firth, manager, says shfting belonged to mill owners, F&B just room and power. Dan Harrop, engineer for tailors, says on premises 30 years, responsible for shafting , no danger pointed out to him.
81. COLNE BRIDGE MILL (Colne Bridge)
1792. Rawstorne & Co. merchants of Colne bridge and Huddersfield, insurance of cotton mill, water wheels and shafts, £750. Utensils, stock, goods, going gears and machinery £1250. (Ingle p 128)
1794. LTR:Thomas Pilkington land: Samuel Day: mill.
1798. [DTJ]:insured for £650.
1800 Atherton Rawstorne continue after partnership with brothers dissolved.
1816 Thomas Atkinson ?
1818. LM 7 Feb: Letter from John Kaye, employed in mill 12 years. 1814, converts to gas light instead of fish oil lamps. ‘ Before that time from the middle of October to the end of February we were every winter much inconvenienced from sickness among hands, chiefly of an inflammatory nature such as fever inflammations of the throat, stomach, lungs &c. During these periods the average number of sick women and children was seldom fewer than six…’ complaints diminshed since gas lighting – but slight bowel complaint noticed, suggests carbonic acid gas produced ‘ may combine with and correct the noxious effluvia incident to all large establishments.’
[DTJ] Thos. Atkinson uses warm air system to heat mill.
LM 21 Feb:. Atkinsons. Fire caused by James Thornton using candle instead of lantern when fetching rovings. 17 killed 9 escaped, 80 out of work.
1834 HG 4 Jan: Haigh’s, . visited by Tory candidate, Sadler.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Thomas Haigh cotton carding: spinning:
doubling by frame and jennies. Begun 1816: water wheels ‘may be’ 26hp. 162 employees: 40 children winding and doubling paid by spinners and rovers. in case of accident wages and medical costs paid: holidays xmas: boxing day: new years day: shrove (half day): Easter (2 days): Whit. Slight corporal punishment.
1843 LT 6 May: Mutter & Barrit, cotton spinners, Orleans, alpacas and figured goods pieces stolen, thieves hope to find wages.
1852 HC 23 Oct: to be sold, order of mortgagees, 4stx12x24 yards, 16 hp engine, occupied Chas Tysoe.
1853. HC 26 Feb: Thomas Haigh OBIT (78). ‘Mr Haigh carried on an extensive business in the cotton spinning department: employing many poor families whose attachment was evinced on his leaving Slaithwaite to more extensive premises at Colne Bridge: by leaving the neighbourhood to share the fortunes of so excellent a master.’
1854. HC 7 Jan: Mill to be sold. 4stx12x24yds, blowing room, warehouse, counting house, 16hp engine, two boilers, 15 cottages.
HC 16 Sep: Haigh’s cotton mills – slight fire.
1855. HC 17 Feb: Samuel Wood Haigh, Colne Bridge, cotton spinner and Jonathan Haigh, executors of late Thomas Haigh, shareholders in West Riding Union Banking Co.
HC 2 Jun: Fire Brigades annual procession. Practice at Colne Bridge Mill.
1857 HC 28 Mar: S Haigh seconds Akroyd at St George’s Square election meeting.
1860. HC 14 Apr: Thomas Haigh marries Elizabeth daughter of W J Clarke, surgeon, Day holiday for workpeople. 500 provided with dinner.
1861. HE 4 May: S.W. &.J. Haigh cotton spinners, shafting friction ignites cotton. Fire slight.
1864 HC 14 May: Joseph Haigh, cotton twiner, Bradley, near Woodman Inn, devoutly religious man in fit of insanity beats wife and kills her uncle, 64 who lodged with them. Committed to York for manslaughter by coroner. Symptoms of ‘mental abberation’ (paranoia?), believed people at mill were plotting against him. W Riding Assizes, 16 Aug, found not guilty on grounds of insanity, but detained at her Majesty’s pleasure..
1864 HC 10 Dec: Messrs Haigh’s, John Hoyle storekeeper assaults spinner Solomon Shaw in argument over a 9 inch‘band’ for machine. Supposed to take old one in before getting new one. Ordered out of warehouse calls Hoyle ‘d—-gutta gruft’ and Hoyle strikes him. Case dismissed.
1865 HC 25 Feb: JonathanHaigh, Heaton Lodge, daughter Frances Anna marries Christopher Morris of Liverpool at Bradley. Treat for 370 workpeople.
1870 HC 23 Jul: Thos Haigh & Sons, fire in spinning room. Workpeople and neighbours put it out. Caused by friction.
1872 HC 11 May: Thomas Haigh. Ruth Ann Brook, 11, leg caught in going gear. Has to be amputated.
1875. HEW 11 Sep: Thos Haigh & Sons accident: economiser explodes scalding engine tenter Wm Newsome, 29, to death. 18 Sep: Inquest.
1876 HEW 17 Jun: Thos Haigh & Sons, Tom Clay, 20 months old, drowns in goit. Jury recommend that the gate to field be more secure but coroner advises them not to make formal recommendation since it would imply Haigh to blame.
1902 HEW 15 Mar: Assault case.
1906. HEW 1 Dec: bobbin carrier Fred Lumb (13) entangled in spinning frame. Inquest at White Cross, Bradley: ‘John Lumb, [coalminer] father of the deceased, held that the boy, who had a labour certificate, went to work at Colne Bridge Mills as a bobbin carrieron Monday, the 19th inst. Amy Smith, ring spinner, 27, Oak Road, Bradley, said that deceased worked in thesame room as she did. He was adoffer, and was required to doff the frames, take of the full bobbins andput on empty ones. He was only there a week, but did his work well. Shehad not seen him in places where heought not to be. He had been warned to keep away from machinery whichwas in motion. Cleaning consisted of cleaning the frame feet and sweeping the floor, which was done after the engines were stopped. It was done last Saturday morning. She last saw him alive at 7.30, about five minutes before the accident. He followed her down one side of the frame, which was running. She then went up the other side and saw the decease go up between two sets of frames. A few moments after she heard a noise like something breaking and stopped the frames. She went down the side and saw the deceased caught between the rollers ,which were underneath the frame about 18 inches from the floor. The rollers could only be got to be creeping under the frame …verdict “Deceased died from a broken neck from being accidently drawn into a spinning frame”
1909 HEW 16 Jun: Thomas Haigh’s manager, Leonard Sugden obit (53)
1910. YTD: Thomas Haigh & Sons, 36,000 spindles./ J.Firth & Sons, cotton spinner, doubler and fancy warpmaker, 40,804 spindles.
82. COLNE ROAD MILLS (Huddersfield)
1855/56 Mills built by John Taylor & Sons of Newsome
1857 HC 29 Aug: J Taylor’s mill, Colne Road, four boys fined for breaking mill windows.
1862. Firm divided, John William Taylor and Henry Beaumont Taylor run Cone Rd mills.
1862 HC 19 Apr: Boatman from Mirfield, after delivering coal to mill assaulted in beerhouse at Castlegate.
1863 HC 7, 14 Nov: Taylor & Son’s, counting house robbery. Bad crown , known to be among the money traced to John Harrop, 16. Alfred Bagshaw, cashier, says counterfeit in drawer with £4 in gold and £3 in other coin. Harrop the son of ‘an old and respected servant of the prosecutors,’ who ask for leniency. Avoids been sent to sessions, instead three months in Wakefield H of C.
1864 HC 8 Oct: John Taylor & Son, fire, Huddersfield brigade put it out after two hours, £60 damage.
1866 HC 16 Jun: John Taylor & Sons, slubber, Eli Smith, summonsed by piecer Frances Mowbray for 6s.8d. wages owing. She asked for a raise from 8s and was told by Smith to ‘take her hook’ if she didn’t like it. Overlooker says she could have 9s if she would wind her own bobbins. Refuses and given a weeks notice. Smith tells her she could leave next day but withholds her wages. Case discharged since she had not worked the notice.
HC 28 Jul: John Taylor & Sons, B. Graham, Bridge end, Moldgreen contractor, raising four storey mill another storey, fixing cornices almost finished, John Wood, 50, mason, supervising raising of stone, falls when stone standing on gives way. Twenty yards of cornice brought down with him. Badly mutilated and dies on arrival at infirmary. His son a witness
1868 HE 8 Aug: Messrs John Taylor & Sons, adjoining building used as carriage house, fire. Mill on canal bank. Work people fill buckets and Insurance and Improvement Commissioners’ Brigades attend.
1869 HE 8 May: Alfred Birkenshaw, hand mutilated in cogs of presser.
1870 HE 21 May: J Taylor, smoke nuisance, WR Croft nuisance inspector also calls for prosecution of stoker and engineer for negligence. 65 tons of coal a week burned.
1871 HC 1 Jul: Samuel Wilkinson, 14, Newsome, hand caught in cog wheels of feeder.
HEW 2 Sep: John Taylor & Sons, trip, to Scarborough, 550.
1872. HEW 3 Feb: Thom Bradley, Castlehill Side, cloth finisher, falls from ladder while oiling machine, badly injured.
Ibid: John Taylor & Sons fancy manufacturers: treat. Mr and Mrs Beaumont Taylor present. Later D. and John William Taylor attend.
HEW 6 Jul: Dispute with 150 weavers over forced overtime. Before Christmas worked it making a seven day week. Firm wants them to resume practice. Main opponent of it dismissed, others turn out until he is set back on. He finds another job and asks them not to strike on his account.
1873. HEW 4 Jan: Walter Baxter . power loom weaver, Linthwaite charged with not finishing his work. Away four days, loom kept standing.
HEW 20 Dec: John Taylor & Sons at “John Haigh’s Mill” (moved from Newsome c 1856?) : accident, Geo Mellor, reacher-in from Castlehill Side falls down hoist. Father putter up at mill. Bad fracture to arm.
1874. HEW 14 Feb:John Taylor & Sons: new premises: treat.
1875. HEW 29 May:John Taylor & Sons: accident female (30) hit on head by hurry of bobbins falling from hoist.
1883 HEW 27 Feb: Henry Dyson Taylor obit, brother of John William Taylor, ‘did more than anyone’ to develop worsted coating trade when superceded broad cloths.
1885 HEW 31 Jan: John Taylor & Sons 12 months ago 200 electric incandescent lamps introduced: Thomson & Ritchie do installation. but now Victoria Brush Comound Self Regulating Dynamo can power over 700 lamps. 400 x 20 candle power installed in warping: weaving: mending: knotting and finishing rooms: yarn store: pattern room: warehouse and offices. Driven off mill engine Contracted present work to Woodhouse and Ramson of London.
Calculated that 400×20 candlepower lamps: cost 3s.6.d/hour. Equivalent 500×16 candlepower gas jets cost 6s.10d.
1886. Tolson Mus: letter re: request for job by German pattern designer, set test to analyse weave of a sample of cloth
1893 HC 29 Jul: for sale, Hollingworth-Knowles 80 pick 10-4 jacquard harness power looms.
1894. HEW 17 Feb: John Taylor & Sons, scribbling, spinning and weaving machinery to be sold.
1896. HEW 18 Jan: John Taylor & Sons, weavers’ treat.
HEW 26 Sep: John Taylor marriage to Alice Barber, presentation.
1910. YTD: John Taylor Ltd / Harold Faulder, 12 looms. / J.Hinchliff & Son, commission weavers, 10 looms / Sykes Bros & Co, fancies, coatings , vicunas etc, 20 looms.
1914 HEW 7 Nov: owned and sub let by John Taylor & Co. occupied Bates & Co. fire in carder on third storey. Ladas attends.
1963 HEW 19 Jan: Denis Roger Hesketh Williams, former chairman John Taylor Ltd obit 83. Worked his way up from apprentice, 1901. Wrote text books on industry.
83. COLNE VALE MILL (Milnsbridge)
1869 HE 24 Apr: Colne Vale Mill sick club, tea and annual meeting. James Mellor & Son, Calverley, and Beaumont.
1872 HEW 20 Jul: Floods, James Mellor & Sons, warehouse flooded, 37 bales worth anout 330 each damaged.
1874 HEW 1 Aug: Titus Calverley & Sons, Geo Quarmby, 19, painting windows, hoisted up on block pulleys. rope breaks falls fro 4th floor. Sever internal injuries but no broken bones.
1900. HEW 24 Nov. Titus Calverley & Sons mill ‘up a narrow and terribly muddy lane off the main road through the village’ fire in stove, difficulty in getting engine and horse uplane. Iron tank on roof collapses narrowly missing fire men, but puts out fire.
1902 YFT 21 Apr: T. Calverley & Sons move machinery into mill (which they own) from Holme Mill, Milnsbridge, which is to be sold since Smith & Calverley move to Plover Mill
1904. HEW 23 Jan: Titus Calverley, weavers’ strike, only 2 or 3 at work, firm says must reapply for jobs as ‘new hands’, some other new hands set on.
1914. Titus Calverly & Sons strike of dyers and finishers.
HE 9 May: man paid below rate agreed in march 1913 between Dyers & Finishers Union and Employers’ Association.
1916 HEW 21 Oct: Fire in five storey building ‘a very old one’, weaving department gutted.
84. COLWYN MILL (Huddersfield)
85. COMMERCIAL MILL (Firth Street)
1862 HC 4 Jan: John Schofield & Sons, ‘new mill erected…near the Canal.’ opening and engine naming. Called ‘Tear’em’. Worked more regularly than the Sheffield hero of the same name ! 2-300 at meal. George Senior Tolson presides. Joshua Schofield vice chair.
1864. Datestone on gate arch.
1865 HC 11 Mar: John Schofield, manufacturers and spinners,. Mill running night and day. Fire discovered in dyehouse. £250 damage. Solomon Garlick, dyer, formerly of Holmfirt, who resides and sleeps at the place looses most of his possessions.
1866 HC 18 Aug: John Schofield & Sons, Thom Hey, 15, piecer, falls from hoist on fifth storey and is killed.
1868 HC 26 Dec: William Beaumont, 15, piecer, strikes head while riding hoist and is killed.
1871 HC 24 Jun: Night watchman wanted.
HC 11 Nov: Messrs Beaumont & Liversedge, operative cloth dressers thank employers for 20 % advance.
HC 9 Dec: John Schofield & Sons, ‘Wanted, two women to undertake by piece work, machine bobbing winding for weavers.’
1872. HEW 30 Mar: John Schofield & Sons, Thos Patterson charged with assaulting Martha Ann Holmes, Damside , healder, she had worked for firm 7 years. Misses day to look after sick mother when she returns told she has been replaced. says she want 14 days notice or pay, dragged from her seat and when she tries to return for her shawl struck on side of head. He says she was impudent and swore at him, he only held her gently and she grabbed his hair and threatened to strike him with an iron wheel, it was then he struck her in self defence. Both sides had corroborative witnesses. Case discharged.
1874. HEW Jan: letter: Tom Lister.
1875. HEW 20 Feb: John Schofield & Sons Fire.
1877. HEW 3 Feb: John Schofield & Son night watchman hangs himself in weaving shed. Beaumont & Liversedge also have roms at mill.
1882. HEW 18 Mar: John Schofield marriage: testimonial presented.
1885 HEW 19 Sep: presentation by workpeople of inscribed timepiece in burling room to Mr Robert Patterson on occasion of marriage.
1890. HEW Jun: J. Schofield & Sons, clerk, Herbert Chapel putting papers through squeezing machine, hand caught, has to be amputated. Dies.
1891. HEW 26 Sep: John Schofield & Sons bankrupt. 3 Oct. creditors meeting.
1892. HEW 2 Jan: machinery to be sold.
HEW 16 Jul: mill to be sold, 5 storeys by 134 feet by 46 feet 6 inches and 3 storeys by 171 feet 6 inches by 42 feet. Beam engine 35½ inch cylinder by 6 foot stroke by 22 foot diameter flywheel. Made by T.Bates &Co and compounded with a horizontal engine with 19 inch cylinder and 6 feet stroke by R. Gledhill. Vertical engine by Goodfellow,
1898. HEW 26 Feb: 5 storey mill to be sold.
HEW 19 Mar: ditto 1892 and 50 yard chimney.
HEW 7 May: George Harrop, obit, 35, Clare Hill, W. Harrop & Co. Commercial Mill.
HEW 21 May: Watson & Baxter, stock in trade etc, to be sold.
1900. HEW 27 Jan: Thomas Canby, occupier ground floor, finishing and fulling machinery to be sold.
HEW 7 May: George Harrop obituary of Messrs W.Harrop & Co.
1901. HEW 16 Feb: M.Brook & Co. occupier, scribbling, spinning and weaving machinery etc to be sold.
1904. HEW 23 Jan: C.Greenwood & Co. worsted spinners, boy (17) crushed to death by hoist.
1906. HEW 17 Mar: Clement Greenwood & Co. worsted spinners – fire in wooden shed. Damage to boiler. Part of mill occupied by J.A. & .A. Farrar cotton doublers, stopped 1 ½ days.
1910. YTD: C.Greenwood & Co.white and mixture coating yarns, botany and fine cross-bred qualities silk and botany twists and mercerised cotton twists for cross dyeing, 15,000 spindles.
1919. C.Greenwood & Co..
86. COMMERCIAL MILL (Milnsbridge)
1880. Middlemost become tenants (Inquest into hoist death 1887).
1887. HEW 23 Jul: Middlemost Bros.&.Co. hoist accident: man killed and man and boy injured when hoist break lever and 46lb counterweight falls down six storey shaft.
1892. HEW 10 Sep: Middlemost & Co. marriage of Henry Edwin, son of H.R.Middlemost, presentation of black marble time-piece. never had a strike with workpeople except 1883 general weavers strike.
1894. YFT 30 Mar: Middlemost lease expired to move to Clough House Mill: Birkby: (formerly occupied by Armitage & Clelland).
1895. HEW 18 Mar; 11 May: machinery to be sold. Middlemost tenancy ending.
HEW 14 Dec: Learoyd Bros & Co. fatal hoist fall William Bradley (14).
1898. HEW 29 Jan: to be let.
1900. HEW 14 Jul: to be let.
1901. HEW 29 Jun: John Fairbank & Son trustees, machinery to be sold.
1908 W 8 Aug: T Calverley & Co. fire in cotton in stove, Phyliss attends.
1910. YTD: C.&.J.Hirst & Sons Ltd, fancy woollen.
87. COMMERCIAL MILL (Slaithwaite)
1876. HEW 21 Oct: new mill: boy working on chimney gets two fingers torn off by hoist chain. (Built by Henry Walker, see obit. 1905).
1877. HEW 6 Jan: Henry Walker mill finished last year.
HEW 21 Apr:Henry Walker new mill between canal and river.: G & D.Eagland: masons: steam engine by Pollitt of Sowerby Bridge: starting ceremony: named Ann.
1889. HEW 26 Oct: Henry Walker, assignees, machinery to be sold.
HEW 9 Oct: Mill to be sold. 4 storeys by 50 by 15 yards, engine house 15 by 11 yards, Pollitt & Wigzell 30hp horizontal engine tandem 5 foot stroke 16 and 31 inch cylinders, slide feed lubricator.
1894. HEW 7 Jul: Pearson Bros: 3rd floor sprinkler fire, c.£800 damage.
1896 HEW 20 Jun: Registered as Pearson Bros Ltd. , £30,000 capital in £10 shares. Private co. – Ramsden, Albert, Joseph Dyson and Henry Edward Pearson directors.
1897. HEW 20 Mar: Pearson Bros, fire in stove, sprinkler system recently fitted.
1900. HEW 21 Jul: Pearson Bros, trip.
1902. HEW 13 Dec: Pearson Bros, UDC aproves conversion of yard into new building.
1904. HEW 9 Jul: breach of Factory Act
1905. HEW 18 Feb: Henry Walker obit., Slaithwaite, born 1822, domestic manufacturer, then, room and power at Britannia Mill, Crosland Moor, to Shaw Carr Wood Mill, 1876 built Commercial. Baptist and Tory.
1906 HEW 14 Jul: Pearson Bros written to by Slaithwiate UDC because location of five earth closets planning permission applied for not clear.
1908 W 11 Jul: Pearson Bros, fire, weds morning. Sprinklers and hose put it out £70 damage.
1910. YTD: Pearson Bros Ltd, fancy woollen, 5,200 spindles, 48 looms, also Golcar.
1914 HEW 28 Nov: fire in carding room. Sprinklers started, Pogson’s fire brigade called.
1919. Pearson Bros woollen manufacturers. Also Victoria Mill, Golcar.
1967 HED 13 Jan: Pearson Bros Ltd. fancy woollens,to close mill and transfer to other mill in Rochdale. mending dept to Victoria Mill, Golcar.
88. COWMS MILL (Lepton)
(see also Spa Mill)
1838. HG 6 Oct:Abel Bower Spa Bottom: Offence Against Factory Act.
1848. Directory: Jos Ramsden & Sons .
1851. HC 27 Dec: Holdroyd, Lees & Marsden summons for wages.
1852. HE 6 Mar,HC 13 Mar: ‘Cowms Mill otherwise Spa Mill’, Jos Ramsden, scribbling miller, machinery to be sold.
1854. HC 19 Aug: ‘Haigh’s Mill’, Priestly, fire tenter, earning 12s a week (son of engineer at Kenyon’s Dogley Mill), victim of confidence trickster who offers him a better paid job in Halifax but fleeces him for drink and money.
89. CRESCENT MILL (Millgate) (Paddock)
1910. YTD: Pape & Co. vicunas, serges, worsted coatings &c.
90. CRIMBLE CLOUGH MILL (Slaithwaite)
1864 HC 6 Feb: ‘Mr H Hopkinson’s New Mill, at Crimble.’ Slaithwaite MI Annual Soiree.
HC 17 Dec: Henry Hopkinson, woollen manufacturer, John Walker putting strap on laying shaft/shoddy fettler, arm broken.
1866 HC 20 Jan: Widow Balmforth of Holm, feeder, caught by strap and whirled round shaft. Serious injuries.
1872 HEW 24 Aug: Tom Hopkinson, fire in stove. Roof falls in Victoria mill engine arrives more than a hour later. Article; Time Slaithwaite millowners got their own engine.
1873. HEW 21 Jun: Hopkinson’s condensors discharging warm water into stream.
HEW 13 Dec: Henry Hopkinson & Sons bankrupt: machinery to be sold:
HEW 20 Dec:mill to be sold.
1874. HEW 3 Jan: Crimble mill and “field above silk mill” bought by Quarmby: dyer from trustees of Henry Hopkinson for £5000 and £150 for field.
HEW 31 Jan: sale falls through. mill 30 yards by 15 yards by four storeys and 20hp horizontal steam engine.
HEW 14 Feb: bought by W.&.E.Crowther for £6250 (i.e.25% more than offered in private sale. G.Haigh of Crimble [Brook] Mill buys field £180.
(W.&.E. Crowther from John Crowther & Sons, Bank Bottom, Marsden, younger brothers of Joseph [Jos. obit. HEW 17 Jun 1905].
HEW 19 Dec: Wm & Elon Crowther, bought Hopkinson’s mill, treat in finishing room, start of engine ‘on a new principle’, ‘great improvements effected by Mr Thomas Broadbent, Huddersfield.’ ‘A fine new boiler by Messrs Arnold, Longroyd Bridge…’ will save much fuel ‘and run the machinery in a very superior manner.’.
1875. HEW 2 Aug: W.Crowther horse falls in dam.
HEW 16 Oct: W.&.E.Crowther new engine by Thos Broadbent, first one with patent cut-off valve by Broadbent & Westerby, naming cermony Victory.
1876. HEW 19 Feb: William Elon Crowther new warehouse and weaving shed: treat.
HEW 12 Aug: engine repaired and gear deepened: flywheel breaks and almost wrecks engine room. Mill stood two weeks.
1893. YFT 14 April:J.W. Crowther: designer: presented with watch on departure to USA
YFT.8 Sep:”Crowthers’ Crimble Mills” stopped by coal crisis.
1899 HEW 26 Aug: Chas Ed. Hoyle 16, pattern warper, caught by shaft and killed ‘his brains having been dashed out.’ HEW 2 Sep:Inquest. Deceased was playing with shafting.
1910. YTD: W.&.E.Crowther, fancy woollen, Crimble and Brook Mills, 13,000 spindles, 160 looms.
91. CRIMBLE SILK MILL/Clough Road Mill (Slaithwaite)
1831 Founded by Wanklyn Bros of Manchester, two storey building (Lockwood p 29)
1848. Directory, William Wanklyn, silk mill.
1864. HE 17 Dec: accident
1869. HC 29 May: silk mill to be sold, 2 storeys x 31 x 17 yards, 14 hp vertical engine, 20 hp circular boiler.
HC 4 Sep: fire.
In addition to the old mode of manufacturing already described, there was in Slaithwaite the silk trade carried on by Messrs. Molyneaux at the old Corn Mill. Well do I remember the silk dressing at this place, but even more sacredly do I remember the silk mill at Crimble, its weaving, and its lovely weavers, the latter so clean and beautiful, especially one who was nearer and dearer than all the others. JOHN SUGDEN SLAITHWAITE NOTES PAST AND PRESENT.. (JOHN HEYWOOD, MANCHESTER, 1905)
1870 Bought by Joseph Quarmby, raised from two to four storeys – dyewood rasping and chipping. (Lockwood p30)
1871. HC 4 Feb: T T Sykes, condensing machinery to be sold.
1883 HEW 24 Nov: ‘Old Silk Mill’ Crimble, Joseph Berry, woollen manufacturer and spinner, fatal strap accident, Wm Baxter of Linthwaite.
HEW 18 Aug: George Sykes mason’s labourer falls in when plates taken up for repairs. Air pump 3 foot 6 inch by 4 foot 6inch deep.
1897. HEW 20 Mar: timepiece presented to Fred Walker for 20 years service.
HEW 8 May: machinery accident, boy’s leg broken.
1899. HEW 2 Sep: W.&.E.Crowther, Charles Edward Hoyle, pattern warper (16) carried round shaft, girls run screaming from room.
92. CROSLAND FACTORY (South Crosland)
1793. WYAS. Whiteley Beaumont Estate 150:Fragment in estate valuation of S.Crosland
‘Lessee of Cotton Mill – 57 feet fall: Rent £60 a year: 10p.cent for building: 21 years: equal to 2000 spindles in height of summer’.
1794. WBE/11/112: lease to George Beaumont merchant Leeds: 24 years.
1795. LTR: R.H.B.esq: land: Mr George Beaumont for Factory and Farm 18s.9d.
1805. LM 3 Jul: George & Walter Beaumont patent oil.
1811. LM 2 Mar: Crosland Mills To be sold by Assignees of Walter Beaumont: bankrupt. Woollen machinery. Cotton machinery.
WBD/II/113 Wm Wainman trustee of W.H.B.t o John and David Harrison. Crosland Hall plus 52 acres and four storey scribbling and fulling milllately built by R.H.Beaumont and late occupied by George Beaumont, plus dyehouse and wool stove.
1814. LTR: John and David Harrison,Factory.
1819. Leed Quarter Sessions: David Harrison ‘Millman of a certain Fulling Mill called Crosland Factory Mill’ owes treasurer of W.Riding 2 1/2d of every 3d. due on narrow cloths milled.
1826. LTR: W.W.Stables Factory.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. W.W.&.H.Stables woollen 1792: cotton for a few years then reverted to woollen: steam engine 34hp: water wheel 50hp: 272 employees: in case of accident medical costs paid: five days holiday: help for deserving sick: but not as a right, manufacturer: employing 70 men: 75 women: 51 boys and 24 girls (220).
HC 28 Jun: Mill To be sold: water wheel 38′ x 6’6″: steam engine 40hp.
HE 4 Oct:Stables residue to be removed and sold at his Chapel Hill warehouse.
1838. HG 27 Mar: Stables, patent gas ovens installed 1837.
Cptn Thomas Bottomley, formerly of Mossley, manager of mill. Son, Edwin, a pattern designer at mill emigrates in 1842 to Wisconsin. Workers at mill support subscriptions to build Chapel in his settlement. “An English settler in pioneer Wisconsin; the letters of Edwin Bottomley, 1842-1850. Publications Of the State Historical Society Of wisconsin Edited by Milo M. Quaife Superintendent of the society Wisconsin historical publications Collections, volume xxv 1918.
1848 LM 10 Jun: room and power, may be supplied with power looms, milling &c. Dyehouse and good supply of water, 60hp WW and 42hp engine. Apply Mr Charlesworth, Buxton Rd.
1851 HE 4 Oct: Residue from factory to be sold at Stables warehouse, Chapel Hill.
1852. HC 17 Jan: To be let weaving and spinning shed 88x63feet: dyehouse: dwellng house and 20 cottages: 38foot diameter water wheel:40hp steam engine:plus Crossland Hall and 70 acres.
HE 4 Oct: mill “doing little or nothing”: bad trade.
1853. HC 12 Feb; HC 18 Jun: : to be let. 38 foot wheel: 40hp steam engine, dyehouse, large weaving or spinning shed, 63 ft 6in x 88 ft. Apply Dunderdale, Whiteley Hall.
1855 HC 22 Sep:’ extensive woollen mill called Crosland Factory…’ to be let, with large weaving or spinning shed, dyehouse, 20 cottages. Apply Mr Dunderdale, Whiteley Hall.
1857 HC 14 Nov: Avison Bros, finishing machinery to be sold under distress for rent.
1858. HC 1 May : Jonathan Moore & Co premises, cloth finishing machinery to be sold.
HC 27 Nov: Abe Moore, bank’d, partner of Hen Wandsworth and Jonathan Moore, cloth finishers. Leased to Heaps [?].
1859. HC 27 May: Heap Bros. ‘large mill’, fire in stove on Sunday morning put out by workman and neighbours:£100 damage. Uninsured.
1862. HC 28 Jun: Fanny Dickenson, on way to Heap’s Factory accuses Jonathan Thornton of assaulting her. Took place on Chandley Lane from Scot Gate Head to Meltham Road. Right to road claimed by a Mr Lee, Thornton acting on his behalf. Bench decides no more violence used than necessary to turn her back.
1864 HC 4 Jun: early morning, fire in one of low rooms used for teasing/willying. PC Rogers raises neighbours. Occupied by Heap Bros. Dust spontaneously combusted ? £90 damages.
1865 HC 1 Apr: Edward Heap threatens to discharge husband of Elizabeth Peace if she refuses to drop charge for indecent assault against Tom Batty his cousin at Woodbottom.
HC 22 Jul: girl walking to mill through Honley Wood, indecently assaulted by another worker from Factory.
HC 5 Aug: fire on third floor due to dust not being cleaned from scribbler which was usually done every Saturday.
HC 19 Aug: Heap Bros, large stack of hay, produce of 28 acres destroyed by fire. £80 damamges. Badly stacked and started to sweat spontaneously combusting.
HC 9 Sep: Joseph Heap of Crosland Hall addresses Lockwood temperance meeting.
1866. HE 11 Aug: Messrs John Heap & Bros scribbling and carding machinery to be sold: “to make way for other machinery”.
[HeapBros: Ed: Allen and Richard Ross: frmerly partners with Wm Henry Walker at Lords Mill: R.R.Heap left partnership in 1861 (HC 23 Mar.)].
1867. HC 27 Apr: Richard Ross Heap, son of John, marriage to Miss Scholes of Meltham, treat for 300 in mill. Joshua Heap, (uncle) proposes toast.
1869 HE 14 Aug: Painter George Hobson steals oil when painting mill, paint and oil provided by Heaps. Caught by Jos Heap. Robert Heap asks for leniency since three children died in last ten weeks and wife sick. Previously of good character. 14 days in House of Correction.
1870 1870 HC 26 Feb: Heap Bros., breach of factory act, employing boys under 13 without school attendance certificates. fined £1 and costs.
HE 16 Jul: Heap Bros, foreman warper, John Lancaster, ankle badly injured in fall from hay cart.
1870 HE 31 Dec: J. Heap of Crosland Hall chairs Temperance Soiree in Meltham Odd Fellows Hall.
1871. KC 375. Agreement. Jos Heap withdraws from firm of John Heap & Bros: Robert: Richard Ross: Allen (of Lords Mill) Edward (of Deanhouse): Mary Anne (Oldfield) and Joseph. Richard Skilbeck merchant and manufacturer of Huddersfield buys lease (date 20 Oct 1858) excepting part assigned to Yorkshire Railway Co.
HEW 23 Sep: John Heap, Offence v. FA, employing Henry Dyson under 12 years old, after six at night. Says he didn’t know it was an offence.
1872 HC 6 Jan: fire in bedroom of Crosland Hall, extinguished by neighbours.
HC 1 Jun: Crosland Hall, residence of William Henry Walker, manufacturer, Crosland Mills, gas explosion, two badly injured (see Lords Mill).
1873. HW 5 Jul: accident: Thos Cartwright, painter (15) injured while water wheel being painted: Josh Heap and two or three hands get up on wheel and start to turn it by treading it round. It goes so fast that they could not stop it. Cartwright and Heap thrown off, formers head trapped, so that it stops wheel. Recovering.
1874 HEW 25 Jul: part of Old Wood near mill on fire, some think it is mill and rush to help.
1876 HEW 21 Oct: Roberts Skilbeck & Co, fire in stove, 320lb wool and 140lb of noils in at time useless but building saved.
1877. HC 13 Jan: Roberts Skilbeck & Co: treat in wool chamber for 40..
1878. HEW 29 Jun, HC 6: 13 Jul: Roberts Skilbeck & Co new statement posted in weavinfg shed, weavers offer compromise of a penny a string less for all jobs under 50 picks, strike against propose reduction: agree to accept Holmfirth list.
HEW 9 Nov: Jesse Carter, blacksmith, assaulted outside the ‘large gates’ by Fenton Sykes, weaver and Alfred Ranfield, putter up. Claimed Carter drunk. Had been ‘packing engine’, was not drunk, according to his son.
1883. HEW 21 Mar: Skilbeck: Allott & Co.: woollen manufacturers: man charged with stealing cops.: James Charlesworth: manager.
1884 HEW 11 Oct: Robert Skilbeck JP, Crosland Hall, daughter marries John Pearson Crosland of Gledholt at Holy Trinity Church. Mill closed. HEW 18 Oct: Treat.
1893. YFT: 29 Sep: strike of 24 male 70-80 pick-a-minute weavers: females on 2s. a cut less.
YFT: 13 Oct: strike settled on new scale.
1894. HEW 20 Jan: Robert Skilbeck, Crosland Hall dies in Cairo. Embalmed remains brought back and buried in Huddersfield cemetery.
1897. HEW 2 Jan: plant to be sold.
HEW 6 Mar: to be let with steam engine and water wheel.
(Crosland Hall occupied by GT Porritt)
1910. YTD: Healey House, F.J.Hickson, plain and fancy coatings, trouserings &c., warehouse, Littlewood’s Buildings, Honley.
1911 HEW 9 Dec: South Cosland UDC, provision of adequate fire escape brought up again.
1912 HEW 20 Jan: UDC writes to Whiteley Beaumont estate, requiring them to put up fire escape on south side of factory.
93. CROSLAND MOOR BOTTOM MILL .
1840. NS 2 Apr: George Crossland, anti-corn-law leaguer.
1850. OS MAP.
1849. LM 27 Jan: Crosland & Sons fire: caused by gas retort.
1851. Census:Crosland Lodge: George Crosland woollen manufacturer employing 186 males and 156 females (342).
1858 HC 17 Jul: rearing supper at Cherry Tree for workmen engaged upon Britannia Buildings, St Geo Sq, , W Cocking architect in chair, Abraham Graham, principal contractor vice chr, 90 present, erected by Geo Crossland & Sons, toasts drunk to them.
HC 14 Aug: fire sat last 8.pm in stove. Neighbours gather. Crosland arrives two sets of fire apparatus on premises, soon extinguished. Stove fire proof but 12 piece wools drying £20-30 damage.
1860. HC 10 Mar: Geo. Crosland & Sons, fire. Alarm raised by passing milkmen. Extinguished by engine on premises. Started in damp cloth in knotting room. 38 pieces in ‘raw thread’ and 30-40 in warp state ‘rendered quite useless.’, £250 damage.
HC 28 Jul: Elizabeth Middleton, piecer, ‘little girl’, scalded to death in fulling room when holding her tea can in tub to heat it. Fell in head first. Dies in infirmary. All hands had been instructed not to use fulling room for that purpose.
1863 HC 7 Mar: Improvements to power loom by Joshua Crosland of Crosland Moor,, working two , three or more shuttles in the most practical way and also in picking motion. ‘A loom can be seen at work at Mr Wm Whiteley’s machine-maker, Lockwood, or at Geo Crosland and Sons…’
1864. HC 8 Oct.Geo.Crosland OBIT (75). New Connexion Methodist.
1866 HC 21 Jul: Messrs Crosland. Lead flashings stolen from mill by boys.
HC 20 Oct: Geo Crosland & Sons, Manchester Road, Hammond Bottomley, 9, fataaly injured when rope of hoist snaps. Bringing his brother’s tea to mill.
1867. HC 20 Jul: Crosland’s, extensive fire. Small engine from James Crosland at Millgate Mill first to assist. Four other brigades join in. Stove three storeys, one gable on Crosland Moor Rd, other adjoining main mill in line with Manchester Rd.
1878 HEW 19 Oct: Geo Crosland and Sons, Wm Parkin, nightwatchman sees blood coming through ceiling, Thos Dyson, foreman warper found with throat cut but still alive.
1882. HEW 4 Mar: John Woodhead Crosland obit: (62) second eldest son of George Crosland. Conservative and churchman: wife died in 1875. He leaves no family. George Crosland’s eldest son T.P. Crosland MP for Huddersfield died in office. Of other sons: Joseph: George and Charles only the first survives.
1887. Fire in stove, 13 July. see 1915.
1889. HEW 22 Jun:Geo. Crosland & Sons, presentation to Sir George Crosland snr of illuminated address congratulating him on his knighthood.. David Mellor, employed with firm for 54 years speaks.
1893. HEW 1 Apr: Geo. Crosland & Sons claim they are unable to place orders in Ireland ‘owing to the general feeling of insecurity’. T.P.Crosland claims that Home Rule agitation ruining trade.
HEW 6 May: G.Crosland & Sons: presentation to Joshua Shaw for 53 years service, platform erected in mill yard.
1901. HEW 17 Aug: T.P.Crosland jnr, coming of age party. T.P. snr, JP, says that 30 years ago 3- 400 pieces could be made and put in store ‘could not be done now with any degree of commercial safety’ hoped that ‘present period of depression’ would pass.
1910. YTD: George Crosland & Sons, Ltd, 135 looms.
1915. HE 27 Feb: Geo. Crossland & Sons, mill destroyed by fire. 400 workers get out safely, thousands of sight-seers.
1992. Burnt down.
94. CROSSLEY MILL (Shaw Factory) (Honley)
1834. Factory Comm Rept.: water wheels: 24hp steam engine.
1838. HG 27 Mar: David Shaw, patent gas ovens installed, 1835.
1844 LT 13 Jul: David Shaw’s slubber, wm Dawson, working Hannah Slater, under 13 for more than 9 hours. Says only because his piecer unwell. Chas Slater, fined for not sending her to school for two hours. Mother says attends every day but this time in place of sick girl. 5s plus 10s costs.
1847. Lm 21 Aug: Shaw’s weaver, Tom ‘Dutch sam’ Thornton, 40, falls in river from Honley Bridge while drunk, trying to ‘preach’ to men coming from mill for dinner.
LM 6 Nov: on short time. From 11 down to 8 hours.
William McEwan of Glasgow (later Scottish brewer) works as clerk until 1851 and lodges at Crown St, Honley. Earns £.100 a year. (Notebooks and letters in archive of Wm McEwan & Co.Ltd SNM/13/3)
1850. LM 9 Jan: D.Shaw treat, 2-300 in looking room, decorated with evergreens, lit by gaslight, some of partners along with cashier, bookkeepers, overlookers.
LM 2 Mar: meeting at mill, subscription entered in to for trip to great Exhibition.
HC 9 Nov: B.L.Shaw ‘To let off a quantity of land for the encouragement of spade husbandry and cottage comfort’…’Now Mr Shaw is the largest millowner in Honley and his proposal to the labouring classes coming directly after the announcement of the pig show, is a proof that he is desirous to afford facilities by which the labouring classes can feed their pigs at the lowest possible cost.’
1851. HE 22 May D.Shaw retired: only part of mill working: occupied by Dickinson &.Platt cloth dressers.:23 Oct: move to Huddersfield.(Close Mill, Birkby).
HE 3 Jul:D.Shaw 100 hp steam engine. Flood damage.
HE 27 Dec: fire.
1852. HE 15 May: D.H.Shaws declining business, depression of Honley woollen manufacture, ‘scarcely ever paralleled’.
HC 27 Nov: Honley, ‘disastrous depression’, due to closure of Shaw’s factory. Part taken over by Kellet & Scott. [see Neiley Factory]
(HC 26 Jun 1858 James Shaw, bankruptcy case at Leeds, says affairs of David Shaw & Sons wound up 1852-53.
1853. HC 8 Jan: James Shaw & Co. now occupiers. bills posted for 40-50 weavers.
HC 26 Feb: strike against master from Lindley. Plain broads, mohair weft, 3d string of 10foot at 20 picks/inch, only earning 6s4d-7s6d week.
HC 3 Mar: return with 25 % advance.
1854. HE, HC 11 Feb: James Shaw accident weds 8 Feb. Matthew Fretwell oiling shafting in dark part of ‘old mill’ when his conforter caught by shaft and draws him in. Whirled round, ‘dreadfully injured. Dies half a hour later.
1855. HE 27 Oct: accident: gas fitter suffocated.
1858 HC 30 Jan: Saturday major bankruptcy in Huddersfield rumoured, Monday learned it was ‘Mr James Shaw, of the mills at Honley, and present representative of the old and once respectable firm of David Shaw and Sons’ Said to be £30,000 liabilities but only £2,000 to meet them.
Ibid ‘On Monday last death suddenly overtook Mr Joseph Kaye of Reins, in Honley,a partner of the firm of “Beaumont, Kaye and Co”, under the following circumstances. The deceased was largely involved by the recent failure of Mr James Shaw, of Honley, and about eleven o’clock on Monday forenoon he was at Honley station, awaiting the arrival of the train for Huddersfield, when he netered into conversation with a party relative to the failure. Shortly after he was seen to stagger and fall. Assistance was obtained, and he was conveyed home, where he expired about seven o’clock the same evening, having never uttered a word. It is surmised he died heart broken.’
HC 6 Feb: Jas Shaw, creditors meeting, held at his warehouse, Huddersfield. In January 1852 when he took over mills had no money and borrowed £12,000 on estimated value of machinery. Value reduced to £8,000 on which still mortgage of £5,800. Interest on loans, £1,901,; railway speculation 1852-4, £1,500,; bad debts in Huddersfield trade £2,300,; cash taken for household expenses, £2,560,; depreciation of machinery £4,731. Had known he was insolvent 2 or 3 years ago.
1858 HC 13 Feb: Jas. Shaw’s insolvency, Wright Mellor, J T Taylor, Law Hepponstall and J Barwick (Yorks Bank) appointed assignees.
HC 5 Jun: large portion of machinery in mill lately occupied by James Shaw to be sold, ‘Neiley’s Factory’ [sic]
HC 26 Jun: James Shaw, bankruptcy case at Leeds. Shaw partner of Beardsell in Thurston Coal Co. Kaye who died of firm of Beaumont, Kaye & Co. who he had heavily drawn on.
Letter ‘It is currently known in this district that the above bankrupt has for many years carried on practices which were unbecoming to an upright tradesman – but latterly his dealings have been fearfully disreputable and by his failure men who have toile hard and honestly for upwards of thirty years have been reduced, if not to absolute penury, at least to be greatly dependent upon the kindness of friends… It is well known that the above bankrupt has for many years, been an active and energetic supporter of religious institutions, which adds to the enormity of his offence and it is because he has been professedly a Christian, many are anxious that his conduct as a tradesman should not be too closely scrutinised… A Sufferer by the above bankruptcy, Huddersfield, 23 June 1858’.
HC 23 Oct: to be sold, one sixth of share of Foster shaw and James Shaw, Neiley’s Factory, five storeyx40x17 yards, also boiler house building to west of mill, 3stx16x11 yds, weaving shed to south if mill, 17x30yds. , building to north east 4stx12x5yds, used as offices, store room etc, also gas house, stoves to south of mill, 2srx80x7yds building to north of mill, stables, porters lodge etc.
1859. HC 29 Jan: Robert Walker Waddington & Wm.Henry Waddington of Liverpool: notice owners of mill and of all shafting, gearing , machinery and appurtenances, marked with their initials.
HC 26 Nov: Fire.
1860. HC 14 Jan: Beaumont, Kaye & co, clothdressers, treat for 60 at George & Dragon.
1862. HC 23 Aug: Trip.
1864 HC 20 Feb: William Arnold’s steam engine delivering boiler to Mr Shaw’s mill, is left below Honley Bar while Shaw’s men yoke themselves to wagon and take it through thus avoiding 5s roll for engine.
1865. HC 15 Jul: James Shaw and G Scott, occupiers, fire in large shed attached to mill. Put out by workpeople with buckets, fire engine on premises out of order.
HE 7 Oct. accident.
1866 HC 3 Feb: Shaw’s Mill, fire, in stove someone on Banks alerts watchman, alarm bell rung, people flock to mill. Fire engine out of order. Message to Brooke’s, their powerful engine arrives.
1873. HEW 19 Apr: to be sold: three storey mill and seven acre farm.
HEW 27 Nov: boy cloth presser accused of assaulting another.
1885. HEW 20 Jun: C.E.Bousefield engine man, Thos. Beetham: living on premises alerted to fire. Own fire engine used and Robinson’s and Brooke’s engines help extinguish it. £1,000 damage. Due to ‘over heating of some wood which had been placed in the boiler house…’
HEW 27 Jun: land adjoining and belonging to mill – auction of hay grass and after grass, to closes, 2a 2roods.
1887. HEW 5 Feb: premises to be let for another purpose: machinery to be sold including 28 powerlooms.
1903. HEW 9 May: three storey mill, to be sold along with Neiley Mill.
1904. HEW Allen Thornton &Sons, dyers, Allen Fox of Concord place, engine tenter, oiling shaft, caught and injured.
1910. YTD Allen Thornton & Sons,cloth dyers and finishers.
1914. YFT 18 Jun: FIRE.
94.(a) CROW HILL MILL (Marsden).
1861 HC 16 Nov: Silk Dyeworks, steam pipes, dyeing utensils, etc, to be sold.
95. CUTTLEHIRST MILL (Scissett)
1863 HC 20 Jun: ‘Gay Marriage at Clayton West’. George Norton’s daughter Fanny marries Thos Carter of Liverpool. Workpeople at Cuttlehirst erect a beautiful arch at entrance to Bagden Hall park.
HC 27 Jun: George Norton, treat in spacious recently erected building, marriage of Miss Norton and entering into business of Thomas Norton. Walter Norton of Highbridge Mill present. ‘serve to cement the harmony existing between employer and employed…’
(Norton’s employees at Dudfleet Mills , Horbury also treated).
1864 HC 16 Jul: George Norton, ‘who has retired from business…’ , machinery to be sold, including power looms, jacquards, finishing machinery, vans, carts, etc.
1865 HC 9 Dec: Bagden Hall farm, execs late geo Norton, farming stock and implements to be sold.
1899. Cuttlehirst Mill, Walter Norton, Thos. Norton and Charles Fred Dixon lease of mill to Lewis Crowther for £200p.a.. Fixtures and fittings schedule, including Pollitt & Wigzell engine. (WYAS Norton Papers)
1901. HEW 26 Jan: Lewis T.Crowther & Co.machinery to be sold, weaving, dyeing and finishing.
1902. HEW 26 Jul: to be let, 6,700 square yards ‘coal is supplied from collieries in the locality.’
1910. YTD: H.Blackburn & Sons, cotton doubler, fancy twists, grandrelles, knotted, looped, flaked &c, yarns.
1914 HEW 14 Nov: T Norton, accommodation provided at mill for 10 Belgian refugees.
96. DALE STREET MILL (Longwood)
1878 HEW 2 Feb: JE Tate, patent picking morion improvement to Schofield, Whiteley, Kirks, et al. box looms.
1881. Directory: Geo. Beaumont & Sons, fancy manufacturers.
1880. HED 30 Jan: John Lockwood treat. (Formerly of Hirst Mill)
1892. HEW 11 Jun: Henry Leech giving up manufacture.
HEW 1 Oct: machinery, yarn and raw material to be sold without reserve price, room to be cleared to make way for other machinery.
1894. HEW 22 Sep: Joseph Pontefract executors, machinery to be sold.
1904. HEW 9 Jan: Harry Beaumont bankrupt.
1910. YTD : J. Hinchliffe & Co. mungo and shoddy manufacturer/ George Beaumont & Son, fancy woollens, 2,000 spindles, 25 looms.
1914 HEW 7 Mar: Messrs Beaumont & Sons, sue J Novitzky & Co cap manufacturers, London for £12 for goods deliverd. Two pieces of grey cloth for 60 dozen caps.
1915. HE 13 mar: Dan Beaumont (80) obit. Built mill and moved from Firm Mill. In business with his father, George.
1923 HEW 6 Jan: Joseph Beaumont, obit (65) fancy cotton manufacturer, formerly of Dale St Mills.
97. DALTON MILL (Dalton)
1839 HG 14 Dec: Parker & Collett, offence against factory act.
1844 LT 13 Jul: ‘Dalton Mills, Geoffrey Binns, offence against factory act.
1863. HC 5 Sep: ‘Wanted, a good scribbling engineer who has been accustomed to condensers and to work fine wools – Apply to James Wild and Co., Senior’s Mill. Dalton.’
1866 HC 13 Jan: Beck supplying ‘Dalton Woollen Mills with water’. Footbridge ‘imperfectly secured’ between Bradley Mill and Lees Lane, John Halliday, 18 falls in and almost drowns.
HC 24 Feb: Messrs Wilson trading as Salkeld & Co, occupiers, mill at Dalton, one mile from Huddersfield to let.
1869 HE 10 Jul: to let, occ James Wild & Co. retiring from business, tenancy ends 1 Jan next year but wll negotiate earlier possession and sale of machinery.
HE 28 Aug: machinery to be sold.
1872 HC 16 Nov: ‘Wanted a good second hand hydro extractor, from 44 to 48 inches diameter, inside shell,; must be driven from underneath – Address , stating lowest price, Jas Watkinson and Son, Dalton Mills.’
HEW 7 Dec: condenser sets, mules, Lewis cutter etc, to be sold.
1874. HEW Feb 14: Brierley & Wall, David Thornton, 16, arm caught in burring machine.
1881. Directory: Brierley & Wall, yarn spinners and manufacturers of worsted coatings.
1884 HEW 8 Nov: to be let, occupied Brierley & Wall, ‘The premises are extensive and well arranged, the water supply is of good quality and the whol comprises a very compact business concern.’
1886. HEW 5 Jun: Brierley &.Wood [?] late tenant: To be let.
1887. HEW 1 Jan: still to let.
1890. HEW 29 Mar. ditto.
1891. HEW 3 Jan: ditto.
1905 HEW 28 Oct: Dalton Green mill, 3 storeys, to be sold.
98 DALTON LEES MILL (Dalton)
1827 BHC 21 Feb: LM 3 May: to let 3stx30x14 yards, steam engine 16hp, WW with 22 foot fall, fulling mill, 4 scribblers, 6 carders and 6 billys. Seven cottages for workpeople. Never failing spring of soft water.
1828 LM 7 Jun: still to let, apply James Tolson, Mill Hill, John Kilner, Crofthead.
1866 HC 2 Jun: Charles Battye, Lees Mill, Dalton, two piecers charged with leaving work. One employed by uncle.
1869 HC 5 Jun: Battye Bros, distraint for rent, woollen machinery, horse, cart and other effects to be sold.
HE 7 Aug: to let, with nearly new boiler, – Wm Henry Fryer, Wimbourne, Dorset.
1872. HEW 16 Mar: Kilner Battye, bank’d, woollen machinery to be sold. Also household furniture and effects.
1878 HEW 9 Mar: J H Bell, yarn spinner. Body found in mill dam. Wm Blakeley of Thornhill Lees, suspected of attempted murder of John Barker, labourer, Ingham’s Thornhill Colliery, in row over woman. Bell elected foreman of inquest at Black Horse Inn.
1881. Directory: John Henry Bell, yarn spinner.
HC 5 Mar: JH Bell, woollen machinery and effects to be sold.
1892. HEW 9 Apr: Edward Taylor Sykes, employing under 16 year old without certificate.
1898. HEW 12 Feb: F.T.Sykes, fire £30 damage.
1899. HEW 22 Jul: machinery to be sold.
1901 HEW 3 May: John Siddle, fire.
1910. YTD: John F.Siddle & Co. mungo and shoddy manufacturer, waste openers, fullers, scribblers and carders.
(In 1885 there was a Wm Siddle mungo manufacturer on Albert St, Huddersfield when a fire in a machine suffocated a worker HEW 11 Jul – related to John Siddle ?).
99. DAMSIDE MILL (Kings Mill Lane)
1871. HC ; HEW 5;12 Aug: new chimney being erected for Potter and Jackson, mungo waste openers, Martin Ratigan, brick-layer falls 7 yards from scaffolding on chimney, killed. John , brother, John O’Hara, Castlegate and Wm Buckley, Cowcliffe Side, foreman of masons, witnesses. No apparent reason for fall.
1878 HEW 9 Mar: Potter v. Jackson, in Court of Chancery, rag machinery to be sold
1887. HEW 8 Jun: Jos. Sykes late occupiers: mill and finishing machinery to be sold/let.
1893. HEW 1 Apr: Jos. Vickerman, finishing plant.
100. DEANHOUSE MILL (Honley)
1791. LTR. Nathaniel and Godfrey Berry mill.
1792. RD.DK.205:271: 31 Aug: ‘Fulling Mill and Scribbling or Teazing and Carding Mill and Steam Engine’
1796. [DTJ] ‘Danehouse Lane mill valued at £850.
1798. LM 6 Oct: messuage and ‘Factory…new erection’ 3 storeys by 12 by 11 yards, late in possession of Godfrey Berry sale by the assignees of Nathaniel Berry bankrupt.
‘All that large Fulling and Scribbling Mill together with the Fire Engine and Dyehouse…only lately built and the Engines: Stocks: Wheel &c. are in good condition.’. Also brick warehouse.
1800. LM 20 Dec: Nathaniel & Godfrey Berry bankrupt.Clothiers.
RD.EF.603.11 Oct: Assignees: Sam Waterhouse: Esq:Halifax: Joseph Tolson:Wakefield: woolstapler: Ralph Walker:Wakefield: Gentleman: John Jessop: Honley :drysalter: convey property to John Waterhouse of Halifax, merchant.
1801. [DTJ] valued £2,300.
1803. LM 22 Jan: To be sold: ‘All that large Scribbling and Fulling Mill..’
Ten scribbling and carding engines: five fulling stocks. ‘Teazer with iron Tumbling Shafts worked by a Capital Water Wheel 36 feet diameter and 4 feet broad: cogged with iron segments at the edge. And also all that extensive RESERVOIR belongingto the above mill by aid of which the Machinery is turned the greatest part of the year together with the Newly Erected STEAM ENGINE (the diameter of the Cylinder being 34 inches) in which every preparation is made to convert the same into a Patent Engine. The building is 36 yards long whereof 21 yards is 7 and a half yards in breadth and 15 yards: 9 yards in breadth…’ Freehold and Trading Part of the Country ‘well calculated for carrying on the cotton business’ John Wilson of Netherthong will show premises.
1830. White’s Directory: Joseph Eastwood dyer: Deanhouse and Honley.
1842. General strike.
1846. Girl weaver: 14: drowned in dam.
1852. HE:HC 3 Jul: ‘Serious Riot’: Top floor of mill occupied by John Heap & Sons of New Hagg occupying top floor of mill wish to move their spinning mules to Smithy Place Mill and give notice to mill owner Wm Haigh: that they will dismantle machines and and get them out of the end window of the mill where they were got in: where mill floor not much higher than ground. West gable: where Haigh wanted them to go through four storeys high. Haigh says roof below East gable in a dangerous condition and refuses permisson: even though they promise to pay for any damage: and orders his men to stop them. they stand on mill roof with sticks and iron bars…’but the Heaps are not of a temper to give up a victory without a struggle and after reasoning failed Mr Mark Heap led on his men to the charge and ascended the roof…’: ‘Oldfielders’ armd with 6 foot by 2 inch sizing sticks: Mark knocked down over 12 feet by blow on head: others bloody heads: second attack driven off and Mark heap thrown in dam by Tom Dyson: Edward Heap pushed into dam by a woman. Comes out and shouts ‘Brick’em lads: Brick ’em’ and shower of bricks andother missiles drives down defenders at second volley and a number thrown in dam: Heaps remove machinery.
HC 3 Jul:17 Jul: John: Edward and Mark Heap accused of assault. Mark Heap assaults Haigh day after fracas: bound over for a month.
1853. HE 15 Jan: Hiram Littlewood manufacturer: son 14 accident trying to throw strap of mule onto cylinder: dragged in by apron. Dies after arm amputated.
1859. HC 26 Feb: William Haigh, occupier of mill [sic] seeks £6 from Thomas Dyson, manufacturer, Thngsbridge, for work done at mill. Dyson claims counter damage for keeping scribbling engines in good order. Defendant allowed £4 damages.
HC 4 Jun: ‘James and Benjamin Eastwood of Nethertong charged with threatening to assault William Haigh on 19 May. Haigh trustee for creditors on the defendents who occupy mill. Learning that the engine was standing on that day Haigh went to mill to ascertain cause. On entering mill yard James abused him and followed him around. When he entered mill both defendents followed him and threatened to ‘knock his soul out.’ Attempt in mill yard to push him into pig stye. Haigh believed himself to be in danger and could not go on estate to look after creditors’ interests. Defendants bound over to keep the peace for 6 months.
HE 10 Dec: T.Dyson part occupier: part untenanted. Two mills: watercourse: dam and tunnel connected: steam engine 25hp: 2x18hp boilers: stove: dying and scouring pans: 5 scribblers: carders and billeys: 1 willey: fearnought: 4 pair mules: plots: cottages etc.
1861 HC 23 Mar: plans to light mill and area by gas. (Workhouse also being built).
1862. HC 11 Jan: Thomas Dyson of Elmwood Villa, treat.
1866. HE 22 Sep: new chimney being built: youths play with windlass- one falls and breaks leg.
1870 HC 30 Jul: Tom Dyson & Sons, woollen manufacturer, fire in stove. Engine of Josh Mellor, Thongsbridge attends. £50 damage.
1881 HC 10 Dec: Tom Dyson & Son fined nominal amount for unjust weights. Argues not for trade, but weighing out weft for weavers who are paid according to piece not weight.
1883. HEW 10 Feb: Tom Dyson & Son treat for 170.
1898 HEW 22 Jan: Tom Dyson & Sons,treat for 200 workers in church school. In constant eployment for past 12 months.
1901 HExp 13 Jan: Presentation to John Harold Floyd on occasion of marriage, son of John Peel Floyd who became partner 1875 began as apprentice c.1860. Many extensions made to mill last 26 years.
1905. HEW 8 Apr: Tom Dyson & Sons, Geo.Henry senior, foreman scourer claims £1.16s weeks wages, says he gave a weeks notice but was not allowed to work it out, locked out of mill. Firm says it was because he wouldn’t give up milling room key.
1910. YTD: Thomas Dyson & Sons, fancy, 5,500 spindles and 50 looms.
1912. HEW W 2 Mar: T..Dyson & Sons, Honley UDC approves plans for warping shed.
101. DIGLEY MILL (Holme)
1794. Land Tax returns:John Hirst “Lower Mill”.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report.. John Hirst pesent use 1818. water wheel 12hp: steam engine 12hp. 19 employed.
1844. IBJ 23 Jan: At home all day except at Mill tonight. John Hirst had two sheep killed, fleeced, and stolen out of a shed in a field near to Digley Mill, this last night. We have a many robberies in this neighbourhood in comparison to what there used to be. It was only last Wednesday week that an end of Firth Barber’s was stolen from the mill…..
12 Jun: There came 3 or 4 men to day to Digley Mill sent by one Mr. Blakey to demand £75 for Rent and if not paid they were to make distress. We sent them about their business…
13 Jun: To day there came 7 men sent by Priestley of Huddfd Auctioneer, they wanted to enter the mill to make an Inventory of Goods for Sale to satisfy Blakeys demand of £75. There was a Constable with them. They attempted to enter the Mill by force, then we pushed them [off] the premises very quickly. We told them we owed no Rent, as one of our Landlords present could testify. They said they would come again next day, with a stronger force. I went down to Mr. Hixon to ask his opinion about it. He said he would not allow them to enter or have anything to do with them. He wrote to Priestly to say that we should enter legal proceedings against him if he sent his men again, for annoying our men in the peaceful pursuit of their business etc.
1850. LM 14 Sep. Messrs Hirst fight between two female burlers.(pieces machine brushed).
1852. HC,HE 7 Feb: Flood. George Hirst’s widow, ‘large factory’, weaving shed and 34 powerlooms. Mill valued at £12:000: eight yards square five stories high farm stock and widow’s £1000 in gold washed away. 90 unemployed and £9000 damage. Three boilers carried a mile downstream.
Upper Mill: ‘A little further down’ from Bilberry Mill, building used as farm and manufactory, John Furniss bankrupt. Farm and stock washed away and mill seriously damaged.
1853. HE 8 Oct: Flood salvage sale: two mills: 27 foot diameter water wheel, 4ft5in wide within shields., with pit wheel, 19 ft6in , segments six inches on the cog. Fulling stocks, , woollen machinery
1872. HEW 10 Feb: site to be sold. Fall 27 ft 10in.
1873 HEW 21 Jun: site to be sold ‘whereon formerly stood the extensive mills called Digley Mills…’
1875. HEW 4 Sep: tender for new mill:architect Ben Stocks.
1881. Directory: Joseph Greenwood, Sons & Co.
1887. HEW 20 Aug: Jos Greenwood deceased: executors: site of mill. (Also site of Pingle Mill).
1897. YFT 18 Jun: ‘new erections’ nearing completion.
1901 HExp 26 Jan: Jos. Greenwood & Sons, mill party, also Bilberry Mill
HExp 16 Nov: Heavy rain, stream damages walls.
HExp 2 Nov: HEW 23 Nov: River pollution case.
1910. YTD: Jos. Greenwood & Sons Ltd, worsted coatings and trouserings, vicunas, coverts, serges and silk mixtures., 3000 spindles, 88 looms.
1911 HExp 12 Aug: fire brigade outing to Green Dragon at Thurgoland.
1920 HEW 7 Feb: George Hirst, 86, recollections of 1852 Flood. Grand father from Pole Moor, bought land from Joshua Wimpenny of Arrunden and built mill. George Haigh snr died 11 months before flood. Used to inspect the embankment. Could have averted disaster.
1936 HEW 19 Dec: Farewell Party at Holmebridge , Norman Marsh, manager gives speech. Harry Hinchliffe worker in winding department for over 50 years presented with easy chair. Herbert Greenwood present. 160 men and women employed, though nearly closed six years previously. Bitterness towards Corporation for closing mill.
1937 HEW 30 Jan: Messrs Jos Greenwood & Sons, machinery to be sold, 20 hp turbine, new, 1923, Dilke, Kendal. 250ihp horizontal compound engine, Woodhouse & Mitchell
1938 HEW 30 Jul: Digley Mill demolished. Photo of felling of chimney.
102. DOBB MILL (Holmebridge)
1851. Census. John Earnshaw “31 hands”.
1856 HC 27 Dec: John Earnshaw of Dob, son John William age 2, falls into plug hole of dye pan and receives fatal injuries in ‘dyehouse near his father’s residence.’
103. DOBROYD MILL (Jackson Bridge)
1859. HC 23 Jul: J & E Moorhouse, John Holroyd collecting ‘wash’ for manufacturers charged by PC White with leaving wash barrel unattended for over a hour at Sude Hill and being more than 100 yards from horse. Denies both charges and supported by witnesses. Refuses to pay fine committed to Wakefield for seven days.
1860 HE 2 Jan: J.Moorhouse, bankrupt, machinery, stock in trade and effects to be auctioned on premises.
HC 26 May: Jonathan Moorhouse, bankrupt, stock in trade, machinery and effects to be sold, including logwood, camwood, fustic, alum, sanders, peachwood, dyeing utensils, box of new cards for machinery, nine bags of Botany wool, warp, weft etc…shoddy, mungo, thrumbs and nippings.
HC 24 Nov: To be let or sold, together with stove, dyeing house, wollow house, four cottages. 5 scribblers, 4 carders, 4 billies, three pair and a half of mules, fulling mill with 7 double fullers, one driver, two washing machines. 25hp engine, water wheel 42 foot diameter, 32 foot fall. Apply Moorhouse Bros, New Chapel, Penistone.
1861. HC 23 Mar: to be sold: scribbling and fulling mill, waterwheel 32′ fall: 20hp steam engine:7 double fullers: scribblers: 4 x 270 spindle billies:1560 spindle mules. First mill on stream below Boshaw Reservoir.
1865 HC 23 Dec: Moorhouse Bros. Wanted, 20 hand-loom weavers.
1869 HE 6 Mar: To be sold, water wheel 32x5feet (iron axle and buckets) steam engine 20hp, boiler 26hp, willey house, dye house, stove, cottages, farmhouse.
HE 8 May: Mary Webster drowns herself and illegitimate infant in dam.
1872. HEW 30 Nov;7 Dec: John Kilburn tenant: To be sold mill/machinery: scribbling and spinning.
1873. HEW 13 Sep: Messrs Thorp: new mill: building contractor James Turner injured when hoist chain raising materials breaks. Worked by water wheel.
Thorpe moves from Holmfirth Mill. Good supply of clean water needed for bright colours made.(see 1888 fire).
1881. Directory: Jonathan Thorpe & Sons (Henry & Josiah).
1883. HEW 7 Jul:Jonathan Thorpe & Sons trip to Scarboough.
1885 HEW 1 Nov: fire in stove discovered by Engine Tenter, Aaron Whitehead. Mill own fire engine, but not insured.
1886. HEW 17 Jul: J.Thorp & Sons trip to Blackpool.
1888. HEW 1 Sep: Jonathon Thorpe & Sons woollen: worsted and stockinette manufacturer: fire in condensor: mill burnt down £25-30:000 damage (only £19:000 insured). 5 storeys x 54 x 18 yards at mouth of Dean Brook Valley. Engine horizontal compound: 40-50hp. Dyehouse lit by dynamo. Beaumont: Sons & Co: who part own Holme Bottom Mill with Thorpe: offers to do some of work: also Booth & Pitt of Sude Hill Mill: wh Thorpe helped when they had a fire: offers to take on scouring: finishing and milling.
1897. HEW 15 May: 5 Jun: Jonathon Thorpe, water dispute with Wildspur Mill.
1899. HEW 1 Jul: to be sold, ‘nearly new erection’ 3 storeys by 54 by 18 yards, owned by Jonathon Thorpe & Sons who have decided to dispose of mill and machinery. 30 foot x 4ft6in WW
YFT 28 Jul: withdrawn from auction at £3,400.
1907 HEW 11 May; 6 Jul: occupied J.H. Barker & Co. Sale of machinery and of mill: Main Mill 4 storeysx 54 x 18 yards, 3603 sq yards., exernal staircase and hoist race.; 4 storey warehouse, square chimney. water wheel 30’ x 4’6”, two steam boilers, Green’s economiser,, compound horizontal steam engine, high press. cylinder 14”, low press. 26” four foot stroke, 50 revolutions, by Pearson & Spurr; dynamos for 300 lights, Robert Scott & Co. First Mill on Boshaw stream; £30.12.7 1/2d per ann to Commisioners of Holme reservoirs.
1910. YTD: Jonathan Thorpe & Sons, ‘Valley Mill’ stockinettes, tweeds, mantle and costume cloths.
YTD: Denison & Sharman, Dobroyd Mill, fancy woollens, tweeds, mantle and costume cloths, 2,800 spindles, 70 looms.
104. DOCK MILLS (Huddersfield)
1847. LM 17 Apr: Mellors & Sykes machinery to be sold including mules: 30 powerlooms and 14 handlooms.
105. DOCTOR MILL/Hepworth Mill (Hepworth)
1791. RD:EH 448.536. Deed Josiah Wordsworth apothecary and seven others.
1806. [DTJ 231] Josiah Wadsworth: insurance.
1850. LM 4 May: Henry Hinchcliff.
1857. HC 18 Apr: Messrs Shaw fire in stove.
1865 HC 19 Aug: Chas Hinchliff, assignees, machinery and materials to be sold.
1867. HC 28 Dec: to be let.
1868. HC 4 Jan: to be let. Four scribblers, carders, billies and pairs of looms. Spare room suitable for power looms. Shaw , Hepworth.
HE 18 Jan: HE 18 Jul:Wm. Shaw to be let. Power looms to be sold, by Schofield and by Hutchinson & Hollingworth.
1887 HExp 1 Jan: Mill foundations give way when chimney extension being added. Falls on new part of building and damages boiler. Now Willam Brook’s dyeworks.
106. DOGLEY MILL (Kirkburton)
1805. Dartmouth Terrier.
1836 LM 2 Jul: Jonas & James Kenyon, offence against factory act.
1855 HC 6 Oct: Robert Hinchliffe, dyer at Kenyon’s for five years steals bichromate of potass [sic] and argil to supply to William and John Stirk, dyers, Bayhall. Stolen ‘chrome’ found in Hinchliffe’s house by Superintendent Heaton and he incriminates defendants, whom he had previously worked with. Their premises searched and cask found in shed with 250lbs of bichromate. Wm Stirk says does not know where it came from had been on premises seven years. Defence – could not be convicted on the word of the thief. Case adjourned to allow ‘respectable’ defendents time to produce invoices.
HC 13 Oct: Stirks ‘men in easy circumstances carrying on a respectable and profitable business.’ Fined full penalty of £20, magistrate says they deserve imprisonment.
1859 HE 3 Sep: Kenyon, new mill in course of erection, 5 storeys, mason knocked from top by crane.
1860. HC 22 Sep: Jonas & Thomas Kenyon, workpeople, trip to Wharncliffe Park, 110 in four wagons and two carriages. Dinner at Wortley Hotel.
1861. HC 13 Jul: T. Kenyon: trip to ‘romantic and far famed’ Wharncliffe Rocks. 120 workers and band.
HC 2 Nov: Thos Kenyon witness in case brought against John ‘Rag Jack’ Hirst of Kirkburton by Woollen Association for being in possession of embezzled materials. Case discharged.
1863. HC 4 Jul: Thos Kenyon, invites teachers and scholars to Dogley Villa. 184 , games, band, tea and plum cake, etc
1864 HC 25 Jun: George Sykes, Kirkburton, charged with breaking his contract as farm labourer with Jonas Kenyon. Should have known that 14 days notice required since posted up in mill and Sykes was employed there on one or two occasions putting coal on engine fire ‘and do anything that required to be done about the mill.’ as well as feeding pigs and other jobs. No proof of express or implied contract, case dismissed.
1865. HE 1 Jul: Jonas Kenyon & Sons, old mill adjoining new mill being built, third storey begun, accident, mason Ben Scott and boy labourer injured in fall when beam gives way.
HC 2 Sep: rearing supper for 30-40 workmen at Spring Grove Tavern celebrating new mill.
1866 HC 7 Jul: Martha Ann Parkin, piecer, 15, looses finger in machine.
1867. HC 10 Aug: workpeoples’ trip to Scarborough, 450 travel by special train from Stocksmoor, accompanied by Kirkburton Victoria Brass Band.
HC 7 Dec: J.&.T.Kenyon, Miss Kenyon’s marriage, new building: 160 at treat. (also of Rowley Mill).Wedding present of clock from workpeople.
1869 HE 11 Sep: Jonas Kenyon, obit, 78, in Retford where gone to restore his health, last few years suffered blindness and led around by a boy. Conservative, used to read Leeds Intelligencer, but honest and respected by poor.
1871. HC 26 Aug: 40 workpeople treat in Spring Grove tavern in honour of marriage of Miss Kenyon to Benjamin Dickinson of Huddersfield.
1872. HEW 10 Jan: J.& T Kenyon accident in hydro-extractor.
HEW 13 Jun: fire in stove: bucket chain formed: corporation steam fire engine tips over en route. Man engine brought out but beaten to scene by Wrigley’s engine from Folly Hall.
HC 24 Aug: Woodsome Agricultural and Floral Exhibition held in two fields belonging Thomas Kenyon of Dogley Villa.
1875 HEW 23 Oct: Thos Kenyon, Monday mission service for employees, Rev Billington.
1877 HWN 3 Nov: J.&.T.Kenyon, fire in stove.
1878. HEW 8 Jun: Jonas Kenyon OBIT s. of Thos (obit feb 1876), gr s Jonas of J& T Kenyon, (business founded at time of Holmfirth 1832 strike, death coincides with present greater lockout in area).
HEW 13 Jul: J Kenyon, will, estate left to young wife. Three executors to run business.
1891 HEW 5 Sep: To be let, occ, J&T Kenyon, together with engine boiler etc.
1892. HEW 15 Oct: J.&.T.Kenyon, machinery to be sold.
1894 HEW 9 Dec: Ibid.machinery to be sold..
1897. HEW 9 Jan: dyeing plant to be sold, Louis Taylor’s.
1900. HEW 10 Mar: 50 girls wanted to learn rug weaving.
1901. HEW 13 Jul: Hiram Bower & Co, firm started two years ago, scarcity of hands so inexperienced girls employed and others, at higher wages, to teach them weaving. 6s minimum wage. Girls in habit of leaving work without notice. Placard with 14 days notice rule posted. £150 spent on teacing, 8 or 9 looms idle through girls leaving. Summons against Emily Shore and Florence Heap of Kirkburton for 12s damages each. 5s.6d. and 6s. costs awarded against them.
1907 HEW 9 Feb: Hiram Bower & Co. rug manufacturer, more leaving work without notice cases. Notice posted in mill with rules. J B Sykes, rug manufacturer has bought mill from Messrs Bower.
1910. YTD: Liversedge & Co, fancy, 44 looms.
107. DOVER MILL (Cartworth)
1836. LM 2 Jul: To be sold on direction of high court of chancery: Dawson v. Brook: fulling mill and dwelling houses occupied by Emor and James Brook.
1851. HC 8 Mar: J T Taylor, supper for operatives. Taylor, ‘in an eloquent speech inculcated on all present the advantage of moral, mental and religious culture.’
1854. HC 1 Jul: J Thorpe Taylor, dinner for 250 employees on occasion of his marriage.
1863. HC 4 Apr: J T Taylor, treat for 160 workpeople and friends in warehouse at mill.
1866 HC 21 Jul: ‘The Yarn Ready Rekconer, by John Bevers, Dover Mill, Holmfirth…’ Printed by request 5s. Letter of recommendation from J T Taylor
HC ? Jul: to be sold ; by auction, Dover Mill, 4stx62x28 ft, millers cottage, office, dyehouse, waterwheel 34ft by 8 ft 3″:16hp steam engine, dwelling house occ. Abraham Taylor, 10 cottages in mill yard. Whole premises occ. John Thorpe Taylor.
1867. HC 30 Nov: J.T.Taylor to be let. Four storeys and attic, 8 fulling stocks, waterwheel: 34ft by 8 ft 3″: 16hp steam engine etc.. For rent apply George Henry Hinchliff, Nabb House.
1869. HC 5 Jun: To be let, with water power and steam engine, 8 pairs of fulling stocks and two sets of scribbling machinery. Apply George Henry Hinchliff, Nabb House. Also R&P at Newfolds Mill.
1870 HC 21 May: still t.b.l.
1872. HC 1 Jun: to be sold, with dwelling house and cottages.
HEW 6 Jul: Lower Dover Mill, “Pingle Mill” site: with weir: goits and 36′ fall.
1873 HEW 30 Aug: John Beaumont bankrupt:£400.
HEW 18 Oct: John Beaumont mules to be sold.
1885. HEW 31 Jan: J .Bower & Sons, treat for 120 at Holmfirth Town Hall.
HEW 21 Mar: machinery being transported to mill by traction engine belonging to Chas Lockwood of Penistone. Engine stoker crushed when transferring trucks to horse team.
1886. HEW 17 Apr: J.Bower & Sons claim for wages leiu of notice. She asked permission to attend a wedding on a Saturday morning but was told she could only go the wedding breakast then had to got to mill: which stopped at 1pm: but never turned up at work. Dismissed.
HEW 28 Aug: John Bower buys cottages for £450.
1890 HEW 15 Nov: J.Bower & Sons, breach of Factory Act, running overtime at night. Firm works to Holmfirth railway station clock time. Mill clock set four minutes behind by engine tenter – should work by clock on register.
1894. HEW 3 Feb: miller found drowned in Bottoms Mill dam, wife ran into debt then ran away. (Grandmother says to granson, father may be in ‘another hoil in t’mill’ when he can’t be found.
1896 HEW 8 Aug: J.Bower & Sons sued by J.Booth & Son, for £4.18s. 4d for stone supplied at 2s.4d/yard.
1900. HEW 15 Sep: John Bower, managing director at Holmfirth Police Court charged with aggravated assault on employee Nellie Charlesworth (15) who he pushes in dam and holds in for five minutes. In morning her leg badly swollen, fined £10 and costs. Said he had done it because she had thrown a stick in dam.
1901. HEW 10 Aug: John Bower & Sons, summonsed by Lucy Beaumont of Scholes for two weeks wages in lieu of work, 8s.6d/ week as knotter and burler. had been dismissed after returning from being off badly. Awarded.
1907. HExp. 27 Jul: girl, twister, hand caught in machine.
1910. YTD: J.Bower & Sons Ltd, fancy woollens and bedford cords, also (Greenlane Mills.
108. DOVER MILL, LOWER (see Pingle Mill)
109. DUNGEON MILL/ Park Valley Mill (Lockwood)
17th century, or earlier, fulling mill.
1707. Jos Robert of Dungeon Mill and James Roberts of Steps Milne lease fulling mill at Meltham from Jos Radcliffe James Buckley of Almondbury possesor.
1793. RD:DM720:865. 6 Sep: Samuel Walker Lascelles Hall: Gent: Wm. Walker of Leicester: dwelling house ‘with the Fulling Mill thereto adjoining and commonly called or known by the name of Dungeon Mill and also a new erected building adjoining the said fulling mill and now used as a mill for scribbling or carding of wool… and scribbling enginesnow standing in the new erection…’ occupied by John Mellor: John Dyson and John Webster
LTR. George Armytage Esq of Honley possesor and occupier. Also ‘John Webster & Company for the new erected Engeons’.
1798. LTR. George Armytage of Honley and M[?]. Walker of Lascelles Hall for Mill and Farm and Timothy Bently for Engeons.
1802. LTR. George Armitage proprietor – Timothy Bentley: Mill: Farm and Engeons.
1803. LTR. Geore Armitage proprietor – George Shaw and Matthew & Jos. Berry for Mill: farm and engeons.
1814. Problems with backwater caused by Lockwood Mill (Ahier).
1817 LM 24 May: Matthew Berry, Thomas Shaw, 15, son of John Shaw carter at mill, drowns in mill dam.
1826. LTR:Matthew Berry & Co. house: land and mills.
1829. LM ? Jan: TO LET.
DUNGEON MILL – All those substantial WATER MILLS
the clothing district. One of the mills contains Two Water Wheels: Six Double and Two Single Fullers and Two Drivers: is 51 feet by 31 feet wide with a chamber over the same together with a lobby 31 feet by 18 feet. The other Mill is capable of being easily converted ino a cotton mill: it consists of two rooms each 79 feet 6in by 24 feet and contains One Waterwheel: Seven Scribbling and Six Carding Engines: Six Billies and One Willow together with one Dwelling House and Two Cottages: Stable and Cow House with a roomover the same and about four acres of land and other appurtenances thereto belonging. – For Particulars inquire of John Abbey: Lockwood.
1830. LTR: Jos. Armitage & Co. land and mill.
1831. LM 6 Aug: TO BE SOLD a WATERWHEEL now working in Dungeon Mill:
Diameter 15 feet 8in: width 3feet 3in: Depth of the Shield 12in: Eight oak arms in each run and cast iron Cases: Wood axle 17feet long: 20in diameter. The above is in good working order and as it is to be taken out in a month immediate application ir Huddersfield’.
(Ahier) Jos. Armitage and Jos. Walker lease Mill to Jos. and Thos Cockill Wrigley.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report: J.&.T.C.Wrigley & Co. Slubbing: scribbling: milling and finishing of wool. c.50 years [sic].
Water Wheel 25hp. Dependent on other mills for water. When insufficient machinery stopped to collect full dam.
Employ 63. (34 over 18: 17 under 14) 15 of them children paid by slubbers ‘many of whom employ their own children’.
wages average for over 21 year olds: 20s.6d.
1838. LT 2 Jun: Fire on morning of Friday 25 May: tenter and wool stove and nine piece wools destroyed. Mill has fireproof floors.
1839. HG.23 Nov: Offence agains Factory Act.Fined 10s+ costs on each of three accounts of employing children under 13 years more than 9 hours.
1848. Strike of weavers.
1852. HC 7 Feb: Flood. J.T.C.Wrigley Flags in lower room of mill torn up and thirty bags of wool: copins: waste and around 100 pieces damaged. Iron tentering broken down and a machine destroyed.
1853 HC 18 Jun: Mill water power 50 hp, water rates £54. 8s. 3 ½ d.
HC 13 Aug: J & T C Wrigley & Co exhibit fancy and reversible coatings at Dublin Industrial Exhibition. Novelties – Victoria, Viceroy, Buffalo cloth and Washington Furs.
1855. HE,HC 3 Feb:Thom.Cockley Wrigley summonsed by John Bradley power loom weaver for wage owed. Warps ‘which could be made little of’, employed with others to weave them for 2s.6d a day. Overlooker says condition that he wove as much as another weaver, Dyson. Jos Heaton says he had received 2s.6d. ‘on hearing the terms spoken of by the overlooker, he declared he would weave as much as Dyson or break his knuckles in the attempt.’ Complainant’s warp though was more difficult. Overlooker had offered Bradley half a sovereign but he had declined. He was only owed 8s.4d at rate Dyson wove. Magistrates order 17s,6d wages plus costs – 30s.
1856 HC 25 Jan: workmen burn effigy of William Horsfall for beating his wife. Geo Kilner, his brother in law accused of assaulting him when he learns how his sister has been treated. Fined only 1s and expenses due to aggravated circumstances.
HC 19 Jul: Jos Whitehead, (48) power loom weaver, found drowned in dam.
1857 HC 7 Feb: pair of mules for sale, premises required for other machinery. Made by Schofield. Kirk & Marshall.
HC 22 Aug: J & TC Wrigley’s ground floor flooded 5 feet, pices and wool damaged, dye pan moved, washing machines and raising gigs damaged. Iron tenters in field above carried away.
1858. HC 23 Jan: Wrigley’s cart driver John Whitely returning to mill from Netherton falls off shafts of cart and is found in road. Dies following day.
1860. HC 6 Jul: J Wrigley jun attains majority. Trip from Berry Brow to Fleetwood. One employee over 70 has walked to mill every day from Meltham Moor Edge for 25 years – over 100,000 miles. Never travelled by railroad or seen the sea. Meeting on beach to present J Wrigley with address. Head foreman Thomas Etchells, presides.
HC 21 Jul: Three boys from mill gathering bilberries in Dungeon Wood. Thomas Garside 12 runs away fearing gamekeeper coming. Falls 23 yards into bottom of quarry. Brains scattered about. Former watcher severe man who set his dog on children. New watcher Dan Fearnley only there for a week. Did not see boys.
1861 HC 1 Jun: letter from George Brook, foreman of L&YFB, dam at Dungeon ‘well known to be very muddy’, not suitable for practice .
HC 20 Jul: J & TC Wrigley’s, William, son of Joseph Kaye, cloth presser S. Crosland, age 9, drowned in dam. Repairs being made to shuttle, plank left. Boy walking over it to cistern, slips in.
1862. HC 1 Feb: Joseph Wrigley writes to paper asking what has happened to the money donated towards the Peel monument.
HC 23 Aug: Workers on old mill play workers in new mill at cricket, followed by supper at Swan, Lockwood.. Prize new bat and ball given by J Wrigley jun.
1863 HC 21 Feb: Jos Wrigley, jun, lecture at Netherton MI on ‘Imagination’, important that they ‘think deeply and study seriously, in order to enjoy the fruits of a lively and happy imagination.’ Importance of science for improving imangination and viewing the vegetable and animal kingdom.
HC 18 Jul: William Todd, Meltham charged with damage to field of grass belonging to Bentley Shaw when not keeping to footpath to his work at Dungeon Mill. Mr Wrigley had warned workers about it. Complainant does not want to press penalty, discharged on payment of expenses.
1864. HC 20 Aug: John Woodhead, Greenbottom, Meltham, obit, cloth dresser, one of oldest inhabitants, for 40 years walked to work at Dungeon Mill of Messrs Wrigley, until very lately, when rode on a donkey. Robust health up to two days before death.
1866 HC 24 Nov: flood damage, work stopped.
1868. HE 24 Oct: Presentation of timepiece to Jos Wrigley Jnr on occasion of marriage.
1871. HC 2 Sep: J & T C Wrigley & Co, 300 on trip to Blackpool.
1877 HEW 17 Feb: Jos Wrigley, funeral procession to South Crosland church headed by large no of workmen J&TC Wrigley & Co. Coffin carried by 8 workmen with av service of 40 years.
1881 Census: Lockwood, Woodfield Villas, Joseph Wrigley, 42, widower, woollen manufacturer, 4 children 10 and under, Housekeeper, governess and two other servants. ( Woodfield House occupied in 1868 by Bentley Shaw, forced to move out due to rock fall from railway HC 25 Apr)
1882. HEW 8 Apr: To be sold: new mill 4 storeys x120 x 42’3″:old mill 3 storeys x 81 x 24’8″: beaming room: dyehouse: gasworks etc. 5 acre site. Condensing beam engine 25hp: boilers by R. Taylor & Sons and J.&.J.Horsfeld: 2 iron water wheels 16 feet diameter x 12 feet wide. 15 Apr: 6 May machinery To be sold including 72 broad powerlooms.
1884 HEW ,3 May/28 Jun: George Bower, Dungeon Mill, Bankruptcy Court. power looms etc taken by Hutchinson , Hollingworth & Co, Dobcross to value of £283.10s, claimed to be property of bankruot , consequently vested in official receiver.
1885. George Greenwood, miller, dyer & finisher (see illustrations).
1887. HEW 23 Jul: mill to be sold.
1890. HEW 4 Jan: 1 Feb: mill to be let.
1891 HEW 3 Jan: ditto boiler, shafting, two large water wheels. ‘Capital water supply’.
1892. HEW 7 May: ditto.
1894. HEW 18 Aug: to be sold, 25 hp beam engine, Taylor boiler, two waterwheels 16 by 12 foot (cf 1882).
1896. HEW 24 Jan: Park Valley Mill, Thornton, Vickerman & Marsden – treat.
1897. YFT 22 Jan: ditto.
1900 YFT 23 Feb: Park Valley Mill Thornton,Marsden & Vickerman, workers contribute 60 handkerchiefs for troops.
1901. HEW 9 Nov: Thornton, Marsden & Vickerman, ratepayers for 6½ years but still having to pay for own sanitary arrangements. S.Crosland UDC not clear whether it in their area or Huddersfield, surveyor to investigate.
HEW 30 Nov: Dungeon Mill in S.Crosland UDC which consents to do more scavaging , firm to provide more closets.
1910. YTD: Thornton, Marsden & Vickerman, woollens, worsted, serges and vicunas.
1921 William Marsden, Elmhurst, Honley, of Thornton, Marsden & Vickerman, bankrupt. Heavy losses which he assigns to slump in trade.HEW 29 Mar 1930.
110. DYSON’S MILL /Perseverence Mill (Holmfirth)
1824. Built, according to Factory Commissioners Report.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report: Roberts & Sandford.
1852. HC 7 Feb: Flood: Jonathon Sandford employer of 40. Serious damage to mill and machinery and destruction of dwelling house. Bridge from mill to road swept away. Sandford: two daughters and housemaid drowned.
1868. HE 22 Feb: Jonathan Haywood, fulling miller, executor of Mary Hollingworth.
1886. HEW 28 Aug: 11 Sep: Green Roberts lease expired: machinery To be sold: scribbling: spinning: weaving.
HEW 25 Sep: Mill To be let/sold: plus 14hp steam engine and water wheel with 19’6″ fall.
1887. HEW 8 Jan: still to be let/sold:.
1889. HEW 16 Mar: to be let.
1902. HEW 4 Jan: mill 5 storeys and attic by 96 by 45 foot, dyehouse 40 by 35 foot.
1906. OS Map ‘disused’.
111. EAGLE MILL (Lowerheadrow)
1863. HC 5 Sep: Room and power to let for two pairs of mules and two billies also eight pair of stocks at Eagle Mill, Lowerheadrow, apply Josh Brierly and Co. 39 , Market Street.
1868 HC 15 Aug: Josh Brierly & Co. reelers wanted.
1870 HE,HC 16 Jul: Saville Crowther’s, cotton waste dealer, Jos Hinchliffe , 30, shaft accident, dismembered.
HC 29 Oct: Brierley & Co. yarn spinners, action to recover £4.17s. balance owed by Messrs James Wilson & Son, manufacturers, Nottingham for yarn. Order for 8,000lbs.
1871. HEW 12 Aug: accident.
1872 HC 13 Jan: Thomas Binns, treat for 50.
HEW 23 Mar: Crowthers: accident. JohnWillis 21 looses finger in cog of feeder.
1872 HEW 22 Jun: s Crowther, shoddy dealer, minor fire in bags of shoddy.
HEW 1 Sep: weaver from Scholes delivering in work dies.
1876 HEW 2 Dec: Eagle sawing, planning and moulding mills and timber wharf (Bottom of Beast market) Lowerhead Row… packing cases, T Helm proprietor.
1878 HEW 2 Feb: T. Helm, Eagle sawing, planning and moulding mills, presentation of substantial writing desk to John Helm on majority.
112. EAST PARADE MILL .
1872 HC 10 Feb: 32 in Carder Condenser and Apperly Feed for sale.
1875. HEW 4 Sep: In liquidation, woollen machinery and stock-in-trade to be sold.
1885 HEW 12 Sep: John Henry Balmforth of Rashcliffe, millworker finds Isaac Swallow 44, of Deighton, Kirkburton station master, in closets of mills dead from gunshot – suicide.
1895. HEW 24`Aug: J.Siswick, creditors meeting.
1896 HEW 23 May: Engineering machinery to be sold.
1897. HEW 6 Mar: room and power at ‘most central mills in Huddersfield’.
113. EASTWOOD’S/ENGINE BRIDGE MILL (Folly Hall)
1803. LM 14 May: fulling mill and dyehouse.
1827. BHC 31 Jan:Alex Alexander, dyer, bankrupt. Scribbling, fulling and finishing mills at Engine Bridge, occupied Messrs Lockwood & Co/John Hannah, also dyehouse ‘safe investment for the capitalist,’
1832. LM 1 Sep: scribbling mill spinning: weaving and dyeing shops, Lewis machines,: to be sold. Ramsden 20 year lease from 1826.
1836. HG, LM 10 Dec: Celia Armitage, Birchencliffe, 13, killed. Pinny caught in shaft in engine house where she had gone to dry it. .
Ibid. Fire in stove, L&Y engine controls it.
1837. HG 1 Apr: John Eastwood & Sons premises unoccupied: rates unpaid.
Directory: John Eastwood & Sons / Wm Armitage & Co:spinners / Riley & Berry: spinners.
1839. NS, LI ,LM 12 Jan: chimney blown down in great gale, destroying boiler and dryhouse..
1848 LM 25 Mar: Edmund eastwood grapples with suspicious characters discovered in smith’s shop.
1850. LM 16 Feb: John Eastwood, Farnley Tyas, bankrupt, assignees summons Godfrey Berry for wool sent by bankrupt to his mill for scribbling and spinning.
1853. HE 5 Nov: Fight between two spinners.
1856 HC 8 Mar: Messrs Eastwood, Engine Bridge, Micheal Carney, 12, caught by workman John Vickerman cutting pieces of lead from bottom of cistern. His mother says he is a collier and was not aware that he was not at work. Three months in House of Correction where he would have chance to learn to read and write. Mother says it serves him right.
1857 HC 10 Oct: Mr Eastwood’s dyeworks bottom of Chapel Hill. Minor fire in wool placed too near flue.
1859. HC , HE 12 Nov: Fire in stove. Brigade unable to fit hose to fire plug, plate covering plug hidden by water and no sign on wall. Kaye’s engine puts it out.
HE 24 Dec: Edward Eastwood major fire in second storey. Three storey scribbling and carding mill ‘was one of the oldest in the district.’ Mill 50 yards in length extends from Lockwood Road along north bank of Colne. In yard to north a weaving shed and another mill parallel to one destroyed. Main occupant Eastwood & Bros, a small portion, Ben France & Son., where fire originated. Girl carried Angola wool too near fire jet. When it ignited she dropped it and ran. Old floor saturated with oil. A man in Ogden’s mill at Folly Hall and member of Kaye’s fire brigade gives alarm. A horse from a miller’s cart harnessed to engine. Police brigade, L&Y Brigade and Armitage’s brigade also arrive. Save other part of mill where windows broken by heat. Edward Eastwood and executors of Abraham Eastwood owners of mill and machinery . £4,000 damage.
1860. HE 7 Jan: fire in stove, detached at back of mill, roof falls in , most wool saved.
HC 25 Aug: to be let “partly burnt down”. Late occupier John Haigh. 25hp steam engine, 40 hp circular boiler and 30 hp wagon boiler.
1861. HC 20 Jul: Abe Eastwood & Sons, executors, accident during building of new mill, William Edmondson, masons labourer, Bradford, killed by fall of travelling crane. (Contractor: Wm.Hattersley of Lockwood).
See Gladstone Mill.
1864 HC 2 Apr: room and power second floor, 53 ½ x 14 yards. ‘lofty, with unsurpassed light and abundant power…’ Apply Edmund Eastwood.
1865 HC 12 Aug: Messrs Eastwood’s Mill, Folly Hall, Wm Siddall, rag grinder, Elizabeth Ives of Dead Watewrs, 20, attending ‘pulling’ machine used to tear to pieces old healds, worsted yarns &c at 3-400 rpm, crept under side wheels to collect fruzzings instead if using brush. Plaits caught in swift, or saw, and head drawn into rollers stopping machine. Sever injuries to head and chest. Little hope of recovery.
1866 HC 1 Sep: Jos Robinson, engine tenter, lowering iron pipes from second storey, falls, conveyed to home, adjoining mill yard, sprained ankle.
1872. HEW 23 Nov: Edmund Eastwood’s, fire. Engine from Kaye’s mill, overheating of waste. £100 damage.
1876 HEW 20 May: fire in stove, discovered by police who fetch hand hose cart from staion.
1877 HEW 15 Sep: Edmund Eastwood, dyer, smoke nuisance, EJ Kirk visits locality, ‘in consequence of the smoky state of the atmosphere in the neighbourhood of Folly Hall and Rashcliffe…’ 5s fine.
1883. HEW 11 Aug: Edmund Eastwood OBIT (78) born 1806: son of John Eastwood of Eastwood & Grahams, Engine Bridge. Special constable at time of plug riots: committee of Huddersfield MI 1845.
1890. HEW 25 Jan: F.Eastwood & Co. 24 Schofield & Kirk fast looms to be sold, can be seen working ar Engine Bridge Mill.
1899. HEW 2 Sep: F.Eastwood & Co. trials of Hinchliffs patent smoke consumer, patent manufactured by J.T.Thornton of Paddock. System similar to that operated for some years by Starkey Bros.
HEW 21 Oct: Charles Edward Priest, 17, assistant overlooker in worsted spinning department, killed by breaking strap. Patent belt fastener blamed by Factory Inspector.
1900. HEW 10 Feb: F.Eastwood & Co.claim for £150 by Ellen and Harris Priest for death of son on 7 Oct by breaking strap, earning 14s week. £45.10s paid.
1910. YTD: F.Eastwood & Co. 70 fast looms / G.H. Pontefract, woollen and angola commission spinner./ Jesse Clegg, 23 looms
HEW 29 Oct: George Henry Pontefract. Match dropped while lighting gas in teasing rooms. Fire quickly put out by Phyllis and workers from Eastwoods’ run hose. Women and girls get out safely, lttle damage.
1912. YFT 11 Jan: Fred Eastwood & Co. Engine Bridge Mill, will, estate £18,150.18s.8d.
HEW 27 Apr: Pontefract & Sons, woman accident, apron caught in feeder.
114. ELM MILL (Skelmanthorpe)
1860 HC 4 Feb: Humphrey Field , Skelmanthorpe, his workman, Henry Hirst steals 28 striped cloth petticoats, value £7.
1885 HEW 7 Feb: Harry Field of Elm House presides at Skelmanthorpe Liberal Association lecture.
(1885 Humphrey Field a member of Local Board)
1901. HEW 9 Nov: Frank Wilson Field obituary.
[Tom Wainwright’s recollections] Edwin Field of Tentercroft Mill [q.v.] rented top two floors of three storey building at Elm Mill housing handlooms. Eight were made in 1911, the other 12 were older. Plush weaving of rugs, table covers, curtains and mantle borders. Most of the weavers had a wirer but some used a self wirer invented by George Tunnicliffe of Sykes & Tunnicliffe and Ben Morley. (B.Morley was also a butterfly and moth collector who became the curator of the collection at Tolson). he charged half a crown a week for the use of his invention, which could be used by the weavers who wove at home as well. The weavers did their own beaming helped by the wirers who turned the beam while the weavers saw to the running of the warp. If it was a cotton warp it sometimes required two to turn the beam, one on either side of the handle, because of the weight required at the puller bars to keep the warp tight. Some of the weavers who wove at home would beam on the beaming frames if they were free.
1907 HEW 27 Feb: To be sold: with engine and boiler also Elm House occupied by Humphrey Field and Ernest B. Field, three cottages ‘Woodlands’, Strike Lane.
1910. YTD: Frank W.Field & Co.tropical silk suitings.
1914-1918. [TW] War some of handlooms given up as weavers go to war or into pit.
115. ELM ING MILL (Milnsbridge)
1861. HC 25 May: Sykes & Dyson new mill: contractor Abraham Graham: mason William Nyland (40) killed by scaffolding collapse.HE 25 May ditto, mill on Mill St.
1864 HC 19 Mar: Sykes & Dyson’s mill, Milnsbridge, fire in second storey in sale yarn, engine arrives, little damage – few bags of yarn and box of new cards..
1870. HE 2 Jul: Jos Dyson & Sons sick club:71 members.
Saturday 1pm shift end.’We the workpeople of Messrs Jos Dyson & Sons hereby express our gratitude for the announcement made on Saturday last to stop at 1 o’clock. We acknowledge it has been a great boon and hope that both employers and employed will seek each others interest and welfare and that prosperity may still attend the firm – signed on behalf of the workpeople, Jos Cuttell, Daniel Dyson, Levi Dyson.
1871. HC 12 Aug: Joseph Dyson & Sons, wanted, a general clerk for mill, ‘Apply by letter in own handwriting..’
1872 HC 10 Feb: Joseph Dyson & Sons, workpeople and wives, over 300, roast beef and plumb pudding supper in one of the large rooms ‘in the new mill’. Allen Dyson in chair talks of progress of firm. Can remember scarcity of work but now trade prosperous. David Roebuck – gratitude to employers, ‘Their interests were identical.’
1874. HEW 11 Apr: Jos Dyson & Sons: fire in stove: fireproof mill.
1877. HEW 7 Jul: sick club trip to Oldham Park.
1886. HED 3 Feb:Jos Dyson & Son theft.
HEW 27 Feb: Jos Dyson & Sons 100 weavers strike on monday morning when reduced 3s on some cuts of white cotton back worsteds which Dyson claims are serges not worsteds. Dyson member of Master’s Association. The weavers say ‘an ill feeling had existed between them and the firm for a longtime.’ Not paid new prices for more healds: subject to fines and unfair allocation of work, some playing half their time
HEW 6 Mar: Weavers’ meeting at Warren House Inn chaired by E.R.Fleming secretary of Weavers’Association. Deputation sent to Dyson who they find ‘in a most unreasoning state of mind.’ not being willing to discuss the issue. Strike to be continued and circular sent to neighbouring mills for support. Already other worsted weavers had urged them to stand out against reductions.
HED 31 Mar: weavers on strike 5 weeks.
HEW 24 Apr: 110 weavers now on strike 8 weeks. Meeting at Warren Houe Inn: £25 received in past week from 23 local firms: offer of arbitration refused.
HEW 29 May: Strike ends: firm agrees to pay scale.Monday start.
HEW 26 Jun: three weeks since agreement. Dyson promised to pay new scale but not done so on white worsteds. Meeting of weavers at Warren House, resolves Weavers’ Association to deal with it.
1891 HC 8 Aug: Jos Dyson & Sons, summonsed for breach of contract by Sarah Ann Harrison, Paddock, weaver, for £5.9.8d wages owed. Arising from her dismissal when believed that she was among strikers. Custom in district to pay by the warp, not weekly. Working on new fast loom when strikers came into shed. Defence says what they said to her not admissible evidence. She asked Walker Dyson if she was hindering the strikers from working and he said , no. She didn’t want to take anyone else’s work but engaged on warp. (She says it was being ‘pegged’ by designer). So he sacked her. Helader and designer say she was not working. 4s sent to her house. Cross examined: ‘she naturally sympathised with the strikers’ The room had not been worked before and required attention and re-pegging the pattern. ‘The Weavers’ Association was fighting her battle but she did not know any of the strikers.’. Bench say on 110 pick scale she should have been paid £4.6.4d (minus the 4s). Defence says she stood talking in mule gate and this was not about amount ‘but merely a question as to whther a master had the right to dismiss a servant who persistently neglected to go on with her work.’ Walker Dyson, junior member of the firm said they asked if they were the cause of the strike and he had told them to get on with their work. They were still standing about and talking when he returned to shed half a hour later. Told them ‘Seeing you wont work, pick up your things and go.’ Strike on for about a fortnight. Dyson resolved problem with weavers who returned to their old looms. The plaintiff had stood idle and obstinate by her loom. Plaintiff’s case dismissed.
1898. HEW 19 Feb: Jos. Dyson & Son, Geo.Hen.Hirst,joiner, killed in scaffolding fall, 26 Feb.Inquest, fixing new members.
1899 YFT Jun 30: Allen Dyson, former manufacturer summonsed by J H Firth (Temperance reformer) for assault. 15 Dec: Court case.
1900. YFT 23 Mar: dispute with dyers over employment of non-union labour.
HEW 12; 19 May: J.Dysons, stoker/nightwatchman, James Sykes killed in fall from ladder while repairing boiler.
1910. YTD: Jos. Dyson & Sons, Ltd.
1919. Jos. Dyson & Sons worsted and woollen manufacturers.
116. FAIRFIELD MILL (Huddersfield)
1856. HE 12 Jan: Cockroft & Lumb cloth dressers. Treat for workmen.
1858 HC 14 Aug: room 38×14 yards and power to let. Cockroft & Lumb
1862. HC 1 Feb: Abel Cockroft & Thomas Lumb, dissolution of partnership.
HC 7 Jun: Improvement Commissioners’ meeting. Cockroft & Lumb worst chimney in town for smoke in contrast to Mr Aston’s nearby.
1865. 25 Feb: Abel Cockroft £322 for boiler from Arnold.
1871 HC 7 Oct: Abel Cockroft, Fairfield Mill, Moor Cottage farm, Netherton to be let, 24 acres ‘in high cultivation’, formerly occupied Thos J Wigney, deceased.
HEW 18 Nov: Cockroft & Sons 20% advance to cloth dressers inresponse to agitation by workers across area.
1872 HC 20 Jan: A Cockroft & Sons, supper at Wharf Inn.
HC 22 Jun: Smoke nuisance, Cockroft says regular engine tenter away. He had tried six different methods to consume smoke.
HEW 21 Sep: 8 boys, 15 and under, workers at mill, charged with bathing in canal by bridge at bottom of Commercial St and exposing theit persons. Plead guilty, discharged but have to pay costs.
1883. Extended (see 1900)
1895. HEW 5 Jan: Nichols, finishers, treat.
HEW 9 Mar: Cockroft’s, Amy Hall, hand caught in carder, finger amputated.
1896. HEW 12 Sep: Cockroft & Co – fire, friction in milling machine.
1897. HEW 10 Jul: fire in wool opening machine on 3rd floor, automatic sprinklers and alarm.
1899 HEW 8 Jul: ‘PICNIC- The employes of Messrs Thomas A Nichol & Sons, Fairfield Mills, Huddersfield, held their annual picnic on Saturday last. he party left Queen Strre South at 1.45 p.m. in two waggonettes. The route chosen was via New Mill and the Sovereign to Gunthwaite. The rain fell incessantly until they reached New Mill, when it cleared up for the day. Upon their arrival at Gunthwaite Hall Farm the part sat down to an excellent tea provided by Messrs W. and J.B.Holmes. The eveningwas then spent in accordance with the various tastes of those present. Games were indulged in but it was decided unanimously that it was too warm to run about. A good number were content to walk about and take in ozone. The rain had rather spilt the fields and woods for walking in. The return journey was commenced about eight o’clock the route through Kirkburton being chosen. A halt was made at the Grove, where the health of the firm was drunk with musical honours. Huddersfield was reached at half past ten, everybody apparebntly well satisfied with the outing.’
1900. Industry of Yorkshire illustration and description. Spinning ‘Viyella’ unshrinkable cloth.
1903 HEW 12 Sep: Fred Teal 19, Lascelles Hall, spinner, hit by strap slipping from drum, cut. Police ambulance to infirmary.
1906 HEW 28 Apr: Wm.Hollins & Co, cotton spinners, fire. Engine ‘Odersfelt’ attends.
1910. YTD: Wm.Hollins & Co. Ltd, white and fancy yarns, wool and cotton.14,000 spindles.
117. FALL LANE MILL (Marsden)
1864 HC 2 Jul: Messrs Bottomleys, Fall Lane Mill, for particulars of premises to be sold at Swan public house and brewhouse, also butcher’s shop with Club Room over, Marsden, a minutes walk from station.
1865. HE 15 Apr: late Isaac Bottomley (mill sometimes referred to as”Old Isaac Mill”) machinery to be sold.
Marsden Memorials – mill famous for doing ‘country work’.
1870. HE 7 May: ‘Fall Lane Mill Co.’Bottomley. machinery to be sold. 3 scibblers: 3 carders: 2 billies.
1871. Fisher occupier.
1875. HEW 18 Dec: in 1865 Sam Shaw & Richard Balmforth rateable value £238 increased to £340 under Henry Fisher due to improvements.
1881. HEW 24 Sep: two builders fall from old building: one fatal spine injury.
1887. New weaving shed.
1897. YFT 16 Apr: Fisher, three new room.
1899. HEW 19 Aug: Henry Fisher & Co., fire 1.30 Tuesday morning, weaving shed destroyed £3000 damage, built 12 years ago, only 9 foot passage seperates it from mill occupied by Messrs Fisher, occupied by them for 28 years, first fire. Most disastrous for many years.
1903. HEW 1 Aug: old mill demolished to make way for new mill extension.
1905 HEW 21 Jan: On Monday weavers go home after complaining that it was too cold to work – steam pipes cold. On Tuesday when they turn up for work, told not to come back for a week.
118. FARNLEY MILL (Farnley Tyas)
1793. Land tax returns. William Roberts.
1805. Dartmouth Terrier. a slubbing and scribbling mill built by the tenants (Roberts & Co.) … chiefly worked by a steam engine as the water is a very poor supply from a few small reservoirs.’
1828. Terrier. Roberts & Kay stone and slate scribbling: carding and slubbing mill consisting of three chambers: Engine house and steam engine of 11hp and water of16hp on lease expiring 1 Aug 1836 @ early rent of £5.5.0.
4 carders: billys: 6 scribblers: 2 devils or fearnoughts. waterpower 16hp for three months.
Engine 10hp. coals 10 dz. week @ 6s. doz.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Roberts: Kaye & Dyson. Carr Bottom Turnley Tyas [sic]
scribbling and slubbing for domestic manufacturers, built 1792 . on ‘nameless rill’.
Powered by 10hp atmospheric engine and 12hp water wheel.
Under 10 years 2 3/6d 1 3/6d.
10-12 3 3/6d. 3 3/6d
12-14 1 3/6d 1 4/6d
14-16 – – 3 3/6d-5s.
16-18 2 6s – –
18-21 1 12s. – –
Over 21 8 16/6d
4 slubbers pay 8 piecers and superintendent or engineer pays 4 feeders.
‘over hours’ not worked ‘parents of children will not allow it’.
Works: 6am to 8pm summer. 7/7.30am – 8pm winter.
Sat: stops at 5pm summer. 4.pm winter.
Breaks. 8-8.30 am. 12.-1 pm ‘dinner’. 4-4.30 pm ‘drinking’. (Winter dinner 12.-12.30pm
Machines and engine stops at dinner. Other breaks machines stop while engine still running.
If breakdown workers go home until it is repaired but not paid.
Pay for medical attendance in case of accident – only happened twice in last 23 years.
Only mill on the stream
Holidays: Christmas two days off.. Shrovetide half a day. Easter 1 day. Whitsun 3. Trinity half a day.
Expect them at regular time in morning but ‘not very nice’ [ie. precise] with children ‘ not are our slubbers, we believe, under whose control part of the children are at all particular as in some cases the children are their own relations, of course a slubber will always prefer his own children to those of another person.’
q. A 21. ‘Never, in a mill employed by the domestic clothiers it would be impracticable’ ‘opposed to the feelings and habits of the community.’
Stood about 7 weeks in three years.
‘ Ten to eleven hours enough for adults in a country where more power can be be prepared than can ever be required – let the steam engine which cannot feel do the chief part of the labour that is required to be done and let human beings, especially children be spared but not starved in this land of plenty.’
1836. LM 2 Jul: Baildon:Dyson & Kaye. Offence against Factory Act.
PP XLV No. persons employed…13 male 7 female.
1850. Gaz.20 Aug: John Pearson and John Fairburn, scribbling millers, John Pearson & Co, dissolution of partnership 22 Jul.
1850. LM 17 Aug. To Be Let a scribbling Mill called Farnley Mill situate at Farnley Tyas near Huddersfield together with Two Cottages and the outbuildings belonging thereto: late in the occupation of John Pearson & Co. There is an excellent steam engine of 14hp with boiler: Stove: five scribblers: four carders: four billys (sixty spindes each): Willy: Fearnought and other machinery for carrying on the woollen business to advantage. The Mill is held under the Earl of Dartmouth on lease about ten years of which have expired and from its situation in the midst of a rapidly increasing manufacturing district is well worth attention. if preferred then the the machinery: steam engine &c will be sold. For rent or price and further particulars apply to Mr Fairburn: Royd House: Mirfield.
[1851. Census. Dearn, Herman Geissler, 35, fancy manufacturer, born Frankfurt, wife Harriot, 27, born Kirkburton, eldest son 5].
1864 HC 13 Feb: gas works at mill supply Farnley village. 5% dividend to shareholders of gas Co. (c.f. HC 20 Jun 1863: Gas Co. Formed two years ago, Dartmouth, Thynne and Rev. Wardroper et al shareholders. Most of village dwellings lighted by gas. Cheaper than candles.
1865. HE 22 Jul: Mrs Fairburn , Mirfield. accident to Harriet Horn (15). First floor, spinning mules and jennies, piecing end as jenny drawing out, as returns to jenny gate, foot caught in carriage band and she falls against wooden casing of upright shaft, which breaks and her clothes are caught. 46 rpm. Henry Brook, engineer releases her but after two minutes. Slowly recovering.
(Charles Vickerman, b. Magdale 1822, manager of spinning dept. (Obit HEW 2 Feb 1895) Formerly (from 1844) worked for James Tolson & Sons, Dalton, later M Hale & Sons, Leeds Rd, Berry & Turners, Lockwood)
1868 HE 25 Jul: Farnley Mill Co. Jos Wood, manager, prosecuted for permitting a dog at large, which bit a passer by.
1869 HE 30 Jan: Farnley and Dean Mills, H Geissler and W Carter, treat at Rose & Crown, WC Geissler.
1870 HC 14 May: Geissler, manufacturer, Kirkburton. Plug taken out of pipe during night causing loss of large quantity of gas from gasometer.
1871 HC 25 Mar: Large bull dog of Mr Geissler shot after biting man while on road to Highburton in care of watchman , Carter. (Current scare about rabid dogs). (cf 1868 above !)
1875 HEW 23 Oct: H Geissler & Sons, Monday mission service for employees, Rev Billington.
1876. HEW 1 Jan: extensive additions made previous year.(xeroxed).
1881. Directory: H. Geissler & Son.
(HC 14 Jun: Mill in Kirkburton to be sold, abutting on public highway, occupied by Herman Geislsler & Son, lease expired).
1882. HEW 28 Oct:Geissler & Son Kirkburton: pattern weaver crushed by bale being unloaded down stairs of warehouse.
Hermann Geissler married Harriet Carter June Q 1844
> Their children:
> William Carter G born Sep Q 1845 died June Q 1888
> Hermann b March Q 1848 d March Q 1850
> Frances Emily b Dec Q 1849 d Dec Q 1849
> Margaret Emily b March Q 1851 d Sep Q 1891
> Arthur b Dec Q 1852 d June Q 1913
> Susette b Dec Q 1854 d March Q 1915
> Charles Hermann b March Q 1858 d June Q 1898
> Gustav b Dec Q 1860 d Dec Q 1923
> Hermann dies Sep Q 1880 aged 64, Harriet dies March Q 1884 aged 60.
1886. HEW 13 Feb: Hermann Geissler & Son ( bankrupt?) machinery To be sold. 10 Apr: gasworks To be sold also horizontal steam engine 35hp nominal power: 28inch cylinder: 5 feet stroke by Cole: Merchant & Co: “nearly new”: boiler 8 Galloway tubes by J.&.J.Horsefield: Dewsbury 1886. (xerox)
On 25 Feb sale of machinery, including 36 power looms, self acting and hand mules, raising gigs, fulling stocks etc., woollen and worsted yarns.
HEW 13 Mar: labourer of George Hey: Oaklands: Kirkburton: injured while carting machinery away from mill.
(YTD 1910 – Gustav Geissler, livery Valencia manufacturer at Carter Mill)
1914 HEW 19 Dec: Farnley Mill dam. Farmer Herbert Tinker finds body of Arnold Whitehead, 25, missing from Storthes Hall Asylum for a month.
119. FARRAR’S MILL /Lower Mill (Holmfirth)
1817. Factory Commissioners Report: built.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report: G.& J.H.Farrar.
HG 20 Jan: Farrar’s mill, waterwheel undergoing repair. Children playing on it. Ruth Lee, 15, leg crushed, has to be amputated.
1843 LM 3 Jun: Farrar’s Mill, body of Wm Butterworth, extensive manufacturer of Hinchliffe Mill, found in river near Farrar’s mill where he had power looms. Called to check doors, fell in, had been drinking at Elephant & Castle.
1852. HC 7 Feb: Flood: James Hobson Farrar. Mill built across river cut in half: engine house. Henry :William and Henry Butterworth of Hinchliffe Mill buy and occupy mill.
1858 HC 31 Jul: Holmfirth, Low Mill, slubber, Philip Booth, Wooldale, carried round shaft, badly injured.
1859. HC 1 Oct: John Bower & Sons, Low Mill, Thomas Sharpe, 18, ‘literally torn to pieces by machinery.’ Mule spinner, putting broken strap on shaft clothes caught and whirled round. Jonathan Bower of firm says he looked after straps and it should have been reported to him. Deceased ‘a forward young man’ ‘Accidental death’.
1865 HC 23 Sep: Messrs Bower, fire discovered by gentlemen leaving meeting about midnight smell fire at bottom of Victoria street. Material in wool warehouse detachedfrom mill on fire. Break door in and find sheet of shoddy on fire, which they ‘snigged’ into yard and put out.
1869 HE 24 Apr: John Bower & Sons, Park Head, fire in stove. Unity puts it out. ‘Large Mill’.
1880 HEW 1 May: To be let.
1886. Finishing shed built. second hand tentering machine costs £190.
1896. Weaving shed built.
1902. HEW 15Feb: H.&.S.Butterworth, UDC approve plan for new shed.
1910. YTD: H.&.S. Butterworth, coatings, 2,000 spindles, 80 looms.
1910. Selas incandescent gas lights.
1914. New scribbling and spinning mill begun and finished 1915/
1920. Dynamo installed.
1944. Flood: weaving shed 15 feet under water.
1950. H.&.S.Butterworth centenary brochure.
120. FARRAR’S MILL /Upper Mill (Holmfirth)
1852. HC 7 Feb: Flood: John & George Farrar. 30 yard long blue-dyehouse destroyed along with two boiler houses. One boiler weighing 5 tons carried down to Berry Brow.Damages estimated at £4:000.
1854. HC 10 Jun: John Hobson Farrar of Prickleden, obit, aged 43 – mills, dyehouse etc at Upper-mill damaged by flood. ‘The loss here sustained, together with other unfortunate circumstances, has so far preyed upon his mind as to effect [sic] his frame, and he has gradually sunk under the afflictions…’
HC 17 Jun: Notice re affairs of J H Farrar, scribbling miller and dyer.
HC 24 Jun: to be let: scribbling mill , &c. waterwheel 20hp: steam engine 20hp. Also family residence. Apply David Brook, Spring Bank Cottage, George Thewlis, Rock House, Scholes.
HC 5 Aug: Sale of Farm Stock, cloth, dyewares etc.
1855 HC 8 Sep: George Farrar and John Hobson Farrar estates to be sold, Holmfirth, Totties,, O’Cot in Scammonden, Nether End in Denby and Leeds, including dyehouses, farmland, stone quarries.
1857 HC 24 Jan: Thewlis V. Farrar in chancery. Sale of household furniture at residence of late John Hobson Farrar, Prickleden. Also three cast iron dying pans on dam bank at Uppermill and strong stone crane and jenny at O’Cot quarry.
HC 31 Oct: Upper Mill, scribbling and spinning machinery, mules etc to be sold including gas fittings.
1864 HC 14 May: Messrs Holmes works, Upper Mill, opposite beer house, tenant George Booth, for sale.
121. FENAY MILL (Fenay Bridge)
1631. Corn Mill ?
1789. Dartmouth Terrier: £1:300 invested: Dan Brook occupier.
1828. Dartmouth Terrier: George Brook 18hp steam engine.
1836. HG 2 Jul: George Brook offence against Factory act.
1839. LI 23 Feb: scribbling and fulling mill to be let: water wheel and steam engine, agreement to provide tenant with whole or part of machinery at fair valuation: George Brook occupier. Apply Woodsome Hall
1841. Dartmouth Lease: to Jos & Geo. Norton Clayton West.
1842. Passim Fancy weavers strike.
1844 LT 13 Jan: Wood & Norton, operate truck system
LT 17 Feb: Bull terrier attacks man on premises, rescued by Newfoundland.
1848. LM 5 Aug: Wm Norton’s son Edward, 31, card manufacturer, Lepton drops dead at Moldgreen.
LM 18 Dec: to be let: ‘A large sum of money has recently been expended in enlarging and adapting these premises….’.
1849. LM 6 Jan: ditto.
LM 17 Feb: theft of fittings belonging to G.& J.Norton.
1853. HE 15 Jan: John Dandison weaving and spinning. to be let.
1855. HC 21/28 Apr: Lodge & Appleby fire. ‘large brick mill’. Flames first seen in counting house of ‘new mill’. Roof of new mill burnt through, efforts needed to preserve old mill. Mill owned by Lord Dartmouth. £2-3,000 damage.
Wm Jepson, Lowerhouses, 70, thrown out of work by fire for 22 weeks, forced to apply for relief – 2s provisons each week. Later falls into ‘distressed circumstances’ and hangs himself. (HC 21 Jun 1856).
1857 HC 10 Jan: Walter Lodge, all machinery , fixtures, utensils in mill and all household furniture, goods and chattels in dwelling house assigned to Thomas Mellor, Thongsbridge for purpose ‘the nature of which trust I will explain to any person or persons interested, who may apply to me.’
1858 HC 31 Jul: Dobson & Riley, cheap trip to Liverool with L&YRCo.
1867 HC 5 Oct: Messrs Riley Bros, whole of farm stock to be sold, including prize pigs, agricultural implements, quantity of oats and hay. William Mosier, Fenay Mills Farm.
1868 HE 25 Jul: Messrs Riley, Henry Mosley, brother of SL Mosley, naturalist, engine tenter, formerly with Geo Brook, Firth St.
HE 1 Aug: Riley Bros, hay stack burnt, overheating. Produce of 35 acres. £200.
1871. HC 7 Jan, HED 28 Feb: to be sold. HEW 3 Jun: Premises occupied by Riley Bros, woollen machinery to be sold. HC 4 Mar: Fenay Mills Farm sale of stock, farm belonging to Charles John Riley. Including Samuelson’s mowing and reaping machine.
1872. HC 16 Mar: Betty Turner, weaver going to skep for bobbins to continue her work, her skirt caught in perpendicular shaft. Only dislocated shoulder despite being whirled around.
HC 27 Jan: Bentley & Kilner tea at Star Inn.
HC 27 Apr: Bentley & Kilner, action in County Court against L&NWRCo. for £22.17s for ‘negligently detaining’ bale of manufactured goods. Had not been accepted by Stephen Evans & Co. of London, but railway did not inform plaintiffs.
1895 HEW 27 Apr: Joseph Kilner of Fenay bridge, obit, 72.
1899 YFT Mar 4: Bentley & Kilner, new Ltd Co. est.
1904. HEW 5 Nov: Geo. Bentley obit. born 1825, weaver for John Beaumont, Dalton Mills, pattern weaver than fancy manufacturer at Wakefield Rd, Dalton, 1871 to Fenay Mills. Bentley & (Jos) Kilner, 1899, Ltd Co,
1904 Bentley & Sykes.
1910. YTD: Bentley & Sykes Ltd, 44 looms.
122. FERN MILL (Lowerheadrow)
1908. YFT 28 Aug: fire.
123. FIELD MILL (Leeds Road)
1874. HEW 1 Aug: Fred Carter & Co (spinners) and T.A.Brown & Co: (woollen manufacturers):Fire in mill between road and canal. More £15,000 loss
1875. HEW 23 Oct: room and power.
1876. HEW 10 Jan: Beaumont & Johnson (yarn spinners) bankrupt.
1877 Edwin Walker, originally of Field Dalling, Norfolk, begins business, partner of JC Pontefract, Old Moll Mill. *
1880 Move to Field Mill.*
1882. HEW 25 Feb: Edwin Walker & Co. treat: recitations include ‘Charge of the Light Brigade’.
1890. HEW 27 Dec: Edwin Walker & Co. short time working in ‘present depression’ 5-10s. xmas money to workers, gather in mill yard to sing xmas hymn in gratitude.
1897 Becomes Ltd Co. *
1899. Edwin Walker, audit book, [B/AN].
1906 Mr Pontefract dies *
1910. YTD: Edwin Walker & Co, 2,700 spindles, 121 looms.
1914 HDC 28 Sep: Edwin Walker & Co. 17th Annual Report of the directors. Directors remuneration £1500 deducted from £2624.16.5d profits along with dividends makes deficiency of £729.6s.8d carried forward to next year’s account.
1919. Edwin Walker & Co worsted and woollen manufacturers.
1935 *HEW 21 Sep: Edwin Walker, obit, Ilkley, aged 95. 350 employed today.
1948. HED 6 Apr: M H Walker, Edwin’s widow dies. Story of longest weekend stay, told by couple on clelbration of diamond wedding in 1933 – went to hotel at a Ilkley Spa before Great War and stayed there 25 years, Edwin commuting to Huddersfield. (Aged 95 in1933).
124. FIELDGATE MILL (Leeds Road)
1851 HC 11 Jan: Mrs Martha Hirst, fire in woollen waste in room above boiler room. Too far from Canal for Commissioners’ apparatus to use water but carried in buckets and cans. Wm Armitage engineer.
1852. HE 2 Oct: Martha Hirst scribbling mill: ‘recent erection’.
1854. HC 14; HE 28 Jan: to be let:”newly built and substantial” scribbling mill with spinning and finishing rooms: apply Mrs Starkey or Nathaniel Holdsworth:cloth finisher: Butterworth’s mill: Leeds Road.
1859. HC 20 Aug: J Shaw , cotton spinner, assignees, sale of machinery, stock in trade and effects.
125. FIRM MILL /Grove St Mill (Longwood)
1870. HC 5 Nov: Fire in waste material put out by neighbours one o’clock in morning.
1871 HC 7 Oct: boy, Jessop, hand in rag machine.
1896. HEW 11 Jan: 4 storeys by 8 by 3 windows, owner Fred Dyson, 1st floor, garnett room J.Wrigley (Longwood)/2nd Floor: Condensors and warping room,Horsfall & Gledhill (Golcar)/ Dyson, Fire in 2nd room, Parkwood fire engine arrives, 3 floors destroyed, £3000 damage, not insured.
1915. HEW 13 Mar: Dan Beaumont (80) obit. Rented Firm Mills before building Dale Street Mill. (Baptist)
1921 HEW 14 May: Joseph E. Wood, obit (52) formerly of Firm Mill.
126. FIRTH’S MILL/ Britannia Mill
1859. HC 11 Jun: ‘Britannia Mill, Canal Side, Paddock… on the premises occupied by William Lord & Son, Firth’s Mill, (under a distraint for rent)…’, brushing machine, press etc to be sold.
127. FIRTH STREET MILL (Huddersfield)
1865. Built. Leased to Ben Lockwood, woollen manufacturer.
1886. Auction Plan. Called Priestroyd Mill. q.v. Bought by Reuben Hirst..
1892. HEW 23 Jan: Reuben Hirst & Sons, cotton spinners ,fuzzings on shaft coupling in scutching room fall into skep, major fire averted, 30 Jan, mentioned at treat.
HEW 30 Jan: treat for 140, partners David and James Hirst and their wives and Master Joel Hirst who is learning the business, present. Thanks to workpeople and those of Mr Jolliffe for help with fire.
128. FOLLY HALL FACTORY
See Kaye’s Factory.
129. FORD MILL (Wooldale)
See Shaley Wood Bottom Mill.
130. FRANK MILL (Marsden)
1809. Haigh’s cotton factory complex.
1880. HED 25 Feb: James Mellor, shawl manufacturer. bankrupt:.
HED 30 Mar James Mellor: room and power “Old Frank Mill” : three storeys by 36 eet by 24 feet:30 foot diameter water wheel. Also new building 3 storey by 91′ x 45′.
1882. HEW 8 Jul: tenders for engine and boiler house: chimney and alterations and additions to Mill: apply James Walker: Holme Mill.
131. GARRETT MILL (Skelmanthorpe)
1886. HEW 23 Jan: W.&.J.Field To be sold.
HEW 13 Feb: three storey mill with engine plus several lots of land.
132. GEORGE STREET MILL /formerly Quarmby Mill (Milnsbridge)
1871. Shires & co. established at Mill.
1890. HEW 8 Mar: George Shires, yarn spinner, No.1 mill, fire, 3 storey by 11 by 4 windows, overheating of wall box in engine house, spreads onshaft to bottom room – spinning end of mill £4-500 damage.
YFT 29 Jan: George St Mills offence against factory act, machine not fenced, Martha Donkersley sweepin under condensor arm drawm in by sleeve.
1901. HEW 20 Jul: James Shires obituary, established James Shires & Co. 30 years ago at George St Mill.
1910. YTD: James Shires & Sons Ltd, 10,000 spindles.
133. GLADSTONE MILL (Firth Street)
see also Albany Mill
1868. Built by John Eastwood of Meltham.
1869 HE 27 Nov: two floors to let, John Eastwood, New North road.
1870. HE 8 Jan: John Eastwood room and power: two floors.
1871 HC 1 Jul: John Eastwood, two workers on same day require finger amputations, James Rose 13 accident with carder, Mary Costello, cleaning condenser in motion.
HEW 5 Aug: room and power.
1872. HEW 13 Jan: John Eastwood room and power let to Sykes: Jos Pogson accident while moving in machinery to 4th storey.
HEW 13 Apr: Monday afternoon, Cllr John Eastwood, cotton, John Fitzgerald feeding opening machine from cotton bale in scotching room, suddenly ‘he says’ cotton caught fire. Corporation Brigade extingushes it, LL&GICo and Kaye’s engines not needed. £200 damage to cotton and machinery, Building fireproofed. £2-£3,000 worth of cotton in mill.
Ibid. Fire, cotton in store or mixng room, corporation engine helps put it out in a hour. Above scutching room, where fire earlier this week. LL&GICo engine attends but not needed.
HEW 7 Sep: Webster Sykes, 24, stripper and grinder, hand caught in machine.
HEW 19 Oct: trials of steam fire engine built for Blackdike Mills, Bradford: on chimney 44 yards high. Corporation: manfacturers and engineers present.
1874 HEW 26 Sep: smoke nuisance, John Eastwood and his stoker, Ed Wilson prosecuted. Aird, inspector, says worst chimney of all lot, 22 minutes of dense smoke in a hour. Bothe Eastwood and stoker fined 5s plus 7s costs.
1875. HEW 24 Apr: Councillor John Eastwood owner: trial of Gall’s improved self acting mercurial air valve for steam boilers – smoke preventer. Observations taken by WR Croft, late sanitary inspector for Huddersfield and Sheffield.
HEW 25 Sep: J.Shaw: Gaunt & Co accident: manager injured by broken strap.
HEW 2 Oct: hose run fom mill to help put out fire at John Eccles: cotton spinners: Firth St.
1880. Aspley Spinning Co.Ltd buys mill.
1882. HEW 5 Aug:Aspley Spinning Co.Ltd.: John Sykes of Lindley chairman. Serious fire:burnt down.5 storey mill by 15 by 9 windows: 200 employed: 46,000 spindles working: loss over £40,000
1886. HEW 9 Oct: male woollen weaver (34) killed in fall from steps. Not railed. factory inspectors no right to order railing of steps.
1891. HEW 17 Jan: John Eastwood, obituary , name of mill changed to Albany when Eastwood becomes Liberal Unionist.
134. GLEDHOLT BANK MILL (Paddock)
1881. HEW 2 Jun: machinery to be sold.
Directory: Ben Clayton, woollen cord manufacturer (also Pedley’s Mill)./Cuttle & Milnes, commisson weavers./Wm. Taylor & Co woollen and angola yarn spinners.
1882. HEW 4 Feb: E.H.Sellars & Co. treat.
1885 HEW 4 Apr: Wm Taylor, fire, extinguished by workpeople. Caused by overheating of yarn.
1887. HEW 17 Dec:Wm. Shaw & Co. bankruptcy:machinery to be sold.
1890. HEW 11 Jan: C.H.Avison, machinery to be sold.
1894. YFT 21 Sep: Firth: fire. Owned by Ramsden.
1909 HEW 6 Mar: J Hinchliffe & Co. waste puller and manufacturer machinery to be sold including Arnold boiler.
1910. YTD: H.Sykes & Co, commission yarn spinners and twisters.
1921 HEW 12 Feb: Harry Sykes, 232, Moor Bottom Rd, commission yarn twister, bankrupt., Tenant of Ocote farm, Slaithwaite, loss on pigs. Former partner of Hoyles.
135. GLENDALE MILL/ Ing Nook (New Mill)
1899. HEW 4 Feb: Bower, Roebuck & Firth, treat, good share of trade in 1898, gradually making a name for themselves.
1907 HExp. 26 Jan: Richard Bower, obit, acquired estate ten years ago ‘when the industries of New Mill were lagging…’ renamed it ‘Glendale’. A former weaver, as a youth he worked at Brownhill Mill and attended classes at Huddersfield MI. Became a pattern weaver at Yew Tree Mill, then designer for CW Ellis and then to Rock Mill. His partner, Frank Roebuck, ‘well known’ musical composer.
1907. HExp. 19 Mar: Bower, Roebuck & Co, A Mill Treat,.
Mr. Broadhead, in putting the motion, said that the firm had been in existence a little over ten years, and during the whole of that ten years they had been employed as fully as any other firm in tlhe district, and if all went on as they looked like doing, things seemed very bright for the future…[Mr Roebuck] he could not help but say that the past year had, owing to the death of Mr Bower, been a very trying one for him in many ways. With regard to the future; he said it seemed strange that two of those who were connected with the foundation of the business ten years ago should have been removed and that he seemed to be left with the full weight of responsibility on his shoulders…. He had somewhat peculiar feelings with regard to employer and employed. His feelings were somewhat socialistic, but different from the Socialism that was being preached so much at the present time, and believed that in the time coming there would be an entirely different state of relationship between employer and employed. He thought that an employer ought to consider himself as the father of a family, and he ought to have more interest in the men than as mere human machine?, and to treat them more as a father treats the members of his family. He also thought that the employee should reciprocate the feeling of the employer as children to their father.He hoped that as far as he was concerned, at any rate, that as long as he had to be looked to as their employer, things would be carried out very much on the lines he had just shadowed, and if they only worked together in ths same spirit that had emulated every one of them since the commencement.
1908 HEW 1 Feb;YFT 14 Feb: presentation in mending room, Dora Roebuck, coming of age.
1910. YTD: Bower, Roebuck & Co. worsted, 60 looms.
1911 HExp. 11 Feb: Bower, Roebuck & Co ‘Wanted an engine man. One used to beam engine and also competent to take charge of electric light installation – Apply by letter…’
1924 HExp. 26 Apr: Frank Roebuck, obit – 1896 at Bridge Mill, partner Richard Bower and Sykes Wilson Firth then sole director of Bower, Roebuck & Co, originally from Manchester, a former traveller for Rock Mill.
1948 HED 31 May: Bower, Roebuck & Co Ltd, chimney damaged by lightening. Bricks fall into Sheffield Rd.
136. GLOBE MILL (Slaithwaite)
1887. 5 Feb: Globe Worsted Co: tenders to E.Eagland & Sons, masons and contractors: F. Goodall, plumber & glazier, Wm. Milburn & Sons, Staleybridge, ironfounder: Wm. Wilkinson: plasterer and painter: Ed. Chapel: Huddersfield: blue slater: Daniel Adamson & Co: Dukinfield: four boilers.
HEW 26 Feb: stone laying morning of Thursday 24th Feb.
HEW 5 Mar: Eli Eagland: fractured leg and head injury while supervising building.
HEW 30 Apr: Engine bed being excavated. 6 ton oaktree found 20 foot long by 12 foot circumference.
HEW 16 Jul: Eagland’s labourer: Patsy Malone: killed in scaffolding fall when padlock comes away from wall. 23 Jul: Inquest: John Eagland: foreman: witness.
HEW 23 Jul: Eaglands men unloading iron beams over 3 yards long from boat. Hand crane chain snap and beam falls partly in water.
1888. HEW 25 Aug: workmen excavating 11 feet down find 2 foot diameter corn grinding stone (hand quern). On display in office.
1889. YFT 19 Jul: building awaiting arrival of girders from Belgium
YFT 6 Sep:. strike of 50 females against 6d. reduction.
1890. YFT 10 Jan: half day new year holiday.
YFT 7 Nov: Treat.
1891. YFT 23 Jan: 11 year old girl hit on head by breaking strap.
30 Jan Full time working resumed.
1892. HEW 9 Apr: presentation to former manager, John Sutcliffe.
1893 YFT 1 Sep: mill stopped due to coal strike.
1895 HEW 2 Feb: 200 at treat in large new room at Baths.
1897. HEW 8 May: girl, Bamforth, hand in machine.
1898. HEW 9 Apr: half-timer hit on head by breaking strap, seriously injured.
1900. HC 21 Jul: presentation to overlooker drawing department, Wm Albert Fairbank, Miles Pickles makes presentation..
1910. YTD: Globe Worsted Co. Ltd.
1913 HEW 5 Jul: Manager, Joseph Taylor (65) suffering ill health, cuts throat with razor.
1938 CVG 14 Jan: Chimney repointed by John Tinker & Sons.
CVG 2 Sep: when Mr Taylor manager, Globe worsted recruited families in mining areas such as Kexborough to provide juvenile labour. Article on Mr and Mrs Allott. William Gatery arrived with 8 children.
137. GOSPORT MILL (Outlane)
1854. HC 15 Jul: ‘Haigh’s Mill, Gosport, near Outlane…’ Lydia Moreton, worker at mill, shirt stolen from washing line.
1860. HC 15 Dec: tender ‘Erection of a mill, engine and boiler houses, retort house, chimney &c, intended to be built at Gosport, Stainland, for Mr Edward Sykes..’
1863. HC 10 Jan: John Sykes owner: also of several other mills: obit (77) walking to Huddersfield market taken ill at Oakes chain-bar.
HC 14 Feb: John Henry Sykes riding from Gosport to Huddersfield, drops parcel at Outlane, horse shies and he is thrown. Unconscious but now recovered.
1864 HC 30 Apr: Edward Sykes, manufacturer, Gosport mills, Weds 27th going to Slaithwaite station down from Clough Head to Crimble in gig with servant John Gill. Looses control of horse and below sharp curve at Bank crashes against wall. Sykes thrown into beck, Gill into road. Horse with broken shafts carries on down Crimble. Weaver John Hoyle runs to Sykes assistance. Remained unconscious died on Friday..
1869 HE 16 Oct: Contracts, To Reservoir Maker, to be let, the Excavating, Puddling and Lagging required for the forming of a reservoir at Gosport Mills…’ John Kirk & Sons, architects.
1871. HC 28 Jan: Edward Sykes & Sons, tea at Waggon & Horses.
HC 2 Sep: Fred Smithies, 14, Outlane, arm broken by strap when trying to put it on drum.
1873. HEW 15 Mar: Ed.Sykes & Son fancy manufacturer: fire caused by cotton flyings igniting: £10:000 damage: 500 out of work for a week: 40 for three months: cotton spinning machinery destroyed. John Kirk & Sons architects for rebuilding.
1881. Directory: Edward Sykes & Sons, woollen and cotton manufacturers.
1886. HEW 14 Aug: Sykes & Son dam suicide/accident?
1901 HEW 16 Feb: tea party and ball in Sowood Reading Rooms. Cllr A Cocker of Stainland UDC foreman dyer.
1910. YTD: Edward Sykes & Sons, cotton spinners, 13,000 spindles, 200 looms.
1918 HEW 21 Dec: James Walker Sykes JP, Holywell House, Halifax. obit, 75, director of Edward Sykes & Sons, became Ltd Co. October 1817. Elder son Edward, director.
138. GOODY’S FACTORY/Meltham Cotton Mill (Meltham)
See alsoMillmoor Mill.
1855. HE 14 Jul:17 Nov:1&8 Dec: Bennet & Co of Manchester: cotton spinners: treat at commencement of operations in Eastwood’s ‘large factory’.
HC 13 Oct: Meltham Cotton Mill, notice that mill, engine etc is ‘demised and let’ to Wm Bennett of Manchester by John Eastwood cotton spinners. Inventory lodged with Bennet and with Joshua Eastwood.
HC 10 Nov: One of Bennett partners ‘bolted’ with £90-£100 he had from Manchester to pay hands. ‘The works are now closed and the workpeople out of employment, in the face of a dreary winter, and very dear provisions.’
HC 17 Nov: Wm Bennett believed to have runaway to America.
HE 22 Dec: Joshua Eastwood of firm John Eastwood & Sons cotton spinners: obit.
1856. HE 26 Jan: Eastwood’s mill still stood, along with others, many unemployed.
HC 27 Aug: to be let: Meltham Cotton Mills: Edward Eastwood on behalf of himself and Robert Eastwood: to Edward Coleman Goody and George James Gordon: late of Bolton:cotton spinners.
1858. HE 12 Jun:Goody’s Factory at a stand since christmas due to mismanagement – formerly 100 employed: some having followed firm from Lancashire. Goody resume operations.
HC 12 Nov: Meltham Cotton Mill, strippers, grinders and card-room hands wanted of all descriptions.
1859. Sarah Eastwood:scutcher: 24 struck by 16 year old boy working in same room: in retaliation. A delicate woman: often absent through bad health: she dies from fractured rib: suffered coughing and dizziness. Jury decides she died from effusion of blood upon the brain.
‘Henry Hirst deposed – I am 17 years of age. I work at Mill Moors Mill, or, as it is called, Meltham Cotton Mill, belonging to Mr Eastwood, and in the occupation of Mr Goody. I worked in the blowing room. Joseph Hall also worked in the same room. A week since on Monday, Hall struck Earnshaw, about a quarter to six in the evening. On that day we had all previously been good friends. We were packing cotton in a bag. This boy and me were on one side of the sheet and the girl on the other. I was sowing [sic] the bag, and Hall was holding the band that I was sowing with, so that it would not slip. earnshaw was on the other side. She brought cotton for us to put in the sheet. the first thing I saw was him rising up and hitting her. He said she had struck him. She also said to Hall, “Thou should not have struck me on the breast.” He struck her with his closed fist… Ann Moseley added that the boy had often done the young woman’s work and given her his food.’
1860. HE 2 Jun: Boy drowns in mill’s small dam.
1863 HC 27 Jun: ‘In consequence of termination of lease’, Edward C Goody, Meltham Cotton Mills, machinery to be sold, including machines by Asa Lees, Oldham.
1864. HE 19 Mar: Meltham Cotton Mill, machinery, mechanics and smiths tools to be sold.
1872. HEW 25 Aug : Eastwood estate to be sold.
1878. HEW 23 Mar: E.C.Goody factory to be sold: recently destroyed: 40hp horizontal steam engine: by Jms Kilburn, 2 boilers, including Arnold, 40 yard high chimney
HEW 11 May: Goody’s burnt down factory to be sold.
HEW 15 Jun, 29 Jul: plan to found Meltham Cotton Co. and buy site for fireproof mill of 17,000 spindles.
HEW 21 Sep: gable end of ruined mill falls in wind. (NB. Part of factory converted into houses known in Meltham as ‘t’ ruin)’.
1885 HEW 26 Sep: for sale, land on north side of Millmoor Road, junction with Chapel Lane ‘the site of the premises known as the MELTHAM COTTON MILL and also as much of the buildings as still remain standing, comprising building occupied as cotton blowing mill and warehouse four stories high 39 ft long by 35 ft 9ins wide,…’ reeling shed one storey, 72 pipes Greens economiser, chimney shaft 40 yds high.
1886. HEW 4 Sep: Meltham Cotton Mill at junction of Millmoor and Factory Lane: site and 4 storey cotton blowing and warehouse building: 2 storey reeling shed 48×27′. Auction at Rose & Crown bids rise from £150 to £550 bought by Joseph Harry Haigh.
1894. YFT 19 Oct: William Wood & Son bankrupt: liabilities £1:979.
139. GRANVILLE MILL (Paddock)
1852. HC 23 Oct, HE 13 Nov: ‘newly erected’, room and power: apply Baker & Hanson Turnbridge Mill.
1853. HC 1 Jan: HE 4 Jun: 9 Jul…ditto.
HC 1 Oct;HE 10 Oct: ‘Grandville Mill’, machinery to be sold: fancy manufacturing: including Jacqards and handlooms.
1856. HC 26 Jul: To let, woollen finishing machinery, tenter stove, press shop ‘fitted up in the best and newest style, regardless of expense…’ Apply Benjamin Hanson at the nill.
HC 11 Oct; HE 18 Oct: to be sold. Two large mills, four stories high. 16 hp engine, two boilers etc…’A great portion of the premises is of recent erection, fitted up at enormous expense…’ B.Hanson, the owner, about to give up part of business.
HE Nov 1: B.Hanson neglect of work case against weaver, Eliza Roebuck. Ordered to finish work, but she later offers to go in only one hour a day, which would take 20 weeks to finsh piece instead of three days.
HE 29 Nov: machinery to be sold.
1857 HE 10 Jan: finishing machinery to be sold, ‘New Mill and Premises to Let. Enquire of Mr Hanson the owner.’ HC 7 Feb: ‘Final Clearing Sale.’ 12 power looms, jacquards etc…
1858. HE 8 May: to be let: including four pair fulling stocks: stove.
1860. HE 14 Jan: Robert Appleton cotton spinner and doubler : treat in commodious two storey warehouse adjoining mill. Women in lower room and men and boys above. Speech: workers: ‘foundation on which the whole of the social structure was based. security encouraged trade: therefore employment: money and comforts: therefore should not resort to strike and should amicably settle disputes.
[c.f Huddersfield cotton spinners’ dispute in November].
(John Haigh moved from Ripponden with firm of Marsden & Appleton, cotton spinners, as manager, Granville then Turnbridge Mills, job held for 30 years. Retired due to blindness. obit (91), HEW 18 Sep 1909).
1864. HC 23 Jul: Situate at Mill Gate,Paddock Foot, Old and new mills to be let/ to be sold. Old mill 26×10 yards: New, 42×15 yards. Cotton machinery. Occupied Robert Appleton. Luke Marsden, owner.
1865. HE 13 May: mills and machinery To be let. Luke Marsden owner. Old mill formerly worked as woollen mill by Armitage of Paddock.
HC 22 Jul: cotton machinery to be sold.
1866. HE 6 Jan: to be sold.
1883 HEW 24 Mar: Theft of iron from mill, property of Jos Barrowclough, trustee Luke Marsden.
1893 HEW 4 Nov: Granville Mill, E Hellawell Carter, India Rubber and Asbestos Packing plant and stock to be sold. 9 Dec: 6 Dec, sale, fire started possibly be discarded match, standpipe and hose from Messrs Lawton mill puts it out with slight damage.
1905 HEW 2 Sep: W Lawton, engine cylinder smashes, mill standing for week repairs.
1910. YTD: Willliam Lawton, yarn spinner, also Millgate Mill.
140. GREEN GROVE MILL (Highburton)
1866 HC 24 Nov: Stockdale’s mill, dyehouse flooded.
1872 HEW 22 Jun: Stockdale voluntarily advanced broad weavers 2d/doz at Easter (to 14d doz), since then Geissler 1d/doz advance following pressure from weavers..
1877. HWN 28 Jul:Wm. Stockdale obit.
1897. HEW 10 Apr: Stockdale’s mill, Highburton to be sold. Also residence occupied by Joseph Stockdale.
141. GREENHOUSE MILL (Blue Slate Mill) (Cumberworth)
1826. Built. Fctory Commissioners Report.
1827. HC 26 Apr: Charles Ives: “newly erected”: bankrupt.
1834. Factory Commisioners Report: George Ives 12 employed: 12 hp steam engine.
1845. LM 4 Oct:Jos Ives former occupant , now Jos. Booth. to be sold.
1851. HC 15 Feb: ‘Ives Mill’: Abel Hinchliffe occupier: George Kippax of Scholes: owner.
1856. HC 16 Aug: machinery to be sold: including power looms.
1867 HC 18 May “recently enlarged”: to be sold, Thomas Armitage, occupier.
HC 15 Jun:Tom Armitage ditto:
1868. HE 4 Jan: Tom Armitage, woollen machinery to be sold, to make way for new.
1889. HEW 28 Sep: Thomas Armitage, scribbling, spinning, weaving machinery to be sold.
142. GREENLANE MILL (Cartworth)
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Hinchliffe & Taylor 20 employed. 8hp water wheel: 10 hp steam engine.
1843. LT 18 Nov: Bower & Co. Jos Roebuck engineer: offence against Factory act, overworking 14 year old apprentice.
1847. LM 22 May
1856. HC 31 Apr:Richard Bower & Co.: peace treat..
1866. HE 21 Apr: John Ramsden age case.
HE 8 Sep: accident.
1870. HE 10 Dec:Ramsden & Sons: in liquidation, stock in trade to be sold.
1871. HEW 1 Feb:Robert Ramsden & Sons fancy manuacturer stock to be sold.
HC 29 Apr: To be let, mill, 3 storeysx55ftx34ft, with spinning factory, four storeysx54 ftx21ft. , 10hp steam engine, water wheel, three pairs of mules , six power looms. ‘ The stove and willey house are more than ten feet from the mill.’
HEW 5 Aug: mill to be let.
1872. HEW 16 Mar: scribbling and spinning factory to be let from 14 Sep: 19’x7′ water wheel: 14hp beam engine.
HEW 31 Aug/21 Sep: mill to be sold. occ Messrs Bashforth et al. waterwheel, engine, as above..
1874. HEW 9 Sep:Broadhead Bros. owners: Fire old mill gutted.
HEW 22 Sep: letter from Watkinson of Washpit Mill: Re: fire.
1875 HEW 17 Apr: To be sold, including 14 hp beam engine. Occ. Broadhead Bros.
HEW 15 May: spinning mill, 4stx54x21 feet.; fulling and scribbling mill 3 stx54x34 feet, ‘the floors of which have been recently destroyed by fire, but the walls , with slight repairing, may be used again.’ WW 19×7 feet.
1889. HEW 30 Nov: Jos. B. Wood, occupier, spinner, cotton in fearnought fire, neighbouring mills help with hand extincteurs.
1894. HEW 29 Dec: Alfred Wood, machinery to be sold.
1895. HEW 2 Feb: 1 Jun: to be let. ‘substantial and well lighted’, WW and steam eng.
1899 HEW 4 Mar: To be let with ‘large water wheel, steam engine and boiler, all in perfect order which have bee running up the the present time economically and steadily…’ also some machinery and ‘new electrical installation.’. Apply J Watkinson & Sons.
1910. YTD: J. Bower & Sons Ltd, also Dover Mill.
143. GREENSIDE MILL (Dalton)
1876. HEW 3 Jun Wilson silk spinners: man drowns in dam.
1896. HEW 7 Nov: George Wilson & Co. machinery to be sold, premises to be used for other purposes.
1899. HEW 18 Feb: Dyson, Hall & Co treat.
1900. Dyson,Hall & Co, (est 1897}moves from Isthmus Mill, ‘A History of Dyson Hall & Co’. G.Dyson (1988) MS and photographs in Tolson Museum.
1901. HEW 25 May: to be sold with 25hp steam engine.
HEW 6 Jul: Dyson Hall & Co.pile goods and worsted coatings, fire begun in brimstone bleaching stores on ground floor guts wing 3 storeyx14x5 windows, £10,000 damage, neighbours rescue 2,000 pieces from warehouse. Phylis engine attends.
HEW 7 Sep: tender for weaving shed engine house etc.
HEW 2 Dec: another fire, astrachan, sealskin manufacturer, £200 damage.
1902 HEW 5 Jul: Dyson, Hall & Co, engine naming. Premises destroyed last summer. New 100hp condensing steam engine with Corliss valves, James Lumb & Son, engineers, Elland. Mr Dyson says almost month to day that old engine stopped, seemed ‘a terrible blow’ at the time but ‘not sorry to exchange the lumbering engine for the handsome up to date one they saw before them’. Maker, owners and engineer all teetotal and engine ‘strictly so’. Mrs Dyson names it ‘Corons’ due to Coronation week (although it had been postponed). Three cheers. R V Rigby, toast to engineer ‘Dalton used to be one of the most prosperous and thriving parts of the borough but of late years it seemed to have declined somewhat and it was to such firms as Dyson, Hall & Co that they must look to restore the district to its former state of prosperity.’ Mrs Hall turns on steam and engine runs without a hitch though only completed half a hour before.
1908 W 24 Apr: Dyson, Hall & Co. plush weavers dispute, 40 out, told they will not be taken back, new weavers advertised for:
‘It is the old, old story of a new and clever invention, more delicate, intricate, and technical, with a largely increased out put, being wanted to operate at a greatly reduced price. The loom which is the primary cause of the dispute is a German improvement of the double plush loom, and during the last 18 months about a score of these machines have been introduced. The loom is a twin shuttle one, and the shuttles run simultaneously through two sheds, weaving two pieces which are autnomatically cut apart by a knife attachment. For the last six months a number of the most expert weavers claim that they could not earn 20s a week at the scale offered, which the masters say is “ a scientific scale of their own”…’
1910. YTD: Dyson, Hall & Co. astrachans, seals, bearskins, trimmings, mantle cloths etc.
1919. Dyson: Hall & Co. mohair manufacturer.
143. (a)GREENSIDE MILL (Skelmanthorpe)
A deep boring for water has also been made in Skelmanthorpe … It is on the premises of Messrs. Field and Bottrills at Greenside Mills. The site is almost alongside the L.M .S. Railway, 350 yards east of Skelmanthorpe railway station and 600 yards south of the Skelmanthorpe Coke Ovens boring. Height above O.D., 475 feet. Six-inch map, Yorkshire 261 S.E. The first sinking was made by Messrs. A. C. Potter and Co. of Grantham. It was carried to a depth of 375 feet and revealed a very similar section to that given above. It gave a fairly good supply of pure water. In 1928 the boring was considerably deepened by Messrs. R. A. Fitch and Co. of Mill Lane, Bradford. It was eventually carried through the Coal Measures into the Rough Rock and stopped at a depth of 1,218 feet. The Rough Rock yielded a very copious supply of pure and soft water.
(Geological Survey of Yorkshire 1933)
144. GROVE MILL (Longwood)
1862. HC 10 May: John Chadwick’s premises, cloth finishing machinery to be sold.
1863 HC 3 Jan: cloth finishing machinery to be sold.
1864. HE, HC, 4 Jun: Wm. Shaw & Sons owners. Austin, 14, son of Joseph Westerby, engine tenter, dies from scalds from boiler steam day after accident. Joseph and other son Justin, 9, also scalded while letting off steam via man hole door. Sons sent to mill by wife aith his dinner. 50 hp boiler for 40hp engine. Wife witness. Worked for Wrigley, Brick factory, 7 years, paid 30s and coals, then for Kaye’s executors at Folly hall, £2 week, house and coals. Part of mill occupied by C& W Brook. James Nichols, foreman of Armitages, Turnbridge, witness. Three boilers at mill which is partly occupied by the owners.
HC 4 Jun: Justin Westerby dies of his injuries. Supposed to be recovering but relapsed.
1866 HC 20 Jan: Messrs Shaw of Grove, Britannia and Spring Garden Mills treat at Britannia Mill. Monday evening 70 aged poor (over 60s) of Longwood tea at Grove Mill.
HC 22 Dec: Wm Shaw’s dam. Suicide Edna Lee Brook, 17, power loom weaver at Messrs Hattersley, Quarmby Clough mill.
HC 12 May: Waterworks Bill, House of Lords committee, Wm Shaw, owner of Grove Mill. Uses both steam and water power. ‘We require a large quantity of water’. Up to 1854/55 sufficient quantity but abstraction of water by Commissioners has has seriousl impeded business. Water wheel detached from machinery for a least six months of year. ‘At present I a not aware of their being a waterwheel in the valley at work.’
HC 22 Dec: Wm Shaw’s mill dam.
1868 HE 18 Apr: Maude Bros, giving up business machinery to be sold.
1872. HC 12 Oct: W Shaw & Sons complain to Local Board about defective culvert.
1881. Directory:John Shaw & Bros, woollen and cotton manufacturers.
1883 HEW 3 Feb: Wm. Shaw & Sons. Accident to George Lockwood, dyer, working on wousser, 500 rpm, smashes cast iron frame into pieces. Luckily he was in wooden cistern with 3in walls but still struck by fragments.
1884 November, partnership dissolved, William Shaw & Sons, John Shaw & Bros. William Dale Shaw, William Shaw, Joseph Whiteley Shaw, Robert Mac Shaw woollen cloth manufacturers, woollen yarn spinners and coal merchants. (1885HEW 13 Jun).
1888 HEW 7 Apr. extincteur from mill used to help extinguish fire at Prospect Mill.
HEW 13 Oct: Wm. Shaw & Sons accident to engine tenter (25) caught buy smock when tightening neck of shfting. Conscious when cut down: but dies. Only at mill three weeks but had worked in mills 6-7 years.
1893. HEW 7 Jan: scribblers and mules to be let.
1896. HEW 11 Jul: Bates Bros, piecer, George Haigh of Leymoor, backing off after doffing cops, sleeve caught in bevel wears, elbow lacerated, spinner threw strap off, before worse injury.
HEW 26 Sep: Archway under mill, trap and van wheels touch, trap horse bolts and overturns trap, Hiram Dyson injured.
1898. HEW 19 Feb: Bates Bros, Treat in mill.
1900. 6 Oct: Bates Bros, leave occupation, machinery to be sold.
1904. HEW 22 Oct: Crosland & James Hirst woollen manufacturers, owners – fire in warehouse occupied by Harry Rhodes, mill furnisher.
1910. YTD: Farnhill & Hirst Ltd, flannel shirtings, costumes, &c, 4,000 spindles, 60 looms./ D. Whiteford & Co. Ltd. horse clothing, mattress pads, stair pads and underfelts./ Schofield Bros, commission spinners, 2, 400 spindles.
145. GROVE MILL (Honley)
Originally Grove House Mill.
1851. Census. Grove House occupied by G.A. Haigh, coal owner. (Also owner Woodroyd Mill and brewer.)
1858 HC 24 Jul: correspondence re dispute between, G A and John Haigh executors of William Haigh.
1859. HC 5 Feb: Coach & Horses to let, to treat for occupation apply George A Haigh, Grove House, Honley.
1850. O.S.Map. To west of present mill, stone saw mill.
1854. HE 28 Oct: Bower, Brown & Co, stone saw mill, Honley, tenders for Sovreign Inn quarry. HC 1 Jul: Bowers Brown & Co. stone falls from crane, narrow miss. (Firm has quarry in Nan Hob Wood, mentioned at Dartmouth Court Baron for making road unsafe).
1865. HE 18 Feb: Honley Stone Mill to be let or sold.
1866. HE 19 May: stone saw mill Gynn Lane Stone saw mill: accident: lifting tackle collapses: Tom Brook injured.
1867 HC 5 Jan: Honley Stone-saw Mill, to be sold, ‘contiguous to Mr Geo A Haigh’s brewery’ also dwelling house.
1871 HEW 6 May: ‘Saw Mill Iron Works, Honley’, Andrew Bell in liquidation. machine makers and ironfounders plant.
1861. Census: Geo.A.Haigh, common brewer and miller. Brewery, Maltkiln and corn grinding mills.
1871. Census: Thos. Haigh, brewer and miller, employing four men.
HEW 8 Jul: Geo Armitage Haigh, died April 1870, action by creditors against Joshua Armitage Haigh and others.
1873. HEW 15 Feb: Grove House: corn mill occupied by Edward Robertshaw and brewery late occ Geo Armitage Haigh. To be sold.
1889. HEW 16 Mar: corn mills to be sold with residence, new mill, 3 storeys by 63 feet by 35 feet 9 inches: old mill 3½ storeys by 71 foot 6inches/ 25 foot by 21 foot.: including 30 foot diameter waterwheel, horizontal stam engine, 22 inch cylinder, 4 foot stroke, by Pearson & Spurr: malthouse, maltkilns and Grove House, occupied by Joseph Sykes. Patent roller corn milling machine and six pair of French and Grey stones. Sale particulars notice.
HEW 27 Jul: to be let.
1891. Census. France Littlewood* at Grove House. Bought with mill for £3,750 by Thos. Littlewood
1892. HEW 3 Sep: Tom & Charles Littlewood, trip to Scarborough.
1894. HEW 17 Mar: mill treat for Tom Edgar Littlewood’s coming of age. (Brother of France Littlewood). Thos Littlewood and Messrs C. Littlewood & Co. workpeople
1897. HEW 23 Jan: Thos. Littlewood, treat, dancing, singing, oranges given out.
1900. HEW 7 Jul: Technical College students visit dyehouses and finishing mills of Mr Thomas Littlewood, Honley. ‘The party was personally conducted by Mr France Littlewood, who contributed largely to a very enjoyable visit by his unbounded courtesy and kindness…’ shows processes and machines.
‘Great interest was taken in the department for the finishing of natural and bleached white goods for tennis and cricketing wear, and in the numerous devices for excluding smoke-laden currents of air and for protecting the goods from soiling as they pass through the various processes. the indigo vats were also inspected at work upon piece dyed goods, and much attention was paid to the water gas plant for supplying the gas engine’
[Students then visit nearby Gledhill & Roberts bobbin works. 1903 HEW 17 Oct: Gledhill & Roberts, bobbin and broach manufacturing plant to be sold.]
HEW 11 Aug: Thos. Littlewood, dyers and finishers, creditors meeting, France, Fred and Tom Edgar Littlewood.
HEW 18 Aug: to be sold with Victoria Dyeworks and Hollin Hall farm under deed of assignment, Tom Littlewood.
HEW 1 Sep: to be sold, machinery, dying and finishing.
1901. HEW 23 Feb: Tom Littlewood, bankrupt, liabilities £10,122.4s.8d. assetts £1.058.
1906-1918. OS Maps. Expansion of mill north to Gynn lane.
1910. YTD Thomas Littlewood & Sons, stovers and finishers.
1912 HEW 27 Apr: plans passed by UDC for dynamo room at mill.
1914 HEW 2 May: T E Littlewood, of Grove House Mill [sic] uninjured in train smash on way back from FA Cup Final along with other Honley passengers.
1915. YTD Littlewood Ltd, stovers and finishers.
[* France Littlewood was a founder member of the Colne Valley Labour League, Honley Socialist Club and the ILP- and prominent in local government. A biography (unpublished) has been written by the author of this Catalogue]
146. GROVE MILL (Leeds Road)
1843 LT 12 Aug: James Learoyd, Grove House, near Bradley Mill, small son drowns in dam.
1870 HC 12 Mar: Grove Mill, Lane, Learoyd Bros, cotton spinners, 27 male and female operatives prosecuted under Masters and servants Act for leaving work Shrove Tuesday afternoon.
HC 25 Jun: Learoyds dispute. 34 spinners and piecers summonsed for leaving work without notice. Return on summons being withdrawn.
1871 HC 1 Apr: Learoyd Bros, Mary Moseley 29, frame tenter, finger caught while cleaning machinery – amputated.
HC 4 Nov: Learoyd Bros, cotton spinners, treat at Thornhill Arms.
1895 HEW 12 Jan: Joseph Firth of Grove Mill, youngest brother of James Firth, obit, registrar at Huddersfield cemetery.
1904. HEW 13 Aug: to be sold, Adamson boiler 1887, verticle compound condensing engine by J & E. Wood.
HEW 8 Oct: Edwin Learoyd obit. Son of James Learoyd, Grove Mill, Leeds Road, learned spinning at Phoenix Mill, Folly Hall, married daughter of James Brook, printer.
1910. W 4 Jun: J. Firth & Sons, cotton spinners, dispute. Mill turned into a lodgings for blacklegs. Beer and tobacco freely consumed with no regard for insurance precautions.
HE 25 Jun: pickets fined for allegedly damaging food carried in for blacklegs.
W 24 Dec: Dispute ends on union terms.
[Huddersfield Borough Police Court. Alleged Abusive Language to an Overlooker – Emily Firth, married, 38, Thistle Street, was summonsed for making use of abusive language to Ashworth Atkinson, 39, Newsome Road. Complainant said that he was an overlooker at Grove Mill, Leeds Road, where a strike was in progress. On Wednesday morning last week, about 7.30 he had occasion to cross the road to enter a shed belonging to the same firm. Defendant came up and commenced abusing him, calling him names and shouting. She continued this behaviour until she got into Leeds Road where a crowd of people collected. She called him an ‘old blackleg’, a ‘Chinaman’ and ‘booed’ him. Defendant pleaded not guilty and said that complainant set at her and gave her a stern look. She said, ‘Now then Chinaman, what’s the matter’. In cross-examination Defendant said that ‘Chinaman’ was the only name she knew defendant by. The case was dismissed.’
YTD : J Firth & Sons, doublers and fancy warp makers, 40,804 spindles.