SAINT HELEN’S MILL TO ZETLAND MILL
CVG Colne Valley Guardian
HE Huddersfield Examiner
HEW Huddersfield Examiner (Weekly)
Hexp Holmfirth Express
HC Huddersfield Chronicle
HWN Huddersfield Weekly News
HLHL Huddersfield Local History Library
HHE Halifax and Huddersfield Express
IBJ Isaac Beardsell’s Journal (Transcribed by Michael Day)
KC Kirklees Collection
LM Leeds Mercury
LI Leeds Intelligencer
LT Leeds Times
LTR Land Tax returns
OS Ordnance Survey
NS Northern Star
RCHM Royal Commission on Historic Monuments survey
VWR Voice of the West Riding
WYAS West Yorkshire Archive Service
W The Worker
WCR Wakefield Court Rolls (Researched by Michael Day)
YFT Yorkshire Factory Times
YTD Yorkshire Textile Directory
275. SAINT HELEN’S MILL (Almondbury)
1861. HE 20 Apr: to be sold, dwelling house, dyehouse and reservoir.
1864 HC 3 Dec: Mr Spivey, St Helen’s excavations for foundations of new engine and boiler house. Too close to small circular reservoir about ten yards in diameter which supplies mill causing collapse of embankment. Scaffolding washed down, no other damage.
1866 HC 7 Apr: Benjamin Spivey, ‘recently erected a large and commodious mill.’ first in Almondbury for a great number of years. Engine started, Sarah Frances Spivey christens engine. 80 work people tea in mill. B and Samuel Spivey preside over evening’s entertainment.
HC 18 May: 29 Jun: Spivey & Shaw occupiers to be sold, ‘newly erected’. 4 storey x25 x 15 yards, steam engine 25hp.
HC 2 Nov: Scott & Co. break-in.
1869 HE 23 Jan: R Scotts, treat at Woolpack.
HEW 7 Jan: Robert Scott & Co. fire – slight damage.
HC 23 Dec: Thomas Etchells, feeder, 14, smock caught in strap but tears before carried round drum. Legs broken.
1872 HC 13 Jan: Robert Scott, treat for 120.
1872 HEW 3 Aug:. Robert Scott & Co. fire. drying stove roof falls in. Corp brigade puts it out.
1873. HEW 26 Apr: to be sold, ‘To Fancy Woollen Manufacturers’,4 st x 27 x 15 yards,‘nearly new’ steam engine 25hp by Bottom, Kirk & Ramsden.
1881. Directory: Batley, Jackson & Co, woollen manufacturers/Joseph Hirst & Co, woollen manufacturers.
HEW 7 May: Joseph Hirst obit. From Blackburn, pawnbroker, bought mill 1873, woollen cord manufacturer and Lib councillor.
HEW 9 Jul: to be sold, four storey mill, carding machines, mules and looms.
1885 HEW 31 Jan: Battye, Jackson & Co. treat for 90 in burling room.
1891. HEW 24 Jan: to be let/sold. With house adjoining, occ Messrs J H Batley & Son, execs Jos Hirst.
1892. HEW 27 Feb: ditto.
1893. HEW 7 Jan: ditto.
HEW 10 Jun: to be let, occupier Messrs H.Batley & Son.
1895. HEW 5 Jan: to be let.
1896. HEW 1 Aug: room and power to let.
1897. HEW 22 May: E.Smith & Son, in liquidation, cardmaking machinery to be sold.
HEW 3 Jul: to be sold, 4 storeys by 81 by 45 feet.
1900. HEW 18 Aug: to be sold, Nichol & Crowther recover for debenture holders, 4 storey mill with 36 looms.
1902. HEW 21 Jun; 14 Jul: new weaving plant to be sold, 26 Jul, mill to be sold.
1909. HEW 20 Feb: John Cooke, Folly Hall, asphalter owner, occupier Alexander Waterproofing Co., leaving premises, moving tanks, fire lighted to melt contents, shed burnt down, lower storey of 4 storey mill damaged.
276. SCAMMONDEN COMMERCIAL COTTON SPINNING CO
- HC 23 Feb.
HC 8 Jun: Public Notice of laying of foundation stone. Miss Shaw of Barkisland to sing.
HC 29 Jun: foundation stone laid on 22 June, 7,000 attend. Procession from Deanhead National School, David Stott, Firth House Villa, Stainland presides, John Kenworthy Walker MD, Deanhead lays stone with silver trowel. Mr Patterson of Ripponden Commercial Co addresses assembly calls on them to become shareholders.
Ibid. Notice: 2,000 £5 shares already issued , £30,000 registered capital. ‘There is a waterfall of 48 feet, plentifully supplied from the Deanhead reservoir in all seasons. There is now a first rate road to the works.. 26 acres of land purchased including quarries of finest white rock in kingdom and 11 cottages for only £1,800. Committee meets at Thornton’s Temperance Hotel on Friday evenings. Persons may be enrolled as shareholders at Messrs Whiteley & Son, paper warehouse, Cloth Hall St.
Ibid. Patterson and Mellor on behalf of Ripponden and Scammonden Cos, speak at Gymnasium Hall. Against strikes and for adoption of ‘cooperative principle’.
Ibid. Sowood Commercial Co. shareholder’s meeting in Bethel School Room. Advantageous site selected with plenty of water and good beds of stone.
HC 14 Sep: Notice: SCCSCo, next monthly meeting 4 October at Thornton’s Temperance Hotel. ‘one of the most promising Companies in Yorkshire’.
1865. HE 21 Oct, to be sold.
HE 28 Oct, sold £4000, cost £14,000, many working men lost £20 shares.
HC 28 Oct: Joseph Dyson, retired farmer, body found near mill. Attended sale of mill on Monday night. Returned home then later went out with walking stick and small lamp. Conjectured that he threw himself from the third storey.
HE 18 Nov, accident/ suicide due to losses. man invested £150. Said he would set fire to mill if it failed. Attempt to light boards. Falls through hoist in mistake for door?
CVG 8 Jan 1937
An account of how Joseph o’ Sams o’ Bradshaw was killed at Deanhead Mill is contained in a local newspaper dated October 28, 1865, which was carefully preserved by the late James Hirst of Wortshill.
The report stated that the sale of the Co-operative Mill, Scammonden, had left the shareholders in a poor plight. There were many of them, and most of them were not prepared for such an emergency. The mill realised under £4,000, and cost some £14,000, a fact which spoke for itself. Many working- men had £20 invested in the mill, for which they would not receive a single penny.
The sale only realised what was borrowed upon the mill, so that it would be a dead letter to a great many friends of co-operation who had lost all they had by this speculation.
“Among its most sanguine friends” continued the report “was Mr. J. Dyson, of Bradshaw, Slaithwaite, an old man of sixty-seven years, who formerly went out to America, and realised a few hundred pounds, but who came back a few years ago and invested his money in sundry and peculiar ways. Not long ago he invested £50 on a farm belonging to the Earl of Dartmouth, and his lordship refused either to take him in tenant, or to repay him the money which he had given to a man occupying the farm, without consulting his lordship or his stewards.”
“He has been in the habit of writing a great many curious epistles to the Earl of Dartmouth and the incumbent of Slaithwaite in a half-scriptural style. At last His Lordship would not receive them, and when he came to Slaithwaite the last time Dyson was there, and presented him with a letter which His Lordship tore up before him.
When the incumbent would not receive his letter Dyson used to plaster them over his door.”
“When the Scammonden Mill Company was formed he took up shares to the amount of £150, and was a most interested person in its welfare. It went on with varying degrees of success and prognostications of its failure, until it came to be sold for little more than .the borrowed money upon it, and this brought the climax to the poor man’s already weakened brain.”
“He went to the sale, and bid with no possible means of paying, and when all was over he went home, emptied his pockets, changed his shoes and hat, and left home on Monday’s dark and dismal night with a lanthorn in his hand. He was lost sight of until Thursday noon, when he was found, after much search, a. lifeless corpse. He had gone to the mill where his money lay, never to return, and it is supposed he deliberately flung himself from one of the landing’s, and thus ended in this tragic way the peculiar existence of Joseph Dyson’.
1866. HC 6 Oct: Actions by creditors to recover money from Edward Sykes and other shareholders to meet liabilities of company in liquidation.
HE 3 Nov: shareholders include weavers, plasterers, farmers millwrights.
HE 8 Dec: to be sold by liquidators. Capacity for 38,000 spindles, warehouse three storeys connected to mill by staircase, also farm total 7 acres. Mill built with a view to being worked by water power, constant supply from Deanhead Reservoir. Fall, 40 feet..
1867. HC 31 Aug, ditto.
1868. HE 20 Jun. ditto.
1885 HEW 5 Sep: Oldham Chronicle report on visit to Deanhead. Two farms purchased to make approach to mill, but inadequate. Mill and farms sold to ‘a wealthy capitalist from Elland’. ‘we do not hink the man born who will undertake the responsibility of working it as a cotton factory – the absence of railway communications, the remoteness of the site, together with the cost of coal, being difficulties that will always tell against the successful running of the mill.’
1897. Bought at auction for £250, used for stone. (A.Muir,The History of Bowers Mills p26-28.
1899. HEW 16 Sep: Auction of stone. Executors of J.Maude. Inadequate offer, only warehouse part sold. Rest to be sold by private treaty. Premises pulled down by order. Erected in unsuitable site ‘very many years ago’.
277. SCAR MILL (Lockwood)
1850. Tentering stove of James Whiteley on site.
1854 HC 27 May: Berry & Co, finishing mill, ‘Scarbottom mill’, theft of black cassimere.
- HC 18 Oct: Jos Armitage cloth dresser moves from Kayes Factory to Scar End Mills. Business with youngest son – S H Armitage.
1859 HE 19 Mar: Tom Whiteley, Style Common, bankrupt.
1862 HEW 29 Nov: Nathaniel Berry – fatal shaft accident to spinner, John Dawson (20). Owner Whiteley of Primrose Hill.
1872 HC 13 Apr: N Berry’s workpeople meet at White Lion for supper and presentation of writing case to Mr J H Gibson leaving employ. William Berry makes presentation.
- HEW 22 Jan: Nathaniel Berry treat.
HEW 22 May: Nathaniel Berry accident, Sarah Sykes, piecer (16) killed when head handkerchief catches in cog, scalped and skull fractured.
- HEW 24 Mar: workers present testimonial and desk to Walter Berry on coming of age.
- Directory: Nathaniel Berry, manufacturer of diagonals, Bedford cords and fancy woollens.
1883 HEW 13 Jan: Nathaniel Berry, fire, extinguished by workpeople.
- HEW 30 Apr: Nathaniel Berry, Machinery to be sold. Mill to be sold, 2 storeys and 3 storeys. Lease from Ramsden dated from 25 Mar 1871.
- HEW 29 Dec: to be sold/let. ‘after being thoroughly remodelled and put in good working order, surrounded by a large number of workpeople.’ suitable for card making, cloth finishing, rag pulling etc.
1890 HEW 8 Feb: To be sold, three and four storey mills, detached engine house with boiler , 100hp modern horizontal engine and grounds for erecting another mill.
- HEW 3 Jul: mill and machinery to be sold, 3 storey by 116 by 20 feet: 3 storey mill and weaving shed.
- YTD: E.H. Sellars & Co, also Lockwood Mills.
- HEW 26 Aug: E.H.Sellars & Sons, woollen spinners, fire destroys teazing room, spread from 3 storey mill to cottages in Berry Lane
278. SCAR BOTTOM MILL (Meltham)
See Meltham Spinning Co.
1933 Meltham Spinning Co closes down during slump in cotton trade. Once employed 150 people.
1935 HEW 27 Apr: Mill taken over by French controlled firm three months ago – Meltham Worsted Spinning Co. Ltd., Jean Segard, M de Surmont, L Florin directors. Use French process, bringing over French workers for a few months to instruct employees.
279. SCAR BOTTOM MILL (Golcar)
1860-1865. Scarbottom Mill Fall letting documents in Savile papers 88.
1865 HC 11 Mar: William Hattersley ,building contractor, sale of machinery including ‘travelling crane or Goliath, at the New Mill, Scar-bottom, near Golcar…’
1871 HC 16 Dec: Fielding & Whitworth, foundations being excavated for new mill by John Pearson, master mason. Labourer, David Wood, 48, of Brierley Wood, killed instantly by fall of earth. fell in a lump. Severe frost at time.
- HEW 13 Sep: J Fielding & Sons, 22 Golcar weavers charged with breach of contract. Work given out by manager Daniel Pearson.
1884 [Eli Fielding leaves partnership with B.Whitwam at Stanley Mill and moves to Scarr Bottom – Whitwam’s obituary HEW 22 Dec 1888].
- HEW 2 Jan: Eli Fielding & Sons James Edward Fielding, onlooker accused of indecently assaulting a mender ordered to clean the office. Rowland Littlewood the engineer denies seeing the accused kissing the defendent.
1889 HEW 12 Jan: Joseph Fielding, obit, of Eli Fielding & Sons. (Mill built 1884)
- HEW 19 Sep: Eli Fielding & Sons, trustees, stock to be sold: 26 Sep: 4 storeys by 165 by 45 feet in 15 bays, 40 yard chimney, vertical 160hp engine, 14 inch cylinder by 4 foot 10 inch stroke, low pressure cylinder, 26½ cylinder, 3 foot stroke, by Schofield & Turner, Turnbridge works.
HWN 12 Sep: Eli Fielding & Sons bankrupt, £12,200, £340 assets.
- HEW 28 Dec: looms to be sold.
1899 HEW 25 Feb: John Lockwood & Sons Ltd, employees put on tea in Scapegoat Hill new Baptist Chapel school room in aid of building fund. 300 attend.
- HEW 20 Sep: John Lockwood & Sons, shed erected by Eagland Bros. man killed and another injured when earth collapses in 12 foot trench.
[1881-1971. WYAS B/JL.John Lockwood, woollen manufacturer] Formerly of Parkwood and Hirst Mill (Lockwood pp 55-57)
1904, HEW 9 Jan: John Lockwood & Sons,Ltd, Arthur Pogson of Scapegoat Hill tightening bolts of fulling stocks when they start up, killed. 16 Jan Inquest.
1910. YTD: John Lockwood & sons, also Holme Mills..
280. SCAR LANE MILL (Golcar)
1883 HEW 21 Apr: Chas Taylor & Son, owner and part occupiers along with Joshua Drake, Mark Gledhill and R Ramsden manufacturers. Building 3stx4x7windows, engine and boiler house at north end, fire in rag machine. Mill entirely gutted.
1894 HEW 9 Dec: Flock mills, John Taylor & Sons, to be sold plus machinery.
281. SCHOLES MILL (New Mill)
See Midge Mill.
1806.WCR 1 May: John Goddard of Scholes surrendered on 14 Jan. 1805, the Scribbling and Carding Mill at Scholes, to the use of William Taylor, Thomas Hardy and Joseph Heap from 4 October 1805 for 11 years.
1836. LM 8 Oct:Tom Farrar scribbling and corn mill and dyehouse.
282. SEFTON MILL/Millmoor Mill (Meltham)
See Millmoor Mill.
- Directory: William Wood & Co. executors of.
283. SEEDHILL MILL (Huddersfield)
1851(?)Samuel Routledge, fire in stove, £2,000 damage [1858 HC 18 Sep].
- HC 10 Mar: Dyeworks to be sold, formerly belonging to and occupied by Samuel Routledge, two cotton dye houses, two worsted dye houses, blue dye house, 25 hp engine, four boilers, dwelling house etc… . Also dwelling house lately occupied by Mr Lowenthal.
HC 24 Mar: ghostly rappings at Mr Routledge’s residence. No explanation found. Crowds visit. HC 31 Mar: Irish servant, Catherine Hayley (13) found to be responsible, confesses.
1858 HC 18 Sep: John Burgess, fire cotton drying stove, on canal bank, 12×8 yd x 3 storeys
1859 HE 20 Aug: Burgess, dyehouse fire.
1860 HE 30 Jun: Jn Burgess, dyeworks, willower, 16, oiling shaft, caught and dreadfully mangled.
HE 4 Aug: new building being erected, 3 injured by block.
1861 HC 12 Oct: Burgesses dyeworks fire in stove, begun in one of J L Norton’s patent drying machines.
- HC 29 Aug: Mr Burgess, Seed Hill, lost, brown retriever dog.
1864 HC 8 Oct: Ephraim Sykes, cotton spinner, bank’d, due to collapse of Leed Banking Co. £7,000 liabilities.
1865 HC 3 Jun: Late occupied Ephraim Sykes, cotton machinery to be sold.
1866 HC 28 Jul: J Burgess, Brighouse, action by Henry Haigh & Sons, machinists, Oldham, for £4.12s.5d, owing for machinery supplied to John Ogden occupier of mill. Mill machinery out of repair and it was agreed by Burgess that he would be allowed £25 to obtain new which he did from Haighs. Burgess then had not payed bills. Plaintiff ordered to seek payment from Ogden.
- HC 27 Apr: Edward Henry Burgess and Tom Stott dissolution of partnership, cotton double and warp spinners.
HC 17 Aug: John Burgess & Sons, room and power to let.
1868 HE 11 Jul: Burgess, fire in stove amongst cotton. Building encloses mill chimney, overheated, town and Globe brigades arrive but not allowed to assist. Took men three quarters of an hour to do what brigade could have done in five minutes. Cotton needlessly lost.
1869 HE 22 May: Kilner Battye trustees, new carding, spinning and scribbling machinery etc to be sold.
HE 3 Sep: Huddersfield Industrial Spinning and Manufacturing Society, liquidated, machinery to be sold.
1870.HE 15 Jan, 4 Jun: room and power. cotton machinery to be let.
1871.HC 7 Jan: Messrs Thomas Burgess & Son’s former chief stoker, Joseph Scholes prosecuted for smoke nuisance. W R Croft, sanitary inspector: Firm ‘had been at great expense in fitting up apparatus for preventing it, but like all other masters, they were at the mercy of the firing engineers…’. Defendant argues that a large quantity of water lodged in bottom of flues and could not force a draught. Since now out of work fined only 10s and expenses Tot: £1.2s.6d.
HC 21 Jan: Treat for 70 employees of John Burgess & Sons in Green dragon. Thos Burgess, only surviving partner present.
HEW 8 Jul: Thomas Burgess, Brighouse, owner, Monday morning almost total destruction by fire. A very large mill along canal bank. Occupied by John Burgess & Sons, James Clegg, woollen manufacturer, Jos Brierley Co, woollen spinners and shawl and shirting manufacturers, Barras Bros & Fawcett, Angola yarn spinners. Cottages nearby occupied by workpeople. Several brigades attend but hampered by crowd of sightseers. Part of wall falls into canal. One of largest fires in Huddersfield for several years. Damage over £25,000
HEW 2 Sep: E Philips, clerk of works, Ramsden Estate Offfice, letter recommending fireproof buildings, on Dennet Arch Flooring principle.
HC 11 Nov: Executors of Burgess case against Barras Bros & Fawcett. Tenants of large room since 1869. Not paid for dyeing done by Burgess, £170.7s amd £22 on rent account.
1874 HEW 10 Oct: dyeworks, warehouse, cottages, mill , ‘Seed Hill Dyeworks’, ‘for many years past in the occupation of Messrs John Burgess and Son.’ frontage to canal.
- HEW 4 Nov: tender for alterations, Abbey architect.
- HEW 2 Dec: accident to mason demolishing mill ruined by fire years ago.
284 SENIOR’S MILL (Dalton)
1872. HEW 14 Feb: accident female (16) in burring machine.
1876. HEW 10 Jun: Brierly & Wall fire brigade at Huddersfield contest.
285 SHALEY WOOD BOTTOM/FORD MILL (Wooldale)
1858. HE 13 Feb: A.Wood accident.
1859. HE 24 Dec: Alfred Wood worsted manufacturer Offence against Factory Act, Bates, sub-inspector of factories.. Employing two girls one without surgeon’s certificate and names not on register..
1860 HE 17 Nov: Alfred Wood worsted manufacturer, mill broken into yarn stolen, three former employees arrested.
- HC 18 Apr: David Bower and Mark Bailey, woollen cloth manufacturers, firm of Bower & Bailey, Wood Bottom, dissolution of partnership.
HC 17 Oct: to be sold , steam engine, dwelling house, 12 power looms ‘lately used in the weaving of linen cloth for cards’, in possession of Bower & Bailey. Premises plentifully supplied with water.
HC 14 Nov: 5 Dec: to be sold. steam engine etc, ‘The engine and boiler are nearly new and made by Smith and Brook, Leeds…’
1864 HC 2 Jan; 11 Jun: to be let, weaving shed, , 10hp steam engine, dwelling house, etc.
1865 HC 15 Apr: still to let, building 73 ½ ftx 36 ftx 10 ½ ft high ‘under the beams., recently used as a weaving shed.
1868. HE 20 Jun,18 Jul: to be let, Chas Hoyle & Co assignees, steam engine 10hp.
1874. HEW 19 Sep: to be sold farm and mill.
1875. HEW 14 Aug: to be sold, details include steam engine and rag grinder.
1877. HEW 17 Mar: “Ford’s Mill”, accident, female 15 arm injured cleaning mule rollers.
HEW 23 Jun: Senior & Charlesworth dissolution of partnership., steam engine 10hp.
- HEW 5 May: tenders for erection of warehouse. Architect Joshua Barrowclough, Royd Top, Holmfirth.
HEW 27 Oct: Wood & Burtt contractors Thorpe & Mallinson working on mill. Labourer killed in fall from ladder.
1906 HEW 26 May: Wood & Burtt, wool spinners, fire, visible at Almondbury.
1908 HEW 4 Apr: suicide in dam of Arthur Batty, landlord of Bay Horse, Bowshaw.
- YTD: Wood & Burtt, J.J. Baldwin & Partners Ltd, hosiery and knitting wools. 4,000 spindles.
1914 YFT 20 Aug: Wood & Burtt, fire.
1922 HEW 20 May: Edward Henry Burtt, obit (73), from Lincolnshire, came to New Mill aged 20 and joined firm of Alfred Wood. Director of Baldwin and Paton, Halifax.
286 SHAW CARR WOOD MILL (Slaithwaite)
1787. Dartmouth Terrier.1828: Built by John Varley, cotton mill 26×12 yards x 3 storeys and 12×6 yards x 2 storey, 18 foot fall. steam engine 10hp.
1806.21 year lease to John Varley, John Dyson, and Joseph Varley ‘containing the following covenants viz, the mill is to be let with the dams, damstones, trowbays, shuttles, goits, weirs, water courses and water wheels’ the tenant to pay ‘land and all other taxes’ to insure for £700 and ‘to keep the banks in repair and in the case of their failing’ to pay for all damages done and in the case of bankrupt.cy the mill to be offerd at a fair valuation to Lord Dartmouth.
1811 Varley 24 mules x 216 spindles.
1828 Cottage of two rooms and old gasometer of 1000 cubic feet capacity. New 14 year lease £100 p.a. for first 7 and £150 for second. ‘Water power is now equal to 20 hp and owing to the reservoir may be calculated to work for 8 months out of the 12.’ Also a 14hp steam engine belonging to tenant.
- Factory Commissioners Report.Varley & Dyson cotton spinning since 1807. water wheel 20hp, originally 12 hp when water scarce., 85 employees, 7 children paid by spinners. Work over if loss of water – loss more than one hour, engine put on.
1866 HC 20 Oct: Owner,widow of Mr Scholes. 16 panes of glass maliciously smashed. Reward offered.
HC 17 Nov: Shaw Carr Wood and Waterside Mills, cotton spinning machinery to be sold. Execs JS Scholes, horizontal engine 20 nhp, two boilers. ‘The mills produce 24s to 40s, for which there is a good market in the immediate neighbourhood, they are mainly driven by water, of which there is an abundant supply.’
- HEW 23 Sep: H Walker, improvements carried out since he took over.
1872 HC 11 May: Henry Walker’s mill closed for day for celebrations of majority of Lord Lewisham, son of Earl of Dartmouth.
1876. HEW 22 Apr:H.Walker minor fire.
1879. HEW 11 Jan:Henry Walker To be let.
1895. HEW 2 Mar: Joseph Shaw, 69, , right arm caught in machiner, crushed and main artery severed, removed home to Carr Lane, arm amputated.
1896 HEW 18 Jul: Manufacturer Wm Hirst’s son in law, Joseph Pogson who works as a spinner, hand caught in machine. Lives nearby mill. Amputation necessary.
- YFT 5 Jul: side of mill being re-built stood 5-6 weeks. 26 Jul: nearly ready, Wm Hirst, serge manufacturer intends to renew Dartmouth lease, 20 looms.
HEW 9 Nov: slight fire.
- HEW 6 Dec: sale of woollen machinery.
1906 HEW 14 Jul: Slaithwaite UDC sanitary committee – notice to C H Beaumont, re: privies at mill – replies saying not clever enough to understand it, wants an interview with them at mill.
1910: YTD: Jos.Beaumont Jnr, worsted and union serges, art furnishing cloths, also Colne Mill, 3,700 spindles, 83 looms.
287. SHELLEY WOODHOUSE MILL (Shelley)
- RD.DN 415:550 (20 Jun 1794), Ben North occupier.
First scribblers at Shelley Woodhouse powered using two asses – on a treadmill rather than gin principle.(see Chas Fitton’s obit.)
1830. Directory, Ben Fitton woollen manufacturer, Shelley. But according to Chas obit moved to Cumberworth in 1829. In 1834 Chas becomes traveller for dyewares firm. In 1852 came to Huddersfield as mungo manufacturer.
1835. Factory Inspector, 20hp steam engine, employs 20 males 9 females.
1844. LT 1 Jun: Fitton fire.
1845. LT 9 Aug: (Thomas) Burnup, Offence against Factory Act.
(Alderman Wm Schofield worked for Burnup – obit 30 Jul 1892)
- Directory: Ben Fitton & Sons/Tom Kenworthy
1858 HC 19 Jun: Kirkburton area terrific thunderstorms, windows of ‘large mill’ at Woodhouse broken by hail.
1853. HC 26 Mar: Fitton wage advance.
1860. HE 5 May: Burnup’s mill, accident , fatal, slubber by shaft strap.
HC 30 Jun: two woollen mills 5 storeyx76x43, 3storeyx54x47. and 25hp steam engine. Further information, Mr Burnup, Cleckheaton.
- HC 30 Apr: fire in old mill of three storeys. Two years ago fire in part of new mill. Smart & Hardisty tenants last 12 months, Joseph Norton’s fire engine arrives accompanied by Ben Norton. Property of Burnup of Cleckheaton.
HE 30 Apr: part known as ‘new mill’ seat of fire – built c. 20 years ago. destroyed £2,000 damage, 40 unemployed.
- HC 5 Jun: Smart and Hardisty bankrupt. £2869. (1863,scribblers, 1867,yarn manufacturers).
HC 3 Jul: Burnup. Owner, to be sold or let, along with houses, corrages and 21 acres of land.
1871 HC 11 Mar: Mill, warehouse, etc, 25hp engine, 40 hp boiler, two dwelling houses , cottage and six closes. ‘The estate is in a ring fence and is well supplied with water and adjoins the highway leading from Huddersfield to Clayton West on the north and the highway leading from Huddersfield to Denby Dale on the south’. Apply George Kilner on premises to view , or Mr Burnup Cleckheaton to treat for purchase or a lease.
- HEW 17 Feb: Tolson, Haigh & Brook treat.
HEW 13 Apr: Tolson, Haigh & Brook, weaver charged with leaving work without notice.
- HEW 9 Feb: Charles Fitton obit. (82) born 1795., son of Ben Fitton. 1829 Chas. moved to Cumberworth. In 1850 to Huddersfield, mungo manufacturer.
- HEW 6 Sep: To be let, with house, cottages and 8 acre farm.
1880 HEW 15 May: machinery including hand mules to be sold.
1888. HEW 7 Jul: to be let with steam engine and land, including ‘Dam Close’ and ‘Engine Close’. Nov 3: still to be let/sold. plus 9a land.
1889. HEW 5 Jan: to be let/sold.
1890. HEW 4 Jan: to be let, William Child, late occupier. Large and excellent supply of water. Steam engine and boiler.
1891.HEW 3 Jan: ditto.
1892. HEW 7 May: ditto.
1893. HEW 8 Apr: ditto.
1899 HEW 25 Nov: Skelmanthorpe boy, catching fish in dam falls in and is rescued by friend.
- HEW 29 Jun: Sam Barden’ glue, size and soap manufacturer, dividend paid under deed of assignment.
- HEW 4 Jan: estate to be sold.
288. SHEPLEY NEW MILL
1859. HC 3 Sep: James Kenyon new mill in course of erection, mason, Sam Sykes, 36, Kirkheaton, on top of fifth storey knocked off by crane, ‘literally smashed to pieces with the fall…’
1861. HC 11 Jan: Barnicot & Kenyon, fancy woollen manufacturers, Northumberland St, want ‘active gentlemanly young salesman in the warehouse and to take occasional journies to the principal cities and towns in England and Scotland…’
1863. HC 20 Jun: Barnicot & Kenyon, offence against Factory Act, allowing Sarah Theaker and 39 others to work through mealtime, that is , one and two o’clock. 40 women and girls found at that time in weaving shed with machinery running. Kenyon says lost a day and a half that week due to village feast and overlooker asked them to begin a little sooner to complete order. £1 in ten cases and costs for whole 40 agreed on.
1866 HC 9 Jun: Walter Wm Kenworthy, spinner, charged with leaving work without due notice.
HC 8 Dec: Wm Henry Douglas, 16, caught in shaft while strap being repaired, horribly mangled and dies.
1870 HC 22 Jan: Barnicot & Kenyon, workpeople’s treat at Star Inn.
- HC 4 Nov : Fred Hinchliffe, 16, sleeve of smock catches in scouring machine. Three fingers amputated.
1872 HC 20 Jan: : Barnicot & Kenyon, tea party for 100 in burling room,
1882. HEW 13 Jul: Barnicot & Kenyon, presentation to R.A.Barnicot, travelling bag, Saturday trip to Blackpool.
- HEW 18 Apr: John Barnicot, obituary (53) originally from Cornwall. In 1859 partnership with Kenyon, Bedford-cord manufacturer. Begins fancy worsted production, move to Shepley.
HEW 20 Apr: machinery to be sold.
HEW 25 Jun: to be sold, ‘modern mill premises’, Barnicot & Kenyon, late occupiers,5 storey by 133 foot 6 inch by 45 ft 6in 3375 square yards., weaving shed 2543 sq yards. 13 Aug: machinery to be sold.
1905 HEW 29 Jul: Firth Bros, offence against factory act.
- YTD: Firth Bros, fancy tweeds, 8,200 spindles, 112 looms.
289. SHOE BROADS MILL (Meltham)
1838. LM 15 Sep: to be let, along with Millmoor Mill, John Eastwood owner.
1847. Tithe Map. Joshua Eastwood owner.
1853 HC 31 Dec: Isaac Dearnally, stock in trade, dyehouse fittings , mungo, yarn cops, 7 broad looms etc…etc to be sold.
- HC 4 Oct: to be let, Edwin Eastwood, three storeys, rooms 13 yards square, water wheel, would suit joiner or machine maker.
1868 HC 4 Apr: To be let.
- HEW 25 May: to be let, (Eastwood’s estate).
289a SHOP LANE MILL (Kirkheaton)
- HC 16 Apr: To be sold, Shop Lane, building ground ‘well adapted for a mill site, having a good supply of water, situate on the east side of Shop Lane.’ also quarry of good building stone. ‘when the stone is exhausted the quarry may be easily converted into a reservoir for a mill and manufacturing purposes.’
1869 Firm of Ainley & Lord move business from Albion St to Kirkheaton founded by Hefford Ainley. (Obit 1909)
1872 HEW 7 Sep: Ainley & Lord, trip for 100 to Blackpool, Mr and Mrs Lord accompanies.
1885 HEW 6 Jun: John Shaw Ainley involved in right of way to Church dispute.
1909 HEW 29 May: Ainley Sons & Co, to be sold, weaving shed, three storey mill, Pollit & Wigzell 150hp horiz. comp steam enginge, 35 yard chimney – plus whole of machinery.
HEW 16 Oct: Hefford Ainley obit. son of Jos. Ainley, clothmaker of Lascelles Hall, born 1824. Educated Kirkheaton Grammar School and learns drawing under portrait artist George Tomlinson. Joins firm of Jos Ainley and James Senior as designer, vestings etc. 1843 – worked for Tolson Bros. Mill Hill, 1850 – Norton’s, Clayton West, manager. 1851 studied at Great Exhibition under Mr Carter he knew from Tolsons’. Works for Geo. S Tolson at Rookery Mill. At this period both at Mill Hill and Rookery Mills he met and worked with the men who with Josiah France of Honley, did most to establish the fancy worsted trade in the district’. (Including P Martin and Joah Lodge, the latter first working for John Taylor and then own firm of Joah Lodge & Sons). Formed partnership with Mr Lord, who also worked at Rookery Mill, 1863. (W 12 Jun: sold for £10,000)
Shop Lane Mill taken over by Broadhead & Graves, who stop engine and draw blinds for funeral.
1910 YTD: Broadhead & Graves Ltd., worsted suitings, trouserings and coatings, ‘Kirkheaton Mills’.
1912 HEW 29 Jun: Broadhead & Graves Ltd, steeplejack, Arthur Beevers, Taylor Hill, falls 40 feet into water tank while repairing chimney. Rope holding chair broke. Dies from fractured skull etc.
290. SLAITHWAITE SPINNING CO
1876. Slaithwaite Land & Building Co. founded 26 April at Commercial Hotel [see 1888].
HEW 4 Nov: Slaithwaite Land & Building Co. plan for cotton mill. Building of ‘Spa Mill’ begins
- HEW 27 Jan: £50,000 of £1 shares applied for in two days.
Slaithwaite Local Board, plans passed for SSCo offices.
HEW 6 Feb: SSCo tenders for new mill to be put out soon.
HEW 24 Feb: SSCo, formally incorporated, Wm Varley manager.
1878 HEW 22 Jun: now a prominent structure in Colne Valley, in Carr Lane, between canal and railway. Roof being put on and brick-layers working on fire-proofing.
HEW 2 Nov: SSCo. annual meeting at Commercial. Haigh chairman, Jacob Clay , shareholder and one of labourers on works makes out such a good case £10 granted towards a rearing supper. Mill should be working in six months.
- HEW 9 Nov: steam engine named Dauntless in new Carr Lane mill.
‘The engine house with rope race, boiler house long chimney and offices are all at the east end of the mill. The engine house is a seperate building and is only one storey high while the rope race is carried the whole height of the mill. The boiler house is distinct from the mill and is planned to hold three boilers each 28 feet long and 7 feet diameter, fuel economiser, reserve flue and cleaning out chambers. The chimney which is 52 yards high, has an internal flue 6 feet 6 inches at the bottom and 8 feet at the top. The boilers, three in number, are to work at 80lb to the square inch. The economisers consist of 180 pipes and are made by the well known firm of Messrs E.Green and Sons of Wakefield. The steam engine is of the compound tandem principle – that is one cylinder behind the other, and has been made by Messrs Kirk, Ramsden & Co Limited, engineers, Huddersfield. The engine bed is a massive one and is planed on the top side to which all the other parts are fitted, and on the under side also to facilitate the bedding to the ashlar foundation. The high pressure cylinder is 24 inches in diameter and is fitted with a common slide valve and a variable cut-off motion worked by two eccentrics, by which the steam can be cut off at any part of the stroke, so as to work with the greatest economy. The large cylinder is 48 inches diameter and is fitted with piston valves the object of which is to reduce the friction of such large valves to a minimum. But the great novelty in conjunction with the engine is the transmitting of the power in the first instance by means of rope instead of gearing. The ropes run directly from the fly wheel which is 20 feet diameter, 6 feet wide, weighs 23 tons and has 22 turned grooves for 2 inch ropes. The engine has a 5 feet stroke, makes 60 resolutions per minute, with a piston speed of 600 feet and a velocity of 3,769 feet per minute to the ropes. The nominal power of each rope at the above speed is about 25-horse power but will drive safely one third more. As previously stated the power will be given direct from the fly wheel to the main line shafts and there will not be one single pair of toothed gear wheels for driving purposes in the entire mill…’
[Boilers, 2 by Turnbridge Iron and Boiler Works and Co. Ltd, 1 by R. Taylor & Sons Marsden].
Started at 4 o’clock on 31 October for first annual general meeting of shareholders. Started exactly on time ‘At two minutes to four o’clock the company were informed by Mr R.Kirk that the time had arrived when, as had been promised, the engine in which they were so much interested would make its first revolution by steam. at this moment Mrs Varley the wife of the manager , on whom choice had fallen to start and name the engine, under the instruction of Mr Kirk, opened the requisite valves, when the ponderous machine moved off with as much ease and grace as if it had run for years and soon attained to its regulated speed of sixty revolutions per minute. Mrs Varley then broke a bottle of wine on the fly wheeland named the engine ‘Dauntless’. After watching the engine for about half an hour the company retired to the dining room over the offices…’
Machinery ordered from Dobson and Barlow. Rope drive thought ‘wild scheme’ [see 1888].
1879. HEW 22 Feb,Wm Crowther, Fieldhouse, appointed chairman of Co. to replace the deceased George Haigh. Job Beaumont Spa Mill director, J.Brierly.
1881. HEW 13 Aug. Experiment by Jos Hopkinson with electric light using a Siemans 1200 candle power battery worked by 4hp engine to power five Mawson & Swan (Newcastle) incandescent lamps to light bay in new shed. (2000yards in total) ‘The lights were clean and good and such as it was believed colours could be well observed by.’ suggestions to use reflectors.
1882. HEW 24 Jun: special general meeting to hear proposals to build new mill. More economic than working present one day and night on Egyptian yarns which though now, at lowest ebb, would recover. Joshua Hammond against because protective tariffs by other countries would reduce future trade. W.E. Cotton supports him because he doubted that there was enough cotton in Egypt to keep another mill the size of the first going.
HEW 8 Jul: 9,000 of 10,000 shares subscribed to. tenders for mill issued. First mill now 57,000 spindles.
HEW 29 Jul: Contracts awarded, E.&.D.Eagland, masons and joiners: Francis Goodall,plumber: James Wilkinson, plasterer: William Rowe,ironfounder: Goodwin & Sons, slaters.
HEW 4 Nov: piecer, John H.Balmforth injured cleaning under mule when spinner starts it. head caught between carriage boards and roller beam. taken home in cab , recovery .progressing
- HEW. 17 Feb: SSSpg Co., workpeople’s first annual treat in new shed of mill. Pillars festooned with tissue paper chains.. Some of directors present.
HEW. 6 Oct: ‘Engine Naming Slaithwaite’. Engine by Pollitt and Wigzell of Sowerby Bridge ‘upon their patent principle’ named Fearless. Mill just being completed has not yet received machinery.
- 25 Oct:SSCo. yearly meeting, W. Crowther chair: new mill now running having taken less than two years to build, furnish and get working at cost of £51,850. With 57,124 spindles cost 18s.2d./spindle. Old mill cost £60,051 for 57,408 spindles = £1.0.11s/spindle. Works occupy 6 acres. Tribute to manager, Mr Varley. Directors annual fees £200, voted a further £100, but decline to accept.
- HEW 29 Aug: trip to Scarborough for 463.
1887 HEW 15 Oct: AGM – dividend 71/2 % (C.Wheawill, auditor).
- HEW 7 Jan: No.3 mill, chimney 65 yards high. Steeplejack of Bowker & Co, electrical engineers, fitting lightening conductor, stranded when block seat detached while he was dismantling scaffolding. Unravelled stocking to make contact with ground and raise a rope.
HEW 11 Feb: No.1 Mill. engine shaft found to be cracked. Stoppage for about a fortnigh until new one put in. No.2 Mill, card room hands treat.
HEW 5 May: No.3 Mill. steam engine naming, Peerless by John and Edward Wood of Bolton, 60,000 spindles ‘cotton spinning and doubling mill’ Varley manager supervised design and building of mill. Ceremony carrried out by Miss Crowther, daughter of William. Horizontal tandem engine, cylinder 30″x52″ diameter, 5′ stroke, 70 rev/min, high pressure cylinder fitted with Corliss valves with Wood’s patent cut-off gear and governor. low pressure cylinder fitted with Allen side-valve. Steel crank-shaft 26″x 15″ diameter, wrought iron balance crank, steel pins 9×10″, steel piston rod, fly pulley 24′ diameter, grooved for 28×2″ ropes, weighed 30 tons, ropes run 5280’/min, 1000hp, transmitted to roms through 6×7′ diameter pulleys.
HEW 14 Jul: trip to Blackpool.
HEW 29 Sep: Electric lighting installed by J.H.Holmes & Co, electrical engineers, newcastle. Castle dynamos, swithc boards with break switches and safety fuses. Holmes patent incandescent lamp holders. No.1 Mill,170 lights, No.2,80: No.3 180.
1889. YFT 2 Aug: No.3 Mill,accidents, two in one morning.
1890.YFT 11 Jul, HEW 12: trip.
1891. YFT 28 Aug: accident.
HEW 19 Dec: cotton twiner offence against factory act, allowing girl to clean jenny while in motion, twiner considered employer of girl who became trapped.
- YFT 29 Apr: accident Mill no 3.
YFT 8 Jul: trip to Bridlington.
- YFT 17 Feb: visit by Katherine St.John Conway.
HEW 19 Aug: William Varley obituary, manager. b. Lingards 1829, became engine tenter at Clough House Mill, 1847 Cellars Clough, became manager unde Dowse. 1876 meeting to found Cotton Co
YFT 1 Sep,13 Nov: mills stopped due to coal strike.
- YFT 19 Jan: No.1 mill chimney extended by 20 yards, three month operation, flag flown. HEW 3 Feb: formerly very low (47 yds) fireman kept working to keep machines running, Eagland & Sons, contractors, Tinker steeple jack, closing stone put in place by engine tenter Fred Sykes, draught much improved.
No 2 Mill,accident female piecer.
HEW 20 Oct: No.1 mill. 12 back to back houses in New St to be pulled down to enlarge mill shed. ‘a good many empty houses in the district.’
- YFT 18 Jan: two mills on short time.
HEW 6 Jun: Spinner, Wm Sykes of Linthwaite, fined for breach of FA by employing a boy during meal break (Breakfast 8.30-9.00am) although notice posted around mill.
HEW 28 Sep: Piecer prosecuted for leaving work without 14 days notice, notices posted, but no contract signed, acquitted.
All three mills fully employed, twiners began overtime Monday last. New warehouse being built at No 1 mill and new shed at No.3.
YFT 8 Nov,piecers dispute. Big piecers earn 12s, small 7s for increase to 14s and 8s. Spinners may pay 1s.6d.
HEW 2 Nov: ditto, 120 piecers stop three large mills.
- HEW 6 Jun: No.1 mill, accident to female in card room.
HEW & YFT 27 Jun: spinners dispute. Notice given fortnight ago. Co. puts up notice will employ non-union spinners in their place.
HEW 4 Jul: No 2 and 3 mill still running with non-union labour and big piecers. Co resolved not to employ union men, men to stick by union.
Letter from Thomas Cocks of Carr Lane, denying he has been employed by Co. to encourage blacklegs. If he has advised anyone to return to work it is for own good since employers resolved not to employ union men and has said he doesn’t believe men who earn 35-40s a week have any reason to strike. He has no personal interest in Co.
July 11: Letter from Geo. A Hirst, 56 , Manchester Rd, in reply to Cocks.
25 Jul: . Charge of intimidation of workpeople brought by Manager Thomas Varley. Defendents include Louis Blanc Pogson and Emmet Pogson, cousin and brother of socialist, Kossuth Pogson. Letter from GA Hirst sec of Operative Cotton Spinners Association listing grievances read out in court.
Huddersfield Trades Council protests against 10s fines imposed by magistrates on 16 men for peaceably trying to persuade a ‘knobstick’ to cease work
1 Aug: Ramsden Balmforth writes from Edinburgh on dispute., criticising Co. for not recognizing union reps.
29 Aug: Letter from Owen Balmforth.
12 Sep: Co. takes GA Hirst, WH Varley amd John Greenwood, treas, sec. and pres of COSA to court to stop picketing..
7 Nov: more picketing cases.
SGCVN 18 Dec: No 3 Mill, stoppage due to engine breakdown.
- HEW 27 Feb: No.3 mill, girl going for bobbins breaks leg.
HEW 12 Jun: AAOCS Exec statement on settlement of strike.
HEW 16 Oct: 120 shareholders coming of age celebrations in Library Hall, Wm. Crowther, JP presiding. Wheawill Son. Co, auditors. Firm established 1876. capital originally £20,000, re-registered £50,000: £83,500 dividend paid out: £372,000 wages, turn over £2,123,000.
George Haigh, Joseph Brierley, William Varley obit.
- HEW 7 May: offence against factory acts, Herbert Garside, under 18, oiling machine during meal break. Firm argue not responsible. 10s fine.
HEW 31 Dec: Tursday night, fire near mules on third storey seen by Mrs Pass from her bedroom on Carr Lane. All mill buzzers sound and hundreds run to mill. T Varley among first to arrive. Extinguised with staircase hosepipe and buckets. Origin ‘mystery’. Brierley’s and Haigh’s engines arrive when fire already out.
1900 HEW 8 Sep: Jos Carter, 16, Thigh broken by mule.
HEW 22 Dec: Meeting in new warehouse, James Kitson MP. Thanks Co. for allowing use of ‘beautifully warm, electrically lighted and comfortable room…’ Contrast with days of handloom weavers.
- HEW 21 Sep: offence against factory act, allowing boy to clean under moving machine.
1903 HEW 19 Dec: Mary Wood, 59, cotton reeler, Hannah Sykes, 40, drawing frame tenter, found drowned in canal, presumed to have walked off path in dense fog when going to work around 6.am. Each had their dinner baskets on their arm. Both spinsters.
1904. HEW 12 Nov: right of way case over wall erected at Crimble.
1905.HEW 1 Apr: fatal accident to cardroom hand.
1907. HED 24 Oct: new steam engine. W. 12 Oct: Matchless, 1400 hp, by Buckley and Taylor, Oldham. New No.4 mill 5 storeys by 16 by 11 windows.
1909 HEW 23 Jan: No. 3 mill, windows being broken, youth caught and prosecuted.
- W 8 Jan: Wm Crowther director of Colne Valley liberals, rule made after 1896 strike. ‘each person employed in this mill must be of good character and may not be a member of a trade Union or Association.’
. YTD: Slaithwaite Spinning Co, Ltd, botany yarns, French system, 11,840 [sic] spindles
- HEW 9 Mar: stopped due to coal shortage.
YFT 6 Jun: Theft alleged.
HEW 20 Jul: twister, No.3 mill, struck on head by oil-can while oiling machine – fatal.
1913 HEW 14 Jun: 100 piecers on strike.
1915. YTD: cotton spinners and warpers, 275,000 spindles.
- CVG 22 Jun: visit by Huddersfield Engineering Society.
1922 HEW 3 Jun: Thomas Varley obit (64), manging director of SSCo. In 1877 moved from Cellars Clough to Slaithwaite as secretary of Co. !893 suceeded his father as managing director. Large extensions made and Thomas designed all mills but No. 1. Business changes 1920 and he left Co. Liberal. On Slawit UDC 30 years.
- Sale catalogue, four mills. CVG passim including photos.
1939 HEW 10 Jun: Photo – demolition of two of four mills. Closure affect 600 workpeople ‘a severe blow to the valley’.
HEW 5 Aug: Mills 3 and 4 sold by Clr Robinson to Lodon Finance Co. Closed due to losses after war and consequent debt.
1944 CVG 28 Jul: Sam Haigh, obit ae. 86 , 58 years with SSCo. Secretary.
291. SMITHY PLACE MILL (Brockholes)
- KC 165/121, weir causes flooding of Robert Bradley’s land (upstream on east bank).
CZ:743:901.Giles Gartside ‘new erected building’, dyehouse,3 vats,3 coppers,2 pans, indigo and chipping mill. – two mills.
1795.RD.DK:699:853.Giles Gartside dyer,’miln goatside’.
1805. KC 165/121: Giles Gartside grants lease to Richard and Jos Haigh.
1806. KC 165/121: John Carter assigns his share to Ben Carter, dyehouse under same power and same roof, occupied by Firth Gartside
1808. Weir raised.
1811. Haighs summoned by Armitage of Mytholmbridge mill for backwater caused by weir.
KC 165/121: according to J.Kayes evidence to 1847 case, Smithy Place Mill occupied by John Brook before move to Armitage Bridge, then occupied by Swift, then Robinson.
- Lease for ten years, Richard Haigh, George Booth, Francis Booth (ne Gartside) to Wm. Brooke of Honley (later Armitage Bridge) valued £480: rent £200 plus machinery, carding, scribbling, and slubbing, refers to dyehouse.
1817 LM 17 May: William Booth Gartside, Smithy Place, dyer, sale of farms, woods and other land Shepley, Skelmanthorpe etc.
1828. Dartmouth Terrier: G.Garside dam in part of Hagg Wood.
1833. Child Employment Commission. – suicide of child at Robinson’s mill.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report: Josh Robinson scribbling and fulling mill since 1791, water wheel, steam engine (8hp),11 men,7 boys,2 women and 5 girls employed.
1841. NS 3 Apr : Chartist meeting arranged for 28 March at Smithy Place schoolroom on support for family of Clayton the Chartist prisoner prevented by ‘pious’ John Robinson, who writes to key holder refusing permission. The socialists allow use of their room in Honley. NS correspondence suggests the motto over the school door ‘To Do Good is Our Aim’ should be blotted out.
1847. KC 165/121: Armitage against Robinson for raising weir.
1848. Directory: James Robinson.
LI 22 Jan: Jn Robinson bankrupt., To be let to Beardsell of Hagg, formerly of Holme. (Compare also Mag Bridge dyeworks).
1849. Isaac Beardsell – pattern weaver and designer wanted.
1851. HE 3 Dec: reservoir Commissioners’ distraint for rates against James Robinson of Smithy Place and Thongsbridge mills.
1852. HE 7 Feb: Isaac Beardsell flood damage. Two boilers lost, along with indigo, dyewares and other stock. Water over 8 feet deep.
1853. HC,HE 5 Feb: Richard Cobden en route to stay with Isaac Beardsell at Hagg House presented with address by workmen, ‘most of whom are in Messrs Beardsell & Co’s employ. Congratulate him on first visit to neighbourhood and gratitude for his labours for corn law appeal and ‘advocacy of the principles of peace and mutual goodwill among nations.’ Cobden gives speech. In area for Annual Soiree of Holmfirth Mechanics Institution.
HC 13 Aug: J. Robinson and J [sic] Beardsell ‘have spared no efforts, pecuniary or otherwise,’ to keep Smithy Place Sunday School open. 90 – 100 children receive instruction
HC 3 Dec: Shuttles at head of dam left open, heavy rain and snow on hills causes rush of water. A large dyepan, only set a few weeks displaced. Material in lower room of mill damaged.
HC 24 Dec: James Robinson, letter re Wesleyan Reform meeting at New Hagg at which he presided. Report in previous week incorrect, no personal attacks took place.
- Isaac Beardsell treat.
HC 12 Aug: operatives gala on Robin Rocks.
1856. HC 10 May: Isaac Beardsell. Breach of agreement to supply design to J F Brigg only.
1857. HC 17 Jan: James Beardsell, father of Isaac dies at Hagg . Born 1764, son of Joshua of Holme. Began spinning for father age 7. Scribbling on hand ‘tumming stocks’. One of first to sell his cloth in London. Introduced South Down wool and fancy woollens to district.
HE 16 May: James Robinson’s engineer, Richard Batley, assaulted by sons of man who had been dismissed and he had taken his job at lower wage.
- HE 19 Jun: Isaac Beardsell OBIT.
\HC 4 Sep: Isaac Beardsell, creditors meeting, Assetts, £6878, liabilities, £16,670 – £11,300 lost in Australian business.
- HC 8 Jan: room and power. 15 Jun: three rooms, 66×40 feet, also mules, apply James Robinson.
1862 HEW 28 Jan: John Robinson 58, Dyer. Westfield , Huddersfield, cuts his own throat. Member of Highfields. Liberal. Former founder and pres of Honley MI. Opposed Easter dues and church rates. Gradual disorganisation of brain over previous three months..
1864 HC 12 Sep: G N Nelson, assignees, sale of scribbling, spinning and finishing machinery, mungo and yarn in several rooms at mill. Dyehouse, warehouse and counting house fittings and tenters in field.
1864 HC 10 Dec: James Robinson, Smithy Place, dyer, elected onto new Local Board.
1865 HC 21 Jan: James Robinson, treat at Rock Inn, 52 present, Billy Beaumont of Honley, a very eccentric character entertains with humour.
1866 Inquiry into Pollution of Rivers, James Robinson, dyer and mill owner, employing from 100-120 hands, dyeing water brought in by pipes due to ochre water in river, loss of £2000 in Flood. River bed about foot higher than 40 years ago.
- HC 27 Apr: 4 May: Henry Pontefract machinery to be sold.
1870 HC 22 Jan: Robinsons. Mary Haigh, 25, weaver, Jagger Lane, earns 15 s a week. Killed by drunken husband, William, stone delver. Sister also works at Smithy Place.
1971. Census: 167 employed.
HC 8 Jul: large steam pipe falls on Harriet Boothroyd’s head. Unconscious for two hours.
HC 9 Dec: ‘Wanted, a smith, non but steady men need apply…’ James Robinson
- HEW 1 Jun: Thornton, Dodson & Co dissolution of partnership.
HEW 8 Jun: finishing machinery to be sold.
1873. James Robinson and Sons Ltd, established.
1875. HEW 12 Jun: Robinson’s Fire Brigade, funeral of member.
1876. HEW 23 Dec: Brook Beardsell’s mill, suicide, Harpin Knowles, 17.
1880 HEW 18 Sep: James Robinson , obit, 66, s. of Joshua.
- HEW 14 Jul: Beardsell, 12 year old boy fetching water from dam for weavers to wash weft goes missing. One of his buckets is found floating in the dam, which is drained and his body found.
1885 HEW 31 Jan: Brook Beardsell, woollen manufacturer Brockholes and St George’s Square, and Thomas Beardsell residing at The Hagg, Thongsbridge, at Huddersfield Bankruptcy Court.
HEW 14 Nov: Thos Robinson & Sons, fire, overheating of machinery gearing, £100-150 damage.
- HEW 27 Oct: W.H.Robinson millhand, George Woodhead (70) found drowned in dam. Suicide?
- HEW 17 Dec: A.Coldwell & Sons, Jos. Robinson, member of firm, obituary,b.1851, son of James Robinson, Wheatfield House, Smithy Place.
(HEW 1902 Jul 5 – Brook Coldwell obit (53), woollen merchant, formerly of A Coldwell & Sons. Frequenter of Thornton’s Temperance Hotel)
1893. HEW 17 Jun: J.J.Robinson, executors, room and power with 30 to 40 looms.
1894. HEW 9 Jun: room and power ‘at moderate rentals’.
Eastwood, dyer and finisher takes tenancy @ £300 per annum rent.*
1895 HEW 27 Apr: James Robinson & Sons, High Court case against firm for £146 for goods sold to the defendents by Moses Harris, rag and metal merchant of Spitalfields, defendents dealers in mungo and shoddy. New worsted shoddy, 52s/cwt.
- HEW 3 Oct: William Hay Robinson, yarn spinners, employing two 16 year old boys without certificates.
Eastwood, distraint for rent , Robinson, mill lessors, buy machinery for £553 and lease it back to Eastwood.*
1897.HEW 6 Nov: France, Eastwood & Co. cloth finishers, employing young persons without certificate.
1899.Eastwood agree £30 month rent.
1901. *HEW 16 Nov; HExp 19 Jan: Eastwood case against Robinson, injunction to restore motive power. October, power cut off when Eastwood behind with rent.
1905 HEW 23 Sep: fire in blowing machine, £50 damage.
1918 HEW 13 Apr: Sgt Albert Victor Robinson (21) killed in action, son of Albert Robinson, Hillcrest, Honley, of Smithy Place Mill. Two brothers serving.
- James Robinson and Sons Ltd, ( established 1873) dyers and finishers of worsted coatings, serges and flannels, gabardines a speciality. ‘Brock-Ella’ reg. finish and ‘Rockwood Shower Proofed’. also dyed mungo and shoddy. There was also a separate firm on the premises, Zeta Textiles Ltd, piece and wool dyers
292. SPA MILL (Slaithwaite)
1864 HC 18 Jun: Messrs Horsfall, new mill, long chimney completed, steam engine fixed for running, ready for machinery to be put in. Supper at Commercial Inn for 20-30.
1865 HC 4 Feb: J & S Horsfall, workman’s treat, Harp Inn, Richard Varley Horsfall attains majority.
1866 HC 16 Jun: Mr Horsfall’s mills near baths, fire in stove, alarm raised put out by cans and buckets. £120 damage.
1867 HC 9 Mar: Messrs Horsfall, ‘Slaithwaite Bottom Mill’, Thomas Walker, piecer, 16, hand crushed while cleaning carder in motion.
1870 HE 16 Apr: John Horsfall, obit. J & S Horsfall, dissolved some time ago. Liked everything neat and orderly. Churchman and liberal.
1871 HEW 5 Aug; HC 12 Aug: late John Horsfall: “Spa Mill” , ‘Golcar and Slaithwaite’, to be sold: 4 storeysx45ydsx15yds. steam (beam) engine 30hp by Taylors, made 1864. Chimney 30 yds high.
HEW 26 Aug: 4stx45x15 yards. Bought £8,150, by Robert Beaumont , Golcar, one of tenants and machinery for £625.
HEW 16 Sep: Machinery to be sold.
1872 HEW 10 Aug: Robert & J Beaumont, fire in stove.
- HED 8 Jan, HEW 10 Jan: sick club – 71 members. James Cotton, engineer, presides.
HEW 31 Jul: Robert Beaumont & Sons fancy manufacturer, excursion to Blackpool along with some SSCo employees.
1883 HEW 10 Feb: Robert Beaumont, of Messrs R J Beaumont, b.1817,obit. Jos and Robert fancy manufacturers when father died. Jos retired last year, Robert’s son now continues business. Spinning and scribbling done at ‘country mills’ which Spa was formerly under John Horsfall till bought and expanded by Beaumonts. Liberal. Supported Pole Moor chapel rebuilding in 1859. Buried there. HEW 17 Feb: Funeral.
1887.HEW 24 Sep: Robert Beaumont & Sons painter of Thos Whitwams painting top of hoist, rope fails, killed by fall.
1895.YFT 1 Mar: Andrew Beaumont, treat..
1897. YFT 15 Jan: A.B.Beaumont, weavers’ dispute, looms used by learners, mostly girls, known as ‘dolly row’, men say favouritism shown to girls in providing warps. Firm sets more females on and reducess men 6d./cut, girls to be paid equal to women.
1902 HEW 1 Mar: Woollen manufacturing plant to be sold.
- HEW 12 Oct: mill purchased 7 [sic] years ago from B.&.J. Beaumont by Slaithwaite Spinning Co. – now used solely for doubling. (Date plaque).
293 SPA MILL (Lepton)
See Cowms Mill
- HE 4 Nov: “Spa Mill” Lepton.
1858 HC / HE 6 Feb: Wm Haigh selling machinery in consequence of mill being sold to be pulled down, scribblers etc. steam pipes. hay stack produce of 4 acres.
- HC 12 May: Abraham Brierley fire in willowing room among wool and cotton waste. situated above boiler room. Originated in ‘dust hole’. Put out by workpeople.
1865 HC 14 Jan: Abram Brierley, treat at Waterloo Inn. ‘accustomed liberality’. Lewis R Brierley chair.
- HC 19 Jan: Tenders for erection of eleven dwelling house, out offices and boundary walls. John Kirk & Sons, architects.
HC 7 Sep: Brierley female weaver summonsed for leaving work. Defendant says bad warps, worked 5 weeks for 25s, Brierley that she had woven a warp in 15 days for 28s and was teaching sister at time.
1868 HE 25 Jul: Brierley, trip to Liverpool from Fenay Bridge.
- HC 24 Dec: Abraham Brierley, yarn spinner, fire.
1872 HC 20 Jan: Abraham Brierley, tea for 70 at Star Inn.
HC 10 Feb: Ann Livesey, piecer, 13, thumb torn of in machine.
HEW 15 Jun: ‘Spa Bottom Mill’ , Abraham Brierley. Mary Earnshaw, 14, run over by carriage of spinning machine, thigh broken.
- HEW 30 Jul: To be let, Abraham Brierley obit, trustees, 4 storeys, 25hp horizontal steam engine by Robert Taylor & Sons, ‘coal is obtained from collieries in the neighbourhood at an easy cost.’
HC 20 Aug: trustees of Abraham Brierly, to be sold. four storeys x 104 yards, etc…
HC 3 Sep: machinery to be sold.
1882. HEW 3 Jun: To be sold, Abe Brierly deceased, 4 storeysx104x15 yards, J.&.J.Horsfeld boiler, Pollitt patent boiler, horizontal steam engine 25hp, 25″ cylinder,4 foot stroke, R.Taylor & Sons, ancilliary engine,17hp, 17″ cylinder,4’6″ stroke by Thos. Broadbent, plus cottage and dwelling house.
1883. HEW 20 Jan: To be let.
1895.HEW 5 Jan: room and power.
1896. YFT 6 Nov:HEW 31 Oct: Ada Hardy, (23) killed by 476lb. bale dropped from cart, near boiler room which workpeople used to heat cans for dinner. Cranes should be used.
1903. HEW 7 Feb: L.B.Brierley, obituary.
1911 HEW 8 Jul: Brierley & Wall, accident with scribbling machine. Man dies of tetanus.
1918 HEW 8 Jun: Fire in wooden storage shed adjoining main mill of four storeys x 16 x 4 windows. Sprinklers ineffective and east end burnt down. c £50,000 damage – Brierly & Wall yarn spinners/R Mitchell & Co, fancy worsted manufacturers.
- Brierly & Wall woollen and angola spinners. Also Ribbleden Mill
294. SPINKS MIRE MILL (Meltham)
Old Fulling Mill.
1790 RD.DC.133:577. James Rawcliffe fulling miller.
1806[DTJ 229] insured by James Rawcliffe and Jos.Shaw.
1810 LM 3 Mar: James Rawcliffe also owner of Cocking Steps mill
1824 water wheel built.
1831 LM 8 Oct: To be let, ‘the water wheel to the mill was built in the year 1824 upon the best principle’ turned by 18feet of fall and turns 4 fulling stocks, 4 scribbling engines, 1 willey, 1 fearnought and two slubbing billies ‘and is well supplied with water being situate at the lowest extremity of the goit and taking the overplus water of the mills and dyehouses in the township of Meltham aforesaid…The machinery belonging to the said mill is at present in regular employment and in good repair and condition’ apply John Rawcliffe surgeon, Amos Ogden, cotton spinner ,Slaithwaite.
1838 LM 14 Jul: to be let with four cottages, gardens etc. ‘The mill was built last year, 24 yards long by 14, well supplied with water, 18 feet fall, six feet wide; Iron Water Wheel and ten horse power steam engine. There is now at work two slubbing billies, and scribbling engines with four fulling stocks which may be taken at valuation. For further particulars apply on the premises or to Mr J Rawcliffe, Surgeon, Meltham.’
1842 LM 16 Apr: To be let.
1844 KC 315.
1847 Tithe Map. John Rawcliffe.
1850 LM 1 Jun: scribbling and fulling, steam engine and water wheel ‘Also the valuable water priveleges belonging thereto.’ ‘Mr Rawcliffe, surgeon’.
1854 Joseph Taylor moves from Lower Sunny Bank Mill.(HEW 10 May 1884,obituary).
HE 11 Mar: Ainley & Taylor Fire.
1856 HC 20 Sep: Ainley & Taylor, Allen Crosland, 15, mule piecer, entangled in upright shaft. Left arm torn off. Shaft only five inches from mule end and not fenced off.
- HC 31 Jan: fire in stove. Little damage.
HE 25 Jul: Ainley & Taylor accident, arm amputated, pay compensation to 15 year old boy due to unboxed machinery.
- HC 3 Mar: Ainley & Taylor, Meltham, employing three boys in infringement of Factory Act. HC 21 Apr: Further charge, that they did wilfully obstruct inspector, James Bates. Joe Taylor hidden under scribbling engine which still in motion. Some of workpeople hiss inspector and police inspector Parker. Lights put out. Boy passed through window to man on ladder. Defence says boy afraid of Bates and hid himself. Joel Wood, overlooker admits not usual for gas to be put out when machinery was running. George Armitage, engine tenter says engine did not run after gas put off. Fined £5 (Full penalty £10).
HE 21 Apr: Ainley & Taylor, obstruction of Factory Inspector.
HC 15 Sep: Fire in shoddy or mungo placed against a damaged flue.
HC 29 Sep: fire worse than last one. Two storey building and machinery, all nearly new , destroyed. Roof falls in. Meltham Mills FB stops fire spreading.
Ainley & Taylor also of Victoria Mill, Golcar.
1861.HE 19 Jan: Ainley & Taylor, treat.
1864. HC 30 Apr: fire., teasing room, fire engine not working, due to be replaced.
HC 27 Aug: fire in teasing room among cotton flocks. Good supply of water from pit near mill. Also Meltham Mills engine arrives.
1865 HC 3 Jun: new fire engine joins procession of all brigades to Millmoor Mill dam exhibition of hose jets, competition to see who throws highest.
- HE 14 Apr: Ainley & Taylor, fire in “large mill”.
1868 HC 21 Mar: Allen Haigh, spinner, breach of contract, spinning yarn too thick, £5 damage claimed by Ainley & Taylor. Mr Ainley ‘before taking a journey into Scotland…’ had left instructions which were ignored. Haigh refused even to bear part of cost. Referred to Ramsden. Learoyd & Holroyd, manufacturers Lane, for settlement.
1869 HE 27 Mar: fire in dry house, mill fire engine and Jonas Brook’s put it out.
1874 HEW 3 Jan: Jos Taylor & Sons, fire brigade dinner st Rose & Crown.
1880. HED 2 Jan: Jos Taylor & Sons fire brigade treat.
1884. HEW 5 Jan: Fire Brigade dinner.
1890.. HEW 15 Mar: Jos. Taylor & Sons., spinner lighting gas with safety lamp, fluff falls on it causing fire.
1892. HEW 9 Jan: fire in mill 5 storeys, by nine windows long, roof collapses. Possibly caused by hard substance in machine.
HEW 19 Mar: to be sold, 4 storey mill, south of main mill recently destroyed by fire, waterwheel, 18 by 6 feet, steam engine, 22 inch cylinder, by 5 foot stroke.
HEW 2 Apr: Bidding began at £300, withdrawn at £875.
1896 HEW 14 Nov: Meltham UDC discuss proposed diversion of 123 yard foot path which goes through mill yard, past cranes and under overhead shaft.
- HEW 13 Mar: Quarmby & Sykes, party and ball, 40 at Victoria
HEW 14 Aug: Quarmby & Sykes, mungo manufacturer, teamer injured in mill yard unloading bales.
- HEW 15 Apr: Ditto, fire in stove. Hose from hydrant and steam jet from boiler used to extinguish it. £50 damage.
YFT 15 Sep: Quarmby & Sykes, extensions.
1910 YTD : Quarmby & Sykes Ltd, mungo.
1911 HEW 18 Mar: Quarmby & Sykes, fire in drying room. Spontaneous combustion. £200 damage.
295. SPRING MILL (Milnsbridge)
(see also Armitage Bros Mills)
1831. LM 3 Sep: ‘newly erected stone building two stories high ’19x10yds…’having a never failing supply of fine spring water with a water wheel equal to 7hp and convenience of increasing the same to 15hp there being 40 feet of fall and only 19 at present being made use of’ would suit silk trade or cotton warp manufacturer, (bleacher leasing other premises), or for finishing woollens. Low rent. Apply Antony Beaton Inkeeper, Huddersfield, or Mr Turnbridge, Manchester.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Armitage Bros.&.Co wool since 1823, steam engine 24hp, 100 employed.
1857 HC 7 Mar: Spring Mill ‘well known by the name of Spring Mill Upper brewery’, to be let. Suitable for finishing or manufacturing purposes.
1864 HC 23 Jul: Spring Mill Brewery, John Marshall, son Edgar, 5, drowns in mill dam. Steep incline to dam where children in habit of playing.
- HEW 31 Jan: Walter & Jos. Marshall brewers, summonsed by Inland Review.
1895 HEW 27 Apr: To be sold,‘Spring Mill Brewery’ in Linthwaite, Joseph Marshall & Sons, between Manchester Rd and canal, along with numerous associated pubs and beerhouses.( cf. 1854 HC 1 Apr: Spring Mill Brewery to be let, with engine , waterwheel and plentiful supply of water. Also modern house. Apply AB).
- HEW 20 Mar: Armitage Bros: John Arthur Woodhouse ‘Jorry minder’ summonsed for leaving work without notice, 9s. damages demanded. His mother says he is only 15 and earned 5s/week fined 5s. plus costs.
1909 HEW 13 Feb: sale of surplus machinery etc ‘which is not being moved to new mills by Messrs Armitage Bros.’
- YFT 9 Jul: John Crowther 200 laid off due to slackness of trade. ‘Decided falling off of business’ in the Colne Valley.
- HEW 9 Jan: woollen feeder’s accident in scribbler, dies from lockjaw.
296. SPRINGDALE MILL (Longroyd Bridge)
see Longroyd Bridge Mill, Starkeys’ Factory.
- YFT 23 Apr: FIRE.
- W 4 Jun: fatal hoist accident.
297. SPRINGFIELD MILL (Kirkburton)
- KC 315: Wright Rhodes, Saddleworth, mill from Joah Sugden.
Sam Rhodes, radical, also in firm. Father of John Arthur Rhodes, later of Vale Mill.
- IBJ 4 Mar: I heard to day that Mr. Wright Rhodes had agreed last Tuesday with Mr. Chas. Brook for Joah Sugden’s Estate, I soon after was Mr. Rhodes himself and he told me about it… He told me he was to give £4500 for Joah Sugdens place and it is the House (which is a Noble building only erected about 10 years since) cost more money above. I congratulated him on having made a good bargain, yet he might perhaps have laid £4500 in a more suitable way.
28 Mar: I had look’d forward to to day with some pleasure as I had set to go over to Mr. W. Rhodes place, Spring field Nr. Kirkburton…which we very soon recognised by the good House, tasteful grounds, and the large pile of buildings at a respectable distance from the House, we drove forward through the Mill yard and up a road to a little neat looking Public House just above where we put up at, and met with good accommodation. We went down to the Factory where a Sale was going on, Lancaster Auctioneer, there was nothing sold in our way except a little Wool. We met with Mr. Rhodes in one of the Cottages adjoining the Factory getting a cup of Coffee although it was about noon. He came out with us when he had got his Coffee and showed us round the Factory where he intended to fix the engine etc. He had agreed for an Engine 30 Horse power and 2 Boilers of 35 Horse each with Bowling Co. for £1250 including fixing up. We went into the grounds in the front ofthe House, look’d the House round, the Stable, Coach House, Gardeners Cot. Kitchen Garden, Farm Yard, Farm Stable, cow Shed, Barn etc etc. It is one of the most complete and best built places taking it all together that I Ever Saw.
11 Sep: Charles, Alfred and I went this afternoon to Spring Field Mr. Rhodes place, I had intended going forward to Emley to see a SkoolMaster there but it was too late after looking Mr. Rhodes House Mill etc through. His House is a most noble building, complete and compact in every respect, finished in a first rate manner. His Mill is also a most excellent Building, rather too narrow to work Scribblers well. He has put a 30 Horse Engine in and two Boilers he told me they would cost him about £1200. Then there is the Engine House Building etc etc. He has a Chimney about 30 yds high which has cost him about £3 a yard including Stone Lime Work etc it is cased inside with Circular Bricks. We Bought 9 Bags Wool of him, 2 at 22d and 7 – 21 Y2d.
1846 20 Jun: Ruth and I went to day to Mr. Rhodes’s Spring Field, we met Mr. Joshua Moore and Mrs. there. We had a very plain dinner although served up in Such a Splendid Room and in such a Costly House, it was no better than might be had in the most humble Cottage, I liked it better than if they had provided a rich dish for us. After dinner we looked through the Mill etc, I am always Struck when I see such a place, what a great disadvantage we have in having our work so Scattered.
1848.LM 27 May: Wright Rhodes Offence against Factory Act..
1851. Census: Wright Rhodes employ 225.
HC 27 Dec: Treat.
1857 HC 18 Jul: Wright Rhodes prosecutes Alfred, Charles and Thomas Messenger, father and sons, for trespass on his land to dry warps. Township surveyor states that it is public land. Case discharged.
- HC 26 Mar: Wright Rhodes powerloom weavers strike.
HC 10 Dec: Samuel Rhodes of Springfield chairs Kirkburton ratepayers meeting to discuss gas lighting.
- HC 2 Aug: Samuel Rhodes, Springfield, clay pit. Worker Henry Hill leg broken by falling lump of clay.
1863 HC,HE 13 Jun: Wright Rhodes & Son, also brickmaking, Allan Hall, 25, attending steam clay-mortar mill, trousers caught, fatally injured.
HC 24 Oct: Samuel Rhodes esq, obit, 23 Oct, only 35. independent in religion, Liberal in politics.
1864 HC 11 Jun: Notice re estate of Sam Rhodes, late of Riley, Kirkburton, woollen manufacturer and merchant, Will proved 26 Mar.
1866 HC 20 Jan: James Kenworthy, 39, spinner, Shady Row, Springfield, Kirkburton committed to assizes for violating person of Jane Hannah Turner, 14, winder at mill. Asks her into garrett to assist in repairing strap.
1867 HC 12 Oct: James Wright Rhodes, 25, dies suddenly. Felt ill and went to Scarborough to recover but dies on 5 Oct. Only surviving partner of Wright Rhodes & Sons. Member of Local Board. Interned at Kirkburton Church.
1868 HC 25 Apr: Rhodes & Sons, Thomas Wrigley, fulling miller. finger torn off by machine.
- HC, HE 12 Feb: Wright Rhodes, John Crowther Exley, 17, killed in willyer. Drawn in head first. Arm torn off.
- HEW 28 Jan: tea for 140 in large wool room.
HC 21 Oct: Mary Newton, 15, hand caught while adjusting self acting piecing machine.
- HEW 7 Sep: tappet looms to be sold.
HC 2 Nov: Wright Rhodes & Sons, treat for 40 at Spring Grove Inn.
1874 HEW 11 Jul: serious drought. Wright Rhodes runs 4 in iron mains pipe to Broom Stile stream, at great expense of pumping.
1875 HEW 23 Oct: Wright Rhodes, Monday mission service for employees, Rev Billington.
1876. HEW 15 Jul: Wright Rhodes to be sold plus farm and colliery plant.
1877. HEW 24 Feb: Hirst, Hanson & Sons treat, 73 female, 42 males chair Geo. Crowther (manager) ‘success to the new firm…’ , connected with firm when at Longwood.
1878 HEW 7 Sep: Hirst, Hanson & Sons, engine named ‘Lily’. Hanson thanks Pollitt & Wigzell for work under his firm’s engineer Wm Nunwick. Mr Wigzell says within 7 days of first part of engine being sent to mill it was running successfully. Compound horizontal, 16in high pressure cylinder, 31 in low pressure, 5 feet stroke, piston speed 700 feet per min, 300 indicated hp.
1880. HEW 31 Jan: Hirst, Hanson & Sons, treat for 320 in mill.
1882. HEW 18 Mar: Hirst, Hanson & Son Offence against Factory Act working females overtime.
1883. HEW 24 Feb: Hirst, Hanson & Sons strike against wage reductions.
HEW 15 Dec: damage done by great gale of 11 December.
1888. HEW 24 Nov: to be let, ‘large and modern mills’. 22 Dec, machinery to be sold.
1890. HEW 4 Jan: Large portion of mill let and work to resume soon. Trade less depressed.
HEW18 Jan: to be let weaving shed and dyehouse.
HEW 14 Nov: to be sold, two storey mill,occupier, H.S.Hilton, scribbling miller, steam engine by Robinson of Rochdale.
- HEW 14 Jun: Joah Cook, part occupier, paper hangings manufacturing co.
1910 YTD : A Crabtree & Co, worsted spinners (commission), 9,000 spindles.
B.H.Moxon.& Sons Ltd fancy worsted manufacturers, 40 looms.
298. SPRING GARDENS MILL (Milnsbridge)
- HC 14 May: for sale, Spring Gardens Mill, three stories and attic, engine and boiler house, cottages, two reservoirs…etc. ‘Also a newly furnished Steam Engine of great power, and new Steam Boiler of 36 horse power, made by Mr Daniel Swain of Manchester. Lease Jos Radcliffe Bart. Now occupied by Robert Dickinson Winterbottom and his tenants. Close to the highway leading from Milnsbridge to Huddersfield, in immediate connection with the Huddersfield Ashton canal, ‘by which coal may be obtained at a cheap rate.’
HC 17 Sep: Winterbottom, declining business, machinery and effects sale, including power looms.
HC 3 Dec: Mill to be let, along with steam engine. Lately occupied by R D Winterbottom.
1858. HC 16 Oct: Messrs John , George & Wm Shaw, offences against Factory Acts.
1861. HC 27 Jul: Spring Garden Mill, John Shaw & Bros, shoddy ignites.
HC 7 Sep: John Shaw & Bros, fulling stocks etc to be sold , including nearly new fearnought made by Haigh of Folly Hall.
- HC 19 Oct: John Shaw & Bros. cotton, whitewasher caught in shaft killed..
HC 23 Nov: J.Shaws cotton, accident to female.
- HEW 13 May: J.Shaws cotton spinners, Milnsbridge, submit plans to Linthwaite LB, entitled Spring Garden Mill.
1872 HC 2 Mar: John Shaw & Bros. cotton spinners, tender for erection of cotton mill.
- HEW Geo. Shaw & Sons, Ltd, cotton spinners, fire.
1905 HEW 14 Oct: occupied by Geo Shaw & Sons.
1909 HEW 9 Oct: Ben Hall & Sons. Inquest on engine tenter, Harvey Dyson (45) caught while oiling shaft of economiser which was in boiler house. 20 years with firm. Should be fenced off.
299. SPRING GROVE MILL (Clayton West)
1832.LM 7 Jan: William Norton mill and mansion to be sold.
1833. HG 16 Nov: Wm Norton bankrupt.
Wood & Walker, worsted.
1843. NS 29 Jul: Woolcombers strike in Bradford and Clayton West.
1850. LM 17 Aug: Wood & Walker of Bradford, worsted spinners, treat, 600. Wood proposes to establish a library.
1867. HC 23 Jan: Wm Norton OBIT 67, erected mill ‘an ornament to the neighbourhood’.
1865 HC 27 May: Walker, Spring Grove Mill, storm, thunder and lightning so terrific that a number of women in mill faint.
HC 24 Jun: William Walker, new wing added to his mansion, rearing supper for masons of George Hinchliffe and joiners of Messrs Burtons at Commercial, Clayton West.
HC 4 Nov: Messrs Walker & Co, ‘Grange Mills, Clayton West’. Treat for 70 in Wesleyan schoolroom ‘nearly opposite the works’. Wm Foster presides. ‘alluded to the great services Mr Walker had rendered to the cause of humanity…’ association with Fielding, Oastler and 10 Hours Bill. Sons, Alfred, Ashley and Henry.
1866 HC 24 Feb: Wm Walker & Co, 250 hands including juveniles, substantial tea in spacious dining room at mill. Alfred Walker presided, Frank Walker on pianoforte. Fourth in series of treats this month.
1867 HC 1 Jun: Wm Walker obit, age 65, Clayton Grange, formerly Bolling, Bradford. Since 1830, supporter of 10 Hours Bill. Born Almondbury. Along with brother Chas, joined firm of John Wood of Bradford, who assisted Oastler. 8 Jun: Funeral.
1872. HEW 13 Jul: Geo Parker, 24, card cleaner, accident. Left hand caught by swift.
1872. HC 23 Mar: Messrs Beanland & Co., Joseph Johnson, 10, smock becomes entangled in back cylinder of a wool washing and scouring machine. Arm has to be amputated.
1873. HEW 21 Jun: Jos Beanland ‘Swithen worsted mills’ gasworks fire.
1878 HEW 5 Oct: To be sold, worsted yarn manufacturing premises including two steam engines, 45hp and 30hp. and residence adjoining land occupied by Messrs Robert Beanland and William Thompson Beanland. Clayton West branch railway nearly completed.
1879. HEW 8 Feb: R.Beanland & Co. worsted spinners, Clayton West and Bradford (Isaac Naylor conducts Bradford branch) bankrupt.£45,000.
1892. HEW 30 Jan: W.T.Beanland, coming of age Hannah Beanland. treat in large room decorated with union jack, palms, grasses etc.
1905 HEW 5 Aug: Beanland, case against Sam Porritt, machine broker, over boiler left in mill yard.
1911. HEW; W 7 Oct: two girls, spinners, suicide in Ingbirchworth reservoir.
1915. HE 2. Jan: William Thompson Beanland obit. (76), son of Robert of Bradford, worsted spinner. 1904 firm became Ltd Co., W.T.Beanland chair of directors. Coffin carried by Spring Grove workmen.
300. SPRING GROVE MILL (Linthwaite)
1857 Built – (Lockwood p 37)
- HC 10 Mar: Geo. Mallinson, fire in middle story of drying rooms. Put out by workpeople and neighbours before Armitage’s brigade arrives.
HC 19 Dec: Strike of power-loom weavers against reduction of wages.
- HE 15 Dec: Mallinson, Linthwaite. fire in stove.
HE 29 Dec: G.Mallinson & Sons power loom weavers on strike since 7 Dec.
1863 HC 2 May : Eli Mallinson’s majority, procession of about 700 people
- HC 7 May: George Mallinson & Sons, Hoylehouse Clough, fire in stove at east end of 6 storey mill. Victoria Mill engine attends. £40 loss of materials £80 damage to roof.
HC 12 Nov: fire in willowing room, only £10 damage.
1865 HC 14 Oct: Geo. Mallinson ‘Hoyle House Mill’, weaver in possession of embezzled materials.
1866 HC 12 May: Waterworks Bill, House of Lords committee, Eli Mallinson, witness. Himself and father own mill. If reservoir burst losses £46,395. Linthwaite as a whole £241,000
HC 6 Oct: Ellen Mallinson lays stone for new Wesleyan Chapel at Linthwaite donated by her father George, who addresses the crowd. Was once offered loan of £300 by preacher Mr Shaw to buy wool in London who told him ‘God helps those who help themselves’. Idea to build chapel was Lord’s doing. Also donated site.
- KC.165:376: inventory of machinery.
- HEW 29 Mar: Geo.Mallinson & Son treat to celebrate Miss Mallinson’s marriage. Thos Mallinson brother, speaks.
HEW 30Aug: Geo. Mallinson, salesman or commercial traveller, Frederick Walker, charged with forging bills of exchange. Case discharged.
New mill, 70 looms, 150 worker. (Lockwood p.37)
- HEW 11 Sep: Geo.Mallinson & Son first case under new Employers and Workmen’s regulation Act.
1874 HEW 12 Dec: scribbler strap accident.
1884 HEW 26 Jul: Geo.Mallinson & Son, new shed being built. Accident to mason, toes injured by 14cwt of footing.
Extensions – now 120 looms and 280 operatives (Lockwood p 37)
1885 HEW 11 Apr: George Mallinson obit, (66) humble origins from dealer in scribbler waste to plain and fancy doeskin manufacturer. Built Linthwaite Wesleyan chapel,cost of £300.
HEW 11 Jul: mill buzzer raises alarm of fire at Hoyle Ing Dyeworks of James Dyson.
- HEW 3 Mar: George Mallinson 20 year old man injured by exploding ammonia bottle dropped in dyepan.
HEW 10 Mar: overworking female.
- YFT 10 Jan: stoppage due to shaft strap breakage.
YFT 7 Feb: accident to female. 8 Aug, ditto.
YFT 14 Feb: Spring Grove Mill, Geo. Mallinson & Sons strike of 40 female shawl fringers against wage reduction. Eli Mallinson says done by clerk without informing office.
1891. HEW 12 Dec: George Mallinson & Sons, strike against wage reductions.
1894. HEW 13 Oct: Eli Mallinson, trip to Blackpool.
1895 HEW 16 Nov: Allen Williams, 14, worsted dept, skull fractured by hook of crane.
- HEW 5 Dec: Harold Mallinson, coming of age, presentation by John Taylor, employee for 40 years, mill on site of Wm Whitehead, silk dyeworks.
1897 HEW 29 May: Mill stopped do workpeople can see wedding of Mary Ellen, daughter of Eli Mallinson, at Wesleyan Chapel, Linthwaite, Thursday, 27th.
1899 Ltd Co. – Eli and Thomas Mallinson, Arthur Sykes directors. (Lockwood p38)
1900. HEW 1 Sep: Geo. Mallinson & Sons, fire in stove.
1901. HEW 23 Feb: Teddy Whiteley, mule piecer, leg broken by machine.
HEW 19 Apr: G. Mallinson & Sons, claim for injuries under section 10 of Workshops and Factories Act 1901 on fencing of machinery. Jos. Gledhill injured by beaming frame ‘dog’.
1907 HEW 19 Feb: John Wood, weaver, (40) dies from rupture after lifting warp beam. Body exhumed from Pole Moor for inquest.
- YTD: James Robinson & Sons, mungo and shoddy and extractors.
YTD: W.H.Robinson & Co, woollen and angola yarn spinners, 2,000 spindles.
- HEW 3 Oct: Mallinson’s mill extensive alterations at rear of mill. Floor over boilers collapse, 2 Linthwaite men injured.
301. SPRINGLANE MILL (Upperthong)
1848. Directory William Lockwood woollen spinning.
1851 Census William Lockwood employs 56.
1853 HE 5 Feb: William Lockwood fire in stove, 600lbs wool 13 ends lost.
HE 5 Mar: Bashforth’s Treat for 180.
HC 30 Apr: Fire. 400 thrown out of work. Occ: Chas Bashforth, old part/ J Brook & Son/. T Hinchliffe & Son/ G Wilson, cloth dresser/ Wm Lockwood.
Engines from Meltham Mills, Armitage Bros, L&Y. newly erected wing of mill saved. c. £10,000 damages. (This and New Mill fire in January increases call for fire engine in area. Meetings at Elephant and Castle of manufacturers.)
HC 4 Jun: Lockwood’s, to be rebuilt and enlarged ‘considerably’. Many of Burnlee people employed there.
HC 17 Dec: Room and power, two rooms, 27×16 yds, one 14x9yds, fireproof willow room detached etc. Apply Lockwood, owner.
- HE 4 Mar: William Lockwood, Room and power etc…
HE, HC 7 Oct: Fire in teazing room in portion occupied by Jonas Brook and Sons. Unity fire engine first used. (HC 4 Feb: engine of Unity Fire Insurance Co arrives in Holmfirth in care of S Wimpenny.
HE 11 Nov: Bashforth marriage – treat for 140.
- HC 12 Jan: To be sold, machine makers tools and stock in trade in room occupied by Kaye & Rhodes.
HC 4 Oct: to be let.
1857 HC 29 Aug: Room occupied by James Gardiner, mules and power looms &c. six ends of fancy woollen cloth, for sale under distraint for rent.
1858. HC 4 Sep: Springlane Mills, T Hinchliffe & Sons, two large casks of oil being delivered on lurry by railway company carriers, fall off when rounding corner at Burnlee and burst. A large portion gathered from pleasure dam of J Harpin esq near the mills, but ‘serious’ losses.
1864. HC 30 Jan: Machinery and stock to be sold in part of mill occupied by Messrs Robert Ellis & Son. Also notice of bankruptcy of Robert and Jonathan Ellis.
HC 19 Nov: Fire in stove of mill belonging to Wm Lockwood. Unity engine attends and soon extinguished.
HC 31 Dec: machinery to be sold.
- HE 27 Jan: William Lockwood obit.
HE 7 Apr: Jonathan and Robert Ellis bankrupt.
HE 7 Jul: Tom Ellis & Sons machinery to be sold.
HE HC 6 Oct: David Brook & Sons: Tom Hinchliffe: Joseph Hoyle occupiers. Fire, last one 1853, since considerably enlarged, ‘a long pile of a building’ £7000 damage. Barbers’, Turners’ and Unity engine all assist.
Letterfrom Ben P Wood, secretary to Gaslight Co. Need for tap to turn off supply to mills from mains.
1867 HC 2 Feb: Tenders for rebuilding of mill, John Rushforth, Market Place corner, architect.
- HE 26 Sept, 3 Oct: machinery to be sold. Also, engine, by Timothy Bates & Co. 40nhp ‘with a strong beam and well proportioned parts, for sale, to be removed in a few weeks’.
- HE 13 Mar: Iron beam weighing 3tons 12 cwt being raised for construction of new fire proof engine house at end of mill adjoining road. Rope breaks and beam falls breaking itself and two smaller ones waiting to be raised. One man sustains broken leg.
1870 HE 10 Sep: Ben Brook labourer, putting up heavy stone post which falls on him. In precarious state.
HC 19 Nov: Jonas Brook & Bros, tea party to mark ‘the opening of a factory for the manufacture of cotton thread…’ 250 hands , mostly female.
‘Since the above place ahs been converted into a cotton factory it has undergone considerable alterations , and the comfort of the workpeople has not been lost sight of, a dining hall and accommodation for warming and cooking meals being provided. The employment of such a large number of hands will, no doubt, confer a great boon upon the neighbourhood.’
1871. HEW 26 Oct : Jonas Brook & Sons minor fire.
1872.HEW 7 Dec: Jonas Brook & Sons, treat for 300. Jn Wm Donkersley, foreman, Mr Armitage partner, present, ‘The success of the workman was to a great extent, the success of the master’.
1875. HEW 7 Aug: small fire in heap of oily waste.
1876. HEW 8, 29 Jan: Accident. mill yard door falls and kills man.
1878 HEW 13 Jul: Geo Wilson, declining business, finishing machinery to be sold. Also 12 hp horizontal engine.
- HEW 5 Feb: presentation – workpeople give Edward Brook of Hoddam Castle, senior partner of Jonas Brooke & Sons, marble and bronze clock in thanks for 1s/day he gave workers when laid off by fire of 9 Oct 1885.
HEW 24 Dec: Jonas Brook & Bros, to be sold pair of compound horizontal condensing engines, 20″ high pressure cylinder, 36″ low pressure, by Pollitt & Wigzell, fly spur wheel could be used for rope or belt drive ‘having only been in work a few years since made for these works, more power being required another engine has been fixed’.
Also Burnlee Dyehouse for sale.
1891. HEW 16 May: dam drowning.
1892. HEW 19 Nov: Charles Brook and Mabel Frances Brook, marriage, stone with bottle in cavity recording event placed in chimney 100 foot above ground.
1907 W 26 Jan: part of cotton thread combine, Coates.
1935 HEW 4 May: North British Rayon Ltd, fatal lift accident.
- SPRING PLACE MILL (George Street, Milnsbridge)
- HEW 12 Oct: to be sold.
SQUARE MILL (Golcar)
- HEW 14 Jan: Shaw & Shaw, piecer 14 killed by fall down hoist.
STAFFORD MILLS (Milnsbridge)
1899. HEW 20 May: F.Hepponstall & Co. gives up business, machinery to be sold.
1900. James Sykes Ltd [B/S].
1910. YTD: James Sykes & Son, woollen, 2,400 spindles, 70 looms.
1913 CVG 8 Aug: James Sykes, obit, 64, established business at Paddock 32 years ago, moved to Bottom Hall Mill then Stafford Mill. Brother of Joseph of Rock Mill and Walter of Zetland Mill.
STANLEY MILL/PEEP O’ DAY (Golcar)
1872. Built by Eli Fielding and Ben Whitwam. (see 1888 Obit).
1875. HEW 24 Apr: Fielding & Whitwam Fire in stove. £250 damage to material. Victoria mill engine attends. Michael Gledhill dismounts from engine going down steep part of road. Attempting to remount, is run over. refuses to go to infirmary. In dangerous condition.
HEW 6 Nov: B.&.J.Whitwam letter re drawing water from canal. Mill recently expanded.
1880. HEW 8 May: Herbert Whitwam, marriage, treat.
1881. Directory: Eli Fielding & Sons, (Charles, Joseph, James and Eli).
1884. Ben Whitwam retires. Sons, Herbert, Joseph and Thomas, and John’s son Edward admitted to firm. Fielding moves to Scarr Bottom Mill.
HEW 19 Jul: B.&.J.Whitwam, fire in store room – hose from Shaw & Shaw’s and engines from Dyson’s and Armitage’s mills assist. £4-500 damages.
1886 HEW 11 Sep: workers presentation to Edward, eldest son of John Whitwam, of a black marble timepiece made by Fattorini & Sons, Bradford, on occasion of marriage to Miss Hall of Golcar. Richard Yates, bookkeeper, makes presentation.
HEW 20 Oct: excursion of 260 to Liverpool to celebrate wedding. Special train from Golcar. Poor carriages provided for return journey.
1887. Firm becomes Ltd Co.
1888. HEW 22 Dec: Ben Whitwam OBIT. born 1831, son of Wright Whitwam a clothier. Ben and younger brother John begin as handloom weavers, then start own business, buying condensors at Victoria Mill, Golcar.
1889. YFT 12 Jul:Whitwam & Co. machines run night and day for past two years.
YFT 20 Dec: extension.
1891. HEW 3 Oct: John. Whitwam, obituary. Brother of Ben, son of Wright. Left father’s business for own 30 years ago. Also director of Bottom Hall Mills Co.
1892. YFT 18 Mar, weavers’ meeting against wage reduction.
1895. HEW 23 Nov,B.&.J.Whitwam Fire.
1896. HEW 26 Sep: plumbers apprentice, falls from fifth floor while putting up pipes and spouting. Inquest at Milnsbridge Conservative Club [first in Agbrigg to heed County Council recommendation that inquests be held in other than pubs].
1897. HEW 14 Aug: B.&.J.Whitwam, fire in warehouse, £10,000 damage, c.300 people out of work due to destruction of new material.
1898. HEW 29 Oct: B.J.Whitwam, youth loses finger in burring machine.
HEW 7 Jul: B.&.J.Whitwam, trip to Liverpool and Port Sunlight.
1903. HEW 25 Jul: Golcar UDC. Smoke nuisance.Plans to lay steam pipes under road.
HEW 1 Aug: B.&.J.Whitwam, Michael Kennedy of Linfit Hall, hand caught in fulling machine.
1908 HEW 11 Jan: Sarah Ann France, 20, weaver, minor hoist accident.
- YTD: B.& J. Whitwam & Sons, Ltd. fancy woollens, 10,000 spindles, 170 looms.
1914. W 9 Jul: Whitwam & Co. piecers leaving work without notice for Honley feast.
- STANLEY MILL (Marsh)
- HEW 21 Feb:James Sykes retiring owner/occupier of ‘newly erected’ mill
To be sold, 3 storeys x 15 x 42 yards. Round rent £82p.a.: 13 Mar: yarn etc To be sold.
1888. HEW 28 Jul: tender for additions.
1890. YFT 27 Jun: shuttle guards being fitted.
1892. HEW 2 Jan: Liddell & Brierly letter re: fire brigades.
1893. HEW 24 Jun:Liddell & Brierly weaver collapses and dies coughing blood.
1910. YTD: Liddell & Brierley, Ltd, worsted coatings and fancies and dyers for own use, 100 looms.
1919. Advt. Liddell & Brierly Ltd worsted and woollens. Also Colwyn Mills.
1928 HEW 11 Feb: Jos Whiteley, (69) employed by firm for 52 years retires. Foreman of yarn department. Presentation.
1935 HEW 5 Jan: Greek merchant in Egypt pirates name ‘Liddlall and Brierlay Ltd, [sic] Huddersfield’ to sell worsted.
- STANLEY MILL (Milnsbridge)
- HEW 6 Mar: To be sold, ‘ newly erected and compact woollen mills.’ owned and occ by James Sykes, retiring. 3 st x 42 x 15 yards, engine, dyehouse etc, 3 mins walk from Longwood station,
1889. HEW 7 Sep: Jos. Hoyle (of Prospect Mill [q.v.]).
1892. HEW 27 Feb: to be let/sold. occ Jos Hoyle. Purchased by John Crowther & Sons. [Jos, Crowther obit. HEW 17 Jun 1905]
HEW 26 Mar: James Sykes executives, machinery to be sold.
1895 HEW 27 Apr: steeplejack, Geo Hy Netherwood, 38, killed repairing chimney, unsound ropes , 20 feet up, fell onto coping of boiler house.
1896 HEW 26: Plumber killed by fall from 5th floor where fixing steam pipes.
1898 HEW 18 Jun: D Stoner Crowther, marriage, workpeople present clock. Charlie Barker tuner in chair.
1903 ? Jos. Crowthers sons, Chas Frederick and J.Hilton leave Marsden Mill Co. to found Crowther Bros. at Stanley Mill. [Jos.obit].
1904. HEW 23 Jan: D.Stoner Crowther & Co., man paralysed by hoist fall.
1909. W. 9 Jan: Crowthers’ – warpers’ dispute.
1910. YTD: Crowther Bros, fancy woollen, 6,200 spindles, 200 looms.
1918 HEW 18 May: Crowther Bros, Tom Mortimer, 53, Paddock, plumber falls 30 feet dies of internal injuries.
- STEPS MILL (South Crosland)
- James Roberts of Steps Milne and Joseph Roberts of Dungeon Milne, lease of ‘fulling milne’ at Meltham from Joseph Radclife for 21 years at rent of £11 a year.
James and Joseph Roberts also signatories to agreement between owners and farmers of fulling mills on not milling any cloth on a Sunday between 6am and 6pm. ; no cloth fulled by them would be given up unless they had first been paid and the following minimum scale of charges would be applied: Pieces up to 18 yards 6d. between 18 & 30 yards 8d., over 30 yards 12d.
1759. Joseph Roberts builds Steps Bridge.
1770. Jeffries Map. Although this map is not to scale Steps Mill is depicted at the end of a long goit on the bend of the Holme just north of Honley. Another waterwheel depicted on the Mag Dyke, just above the confluence with the Holme is more problematic.
1780. ‘Cloth searcher’ for Steps Mill, Jonathon Lawton.
1781. Land Tax returns,Jos Roberts £1.7s.0.
1788. Honley Enclosure Map. The Lower Mill, goit and weir are shown.
1789. Land Tax returns, Widow Roberts, Steps.
1792. Land Tax returns, Mrs Roberts, fulling mill and farm: Healdy Butts, Elizabeth Roberts 12s: Edward and Benjamin Haigh for a new erected wheel for ‘engeons’,£2.
1795. May Leeds Mercury
To be let Fulling Mill at Steps, ‘in excellent repair’ with two streams of water, three water wheels, six fulling stocks and three drivers with room for more to be set up. ‘and is capable of doing a great quantity of work’ also house barn and other outbuildings ‘Likewise nine days works of land more or less near the mill in good condition…The situation is very eligible and in a very populous manufacturing part of the country, lies near to the turnpike road and is only three miles from Huddersfield’
Apply Mrs Roberts of Steps.
- Land Tax returns, William Beaumont & Co., Learoyd Ing, Steps Mill and Farm,£1.7s.11d.: Healdy Butts, 13s 10d:
Edward Haigh for Engeons,18s.
1800. Royal Exchange Insurance Steps Mill £600: Upper Steps Mill £200. [D.T.Jenkins p.306].
1802. RD.EI.281:395. Wm.Beaumont of Healdy Butts, co-partner of Richard Beaumont and Stephen Vickerman. assignees, J.Whitaker,Lane,dyer: Jos.Tolson,Wakefield, woolstapler:John Dickinson,Huddersfield,woolstapler: Jonathon Senior,Farnley Tyas. Land to Dartmouth. John Carter, occupier of Bullring and Far Croft.
1803. LM 9 Apr: partnership dissolved, lately carried on at steps Mill in Honley by William Bailey the Elder of Batty Mill, Kirkheaton, Richard Brown of Hillhouse and William Bailey the younger of Honley, Cotton Spinners.
1 October, Richard Brown and William Bailey assign mill and cotton warp machinery at ‘Healdy Butt Mill’, South Crosland, to Silvester Sikes and Joshua Ingham, bankers, for loan of £2,500. [KC 165:??? ].
1804. Land Tax returns, Bailey and Brown for the Cotton Factory.
1805. LM 9 Mar, Dissolution of partnership of William Bailey & Co. cotton spinners of Steps Mill – sale of machinery by private contract as it stands on the premises: ‘this machinery is entirely new and fully complete for twisting the warps, reeling and every other part of the spinning business on a moderately extensive scale…N.B. the above is a desirable situation in the midst of the Woollen Manufactory.’
Dartmouth Estate Terrier.
‘A large Fulling and Scribbling Mill with a detached cotton mill. Likewise several dwelling houses and cottages, barns and outbuildings. Altogether forming the appearance of a Manufactory on a large scale.’
Land Tax returns, William Beaumont for Steps Mill, Farm, Engeons and Cotton Factory. ( The Land Tax returns do not refer to the Cotton Factory after 1810.)
- 24 November ‘Steps Mill near Honley was destroyed by fire’.[Mayall Annals of Yorkshire p.215]. .
Leeds Intelligencer 24 Nov:‘Steps mill near Honley was discovered to be on fire; the flames soon extended over the whole, which, with the machinery etc. was entirely consumed. The overlooker whilst he was endeavouring to save the property of his employers, lost his own. For the fire communicated to the house in which he lived, and destroyed all his furniture’.
1822. Baines Trade Directory: William Beaumont, scribbling miller of Steps.
1826. Land Tax returns: William Beaumont, house, land and mills.
1827. LM 3 Mar: William Beaumont of Steps Mill, fulling and scribbling miller, bankruptcy notice.
3 Aug: Huddersfield Banking Co. advance of £1,000 to Wm. Beaumont on security of property lease and machinery at Steps Mill.
- Dartmouth Estate Terrier.
William Beaumont: ‘A scribbling & Slubbing mill of 3 Floors & Weaving shop built by tenant six years ago.
A large stone and slate scribbling and slubbing mill of three floors driven by three wheels.’
1829. Addition to terrier: ‘To be let from mayday 1829 to Josh. Beaumont and Enoch Vickerman, Benjamin Vickerman at £400 a year for 14 years. [Sketch of Upper Mill showing situation of 14hp water wheel.
1830. White’s Directory: Beaumont & Vickerman, scribbling and fulling millers, Steps Mill.
1832. Halifax & Huddersfield Express 16 Jun, E.&.B.Vickerman, Steps Mill, advance of wages to Mr Gott’s standard.
1834.Factory Commissioners Report.
Beaumont & Vickerman, scribbling, fulling and finishing.
Powered by 20hp water wheel.
Employs 57 persons – 6 males over 21 earn 26s in 69 hour week: 4 slubbers, 1 willower, 8 feeders, 12 piecers, 3 millers on piece rate: 5 females employed: 20 employees under 14.
Hours, summer: start 6am: breakfast 8 – 8.30am: dinner 12.30 – 1.00pm: lunch 5 – 5.30pm: finish 7.30pm. the fulling department does not stand during meal breaks.
Hours, winter: start 7.30am: finish 9.30pm on account of light. Saturday finish 5pm.
Holiday – 8 or ten days a year ‘and more if they require them by asking the liberty.’
Discharged for irregular attendance or disobedience.
Sometimes shortage of work, sometimes of water.
- HG 29 Feb: Messers Vickerman prosecute George Heaton and Abraham Taylor for trespass on right of way belonging to tenants of Steps Mill for 60 years – they refuse to pay 3d. toll demanded for their cart at toll gate.
1843 LT 21 Jan: ‘Mental Improvement Society. About nine months ago a number of young men at Steps Mill near Huddersfield formed themselves into a society for mental improvement and were making considerable progress. Two or three influential employers of them and their parents, however, have recently suppressed that society by threatening to discharge them if they continued to meet for such purposes any more. No reason has been alleged but that the youths have enough to do to mind their work!! The employers are chiefly wesleyans of the old school and we suppose they have taken their cue from the late order to petition against national education!’
- LM 12 Oct: Benjamin Vickerman, now of Taylor Hill, partnership dissolved with Enoch Vickerman and Joshua Beaumont of Steps Mill.
1846 LT 3 Oct: Josh Thewlis, moved to Honley from Meltham to work at Steps Mill falls from Honley Bridge and is drowned after leaving beershop. Notoriously dangerous.
1847 LM 20 Feb: Enoch Vickerman Slips Mill [sic] and Jos Vickerman, Park Gate, members of Huddersfield Banking Co.
- LM 1 Apr,15 Apr: Strike of powerloom weavers of Messers Beaumont & Co. Steps Mill – 1d. string paid less than other masters in neighbourhood.
June, Letter to Ben Haigh in Ohio: ‘There has been a great turn out at Steps – another at Dungeon… but what boots it, they must work for little or nothing or clam and starve having nothing…’ [YAS].
- LM 17 Feb: John Dyson of Steps buried with full ceremony of Ancient Order of Druids ‘The deceased having been an old and faithful servant in the employ of Messers Beaumont & Co. Steps Mill the whole of their adult workmen attended the funeral.
- LM 5 Feb: ‘A praisworthy addition to the recent festivities in connexion with the factories in this neighbourhood has been made by the liberality of Messers Vickerman & Beaumont. On Thursday evening the 24th of January a tea was provided for all the females and a supper for all the males employed in their extensive establishment. A large room was prepared for the occasion by the skill of the workpeople who hung it tastefully with evergreens, flowers &c. After the removal of the cloth Mr T.B.Platt was called to the chair and Mr F.Vickerman to the vice-chair. The chairman’s address was able and appropriate, he urged particularly the importance of unity and the existence of a friendly spirit among the operatives who appeared to concur in the sentiments he uttered and cheered enthusiastically when he resumed his seat. The Rev.T.Benstead of Lockwood was the next speaker and he was warmly received. A splendid brass band and party of glee singers contributed much to the amusement of those present…’
1850 First Six Inch OS Map shows Queen Square Mills.
1851 CENSUS. Enoch Vickerman (54) cloth manufacturer, finisher&.merchant employing 138 males and 155 females.
- HC 14 Jun: William Clay trying to remove strap of scribbling machine from drum, instead of using throwing-in handle uses foot which becomes entangled and shin fractured. Dr Lees, factory surgeon who examines him says many such accidents result from carelessness.
1853. HC 25 Jun: Enoch Vickerman, Commissioner of the Holme reservoirs, meeting at Elephant & Castle, 27 June.
HC 3 Sep: Alfred Beaumont, Steps Mill, wins prise for roses, fuschias, etc and in fruit class ‘crabs tartarian’, at Holmfirth Agricultural Show and scarlet geranium at Huddersfield Horticultural Society Exhibition.
1854 HC 3 Jun: Enoch Vickerman ordered to pay 16s wages to driver he set on who left his work at Shaw’s Lockwood Brewery, only to be told he was not needed.
HC 22 Jul: Female weavers’ ‘Gala Day’. Several hundreds along with Netherton Brass Band take te at top of Castle Hill followed by dancing and other amusements.
HE 16 Dec: Subscriptions to ‘Patriotic Fund’ for relief of dependents of soldiers in Crimea.
Vickerman & Beaumont list about 60 individuals plus collective contributions from woolsorters, knotters, burlers, powerloom weavers.
1855 HE 13 Jan: J.Beaumont & Co. – treat at Coach & Horses, ‘the time was spent in interesting discussions on the war and other things connected therewith.’
- HC 17 Feb: Enoch Vickerman, Steps Mill, shareholder in Huddersfield Banking Co.
- HC 24 May: treat to celebrate peace at George & Dragon.
1857 HC 18 Jul: Thomas Gledhill, overlooker at mill, resides at Berry Brow, daughter, Hannah Wimpenny Gledhill, 7, raped by neighbour Simon Hirst, 18. Committed to York.
- HC 16 Oct: Alfred Beaumont’s marriage to Mary Hirst of Wilshaw.
HC 11 Dec: Alfred Beaumont’s marriage festivities on return of couple. Men dinner at George and Dragon (Walter Haigh’s house), with Bailey’s Quadrille band from Holmfirth. Females tea for 300 in large room at mill. Joined by men. Room can accommodate 1,000, tastefully decorated. 60 gas burners. Heads of firm present. G F Beaumont in chair.
- HC 29 Oct: Enoch Vickerman, Steps Mill, foreman of jury at Court Leet and Court Baron of the Rt Hon, William Walter, Earl of Dartmouth, held at Coach & Horses, Thursday 27 Oct.
HC 5 Nov: Vickerman & Beaumont, Steps Mill, Michael Tynan, 16 , sent into flue by his master William Crabtree, twice. Had told his mater he was 22. Case dismissed. Had cleaned as many as 16 chimneys in a day.
- HE 12 Oct: Enoch Vickerman obit at Harrogate, funeral, ‘ the large manufactory with which the deceased was connected being closed for the day’.
- HC 28 Jun: ‘Notice – It is requested that all Accounts Owing to the late firm of Messrs. Vickerman and Beaumont, of Steps Mill, Honley, be Discharged forthwith; and all accounts due from the said firm be sent in to Joshua Beaumont Esq., in order that they may be examined and discharged. By order, Vickerman & Beaumont.’
HC 11 Oct: Joshua Beaumont Esq, donates £5 per month to Cotton Districts Distress relief Fund, ‘while the distress lasts’.
1863 HE 9 May: several lots of leasehold property to be sold Huddersfield, includes woollen warehouse of Joshua Beaumont & Co at Victoria Lane, across yard Messers Richard Porritt & Co, wool warehouse. Also two stalled stable fronting to New Street, east side, Joshua Beaumont & Co, year to year tenants.
HE 22 Aug: Mr and Mrs Joshua Beaumont on Leeds/ Manchester Express in carriage struck by another train at Staleybridge. Mrs Beaumont taken home to Parkton Grove where ‘in precarious state.’
1865 HC 11 Feb: 40 female weavers tea in large committe room of Netherton Trading Society.
1866 HC 29 Dec: Tom Warrington, piecer at mill, witness in Honley murder case.
Joshua Beaumont Obit. Alfred prover of will.
1867 HC 19 Oct: ‘Old Quarry Hole,’ , Honley, land in possession of Joshua Beaumont’s representatives among land exchanged by Lord Dartmouth for some held by Wm Brooke.
- HE 25 Jan: Joshua Beaumont & Co. fully employed despite depression.
200 at treat in burling room, all powerloom weavers female.
1871 HED 15 May: Emma Green 5 year old daughter of Allen Green, cloth dresser, drowns in Steps Mill dam. George Brook, employee at Mill jumps in and brings her to side, but already dead.
- HEW 27 Jan: Alfred Baumont’s weavers burlers and other workpeople, annual tea party on Saturday ‘at the mill in a large room neatly decorated.’ Mr and Mrs Beaumont present. Honley Brass Band present. James Beaumont, workman proposes health, John Gledhill conveys workpeople’s thanks for stopping at one o’clock on Saturday ‘and hoped that the workpeople would return the kindness by increased diligence and care.’ AB ‘spoke on the good feeling which ought to subsist between masters and workmen, especially between foremen and those under them. As for himself he should always be ready to make any reasonable concession which would be of real advantage to the workhands.’ Loudly cheered. Followed by singing, dancing and reciting.
HC 30 Mar: Alfred & Mrs Beaumont (along with Thos Kenyon, Dogley and Edward Taylor, Almondbury) chosen to represent tenants of Dartmouth Estate on deputation to Lord Lewisham on occasion of his majority. Large meeting in national schoolroom Farnley Tyas.
HC 6 Apr: Alfred Beaumont and George Dyson appointed surveyors of highways for Mag Lordship.
HC 11 May: Alfred Beaumont at Patshull Hall, near Wolverahmpton, to present address from tenantry of Farnley Tyas, Honley etc to Lord Lewisham.
HEW 22 Jun: T.B.Platt leaving Steps Mill, furniture to be sold. Emigrated to US. In 1875 (HEW 10 Apr,) killed while walking along a railway line in Iowa.
HC 13 July: Alfred Beaumont treats his men with trip to Liverpool, paying fare and day’s wages. Leave Honley Saturday at 5am and reach Liverpool at 9am. A wet day. Returned at midnight.
1873 HEW 26 Jul: Alfred Beaumont provides conveyance for Honley Church Sunday School trip to Bretton Park, also other supporters of SS, W Brooke, Capt Jessop, GW Farrar)
1880 HEW 15 May: former spinner, Geo Dawson of Steps, (60) now coal merchant run over by train at Huddersfield staion, buried at Honley, UOF member, ‘a large number of the old workpeople followed the deceased to his last resting place.’
- HC 5 March: ‘Heavy Failure’ Petition filed in Huddersfield County Court for the liquidation of the affairs of Alfred Beaumont, Steps Mill, Honley and Greenwood’s Yard, Huddersfield, woollen manufacturer and merchant trading under the style or firm of Joshua Beaumont and Company. The liabilities are stated at £65,000…’
HEW:Joshua Beaumont & Co in liquidation,21 May, Alfred Beaumont – farm to be sold:18,25 Jun, Parkton Grove contents To be sold, including stuffed birds and moths: 24 Sep,Parkton Grove House to be sold: 1 Oct, machinery To be sold.
1885 HEW 14 Feb: Joshua Beaumont & Co, treat at odd Fellows Hall John Eagleton, firms representative in chair, songs, speeches, recitations – Arthur Dyson, T J Dyson, Wm Beaumont, Wm Vickerman.
Upper Steps Mill : . B.&.W.Donkersley, cloth finishers, needed a horse ‘to draw loads of coals and bring pieces from the low mill up the hill to the upper mill’. They bought one for £28 off George Dyson, an innkeeper of Dock Street, Huddersfield who said it would easily pull 11/2 tons of coal up the hill ‘before they could say “Jack Robinson”’. Taking his word and declining his offer of a written warranty, they took the horse but, at its first attempt to draw 8 hundredweight of pieces, it ‘jibbed’ at the bottom of the hill. Complaining to Dyson, he said it was not actually his horse but he had sold it on behalf of Tom Jenkinson a cab proprietor of Marsh. A vet brought in by the Donkersley’s confirmed that it was indeed ‘a jibber’. It only fetched £12.17s.6d at auction and they had spent £3.10s feeding it for 7 weeks and so they took a claim of breach of warranty for a total of £18.12s.6d to the County Court. The judge was evidently amused by their gullibility, remarking, when they told him it had stopped at the hill, ‘Perhaps it was waiting for you to say “Jack Robinson”?’ Since they didn’t have a warranty and had not properly examined the horse it was declared a clear case of caveat emptor and costs were awarded to the defendants.
- HEW 12 Mar:Joshua Beaumont & Co treat at Oddfellows Hall Netherton on coming of age of Arthur Dyson.
HEW 10 Dec: Upper Steps Mill, B.&.W.Donkersley, declining business. Finishing machinery to be sold.
Ben Donkersley and his brother William, cloth finishers, a different branch of the ‘Donks’ to those on Magdale, their father being John Donkersley of Lower Thirstin. Ben became a Wesleyan Methodist Sunday School scholar in 1832, later becoming a teacher himself, then a superintendent and in 1856 a fully accredited preacher. Obit (70) HEW 11 Feb 1899.
1891 HEW 11 Apr; Arthur Dyson, manufacturer stands in Local Board elections – not elected.
1893. HEW 20 May, Robert Booth, Steps, Obit, born 1822, employed at Joshua Beaumonts, Steps Mill for 40 years. Workpeople send two wreaths.
1895. HEW 26 Jan: Joshua Beaumont, annual treat. at Co-op Hall Berry Brow, provided by Mr Taylor of Park Gate. Haigh Littlewood’s band and dancing. Tom Brooke sings. Arrangments by committee of ladies.
1897 HEW 3 Jul: Fri, employees assemble to present W Dyson with marble timepiece from Pearce & Sons, Huddersfield, on the occasion of his marriage. to Miss Beadon. Henry Mellor and Ben Hirst give short and appropriate addresses.
- HEW 22 Jan: Joshua Beaumont, treat at Co-op Hall, Berry Brow, Steps Mill, humourist and mimic master Sylvester Smith and Haigh Littlewood’s band.
1900 YFT 16 Nov: Lower Steps Mills, ‘the weavers, all of them women…accepted a reduction in wages proposed by the firm.’
- HEW 5 Jan: Upper Steps Mill to be let, premises ‘suitable for rug manufactureror similar trade…’.
HEW, HExp 31 Aug: J.Beaumont & Co. treat at Storthes Hall, party transported in wagonnettes, cricket and bowls played. G.P.Armitage and Henry Mellor, manager
HEW 17 Aug: offensive effluvia coming from Steps Mill dam, due to scarcity of water in river.
HEW, HExp 31 Aug: J.Beaumont & Co. treat at Storthes Hall,
The employes of Messrs. Joshua Beaumont and Co. (Limited), Steps Mill, Honley, were invited to tea at Storthes Hall, Kirkburton, on Saturday last, by their employer, Mr G. P. Armitage. The day was all that could be wished for. Waggonettes started from Honley Bridge at two o’clock, and took the route via Huddersfield and Waterloo, arriving at Kirkburton just before four o’clock. They were met on the front by Mr. Armitage, who soon had them all in the midst of enjoyments. The lads at once commenced playing cricket, the others either viewing the grounds or sitting on the lawn However, promptly at 4-30 the bell sounded, and that, of course,brought the whole party together to have tea in front of the hall, which was well appreciated after the drive. When all had fully satisfied their wants Mr. Armifcage conducted the party in front of the hall door to have their photographs taken. One can just imagine the eagerness that was evinced to get in as good a place as possible. But the performance was soon over, and then the games re-commenced either playing with “Aunt Sally” (who possessed a large number of “clay josses”) or inspecting the kitchen garden, which was well worth a visit to see the loaded fruit trees. “ How the lips quivered, the mouths watered, and the eyes opened far back” when Mr. Armitage opened the door. The bowling on the green was of great interest to the men, but the music of the Kirkburton Brass Band had tendency to draw some to the dancing. Albums of photos of foreign travels v ere laid out, and a good and interesting time could be spent in viewing the magnificent scenery taken by Mr. Armitage. At 7-30 the party were getting rather tired, having thoroughly enjoyed themselves, when the waggonettes came along for the party to prepare for home. But before they could leave Mr. Henry Mellor (the manager) proposed that the best thanks be given to Mr. Armitage for inviting them all there that day, and for the kindness and manner he had kept the whole party going. Also he hoped that the good feeling would still continue as it had done between master and men. Mr. Alfred Burhouse seconded the vote of thanks, which was heartily carried. Mr. Armitage, in return, thanked them for their kindness in appreciating his invitation, and hoped he would see them all there again, with as fine a day. Then the singing of “ For he’s a jolly good fellow, &c.,” with cheers, brought the gathering to a close, wishing Mr. Armitage a happy good night. Honley was reached about 9-30o’clock, after one 6f the most enjoyable days ever spent.
[See HEW 14 Jul 1900 for description of Storthes Hall estate – residence of Mrs JA Armitage. Land already acquired for asylum].
1910 YTD : Joshua Beaumont & Co, Ltd, Meltons, beevers etc, 3,000 spindles,60 looms.
1911 HEW 18 Mar: UDC orders provision of necessary fire escapes.
1927 HEW 9 Apr; 8 Oct: Steps Mill was occupied by Joshua Beaumont & Co. until 1927 when there was a fire, although whether this put them out of business is not clear. Later that year the mill was occupied by Messers Hoyle dyers, who installed a new boiler, having being warned by the council that they were liable for any damage done to Steps Bridge in the process.
- STONEFIELD MILL (Milnsbridge)
- Land leased for 999years from J.T.Armitage,£40.6s.8d.
- Built.B.Stocks architect, Alf Dyson Occ.scrib,card,spg,wvg and fulling. Detailed list of machinery but no specific reference to sheds. (HEW 1 Dec.1877)
- HEW 2 Oct: Alfred Dyson, built mill by canal on understanding could take water from it. Now claimed that Canal Company not empowered to supply it. Steam engine by Kirk, Ramsden & Co.
1876. Arnold boiler.
HEW 12 Feb, room and power.
- HEW 6 Jan,24 Feb: machinery to be sold, including 42 powerlooms.
14 Jul, to be sold, owner occupier Alfred Dyson.4840 square yards.[xerox].
HEW 8 Dec:Alfred Dyson, in liquidation, mill erected 1874 to be sold. Incl 25 hp engine, 14 foot flywheel, by Kirk Ramsden & Co, Turnbridge, 1875. Well in mill yard. Double fled multitubular boiler by Wm Arnold & Co.Brick chimney 126 feet by 12 diameter,
1883 Law Heppenstall Jnr begins business as dyer and metal bobbin manufacturer in mill, his father’s property. In few months moves to Union Mill ( Bankruptcy.1885 HEW 20 Jun)
1895 HEW 14 Sep: Walker Dyson & Sons, machinery to be sold.
- YTD: Walker Dyson & Sons, 5,000 spindles, 70 looms.
1911 CVG 9 Jun: Edgar Walker Dyson, obit, only 39, eldest son of Walker Dyson. Mill closed for funeral.
1913 HEW 6 Dec: Walker Dyson & Sons, women weaver’s claim for compensation. Hoist rope broke when she was in it. Off work a month. Rope had been spliced. Plaintiff and witnesses says workpeople not forbidden from using it. Now notices put up and door locked. Firm says when notices put up warning people not to use it always taken down. New rope was about to be fitted. Judge says evident that they ‘had winked at the use of the hoist by the workpeople’ and claim allowed.
- Walker Dyson & Sons woollen and worsted.
- STONEY BANK MILL (New Mill)
see also RCHM catalogue (K.26).
- General strike – boiler unplugged and dam drained.
1848 Slaters Directory: Hinchliff & Schofield
1849. LM 27 Jan:
‘To Be Let for a term of years with immediate possesion all that Woollen Mill called Stoney Bank Mill situate within 5 miles of Huddersfield upon the New Mill turnpike road and close to the station on the Huddersfield and Holmfirth railway. The mill is four stories high having a water wheel, 30 feet of fall and large reservoirs. Also a 16 horse steam engine, 7 fulling stocks, 2 washing machines and dryer, 4 scribbling engines, 4 carding engines, 4 sixty spindle billies and rooms for mules: also a dyehouse with three pans supplied with excellect spring water and a coal pit within a hundred yards of the mill. Attached to the premises are one small dwelling house, 4 cottages and 3 acres of good land. the premises may be viewed on application to Mr J. Moorhouse, surgeon of Stoney Bank near Huddersfield and Messers Bradley & Son, land agents, Richmond,Yorkshire of whom further particulars may be had.’
- Census. Henry Pontefract employer of 60 men, 4 women, 10 boys, 4 girls.
- HC 20 Mar, Henry Pontefract Offence against Factory Act., five females under 18 work after 6.00pm.
- HC 25 Jun: Henry Pontefract , Commissioner of the Holme reservoirs, meeting at Elephant & Castle, 27 June.
- HE 26 Aug: Pontefract, fire in stove. £15-20 wool destroyed
1857. HE 5 Sep:Pontefract haystack burnt down.
1859. HE, HC 3 Sep: Henry Pontefract & John Richard Owen occupiers, Mr Bradley of Richmond owner. Mill 4 storeys x 8 windows. Fire discovered 2 o’Clock Friday morning by woman living near mill, firebell rang and large number gather to help, Unity fire engine sent for but mill ‘enveloped in one complete mass of flames 4.o’clock ‘roof fell in with a tremendous crash. The flames at that period completely illumined the sky’ Separate building housing mules, billey and engine doused with water, ‘The mill however was literally gutted with only the walls left standing’. Glow of fire visible from Huddersfield by Ramsden White inspector of night police who alerts Lancashire & Yorkshire engine and Armitage Bros, but no word arrives so they return home. A few hours later news arrives ‘mill had been burned to the ground’. £4-5000 damage. believed to have started in woollen waste on 2nd floor.
HC 10 Sep: Letter fromWilliam Cartwright of Holmfirth, fire brigade man re: fire. Chronicle report did not do justice ro their role, particularly in saving the safe for which only the police were praised.
HC 22 Oct,HE 29 Oct: Mill and land To be sold including, ‘handsome newly erected family residence’ Mill site, fulling and scribbling mill recently destroyed ‘and the materials still remaining’ water supply equal to 30hp, engine house, warehouse, stove, stables and cottages, 12 acres ‘well timbered and forming a beautiful landscape…Coal is worked within 100 yards of the mill site’. Apply Henry Pontefract on premises.
Fire salvage, machinery anf farming stock to be sold.
- HC 21 Apr: Site for Sale, 28feet of fall, adapted for 7 foot waterwheel..
1863 HC 30 May: Eli Wimpenny treat for 160 – ‘spacious’ mill completed.
1865 HC 9 Dec: cart road to mill blocked by collapse of Mytholmbridge viaduct.
- HEW 1 Nov:Eli Wimpenny of Wimpeeny & Bowes, witness in bankruptcy case of James Mettrick, mungo manufacturer, Hinchliffe Mill, from whom he bought black and blue mungo. Objects to being called.
1881. HEW 23 Jul: John Wiley & Edwin Rowley bankrupt.£8000 liabilities. Also Field Mill Leeds Rd.
HEW 1 Oct: To be let as a going concern or otherwise, apply Eli Wimpenny.
1884 HEW 16 Aug: James Coldwell at bankruptcy court. 1883 entered into partnership with others at mill. , dissolved July 1884. Coldwell, O’Regan & Co.
1886. HEW 16 Oct: Eli Wimpenny former occupier. To be let.
1888 HEW 19 May, 27 Oct: to be let.
1889 YFT 19 Jul: mills near Sinking Wood unoccupied. Trade depressed.
1893 HEW 1 Jul: to be sold, five storey mill, steam engine 34″ cylinder, 6’3″ stroke 20″ beam, 24′ flywheel, by Taylor & Hirst of Marsden 1865, dyehouse, four cottages and residence.
1903 HEW 30 May: Stanley Rug Co, to be sold.
WYAS B/CMS Charles Moon, yarn spinners.
- YTD: Chas.Moon, woollen and angola, 6,600 spindles.
- YFT 8? Sep: damage to warps.
YFT 3 Oct: Charles Moon will, son Charles Moon.
- STORTHES/STORRS MILL (Moldgreen)
1848. LM 8 Apr: John Day & Son fire. and storm damage to ‘new mill’.
1849. LM 10 Nov: John Day & Sons fancy manufacturer, occupier for nearly 20 years. To be let ‘spinning mill and finishing shops’ .
1850 . LM 2 Feb: Mill empty after Day moves to Bankfield Mill, chimney blown down onto mill roof.
1852 HC 1 May: to let.
1853. HE 5 Nov: Storrs Mill, James Tolson & Son recent occupants, spinning mill, 3 st x43x7 yds. Steam Engine 7 hp, cylindrical boiler 10 hp, ‘lofty mill chimney, firmly and recently built of stone, dwelling house, dye warerooms, etc…
1855. HC 7 Apr: room and power, warehouse, dyehouse. JS Tolson owner, Ely & Whiteley occupiers.
1859. HC 11 Jun: Whiteley, cotton spinner, ‘who is about leaving the mill’, machinery etc to be sold.
1862. HC 31 May: Joseph Ely, 24, found in mill yard suffocated under load of hay. Assumed it had fallen on him when taking horse out of shafts. Horse still in gear eating the hay.
1864 HC 12 Nov: to let, now occupied by Wm Ely & Co, apply JS Tolson, Dalton
1881 HC 9 Apr: Wm Ely, cotton doubler in liquidation – spinning machinery and 14 hp steam engine.
1883 HEW 14 Jul: occupied John Smith, drysalter – to let.
1885. HEW 8 Aug:to be sold, ‘with the powerful steam engine, fixed on a massive ashlar foundation.
1903. HEW 30 May: late Hutton & Ackroyd, dyeing etc machinery to be sold.
1910. YTD: Josiah Naylor, hearth rug manufacturer.
312. SUDE HILL MILL (New Mill)
1814 LM 2 Apr:On Thursday 24th March 1814, a Scribbling Mill belonging to Messrs Bates & Hobson at Sewdhill, near Kirkburton, Huddersfield was burned to the ground. The Leeds Mercury reported that an arsonist was suspected, and a reward of 100 guineas was offered.
1842 LM 20 Aug: closed by ‘plug rioters’ 17 August.
1851 CENSUS. Andrew Mellor, woollen yarn manufacturer, employing 9 men, 5 women, 8 children.
1855. HC 21 Jul: Late occupied Andrew Mellor. Spinning machinery to be sold.
1856. HC 31 May: Room and power To be let. Four storey mill (two x 27 yards, one x 20 yards, one x 16 yards x 7 yards). steam engine and boiler 8hp. water wheel 30 foot diameter by 2 foor 3 inches wide. Used for manufacture of sale yarn. Room well adapted for spinning machinery. ‘celebrated Shepley stone quarries’ near to place several portions of which to let. Suit card maker on chemical works not allowed in towns. C.H.Macauley Esq. Woodhouse near Brighouse, owner, or apply John Mellor, Sude Hill.
1859. HE 22 Jan: George Booth, workpeople’s treat.
1861. HC 16 Feb: George Booth & Co. mill completely gutted by fire. Even brass fittings melted. Thought that mill will have to be rebuilt.
1865 HC 11 Feb: Geo Booth & Co, treat for 60 at Duke of Leeds, ‘at Newmill, employers are treating the employed, which has a good tendency to keep up good feeling between capital and labour.’
1877. HWN 13 Oct: Booth, Pitt & Co fatal strap accident, Geo Haigh, 15, self-actor minder.
1878. HEW 8 Jun: lockout.
1881. Directory: Booth, Pitt & Co.
1888. HEW 1 Sep: Booth & Pitt offer to take on scouring, milling and finishing for J.Thorpe after Dobroyd Mill burns down, in return for his help after their 1861 fire.
1890. HEW 10 May: to be let – two four storey mills, engine and boiler house, now occupied Mr Wm Pitt.
HEW 7 Jun: Wm.Pitt & Co, termination of lease, scribbling, spinning, weaving and finishing machinery to be sold.
(Booth, Pitt & Co. closed 1890. Richard Mitchell their master fulling miller obit 1925 HExp 18 Apr)
313. SUNNY BANK MILL (Longwood)
Built by family of George Walker, his father Thomas Walker, listing and cloth manufacturer, on death took over firm until retirement c.1879. obit (59) HEW 5 Julk 1884.
1870. HE 22 Jan: ‘Clough, Longwood’ Crosland & James Hirst, finishing machinery to be sold.
1871. HC 7 Jan: C.&. J. Hirst, treat for workpeople at prospect Inn.
1876. HEW 11 Mar: J. Hanson giving up business.
1893. HEW 8 Apr: Crosland & James Hirst workers spot fire at Woodland Mill.
1896. HEW 6 Jan: Grove St, Longwood, C.&.J.Hirst, teamer unloading bricks for new chimney killed when chain link breaks.
HEW 19 Jan: Man 21, Scarr Lane, hand ripped off by hydroextractor.
- HEW 27 Mar: Crosland Hirst of Broomfield, obit. born 1826, congregationalist at Highfield Chapel, liberal and mason.
1905. HEW 23 Dec: Thomas Hirst, fancy woollens (tweeds), witness to Tariff Commission – trade good, 2/3 workpeople females and boys, wages increase while mens decrease.
1909 HEW 25 Sep: overlooker, Ernest Gee, claiming wages for workers no longer employed by firm
- HEW, W 8 Oct: C.&.J.Hirst, dispute, spinners and piecers. Spinners paid 25s week.
YTD: C.&.J.Hirst & Sons, Ltd, fancy woollen, 21,500 spindles, 345 looms. also Commercial Mill, Milnsbridge.
- HEW 24 Aug: piecer, 13, killed riding skep from hoist.
W 9 Nov: C.&.J.Hirst accident 13 year old boy killed.
- HEW 18 Jan: compensation case, widow for son aged 13. Claimed killed not in course of his duties at mill. ‘tail ender’ not allowed to ‘fettle’ until ‘head ender’ present. Climbed up pipes into blowing machine.
- YTD: 33,700 spindles, 370 looms.
HE 30 Jan: stoppage due to cylinder end blowing out into Grove Street. 500 idle for several days.
1930 HEW 4 Oct: Tom Walker, 34, trips over foreman warper’s heel, and hurts arm. Dies of septacemia.
314. SUNNY BANK MILL / Lower (Meltham)
- Joseph Taylor of Golcar takes out seven year lease. Former weaver, slubber and, at the age of 7, piecer at Ramsden Mill. (1884 HEW 10 May Obit (78))
Tithe Map: James Taylor [sic] (George Woodhead owner), scribbling mill spinning rooms and dam at Sunny Bank.
1854. Taylor moves to Spink Mire (1884,obituary).
- 1855. HE 22 Dec: James Taylor To be sold scribbling anmd fulling mill three stories high, 63×43, water wheel 42 foot diameter, 42 feet fall – 12hp, steam engine 8hp. Two storey building, teaser room, with power looms above.
1863 HC 2 May: Abraham Taylor & Sons, dissolving partnership, machinery etc to be sold.
1865 HC 12 Aug: Jos Sykes, engine tenter, on ladder oiling shafts while machinery in motion. Falls 12 feet onto his head. Recovering.
1867 HC 17 Aug: George, Abel, and George Thewlis the younger, manufacturers Underbank, George Thewlis & Sons, partnership dissolved. Abel and George the younger to continue business under same name at Lower Sunny-bank mill.
- HC 23 Dec: George Thewlis & Sons, John Dearnley, 59, spinner, fatal accident. On leaving mill on Saturday all straps thrown out of gear. On Wednesday to restart his ‘jenny’ had to put strap back on drum. Ladder provided for purpose but he stands on stockhead of the jenny or mule and then onto steam pipe. Smock caught in horizontal shaft. Nearly every bone in body and skull smashed . Feet torn off. ‘The deceased was a quiet inoffensive man, was well respected and has left a widow and family to deplore their sad bereavement.’
1876. HEW 1 Jan:Abel & Geo.Thewlis bankrupt..
HEW 15 Jan: machinery and stock to be sold, debt £9012.
HEW 22 Jan,12 Feb,4 Nov, To be let. apply J.Kilburn, engineer.
- HEW 24 Apr: machinery To be sold.
1882. HEW 4 Feb: J.W.Denham & Co. treat.
1883 HEW 19 May: ‘The Weavers’ Strike – A number of the weavers employed by Mr Denham, at Sunny Bank Mill, Meltham, who have been out on strike have resumed work this week. A new boiler is being put in, consequently only a portion of them can work by the water power. As soon as the boiler is ready all of them will return to work. Great satisfaction is felt in this district at the termination of the strike’
1883 HEW 15 Sep: Meltham Local Board pass plans for new blue dyehouse..
- HEW 26 Jan: Treat
1902. HEW 1 Mar: machinery to be sold, including 25 Dobcross fast looms.
HEW 8 Nov: John Wm. Denhan & Co. bankrupt affairs.
- HEW 11 Feb: To be let.
HEW 20 May: to be sold, 5 storey main mill, 63’6”x43’9”, 3 storey spinning mill 101’x 23’9”, tentering shed, weaving shed etc, horizontal steam engine, 25’ cylinder, 4’ stroke, 14’ fly wheel., iron water wheel, 42 foot diameter, 4’ wide. and valuable water rights.
315. SUNNY BANK MILL (Upper) (Meltham)
1847. Tithe Map: Amos Woodhead fulling mill and dam.
1851. Census: Upper Sunny Bank, James Shaw scribbling mill in firm of three employing 13 men 3 women and 17 children.
1881. Directory: Alfred Rhodes & Co:
1890. HEW 26 Jul: Alfred Thomas Woodhead, owner, ‘fly’ in contact with gas jet in spinning room on night shift partly destroys 4 storey by 5 windows long mill £5-6,000 damage (insured Commercial Union).
1910. YTD: A.T.Woodhead & Sons, yarn spinners, 2,925 spindles.
316. SWAN BANK MILL (Cartworth)
1827. Built (According to Factory Commissioners Report, 1825). Hinchliffe from Langsett , introduced jenny into Holmfirth area, also introduced first 200 spindle mule according to his grandson Abel Hinchliffe (HEW 4 Jan 1898).
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Hinchliffe & Horncastle includes spinning, 35 employed, water wheel and steam engine total 12 hp.
1835. HG 27 Aug: Offence against Factory Act.
1847. LM 22 May: machinery to be sold including mules and 7 powerlooms and raising gig.
1848. Directory, Hinchliffe & Horncastle.
1855. HC 29 Sep: Abel Cuttel. Sebastopol victory treat in warehouse on premises.
1856. HC 29 Sep: Abel Cuttel. father one of first to finish own cloth at mill at Underbank. First to use condensor, set up by man from US. . Abel moved to Swan Bank, one of largest fancy manufacturers in district.
1857 HC 7 Mar: girl named Wadsworth arm caught while oiling moving machine.
- HC 30 Jan: 6 Feb: to be sold.
HC 16 Oct: John Brook & Son, owner, fire, put out by buckets, £16 damage.
- HC 11 Feb, HED 6 Feb: John Brook & Son Dyepan being transported from Wakefield, lurry slides on road opposite railway station upsets and breaks pan.
- HEW 7 Sep: Holmfirth weavers strike, John Brook & Sons settle.
1873 HEW 10 May: A. Cuttell, bank’d machinery to be sold.
- HEW 2 Mar: John Brook & Sons, tuner wanted for Schofield broad and narrow looms.
HEW 19 Sep: John Brook & Sons occupier, George Roberts of Hinchliffe Mill owner. Fire in stove. So many people gather that hoses choked and Unity fire engine knocks two children into river when backing up lane..
- HEW 13 Feb: David Brook & Sons, 7 weavers charged with leaving work. wages reduced due to shorter hours under Factory Act.
HEW 6 Nov: Abel Cuttell obit. Gave up mill some years before due to ‘reverses’ . (c.f. above). Father founded mill at Underbank. One of first to finish own cloth. First to use condenser sets set up by man from US. Farmer at Cinderhills.
- HEW 10 Jun: John Brook & Sons occupier to be sold, 4 storeys x 99′ x 45’6″ – 40 foot diameter water wheel.
1877 HEW 8 Dec: David Brook of John Brook & Sons, bank’d. £14,000 liabilities.
- HEW 5 Jan: John Brook liquidation sale, machinery To be sold, including 5×480 spindle hand mules.
1880. HEW 5 Jun: mill, ‘now being altered and improved’, steam engine, water wheel 40′ diameter, 5stx35x15yards.
1884 HEW 2 Aug: Holmfirt Prosecution Society brings case to Holmfirth Police Court against Henry Armitage, millhand for damaging shuttle (ie sluice gate) belonging to Mr John Littlewood of Manchester. George Hinchliffe, agent for Littlewood. Mr Castle looks after property, sees sees defendant pull it up and throw it in the goit. Lot of damge done by lads so example made and 1s.6d fine plus costs.
1888. HEW 26 May: to be sold, Mangnall & Littlewood, architects, Manchester.
1890. HEW 19 Jul: to be sold, 4 storeys, 40 foot diameter waterwheel and steam engine.
1897. KD: John Beever, hearthrug manufacturer.
HEW 10 Apr: John Beever, great auction of carpets of all kinds, retail carpet warehouse let.
1907.HExp 2 Feb: hearthrug weavers and learners wanted.
1910. YTD: John Beever & Sons, hearth rug manufacturers, also Huddersfield.
1924 HEW 25 Oct: Mill completely destroyed by fire. Built 1827, owned by Messer J Beever & Sons Ltd, occupied Robert Walker, woollen spinner/Marshall & Findley, commission weavers. £10-12,000 losses.
317. SYKES MILL (see Bottom Hall Mill) (Milnsbridge)
1801. LM 5 Dec: Fire.
1848. Directory Shaw & Taylor.
1854. HC 9 Sep: Shaw & Taylor. slubbers beats 8 year old part time piecer.
1856. HE 9 Aug: female falls from ladder, badly injured.
1860. HE 25 Aug: Shaw & Taylor fire in teazing room. Shoddy spontaneously combusts.
1862. HC 7;14 Jun: extensive alterations being made to Shaw & Taylor’s mill. Three men letting down iron castings from top floor. Second one being lowered chain snaps and it falls onto beam where men standing. John Balmforth falls to ground and 4cwt casting on his head. Later dies.
1866. HE 21 Apr: Shaw & Taylor. building on site of Harpin corn mill burnt down in 1839. rose of hose lost by L.&.Y. fire engine found. At time cause of dispute with Armitage Bros brigade.
318. TANFIELD MILL (Leeds Road)
1871 HEW 21 Oct: Wm. Learoyd & Sons, spinner, 54, drops dead.
- HEW 12 Apr: Wm. Learoyd & Sons give up business, machinery to be sold.
HEW 19 Jul:To be sold, new mill 93’3″x4 storey,plus attic:old mill 89’x41’3″: 2 condensing beam engines, 25hp,20hp,by R.Gledhill and R.Taylor & Sons, both mills can be worked by either engine, artesian well 132 yard deep. [ETB]
1886. HEW 3 Jul: Ditto.
1889. Edward Glendenning takes mill (see below). Moves looms from Reins mill.
1905. HEW 5 May: Edward Glendenning, (formerly of Glendenning & Beaumont, Bradley Mill [River Mill] ) fancy manufacturer, dies in Cairo.
1910. YTD: Glendenning Bros Ltd,fancy worsted, 4,000 spindles, 120 looms.
1912. HEW 30 Mar:YFT 4 Apr: Glendenning Bros, (miner’s dispute) coal acquired, 400 reemployed after mill stopped a fortnight.
319. TAYLOR HILL MILL
1802 Francis Vickerman at Wrexham cloth Hall.
1804 firm trading with Boston. [see 1938].
1812. Frank Vickerman, merchant and manufacturer, dressing shop attacked by Luddites.
1844. Ben Vickerman moves from Steps Mill partnership to Taylor Hill premises occupied by Jaggar & Drake cloth finishers.
1854 HC 11 Feb: Ben Vickerman complaint at Guidhall against Board of Surveyors of Almondbury for state of road between Kings Mill and Taylor Hill. Coal and stone shot down at sides, deep ruts, two crts can’t pass. Assistant surveyor says not bad road, but injured a little by storms John Sykes inspector of carts saidroad was pretty good. Mr Abbey requested to view road.
HC 18 Feb: Abbey’s report accepted by magistrates, Board of Surveyors fined 40s.
HC 25 Mar: Ben Vickerman summonsed by Wm Heaps, deputy surveyor, for not removing heap of ashes obstructing highway near Pump Lane. In defence says ash heap in farmyard of late Mr Vickerman, bottom below level of road where ‘on a site where, prior to the time of the Luddites, stood the farm fence.’ Used by former surveyors to repair road. Been there 14 years. Magistrates agree to visit site.
HC 1 Apr: compromise on ash problem reached.
1855 HE 12 May: Ben Vickerman, letter in support of Gospel Diffusion Society. Branch in Huddersfield since 1852
1856. HE 16 Feb: Ben Vickerman’s child (3) of employee fatally scalded by steam outflow pipe.
1857. HE 21 Feb: Ben Vickerman summons three girl weavers for leaving work without notice. Rules posted up in 1854 requiring 7 days notice. No written contract, not told about rules. He never gave weavers notice. Girls ordered to pay expenses.
1861 HC 10 Aug: Ben Vickerman’s. Complaint from residents of Stoney Lane to Moldgreen Local Board, ‘intolerable nuisance’ of refuse, gas tar etc, flowing from mill and bursting from drain into cellars ‘the stench arising from the gas tar being such as to taint the children’s breath while they slept.’ Hathorn, Ramsden’s agent had been complained to but problem ‘like everything else in connexion with the estate had been neglected.’ Vickerman also complained to but had ‘set them all at defiance’.
HC 7 Dec: Ben Vickerman charged with assault by Joses Richard Thornton, bailiff of Vicar of Almondbury. Not allowed to enter his house for dstraint of rent. Calls out several men from ‘factory adjoining’. Bailiff trying to enter after sunset. Thornton says did not go to make a distress, ‘he went merely to apply for the money which he thought he should get from a gentleman like Mr Vickerman (Laughter).’ Had five men with him. Discharged since he had used more than sufficient force to eject him from house.
1863. HC 29 Aug: tender for erection of mill and other outbuildings at Taylor Hill. James Leech architect.
1864. HC 16 Jan: Ben Vickerman, chairman of Board of Surveyors for Almondbury, cases for non-payment of high way rate. Old man , Oldfield, says too poor to pay and last year Vickerman had stopped rates from his daughter’s wages who earned 10-11 s at mill. Hisses in court against Vickerman.
1867 HC 26 Oct: Jos Vickerman m. Miss Alice Dubs of Glasgow (father owner of Locomotive Works), treat for workpeople and tenants.
1868 HC 15 Aug: B Vickerman & Sons, three good menders and knotters wanted.
1869. HC 4 Sep: Ben Vickerman OBIT.
1871. HEW 30 Dec: B.Vickerman &.Sons, broad power-loom weavers wanted, ‘man and wife can have adjoining looms.’
1873. HEW 8 Mar: Jos Vickerman sends 200 of his men to prevent distraint for rent of two cottages, bailiff and auctioneer assaulted.
1874 HEW 19 Sep: gas explosion as men clearing gasometer from change over from own gas manufacture to Corporation supply.
HEW 26 Sep: Vickerman & Sons, trip to Blackpool.
1885 HEW 14 Feb: electric arc lights introduced into in burling and mending rooms (Letter, Francis Preston AM. Inst CE and MIM, Kirkburton)
HEW 8 Aug: B Vickerman & Sons, (also Honley Mill) trip to Blackpool.
1888 HEW 26: B Vickerman & Sons Ltd. Prospectus – 1857 sales £20,000 pa, 1887- £216,070. Company valued at £154,087.1s.6d.
HEW 9. Registered as company 16 May, cloth , serge and woollen manufacturer. Capital £2000,000 in £10 shares. List of shareholders. Joseph Vickerman and James priestly directors.
- HEW 4 May: Vickerman & Sons, fuller (72) crushed by stock, dies.
HEW 21 Dec: Francis Henry Dubs Vickerman, only son, coming of age, treat for 500. Jos. Vickerman says in 40 years no serious difficulties with workpeople. He was the first to bring worsted yarn to Huddersfield to make cloth.
- HEW 8 Jul: Jos Taylor Vickerman of Fairlea, Obit (56), born Steps Mill, s of Ben Vickerman, took over father’s business along with James Priestly.
15 Jul: Funeral – pallbearers ‘were eight of the oldest workpeople in the employ of Messrs Vickerman. Mourners, son FHD Vickerman, nephews JB and F Vickerman, James Priestly JP etc. ,
- HEW 17 Feb: Vickerman’s flock dyer Fred Hay (24) drowned in dam.
1895 HEW 10 Aug: A Vickerman Priestly marriage, excursion of 650 to Blackpool, including Thongsbridge workers.
1897 HEW 20 Mar: presentation of handsome oak time piece to Tom Armitage of Berry Brow for 50 years service with firm, since Mar 1847.
1909 HEW Oct 30: James Priestly, Bankfield, obit (73), MD, B.Vickerman & Sons.
- YTD: B.Vickerman & Sons Ltd. fancy worsteds,serges, cheviots etc, also Thongsbridge, 157 looms.
1911 HExp 18 Mar: treat for 800 at Mechanics Hall, Lockwood – also Thongsbridge Mill employees.
1923 [see below]. Salver presented by directors to 25 employees with combined service of 1,111 years.
1938 HEW 2 Jul: Messrs B Vickerman to close down [photo]. Refers to B Vickerman’s move from Steps Mill.
HEW 9 Ju, 16 Jul: sold to W H & J Barber of Holmebridge.
HEW 17 Sep: Mill taken over by Czech firm, Bruck & Englesmann.
HEW 10 Dec: To begin production on 2 Jan with 40 looms.
HEW 31 Dec: Foreign takeover discussed by Chamber of Commerce.
320. TEMPLE MILLS (Lindley)
1865 HC 7 Oct: minor fire in teasing room adjoining premises. Dust tube connected to flue of chimney of John Crosland who lives next to mill, ignites.
1872 HEW 31 Aug: Firth Ellam, finishing machinery to be sold.
1873 HEW 26 Jul: Thos Walker, slubber, went into engine house to slacken throttle valve. Valve rod goes almost right through his foot.
1877 HEW 26 May: late occ.Moore & Wilson, to be sold. Lease from Wm Sykes, 1872 ‘recently been considerably improved by the late owner…’
1881 HC 20 Aug: James Brook, Paddock, struck by main strap, head injury.
- YTD: Alfred Crosland & Sons/Job Beaumont (also of Longwood)/George Taylor & Co. yarn spinners.
- YTD Lindley Spinning Co. woollen and angola yarn spinners, also commission spinners.
321. TENTERCROFT MILL (Skelmanthorpe)
1861. Established by Edwin Field (*Biog. HEW 20 Apr 1912)
1879. J.T.Field runs firm with brother C.Edwin Field. (ibid)
1886. J.T.Field introduces first power loom into Skelmanthorpe. (ibid)
1887. HED 13 June 1962: mohair first used for rugs, mats, table covers.
1903. [TW] ten handloom weavers cottages built at Sunnyside, four with part of garrett floor missing to allow handlooms.
1910. YTD: Edwin Field & Sons, skirtings, angora rugs, table covers, curtains &c, also at Ravensthorpe.
1912. 4-500 employed at Skelmanthorpe, 100 at Ravensthorpe. (*biog)
1914 HEW 28 Feb: ‘The Passing of the Handloom Weaver – Distress at Skelmanthorpe’. E Field and Sons, Tentercroft Mills advise 50 of weavers to find alternative work.
- Edwin Field & Sons mohair table covers, curtains, hearthrugs, mats.
1935 HEW 6 Apr: Chas Edwin Field obit,66. s. Edwin Field.
1938 HEW 7 Jan, 2 Apr: John Thomas field obit (71). Retires 1912. estate £200,000
322. THIRSTIN MILL (Honley)
- RD.DC:135.577. John Carter joiner, Mag Bridge, house at Thirstin/Bottoms, formerly dyehouse.
[DTJ] John Carter for ‘scribbling mill’ [first reference to one in Honley.c.f. Factory Commissioners Report.].
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Tom Hinchliffe water wheel 3hp three months of year, steam engine. 8 employed ‘has been alternately occupied and empty: it is now in a very poor condition, waiting to be made entirely over again.’
1852. HC 22 May: D.Shaw to be sold, two storey mill, water wheel 26 foot, plus dyehouse tenant James Radcliffe.
1853. HC 4 Jun: Shaw’s dam ‘in the Thirstin Valley’. – suicide, Charles Thornton, Taylor.
ibid. HE 28 May;HC 4 Jun: ‘To be let, either separately or together, two woollen mills and a dyehouse called “Thirstin Mill” and “Old Moll”, situate at Honley…the former mill is turned by a waterwheel and the latter by a steam engine.. Also to be let room and power and a quantity of broad and narrow power looms at Neiley’s factory…’ Applications, James Shaw , Market Walk, Huddersfield.
1858 HC 24 Apr: to be sold Thurston [sic] Mill (along with Old Moll Mill). Two St. x33x10yards, ‘of recent construction’, good water wheel and small steam engine. Excellent reservoir fed by spring. Land between two mills includes Brearley quarry.
- HC 22 Jan: Inmate of workhouse drowns herself in mill dam.
HE 29 Oct: to be sold.
- HC 24 May: Philemon Armitage. To be sold 4 horse high pressure steam engine, 2 scribblers and ‘700lbs of scribbled alpaca extracts’. etc.
1864 HC 8 Oct: Thomas Shaw & Co., Wright Taylor, slubber charged with neglect of work. Learoyd, his counsel even recommends that he return and work out notice.
- HC 2 Feb: Deed of assignment, 11 July 1866, Thomas Shaw , Berry Brow, linen draper and woollen manufacturer, Elliott Hirst, Berry brow, woollen manufacturer, manufacturers and yarn spinners, Thirstin Mill.
HC 27 Apr: Tom Shaw & Elliott Hirst dissolution of partnership
- HC 20 Aug: Dearnley & Denham, manufacturers, fire in barn short distance from mill where shoddy and waste stored. Neighbours help get horse and gearing etc out.
HE 24 Sep: finishing machinery to be sold, committee of inspection into affairs of George France.
1871 Census: Well Hill Josiah France, 39, woollen cloth manufacturer, 160 hands.
HC 24 Nov: ‘Wanted, a thoroughly practical man to take the management of sizing, beaming and putting up of woollen warps – Apply, Denham, Dearnley & Co, Thirstin Mills, Honley.’
- HC 9 Mar: ‘To Be Sold, the Mill and premises, adjoining, lately in the occupation of Benjamin France and Sons, situate in Thirstin , in Honley – Apply to Mr Charles France, Thirstin, Honley.’
HEW 8 Jun: machinery to be sold. 17 Jun, finishing machinery. 29 Jun, occupied Ben France & Sons. 6 Jul: Six hp engine, and boiler by Taylor & Sons, 1869.
HEW 6 Sep: Ben France, Well Hill, obit, Congregational Sunday school teacher, young women’s improvement class, sec. reform Association. ‘Towards the close of his life he suffered extremely, but bore it with patience…’ Is this Josiah’s brother, living with him in 1871 census, age 41, ‘formerly cloth manufacturer’.
1874. HC 14 Feb: tenders for engine house and entrance gateway.
1878 HEW 5 Jan: Dearnley, Drury & Co. fancy woollen manufacturers, gave notice that weaving of worsted warps reduced 1d per string and another 1d off two beam warps. Paying on Holmfirth statement adopted after strike. Dearnley refuses compromise and 55 weavers strike on Thursday. Friday he accepts their terms. About 25 looms weaving two beam warps.
- HEW 30 Aug: Dearnley, Drury & Co. plans for new offices.
- Directory: Dearnley, Drury & Co.
1883 HEW 15 Dec: plans for new engine room passed by Local Board.
1884 HEW 8 Nov: mill dam in danger of being polluted by sewage from Wright Littlewood’s sizing, boiling and tripe works. Discussed at Local Board.
1885 HEW 31 Jan: Dearnley, Drury & Co. treat for 250 at Thirstin Mill.
- YFT 19 Jul: very busy.
- HEW 23 May: H.H. Eastwood, coming of age, presentation of marble timepiece and dressing case by Mr H. Milnes on behalf of workpeople.
HEW 4 Jul: Trip to Blackpool
- HEW 23 Feb: Eastwood Bros. &. Co. trade effluent dispute with Honley UDC. Effluent discharged into Mag Brook since 1853 until connected to sewer in 1886. UDC now claim can’t deal with it. Appeal by UDC fails.
- HEW 1 Nov: Eastwood Bros, tender for erection of weaving shed. Stables and cart shed required for extension, horses and carts to be sold. Eastwood purchases land from Honley UDC behind Thirstin Well. £50 asked after heated discussion. 8 Nov: letter from Eastwood to UDC. Price extortionate. 29 Nov: letter to UDC re. dispute with Honley and South Crosland joint sewage committee re. cutting up of his land to lay pipes. UDC chairman’s reply.
1908 HEW 25 Jan: David Garside, 19, Bankbottom, Netherton, compensation case.
- YTD: Eastwood Bros, Ltd. 3,300 spindles, 60 looms.
- HEW, W. 9 Mar: Eastwood Bros Ltd, all but 20 of 200 workers laid off due to coal strike.
1912 HEW 14 Feb: Eastwood Bros. Mill party, Coop Hall , Berry Brow, c. 220. JH Craven, one of directors presents prises for step dancing.
1918 HEW 26 Jan: weavers hold dance in National School in aid for the gift fund for the ‘boys’ formerly employed at mills. £8.10s raised.
323. THONGSBRIDGE MILLS
1777. PR, Almondbury, burials, Hannah wife of John Cooks of Thongsbridge Mill. (c.f. Mill on Jeffries map).
1795. LM 13 Feb: Corn and fulling mill to be sold.
1802. [DTJ.193] Insurance, Earnshaw, Walker, Ainley & Woodhead ‘scribblers for themselves and in trust’. Lower Mill.
Ditto. Insurance ‘Cookes Mill’, Springbottom.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Jos Robinson 24 employees, water wheel, steam engine 7hp.
1842. General strike – three mills closed.
1848. Directory: George Robinson/Jos Mellor & Sons/ Hallas & Co.
LI 18 Nov: Mellor accident.
1851. HC 13 Dec: distress for rates.
1851. CENSUS: Godfrey Mellor employs 40 men, 5 women and 6 children.
1852. HC 7 Feb: Flood. Robinson mill abuts onto river, scribbling mill a short distance away with single storey fulling mill in between. Two thirds of latter washed away and stocks very damaged. Mortgagees benefiting. Money donated to relief sufferers of flood £7,000 advance by relief committee to repair Bilberry reservoir.
HE 26 Jun: Mellor Offence against Factory Act.
1853. HC 29 Oct: Tom Mellors steam engine 6hp.
HC 18 Jun: George Robinson letter complaining about Holme Reservoirs Bill. Mill water power 40 hp, water rates £72.13s.0 ½ d. Under bill will be £130.5.s.
HC 25 Jun: George Robinson, Commissioner of the Holme reservoirs, calls meeting at Elephant & Castle, 27 June, to discuss bill.
House of Commons, 20 June: Cobden presents petition against Holme reservoirs Bill signed by 1200 inhabitants of Holmfirth and one signed by 6 owner and 14 occupiers of mills against passing of bill. Petition refers to flood, loss of 83 lives and £120.000 damage. Against £7,000 being spent by relief committee on repairing reservoir. Almost every manufacturer had steam engine – rated for water whether they used it or not. Lord Goderich sys he had number of communications in favour of the Bill.
HC 30 Jul: George Robinson, letter re surgeons examinations to ascertain age of child employees. Birth certificate should be used instead.
- HC 27 Jan: John Mellor of Godfrey Mellor & Sons, summons for wages case by John Woodhouse , weaver. Says warp was delivered out to him but no pattern. Defence says he wove it to wrong pattern. Adjourned until books produced.
HE 10 Nov: ‘Alma Mill’ opened.
1856. HE,HC 31 May: George Greenwood throttles boy, J W Bower, feeder of rag machine and throws his father James in washer and pushed him down with broom, in row over feeding rag machine in way would ‘have t’hoile a fire’. Room rented from Geo Robinson’. Fine and expenses.
1858. HE 13 Feb: Mellors accident.
HE 9 Oct, HC 9 Oct: Fire, J.Mellors & Sons ‘Alma Mill’.
HC 30 Oct: Geo.Robinson fire in stove.
HC 4 Dec: Godfrey Mellor buys Isaac Beardsell’s Hagg House estate by private contract so withdrawn from sale.
- HE 22 Jan: Godfrey Mellor’s boiler house fire.
HC 31 Dec: George Robinson, Thongsbridge House, death and funeral. His prominence in local community and politics.
- HC 25 Feb; HC 3 – 24,Mar; HE 24 Mar: Godfrey Mellor strike of weavers against posting of notices demanding two weeks notice and against paying themselves for pieces knotting.
Joseph Hudson, Henry Lawson, Joshua Woodhead committed sessions for refusing to complete work. Mellor asks other weavers to finish warps to avoid litigation. They send the three convicted men, who he can’t take on while case pending.
Magistrates Court, 20 Mar, 12 cases. Weavers represented by Roberts of Manchester ‘The miners’attorney general’. John Brooke asks if he has any objection to the magisatrates, (himself, T P Crosland and S Haigh) as manufacturers, hearing the case. Roberts says he does not doubt their impartiality but can’t say what the men’s opinion on it is. Two hour hearing. Magistrates recommend that men finish work and master withdraws cause for complaint and convictions of three men be overturned. Cheering for Roberts.
HE 19 May: Tom Mellor, theft.
HC 19 May: Joshua Robinson, deceased, sale of estate including fulling and scribbling mill, dyehouse etc. Adjoining turnpike road and frontage to both road and river.
- HC 5 Jan: Jos Mellor & Sons treat for 90 female hands at Royal Oak, along with George Greenwood’s (cloth finisher) female brushers.
HE 28 Dec: tenders for erection of woollen mill, Kirk architect.
1862. HC 5 Apr: Tom Mellor, treat.
1863. HC 25 May: Godfrey Mellor on new Netherthong Local Board .
1865 HC 18 Feb: Thomas Mellor & Sons, wanted ‘a steady experienced miller accustomed to fancy goods. Character indispensable.’
- HC 3 Mar: Thomas Mellor opposes new road from Netherthong to Bridge Mills at inquiry. Says he is largest ratepayer in township and member of local board since formation in 1862. 62 occupiers and millowners who paid rates would derive no benefit from it.
HC 10 Mar: Godfrey Mellor’s. Weaver Alfred Castle 19 hangs himself at mother’s house Wooldale Town End. Told her ‘his loom would kill him’ Ben Booth tuner says nothing wrong with deceased who had only been there a week or two. Asked for pickers for his loom and Booth told him he would attend to it at dinner time. Deceased went home at noon and never returned.
HC 9 Jul: Thomas Mellor’s only son Charles Alfred, marries Alice Jane Marsden of Mirfield. Mill and residence decorated with flags. Treat at Royal Oak.
HC 10 Nov: Thomas Mellor, daughter married to Mr Buchanan, London merchant, treat at Royal oak.
HC 31 Mar: Jos Mellor & Sons, employing under 16s/13s without certificates.
- HC 23 Feb: Tom Mellor & Sons, Jos Wimpenny, firer up, assaulted by cart driver because coals not cleared so he can shoot into fire place. Holds him near fire door and burns his arm.
HC 9 Jun: fire engine.
1867 Thomas Mellor, Waterwheel sabotaged with piece of timber. £20 reward offered by Holmfirth Prosecution Society.
1868 HE 2 May: Mellor, cloth theft. John Wormald, cloth presser, Thongsbridge, committed for trial.
HE 20 Jun: Fire in shoddy.
10 Jul: More sabotage – gas tar poured into filtering reservoir – £10 reward offered. (HExp 3 Sep 1955)
- HEW 12 Aug: Tenders to builder for erection of woollen mill, wheel race and pentrough at Thongsbridge, John Kirk & Sons , architect.
HEW 21 Sep: Mellor fire.
HEW 19 Oct: Mellor engine tenter and blacksmith wanted.
HC 18 Nov: T Mellor & Son, fire in stove.
HC 24 Nov: T Mellor & Son, ‘Wanted, a First Class Scribbling Engineer. To a man of experience and ability a liberal salary will be given.’
1872 HEW 14 Sep: Jos Mellor & Sons, agree to weavers statement. End of great Holmfirth weavers strike.
- HEW 6 Feb: machinery to be sold, mill leased for a different purpose.
HEW 1 May: tender for new mill, architect Newton and Evins.
HEW 30 Oct: Dispute over contract to build mill. Newton & Evins architects, Edward Wadsworth, Paul Coodwell, Alfred Gill, Underbank, contractors. £1,487 cost of building. Stipulated window sills, heads and binders to be from Carvell Quarry stone.
1877 HEW 26 May: CA Mellor of Thos Mellor & Sons gives land for mission church on slope above mills near railway. Services conducted for last 6 months in warehouse of mill. About 400 persons in Thongsbridge, nearest church Netherthong. Church designed by Barber of Halifax. Corner stone laid. Wm Aspinall, New Mill, mason, H Holroyd, Honley, joiner. £1,000 to £1,200.
1880. HEW 7 Aug:Thos.Mellor deceased, sold by court order, case Mellor.v.Taylor. Three Mills. .45hp Pollit & Wigzell engine, iron WW 30 ft di. x. 15 ft.
1883. HEW 11 Aug: To be let. dyeing and fulling.
1886. HEW 6 Feb: Jos Mellor & Sons marriage presentation.
1887. HEW 9 Jul:Thos. Mellor deceased, pursuant to orders of chancery division of high court’ Mellor v. Taylor.to be sold, main mill 4 storeys and atticx64x15 yards with external staircase and fitted with closets: boiler house with two drying stoves over with iron perforated floors, 46’6″x20’2″: octagonal chimney 40 yards high. Spinning mill 4 storeys high with 814 square yards within, room one storey 814 yards square: fulling mill two storeys and attic, tentering machine room, dyehouse, warehouse and blacksmiths shop with office.
1890. HEW 1 Mar: Boothroyd Wimpenny, bankrupt, partnership with Wm. Eastwood dissolved 1888.
1891.HEW 25 Apr: Geo.Batley’s bone boiling works, nuisance, makes cotton size.
1892. HEW 3 Sep: Jms Batley bone boiling and manure makers, trade nuisance.
1904. HEW 29 Oct: Thongsbridge Mills to be sold, on Woodhead Road, 5 storey x 55’ x 20’6”, 4 storey x 48’x 24’6”, Messrs Thornton & Co, John Woodhead.
1910. YTD: Thongsbridge Mills Spinning Co. , 7 sets of carding machines.
YTD: B. Vickerman & Sons, 5,000 spindles, 28 looms.
1911 HExp 18 Mar: treat for 800 employees of Thongsbridge and Taylor Hill Mills at Mechanics Hall, Lockwood.
324. TITANIC MILL (Linthwaite)
1911 CVG 27 Jan: Beaufort Mill chimney felled, ‘a large mill is being erected on the site for the Colne Valley Spinning Company. The new chimney will be about 60 yards high and will be erected within about two yards of the site of the old one.’ Contractors, J. Wimpenny & Co. Linthwaite.
- W 10 Feb: during building 40 iron pillars on the ground floor fill with water and are cracked by frost.
Lockwood. P22. CV Spinning Co. Founded by J E Crowther. Floor space 22,691 sq yds.
1914. YFT 8 Jan: Colne Valley Spinning Co (Linthwaite) strike of 20 spinners: not in union: but join: bad mterials : only average 8-9s a week after paying piecers. All dismissed and new hands advertised for.
W. 17 Jan: fund raising. Locked out new year’s eve.
1915. YTD : Colne Valley Spinning Co. 21,000 spindles.
325. TOWER MILL (Turnbridge)
- HC 23 Nov: John Mills Hassall, bankrupt. Newly erected mill near Turnbridge. In course of erection on property belonging to Edward Lake Hesp. (Different notice). ‘partly built mill…adjoining Mr Read Holiday’s works near the Turnbridge, Quay Street…’ Apply Geo. Pollard , mason, Chapel Hill.
1873. HEW 22 Feb: J.M.Hassell, room and power.
HEW 13 Sep: J.M.Hassell, in liqudation. Finishing machinery to be sold.
HEW 4 Oct: To be sold 20hp horizontal steam engine, by Taylor, recent manufacture, Butterworth Galloway tube boiler.
1874. HEW 14 Feb: Finishing mill. 28 Mar: mill sold, machinery for sale.
1878. HEW 13 Apr: T.Whitehead & Co. Henry Broadbent, feeder and fettler (33) killed in shaft accident.
1897 HEW 11 Dec: Laycock & Co. fire in fearnought in bottom room
1905 HEW 18 Nov: A.Laycock & Sons, Percy Laycock’s marriage presentation.
- YTD: A.Laycock & Sons, fancy woollen, 3,100 spindles, 40 looms.
HEW 10 Dec: Alfred Laycock & Sons, fire in two storey building boiler house/carding room. £.2,000 damage. Three floors of main mill also damaged.
1914 HDC 22 Jul: Laycock & Sons, woollen manufacturers, fire. Put ou before engine Ladas and 10 firemen under Insp. Wharf arrive.
326. TOWN LANE MILL (Leeds Road)
1873 HEW 3 May: James Learoyd & Sons, scrib, card, slub machinery to be sold to make way for other.
1878 HEW 6 Apr: James Learoyd & Sons. treat in mill, coming of age of A Ernest Learoyd.
1887 HEW 9 Apr: James Learoyd & Sons, fatal accident to 22 year old beamer – cleaning skylight in weaving shed stands on loom and clothes become caught in shaft.
- HEW 14 Feb: James Learoyd & Sons, bankrupt, liabilities £68,926, assetts £26,634.
HEW 30 Oct: to be sold.
1892 HEW 26 Mar: machinery to be sold. 2 Apr: Mill to be sold – 5 storey, Learoyd St, weaving shed, etc, beam engine 40hp by Robert Gledhill.
1895 HEW 15: To be sold.
- HEW 20 Oct: to be sold, Learoyd, 5 storey mill by 107 by 40 feet. Two Horsefield boilers and 40 hp. Gledhill beam engine.
- HEW 5 Mar: C.W.Learoyd obituary, son of James Learoyd, high class plain and fancy woollen manufacturer.
My great great grandad was called Daniel Hirst and he worked at Learoyd & Son until 1877. He was a power loom overlooker and in 1877 he was presented with a silver snuffbox by the broad loom workers. On October 12 1891 he was presented with a gold medallion and chain by the tuners and weavers at Town Lane Mills, ‘ as a mark of esteem.’ Is that still Learoyds but a new mill ?
I have been told that either he, or his son, John Willie were sacked or demoted for standing up for workers rights. John Willie ( I’m proud to say) was a socialist and an atheist. He was also a power loom overlooker.
Sue Naylor ne Hirst
327. TRAFALGAR MILLS (Leeds Road)
- Built *1899 HEW 26 Aug: (referred to when Robert Dugdale of One Ash, pub applies for license at Brewster Sessions.)
700 employed. 48 houses built sincewithin a quarter mile radius
1898 HEW 18 Jun: ‘Messrs Learoyd & Co.’ failing to fence machinery. Weaver Florence Ellis blinded by shuttle flying out. £130 compensation paid. Firm fined 10s.
1899 HEW 8 Jul: Technical College Textile students visit, JH Fearnley company sec. shows them round. ‘exceptional orderliness and neatness’ of mill.
- HEW 8 Jul: trip to Scarborough – women subscribe weekly towards trip plus support from employer.
HEW 2 Sep: Learoyd Bros. & Co. christening of engine by Miss Elizabeth Stephenson, weaver, female longest in employ of firm. A.E.Learoyd officiates – mill built 9 years ago, now need for a more powerful engine. Also by Wigzell & Pollit, double capacity of old one. Miss Stephenson throws glass of champagne on engine crank. ‘ I have much pleasure in naming this engine Elizabeth.’ Steam turned on.
HEW 23 Dec: F.Learoyd, woollen and worsted manufacturer, witness to Chamberlain Tariff Commission. US trade ‘practically disappeared’ due to US tariff.
- YTD: Learoyd Bros & Co, Ltd, fancy worsted trouserings, suitings and coatings, serges, etc, 280 looms.
1913 Mr John Crosby Ingledew, director. Started as junior, (obit HED 12 Nov 1948)
1918 HEW 1 June: Learoyd Bros & Co, visit by King and queen. AE Learoyd and Frank Learoyd joint MDs. Erected 1896 ‘admirably arranged’, Walter Crawshaw head of scouring and milling dept shakes hands with King. H Firth head of finishing dept. King remarks on large number of pieces of khaki being finished. Meet workers from other depts including foremen.
1919. Learoyd Bros & Co.
1920. Huddersfield Fine worsteds Ltd (see Ingledew obit)
1948. HED 12 Nov: John Crosby Ingledew obit, Birkby, 82, joined Learoyd Bros & Co as junior and remained 60 years. 1913 became a director.
328. TURNBRIDGE MILL (Quay Street)
1853 HE 9 Jul: Richard Barker & Ben Hanson, woollen machinery sale. (Also Granville Mills, 24 Sep: Partnership dissolved ‘through the effluxion of time.’). Sale on 5th floor of fireproof mill.
- HC 13 Jan: treat for 60 at Kaye Arms, Quay St.
HE 24 Oct: Ogden cotton warp manufacturer, fire in mule room, boy lighting gas throws match down, strap boxes ignite, considerable damage to machinery, floor above fireproof saved. Mill owned by Armitage & Kaye.
HE ,HC 24 Nov: J.&.A.Ogden cotton manufacturer,fire in fifth storey when boy lighting gas drops match. Steam pipe broken to dowse flames. L&Y Brigade soon on spot. Fire proof rooms. Notice from A and J Ogden thanking Divine Providence and exertions of public in saving mill.
HC 8 Dec: Ogdens write disputing reported cause of fire being discarded match. ‘A piecer fetched the lighting lamp from another mule gate and going along his own mule gate he stumbled over a carriage wheel slip which is fixed to the floor. In the fall he broke the horn light in front of the lamp and the balze coming in contact with the loose waste inside the mule carriage it set the spindle strings on fire – the most dangerous place a fire could possible commence in a spinning room, from the difficulty of getting to it.’ Ed. of HC says match story came from one of firemen.
1856 HC 26 Apr: Shaw & Halstead, dissolution of partnership, scribbling machinery etc to be sold.
1857 HC 25 Jan: Ogden, 4th floor room, cotton blowing machine fire. Soon extinguished.
HE 23 May: Kaye & Armitage owners, occupied Messrs Ogden, fire in one storey store room near canal. Large quantity of cotton burned or damaged.
1858 HC 12 Jun: Ogden’s, young man called Priestly, arm caught in pulley. Machine stopped and he falls and bangs head against roving machine. Taken home but injuries found to be slight !
HC 30 Oct: John Sykes & Sons,, ‘had machinery’ at Turnbridge Mill. Philemon Sykes of firm charges Jos Watkinson, a juvenile, with stealing 16lb of brass worth 10s. Defendant came to mill a fortnight ago to learn a piece. Since then a number of brass castings disappeared. Bought by William Hirst. Magistrate, J Armitage suggests he is prosecuted for receiving. Watkinson 3 months in House of Correction.
- HC 12 Feb: A & J Ogden, cotton spinner of Turnbridge Mills and Folly hall, treat for 200 ‘in one of the large and spacious rooms of the new mill lately built by Mr Armitage, ironfounder, Turnbridge , which was kindly lent for the occasion.’
HC 6 Aug : Armitage sixth storey occupied by John Schofield & Son accident to youth (17) usually piecer, takes charge of father’s mule when latter ill. Standing on mule to put strap on drum, badly injured by shaft.
- HC 28 Jul: John Ogden ‘Quay Street Mill’, cotton in mixing room ignites. Ten year old boy feeds it up pipe into adjoining room by ‘exhausting fan’. £400 damage.
1861 HC 13 Apr: End of chancery suit by mutual concession. Treat for 200 workpeople in Philosophical Hall. Thos H Broadbent, accountant engaged in dispute says hopte that works would now resume.
Legal Notice. Machinery and effects at mill, formerly property of Adam and John Ogden, Cotton Spinners and Doublers, now sole property of John Ogden.
HC 7 Jul: John Ogden, cotton mill, Thomas Bedford, 10, piecer, attending pair of mules, did not turn round fast enough for one advancing behind and back lacerated by quadrant wheel cogs. Dies from injuries and lock-jaw. One of mill witnesses says machinery too close together and not boxed off. Coroner ‘adverted in strong language’ that blame with victim’s want of precaution, no neglect, overseers usually to blame not masters. Jury find after some deliberation that death accidental but that coroner write to Ogden advising quadrant wheels be boxed.
HC 7 Dec: John Ogden charged by his manager for £3 wages owing. Given a fortnight notice to leave. Ogden says should not pay him for that and also he occupied a cottage on which he owed rent £7.10s a year. Ogden ordered to pay.
1863 HC 14 Nov: cotton famine, failure of Ogdens, local distress committee administers relief fund raised by subscription. Mr Hastings questions level of distress, since shortage of cotton winders. Refuted by others. Mjr Crossland, in chair, says it would be unfair if ‘poor silk hands’ made unemployed by Monk failure, should be excluded from relief. Resolved to refer poor to Guardians not pay out relief.
- HE 9 Apr,11 Jun: John Ogden, distress for rent and Monk case, cotton machinery to be sold ‘so much thereof as is necessary to payrent and expenses…’.
HC 17 Dec: To be let with immediate possession, five rooms in fire proof mill, Quay Street, lofty and well lighted, either let together or separately. ‘with steady turning power from one fo the largest steam engines in the district.’ Richard Armitage, Turnbridge Ironworks.
1866 HC 17 Mar: George Mitchell assignees, cotton machinery and effects to be sold.
1868 HE 8 Aug: R & W Hirst, cotton spinners fire. ‘The mill is a large structure and, fortunately is built on the fireproof principle. There is a cistern at the top of the mill and on each of the landings is a pipe connecting with the reservoir on the roof from which a supply of water can be obtained…’ Liverpool and London & Globe Insurance fire brigade and Improvement Commissioners’ brigade attend. Cotton destroyed but no damage to building.
1869 HE 28 Aug: Hirst, cotton spinners, fire in jenny on sixth floor, fire engine plays water on for a hour.
1871 HC 1 Jul: tenders for cotton mill, warehouse, scotching room, boiler house, engine house and chimney at Turnbridge. John Kirk & Sons architect.
HC 23 Sep: new factory John Jones , labourer, 45, employed by Ben Graham contractor breaks thigh in fall wheeling barrow.
- HEW 27 Jun: Hirst Bros cotton spinners,accident.
HC 29 Jun: Hirst Bros. cotton spinner, Hannah Hirst, 14, hand crushed.
HEW 13 Jul: Reuben Hirst, new mill being built, Patrick O’Neil, Manchester St, labourer falls from 5th storey. Dies from injuries.
- HEW 31 May: Hirst Bros new cotton mill, Abraham Graham & Sons, contractor: Wm.Sykes, Folly Hall, joiner: Ephraim Longbottom, plasterer: Tomlinson & Rowe, Chapel Hill, fireproof work: new immense beam engine built by Robert Gledhill, Bradley Mills, largest in Huddersfield, 48 in cylinder, 7 foot stroke, 29 strokes a minute, ‘The Templar’ 500-600hp. Boilers by Richard Pollitt of Bolton. Formerly machinery on premises driven by engine at Richard Armitage’s mill.
- HEW 28 Feb: Turnbridge, John Sykes & Sons, machinists, large new mill. Bottom room, Bowker, teasing machines friction fire. Fireproof room, £80-100 damage.
HEW 13 Jun: Henry Hirst Jun & Co. letter re Chamber of Commerce deputation to Home Sec, Re: Fact Act amendment bill.
1875 HEW 26 Jun: Fire in mill owned by John Sykes & Sons, teasing room of JD Woodhead & Bros, Sheepridge, woollen cord manufacturers. Sgt Holt attend with hand cart.
1877 HEW 26 May: Ben Jessop, yarn spinner, fire in teasing room. Cotton ignites, little damage.
- HEW 9 Mar: H&G Peace, power looms to be sold.
HEW 19 Oct: ‘Canal Mill’, William Bowker bankrupt. (son of John Bowker who failed in 1875). Roger Houghton & Son owned some of machinery in mill. Sold to Bowker for £800, £470.6.3d. due. Houghton puts notice on machinery in mill stating he owns it.
1879 HEW 16 Aug: R & W Hirst, woman, 20, caught by hair in strap, fractured skull.
- HEW 17 Jul: R & W Hirst, ground floor flooded in thunderstorm.
HEW 9 Oct: Canal Mill, JD Woodhead & Bro., machinery to be sold.
1881 HC 16 Jul: Canal Mill, Chas. W Cookson, distraint for rent, woollen machinery to be sold.
1883 HEW 1 Sep: Henry Hirst Jnr, Angola yarn spinner, bankrupt. Scribbling, carding, spinning machinery to be sold.
1885 HEW 27 Jun: R & W Hirst, Reduction of cotton twiners wages – strike affects several firms.
- HEW 30 Aug: to be sold, between Dock St, Quay St and Canal, 6 storey woollen mill occupied J.Kaye & Co/ Read Holliday & Sons/Shaw & Co./Sam Wood/et.al.: 7 storey, 38 by 18 yards, fireproof, flagged floors, frontage to quay street, connected by gangway to third storey of woollen mill 80hp beam engine, 26 foot flywheel 50 yard octagonal chinmey, 6 foot draught, 3 storey willying room and 2 storey warehouse.
HEW 20 Sep: bids commence at £4,000, withdrawn from sale at £5,800.
- HEW 21 Feb: et seq. Wm Hirst & Son, cotton twiners strike.
HEW 21 Mar: to be sold, (as 1890)
- HEW 5 Mar: Wm. Shaw, bankrupt, machinery and stock to be sold.
HEW 26 Mar: Wm. Shaw court case, brother and he commenced 25 years ago. Insolvent 15 months ago, £6408 liabilities, could not say how it arose. he and son only took 30s. week out of business.
1894 HEW 4 Aug: Shaw Bros & Co. Mary Shaw, single woman, 106 Gledholt Bank, woollen manufacturer bankrupt. Father and brother failed in 1892, she carried business on but father manged it.
- HEW 21 Feb: machinery to be sold. 26 Apr: JC Wood & Co. worsted machinery and effects to be sold under distraint for rent.
1900 YFT 10 Aug: Hirst & Sons cotton mill piecers’ strike.
1901 HEW 12 Jan: Haigh & Brierley, cotton spinners, Quay St, fire on overheated drive shaft on 5th storey. Grease in casng ignites.
- HEW 6 Sep: Tom Balmforth, rag and waste puller, bottom room occupier, fire in shoddy. Wm Hirst’s workers help extinguish fire. c £ 300 damage.
- HEW 19 Nov: W.Hirst & Sons, 5th storey, spinning frame fire, £1-2000 damage. ‘The mill is about eleven or twelve windows long, six or seven stories in height with basement and six windows wide. It is fireproof and it was fortunate that the firemen and workpeople were able to confine the fire to the machine and room in which it broke out.’
- YTD: John L Brierley, The fancy cotton spinners, Ltd, cop, hank, warp or bobbin, 15,000 spindles./ Wm. Hirst & Son, cotton spinners, doublers and warpers, 40,500 spindles.
HEW 24 Dec: Wm Hirst & Son, cotton spinners and doublers. Fire in ground floor of mill four storeys x 10 windows. Hose attached to corporation main in mill yard. Corp fire engine from Princess St also attends. Eight hoses at work..
1912 HEW 7 Dec: Wm Hirst & Sons, cotton spinners & doublers, fire arising fom friction from broken band drum in mule, on fourth storey of six storey building. Alongside canal and timber yard of T Holm & Sons. Phyliss attends. ‘The mill in which the fire occurred is the main building of three which are situate at the bottom of Quay St’. 100 people evacuated. Extensive damage.
1918 W 9 Mar: Brierley’s, fire. 200 employees.
- UNDERBANK MILL/Sandford’s Mill (Holmfirth)
see RCHM. K.22
- LT 27 Jul: Roebuck & Sandford theft of 39lbs of black dyed wool by James Sykes of Linthwaite, waste dealer, who had contract to take all ‘devil’s dust’ from mill.
1852 HC 3 Apr: owner declining business, machinery to besold.
1855. HC 28 Apr: Joseph Woodhead adjusting a strap clothes cauht in wheel , whirled round and badly injured.
1860. HC 21 Jan: Abel Cuttell , treat at Masons’ Arms . Underbank for 40.
HC 4 Feb: Abel Cuttell chairs meeting at Elephant & Castle. Unity Fire Engine now bought for Holmfirth.
HC 24 Nov: John Ellis, weaver, leaves work unfinished in his loom to go elsewhere, Cuttell brings charge saying he does not wish to be vindictive, only to show weavers they could not do such things with impunity. No fine, only 8s expenses.
- HC 8 Jun: HC,HE 15 Jun, HC 22 Jun: G.Thewlis & Sons, weavers’ strike for over 16 weeks, placards posted on walls, say they have been out since February, against wage reductions. Bilcliff a blackleg weaver followed home by hundreds mainly women hooting him, weavers’ committee disassociates itself .
Ben Lockwood, weaver, charged by Abel Thewlis for leaving work without notice. Lockwood says ‘a kind of “strike “ was on foot amongst the weavers’ and when he took work didn’t know they were still out. Feared getting branded as a blacksheep. Given choice of month on treadmill or going back to work has salutary effect. Three other weavers also summonsed agree to go back.
HC 21 Sep: Three strikers convicted for intimidating workmen released from Wakefield. Met at station by friends and temperance band. Procession marches through streets, Meeting of Weavers’ Association at White Hart to welcome them back.
1875 HEW 6 Nov: Abel Cuttell, obit, ‘Cuttell’s mill at Underbank was one of the first at which the manufacturers began the finishing of their own cloth and it was there also that the first condenser (set up be a man who came from America) was introduced.’
1882. HEW 8 Jul: William Sandford To be sold, mill 4 storeys,78×33 feet, with attic and basement. Old mill 4 storeysx78x33 feet, warehouse 3 storeys, beam steam engine,19″ cylinder,4 foot stroke, boiler with Galloway tubes.
1888. HEW 30 Jun: ‘Sandford’s Mill’ accident 17 year old boys arm ripped of by strap. Nephew of labourer George Beaumont of Choppards killed a few weeks ago at Home Styes reservoir.
1892. YFT 8 Jul, reduction per piece proposed.
1910. YTD: Wm. Sandford & Son, fancy, 1400 spindles, 22 looms.
1922 HEW 29 Jul: Jonathan Sandford obit, of Wm Sandford & Son, established 1854.
- UNION MILL (Milnsbridge)
- HEW 2 Oct: G.Dyson Bros, would have built mill at Lindley but built mill by canal on understanding could take water from it. 18 months ago informed that Canal Company not empowered to supply it.
1883 HEW 7 Jul:E.&.G.Dyson Bros, To be let/sold, plus 17 sets of scribblers/condensors.:HEW 1 Dec: To be sold, including machinery.
Law Heppenstall Jnr moves to Union Mill, as dyer and metal bobbin manufacturer in premises rented from H Dyson. ( Bankruptcy.1885 HEW 20 Jun)
1884 HEW 5 Apr: Henry Dyson, machinery to be sold.
Mill purchased by Crowthers (1905 Obit). Start with 14 carders and 60 looms. (Lockwood p19).
HEW 22 Nov: Ben Eastwood, Jnr, leaving firm of Jn Crowther & Sons, to form Eastwood Bros. J E Crowther presides after repast, presentation of testimonial.
1885 HEW 20 Jun: John Crowther & Sons, summons for wages in lieu of notice by Willie Kinder of Paddock Brow – accused of making too much steam.
HEW 4 Dec. Treat, marriage of John Edward Crowther.
- HED 21 Jan: John Crowther & Sons treat and presentation. John Haigh, 19 years service leaves to become manager of George Haigh & Sons, Slaithwaite.[Jn Crowther also Spring Mill]
HEW 4 Sep: John Edward Crowther, Jnr partner, marriage and presentation.
- HEW 26 May: John Crowther & Sons fire in top room caused by friction of carder. Fireproof mill. Good supply of water in buckets on landings.
1900 YFT 11 may: new shed.
- HEW 31 May: Crowthers, portion of engine several tons heavy moved to Longwood goods station. Waggon overturns and horse has to be put down.
HEW 20 Sep: John Crowther & Sons, mason building gable end of engine house falls to death. ‘Put log’ of scaffolding gives way.
- HEW 17 Jun: Jos. Crowther obit. Killed in motor car crash. Head of firm John Crowther & Sons along with his own son D.Stoner Crowther. Also numerous other directorships.
1908 W 26 Dec: workers’ grievances.
- W 1 Jan: Crowthers’ warpers dispute, work transferred to ‘adjoining’ Stanley Mill.
- YTD: John Crowther & Sons, fancy woollens, 10,000 spindles, 200 looms.
- YTD: 380 looms.
W 15 Jul: fatal accident .
1931 24 Jun: (HED 5 Jan 1949) Jn Crowther & Sons. Stoner Crowther has ‘Speed suit’ made after challenge by Sir Malcolm Campbelll for UK manufacturer to beat US record of 6 hr 28 min. 10.30 am seven shearers from Derbyshire begin shearing 12 Kent sheep. 12.00 cloth finished, tailors make suit in 39 minutes. Worn by trade union leader Arthur Shaw. Lady Campbell one of scrutineers. 12 sheep slaughtered due to foot and mouth regulations.
1939 HEW 20 May: Jn Crowther & Sons, Chas Sykes, chairman of Directors, joined panel on Textile & Clothing Production formed by Sir Fred Marquis, Hon advisor to War Office. Born at Spa green, Lepton, now of Woking, started work aged 12, with account. Later traveller for Crowthers’. In 1917 with group of exports formed by Lord George. organising cloth supplies.
- UPPER MILL (Paddock)
- HEW 18 Oct: Fielding & Booth machinery To be sold.
- UPPER MILL (Slaithwaite)
1805. Dartmouth Terrier.’New Mill’. Shaw & Haigh took an old fulling mill proposing to build large cotton mill on Varley and Armitage land . rent £230
1828. Dartmouth Terrier. fulling mill 13×13 yards. fall 23 feet. Scribbling, carding and fulling mill, 30×13 yards x 5 floors, 23 feet fall, built about 23 years. same covenant as Shaw Carr Lease but insurance £1500. Water enough for all year round ‘considerable sums of money’ expended on it.
1850s John Taylor began work as billy piecer at Upper Mill then occupied by David Haigh. His mother used to carry him on back to Canal Bridge then he walked up tow path. Took 4lbs of meal on Monday morning and got milk from Charles Beaumont’s cows. Worked 6am to 7pm (Sat 3pm) for 3s.6p a fortnight paid out in Commercial Inn. (HEW 23 Jun 1928: his golden wedding – aged 84)
- HE 26 Mar: 4 Jun: HC 20 Aug: To be let. 5 storeys 12×30 yards, ‘The mill is turned by water with a new Water Wheel and governor. A plentiful supply of water, with large reserve.’ John Haigh Jnr, Quarmby.
1872 HC 20 Jan: John Haigh, annual supper for 40 at Commercial Inn.
HC 11 May: John Haigh’s mill closed for day for celebrations of majority of Lord Lewisham, son of earl of Dartmouth.
1873. HEW 20 Sep:4,11 Oct: Messrs Godfrey Binns & Sons Thos Binns. bankrupt, £13,728, liabilities. Stock, machinery, To be sold.
1874. HEW 24 Jan: Company to be formed to rent mill £500p.a, G.Walker,the Hirsts, Berry & Brooke.
1875. HEW 2 Jan: Chas Hall To be let.
HEW 30 Jan: mill standing.
HEW 26 Jun: Allan Johnson & Co yarn spinners , fire.
HEW 3 Jul: Allan Johnson & Co yarn spinners , fire. 5stx30x12 yards. Roof falls in in short space of time, fire travels down to lower storeys, flames lit up the valley. Taylor’s engine did not arrive for 20 minutes. Building belongs to Earl of Dartmouth, machinery to John Haigh & Co, who carry most of losses. £6,000 damages. Cause unknown. ‘The mill was an old one and was not suitable to the increasing requirements of the times as far as the accommodation of machinery is concerned. The site of the mill, however, is one of the best in the Colne Valley, with a good water supply…’
1877. HEW 6 Jan: building work ‘fast progressing’.
1888. HEW 8 Dec: work on water wheel, scaffolding collapses and 7 fall to bottom of wheel hole including Arthur, youngets son of Eli Eagland, contractor.
1889. HEW 20 Apr: cotton mill to be sold 35 yards by 15 yards by 5 storeys, compoud horizontal engine by Woodhouse & Mitchel, waterwheel 12 foot diameter, 23 foot fall.
YFT 6 Dec: Holroyd obit, soon after buying mill £3,500, shawl manufacturer, Diggle and Marsden.
YFT 4 Oct: To be sold 5 storey mill, steam engine, water wheel, 4 acre site, ground rent from Dartmouth £100 p.a.
1897. HEW 13 Feb: Jonathon Holdroyd, treat.
1910. YTD: James Holroyd & Son, fancy woollens.
1924 Taken over by Elon Crowther (NOT same of Rock Mill) & Sons Ltd.
- UPPER END MILL (Marsden)
See Haigh’s Factory.
- HEW 24 May: “Farrar’s Mill” Hammond[sic] Wood bankrupt. ,stock To be sold.
HEW 31 May: Ammon [sic] Wood.
- UPPERHEAD ROW MILL (Huddersfield)
1825. Built. Engine by Zebulun Stirk of Leeds. [see 1912 biog.] Firm established by Joshua Lockwood in 1798.
1828. 30 Mar:(Mayall,) Joshua Lockwood, fancy manufacturer, FIRE, £10,000.
1833. [DTJ,448] Insurance £11,250.
1834. Factory Commissioners Report: 212 employed, steam engine 40hp.
1836 LM 3 Sep: Joshua Lockwood, offence against factory act.
NS 1 Sep, 27 Oct: Joshua Lockwood wage reductions,supporter of New Poor Law, guardian, Methodist. Supposed to have boasted ‘I will make them submit because they have no Union.’ Reductions on velveteens and woollen cords, 21d hanks down to 16d score; 20d to 15d score.
NS 20 Apr: slubbers wages reduced.
HG 3 Aug: 16 year old boy killed by shaft while whitewashing.
NS,HG 23 Nov: Joshua Lockwood, Offence against Factory Act. Under aged children employed in out-building. A mother says they could not support children unless they worked themselves. NS comments ‘Instead of spending such large sums on Chapels and reducing the workmen’s wages to so low a rate it would be more Christian-like to feel and sympathise with those who would give protection to the infants.’ The case is dismissed because they are winding bobbins and not working with machinery.
1840 NS,HG 10 Aug: Jos Taylor, 54, former foreman spinner lost job because work of two mules now combined into one, requiring only one person and few children. Set on as feeder of willy/’devil’/’fearnought’, not used to job, arm torn off, dies in infirmary.
1847 LM 16 Jan: ‘Room and Power to let (with or without machinery) in the extensive mills of Joshua Lockwood esq situate at Upperheadrow…’ slubbing, spinning machinery, fulling stocks, dyehouse available.
- LM 10 Aug: Lockwood & Keighley.
1852 HC 8 May: Child drowns in mill reservoir. After death June before coroners jury recommended it be fenced off. Eight drownings in 30 years.
- HC 3 Jun: Lockwood & Keighley, reservoir, ‘which in consequence of the warm temperature of the water abounds in goldfish…’John Dooley and James Henry Firth fined 1s for fishing with basket and rope. Also dangerous – ‘seven already having been drowned in this pond.’
HC 14 Oct: Tenth drowning in reservoir – Jos Hughes, 18, apprentice cordwainer. Water very warm, deceased ‘par boiled’. Believed depressed about his mother’s drunkenness.
1855. HC 26 May: Ephraim Sykes, Thos Hey, cotton twister, case accusing him of assaulting piecener Wm Sheard, 13 , dismissed since magistrates believe he kicked him in retaliation.
1859. HC 8 Oct: Liddell, Bennett & Martin, 40 to 40 fancy weavers wanted ‘None but first rate hands need apply’.
1860. HE 23 Jun: Ephraim Sykes cotton twister/ Jos Hellawell room and power..
1861. HC 10 Aug: J.Hannah & Co. room and power.
HC 5 Oct: Liddell, Bennett & Martin room and power, Joseph Shaw, finisher, Paddock Foot, suspected poison put in his beer bottle.
- HC 1 Mar: Lockwood & Keighley, suicide in canal of Mary Blackburn ( 17) weaver, upset over being unable to do work. She ‘had a thin place in the piece she had worked at caused by her not attending to her loom properly’ only a beginner, ‘she was one who was soon put out if you looked at her it would almost cause her to cry ‘ (Jane Dyson, Ashenhurst)- crying in yard said ‘it was enough to make anyone cry when they couldn’t do their work right'(Jane Dransfield, Newsome). Deceased had been weaving 6 months, got two looms about 7 weeks ago, he had found fault with her several times but not more on average than other girls. She would receive only 3/3d instead of 4/3d due to thin place. Earning 9s. week, Jane Dyson earned 12s. As a winder she had earned 4/6d some weeks, others 7s. ‘careless and giddy’ at that. (Jos Bottomley, overlooker). Coroner criticses bystanders for not trying to save her.
1862 HEW 20 Sep: Suicide in reservoir, ‘poor half witted lad’ Thomas Clough. High wall around reservoir.
1864 HC 17 Dec: Liddell & Martin two pair of mules and two pair of billies to let.(See Wellington Mill).
1867 HC 2 Feb: Lockwood & Keighley, death of an old and faithful servant, George Beaumont worked with them for nearly 60 years. Handloom weaver, took in a piece the very day Horsfall was shot, told Ensign Keighley short time ago. Became spinner, first on hand mules then power. Eight years ago, when the machines he had worked for last 30 years were broken up he was ‘sadly troubled’ lest he be unemployed. Put on lighter job on a Sykes burring machine which he fed and cleaned. Sat last singing and cheerful as a bird. Died Sunday night. 78. Total abstainer for 23 years. Thursday other long serving workmates carried him in funeral, 20, 30 and even 48 years in employ. Two families with three working generations with firm.
- HC 16 Apr: presser, William Halliwell, employed by Stoney & Armitage, at Lockwood & Keighley’s mill witness at inquest of suicide at Clough House Mill .
HC 13 Aug: Trip to Scarborough on Saturday , ‘hospitably entertained’ at West Scarborough Wesleyan schoolroom. Postponed from previous year when Chas W Keighley attained majority due to death of Wm Keighley JP. Inkstand, gold penholder and knife presented to C W Keighley, ‘but the tourists were not unmindful of the amiability of their late employer, the mention of whose name and decease flooded with tears the eyes of many of those present.’ Address read by J Bottomley. Presentation made by Thomas Todd who had been employed with firm since 1818 aged 12 as woollen feeder and later worked in dyehouse. Three days celebration at coronation of George IV, 31 March 1828 mill destroyed by fire. In 1829 or 1830 [sic] ‘plugging riots…an awful time.’ Came to mill but did not find plug, though mill stopped for a day. C W Keighley comments on ‘good feeling’ between firm and workpeople, ‘we have come to have a day’s holiday and play. Let us forget business – cranks and spindles – and enter fully upon a day of pleasure, and I am sure you will enjoy it . But before sitting down, let me caution you to be aware of drink, Do keep from drink…’
- HEW 16 Sep: Lockwood & Keighley, all wool cords at London International Exhibition.
1875 HEW 9 Oct: Lockwood & Keighley, creditors upon estate of Wm Shaw, Son & Co, woollen merchants, Wood Street. [Bankruptcy announced HEW 26 Jun] Chas Wm Keighley, witness, succeded to firm on death of father in October 1869. Done business with debtors since 1856.
1876 HEW 29 Jul: Lockwood & Keighley, trip to Scarbrough, Thos B Keighley’s coming of age.
1885 HEW 24 Jan: fire in carding room on second floor. Not far from engine house on Henry St side of premises. Workers with buckets driven back by smoke. Hoses from hydrants run over roof of boiler house to get to windows.
1890. HEW 5 Apr: George Lockwood, obituary, (78) eldest son of Joshua Lockwood.
1900. HEW 7 Jul: Lockwood & Keighley, presentation to Thomas Burnup Keighley, marriage . Machines currently running all night to provide Bedford cords for troops. 14 Jul: trip to Scarborough.
1902 YFT 3 Jan: First steam turbine in area.
- HEW 16 May: weavers presentation to overlooker.
HEW 10 Oct: inspection of fire brigade, CW Keighley, Miss Keighley, Mr Large of Commercial Union. Drill. Dinner at Old Hat.
1906 HEW 1 Sep: Wanted two handloom pattern weavers, accustomed to fancy worsted.
1910. YTD: Lockwood & Keighley Ltd, bedford and cotton cords, army serges, covert coatings, whipcords, tweeds, motor cloths, collar meltons, twillettes, etc, 5,700 spindles, 187 looms.
1912. HEW 15 Jun: C.W.Keighley biog. Took over on father William’s death in 1869.
1915. YTD: contractors to home and colonial governments.
1914. W 16 May: destroyed by fire on 3 May. Nearly 400 thrown idle, £.30,000 damge, original mill laid down 1825 and burnt in 1828.
HEW 13 Jun: CW Keighley JP, says directors have decided to continue the business. Have had many government contracts especially for khaki in S African war. Considering rebuilding mill. Work presently been done on commission by other firms.
HEW 20 Jun: Advert for fire salvage, including 400 ihp beam engine.
334(a) UPPERHOUSE MILL (Upper and Lower) (Scholes)
1794. WCR 28 May: Benjamin Moorhouse of Hepworth paid £24 to William Moorhouse of Upper House for a moiety in an undivided quarter share in the Rough Ing with the fulling and scribbling mills newly erected thereon.
1826. Benjamin Moorhouse, of Wickleden, separate scribbling and fulling mills, sold to John Walker of Oakwell, Batley.
1850.OS Map – also on Bilberry and Boshaw reservoirs map.
1862. HC 6 Sep: Trustees of the late John Walker. Estate occupied by John Hinchliffe and his undertenants. To be sold three undivided eight parts in sites and materials of two scribbling and fulling mills, ‘now in ruins’ , land , dams goits, etc. Fall of 40 feet to Upper Mill and 26 to lower mill, ‘which can be supplied by water from the Boshaw Reservoir.’
- VALE MILL (Lepton)
- Built. Firm John Arthur Rhodes and brother Geo. Taylor Rhodes [son of Sam of Springfield Mill q.v.] & James Brierley. (HE 17 Jul 1937).
1882 NP 23 Sep: Rhodes & Brierley, Vale Mill, Lepton, letter 16 Mar 1882 in ad recommending firm of ‘Wm Bowker & Co, Electrical Engineers &c, lightening conductor manufacturers and erectors, Henry St, Huddersfield. Chimney columns repaired, hoped, raised or pointed without stoppage of works. Church spires restored.’
1896.HEW 18 Jul: Rhodes & Brierley, wagonette trip to Roundhay Park.
1910. YTD: Rhodes & Brierley Ltd, woollen and angola spinners, 5,000 spindles.
1914.YFT 15 Jan: Rhodes & Brierly fire in engine house.
1937 HEW 17 July: John Arthur Rhodes, Elm Croft, Lepton, (80) ‘Mill owner for more than half a century. Sixty years a pigeon fancier’.
1938 HEW 8 Jan: John Arthur Rhodes, obit.
- VALLEY MILL (Colne Road)
1877 HEW 10 Mar: Cockshaw & Co, occ rooms, machinery to be sold.
- HEW 22 Nov:Herbert Fell/Elliot Hirst occupiers, To be let, south of road to river, 104’6″x28x2storeys, 18hp condensing engine by Wood of Sowerby Bridge. Ramsden lease from 1875.
- VICTORIA MILL (Beaumont Street)
1857. HE 24, 31 Oct: Milner & Hale, Leeds Road, female power loom weavers’ strike.
1863. HC 12 Dec: John Newsome machinery.
1861 HC 26 Jan: Milner & Hale, Leeds Road, engine tenter, James Bentley dangerously scalded by steam while trying to close valve.
HC 2 Feb: Bentley ‘a very clever mechanic’ won smoke prize offered by ICs. Prone to fits. With Milner & Hale for 17 years. Water from canal muddy due to passing boats, so invented an apparatus for blowing off water from boiler, let off by pipe under boiler, where hot water collected before running down drain. Apparently had fit and fell into it.
1862. HC 9 Aug: Milner & Hale, 7 slubbers charged with leaving work without notice. Strike for advance, left without notice. Milner said wanted to make these an example but if returned would not press charges. Men agree to work out notice and pay expenses.
1863. HC 21 Mar: Milner & Hale, fined £1 for each of 7 cases of offences against factory act.
HC 18 Apr: William Milner and Matthew Hale, woollen manufacturers Bradley Mill and Lane, dissolution of partnership. Milner and William Bell to conduct business as William Milner & Co.
1865. HC 3 Jun; 20 May: ‘”Victoria Mill” situate near the Canal Bridge, Leeds Road…late in the occupation of Messrs. William Milner & Co. occupiers. To be sold. 5 Storeys. With 16hp steam engine., 35 hp boiler.
1871. HEW 2; 9 Sep: To be sold, Milner & Hale, former occupants. Now Geo Scholes & Co. steam engine 16hp.
1879. HEW 22 Mar: T.B.Haigh & Co. bankrupt. machinery To be sold.
1880. HEW, 14 Aug 18 Sep: Hebblethwaite Bros cotton manufacturers occupiers. To be sold. Fronting Leeds Rd near canal bridge. Weaving shed occ. Eastwood. Ramsden leases from 1863 and 1877.
1881 John Addy & Sons. commence business.*
HC 19 Feb: Addy, new boiler ordered from Arnold’s explodes while being tested at boiler works. Abraham Liversedge his engine tenter is present, witness at inquest on Robert Batley, who was caulking joints(minor leaks or ‘sweats’),when it exploded without warning. John Chas Moore also killed. Jurors condemn practice of testing boilers by steam. Arnold says will be discontinued..
1883 HEW 13 Jan: John Cockhill, files for liquidation.
1888 HEW 21 Jul: leased in 1881 by Charles Lockwood (formerly of Waterloo Mill) from John Addy, bankrupt, worsted manufacturer.
Addy buys mill for £4,500 (mortgage £4,000)*.
HEW 4 Aug: John Addy & Sons, fire £2-300 damage.
1889 HEW 17 Aug: John Addy & Sons, woollen machinery to be sold to make way for worsted.
1898. Mill valued at £6,814.
1899. HEW 13 May; 8 Jul: J.Addy & Sons, bankrupt, to be sold, 4 storeys by 90 by 45 feet, 3 mills and shed, 400hp Pollitt & Wigzell horizontal engine and beam engine.
*HEW 28 Oct: J.Addy, bankruptcy case.
1907 HEW 16 Mar: Tom Addy, obit, eldest son of John Addy, Victoria Mill, Beaumont St, now yarn merchant. Seizure while in Scotland.
1908 HEW 6 Jun: J F Siddle & Co. mungo manufacturer,Offence against Factory Act, not lime washing within 14 months of previous wash.
- YTD: James Holroyd & Son, fancy woollen and vicunas./ Thomas Canby, indigo and colour dyer.
- VICTORIA MILL (Golcar).
- J.Taylor enters into partnership with John Ainley and John and Sam Walker to build mill.(HEW 10 May 1884,obituary).
1857 HC 24 Jan: pipes from mill supply west end of Golcar with gas.
1858. HC 2 Oct: Ainley, Taylor & Co, Thomas Harris, piecer, 15, playing with crane rope, falls five storeys. Limbs broken and brain protruding, killed instantly.
1860. HC 1 Dec: Ainley, Taylor & Walker, fire in drying room. Spark from lamp being carried through room to light gas responsible. £10 damage. Fire shouldn’t be carried around in mills and one responsible person should be in charge of gas and other lamps.
1861.Fire Brigade set up. Taylor ‘Greatest interest in the efficiency of the brigades’
1862.HC 28 Jun: Ainley & Taylor, fire in teasing room in outbuilding. New fire engine used.
1863. HC 26 Sep: Ainley & Taylor neglect of work case against slubber.
Ainley & Taylor Dissolution of partnership.(HEW 10 May 1884,obituary).
- HC 7 May, Victoria Mill fire engine at fire at Spring Grove mill.
HC 27 Aug: John Balmforth, mill engineer, fined for being drunk, abusive and interfering with passengers on railway at Slaithwaite
1865 HC 7 Jan: Ainley & Taylor, fire brigade’s anniversary engine ‘Victoria’ drives to Broadbent’s mill, Longwood for display and then to Junction for supper.
1866 HC 13 Jan: Ainley. Taylor & Walker, gas explosion. Jos Sykes, ‘the gas maker’ checking for leak with lighted candle. Explodes before he reaches ovens. Severe injuries.
- HC 5 Jan: Ainley & Taylor, fire brigade’s sixth anniversary.
Taylor’s sons buy out Ainley’s share.(HEW 10 May 1884,obituary).
HC 30 Mar: fire in stove.
1869 HE 13 Feb: Jos Taylor summons Henry Dyson, leaving work without notice – posted in mill. Dyson says not seen it. Agreed to return to work out time.
1870. HE 5 Mar: Ainley & Taylor machinery To be sold.
1871. HC 1 Apr: Golcar Local Board. Victoria Mill Co. plans for extension of premises at Small Lane, ‘it was found that one portion of the intended new building projected considerably into the road.’ Plan refused.
HC 3 Jun: Taylor & Co. fire engine ‘The Queen’, brigadel dinner at Fitzwilliam Hotel.
1872 HC 6 Jan: Taylor & Walker, Victoria Mill Co. fire brigade annual meeting. Engine ‘The Queen’ purchased 1861 when brigade was formed.
HC 8 Jun: ‘Wanted, a power loom tuner, for plain and box looms, apply to B and J Whitwam, Victoria Mills, Golcar.’
HEW 20 Jul: Floods, dam bank gives way, damage to machinery.
HC 12 Oct: Taylor & Walker write to Local Board asking permission to use steam whistle for short time in response to notice sent out by LB regarding Act against buzzers.
HC 14 dec: David Broadhead, spinner, hand caught in mule.
1874 HEW 3 Jan: Taylor & Walker, fire brigade dinner st Rose & Crown.
1875. HEW 24 Apr: Fire engine racing to fire at Stanley Mill runs over one of crew.
1879. HEW 11 Nov: Edwin Whitwam trustees, machinery To be sold.
John Pearson buys out Walkers’ share.(HEW 10 May 1884,obituary).
- Directory: William & Samuel Sykes.
1885 HEW 24 Oct: Charles Henry Turner, obit (48) senior partner Joseph Taylor & Sons, also C H & A Taylor, Albion Mills.
- HEW 29 Sep: Jos Taylor & Sons female piecer, 18 carried round shaft.
1890 HEW 4 Jan: Pearson Bros, man three fingers amputated after trapped in jenny cogs while cleaning.
1891. HEW 30 May:`boiler man throwing hot ashes out of door hits person in face.
1893. HEW 3 Jun: Josh Taylor & Sons, machinery to be sold.
1895 HEW 31 Aug: Victoria Mills Co. Ltd, liquidation, machinery, yarns and raw material to be sold.
- HEW 4,25 Jan: to be sold, occupied by Allen Taylor/ Edgar Sykes/et.al. 5 St main mill, 3 storey spinning mill, weaving shed. Chimney 40 yards high. 40hp beam engine by T.Bates & Co., Sowerby Bridge, gasworks, gasometers, supplying Victoria, Albion and Manor mills, schools, clubs, pubs and 270 houses.
Pearson Bros Ltd founded (Lockwood p 48)
- HEW 26 Feb: Fire Brigade 36th Annual dinner.
HEW 7 May: Allen Taylor & Co, removal from mill, machinery to be sold. (Allen Taylor deceased)
- HEW 17 Mar: John Pearson owner, occupier Ed.Taylor/Messrs Sam Sykes & Sons/ Jabez Shaw, fire in latter’s room. floors collapse, £5,000 damage., only half insured.
- HEW 25 May: Sam Sykes & Son, declining business, machinery to be sold.
- HEW 14 Jun: John Whiteley Taylor, flock merchant (42) runs curling and willying machine from power of Shaw, Pearson & Son Co. dismembered in shaft accident. Father Charles witness.
1903 HEW 1 Aug: John Whitwam, scribbling and spinning machinery to be sold at his room in mill.
1904. HEW 14 May: Shaw & Pearson, flock manufacture, plant and effects to be sold.
1910. YTD Taylor Bros, flock manufacturers. / F.Drake, cotton, woollen and worsted waste opener, all colours.
1815. YTD Joe Taylor, flock manufacturer.
1922 See Scarbottom (Golcar) Mill
- VICTORIA MILL (Upperthong)
1848. LM 21 Oct: newly erected, six stories, water wheel. steam engine, Mr Harpin, Upperthong.
1851. HC 17 May: to be sold with other lots. Six stories high with waterwheel and steam engine.
1852. HC,HE 7 Feb: FLOOD. John Harpin’s, 80 unemployed, £1500 damage. Cottages destroyed.
1872. HC 30 Nov: T Hinchliffe & Sons, wanted, a scribbling engineer.
1878. HEW 9 Mar:Thos.Hinchliffe & Sons liquidation, machinery To be sold.
1890. HEW 8 Mar: to be sold.
- VICTORIA MILL (also Bradshaw Mill) (Honley)
1845. Erected by Beaumont (see 1851).
1848. Directory: George Beaumont.
1851. HC 19 Jul:Beaumont & Stocks ‘Victoria Factory’ To be sold.
CENSUS: James Stocks Fisher Green, employed 17 men and 22 women, 10 boys and two girls. Firm of 2.
1852. HE 23 Oct: part of mill formerly standing now working again.
1853. HC 15 Jan:Jos Marsden treat for 70.
HC 17 Sep; 24 Sep: To be sold: Victorai Mill, Honley Moor, with steam engine, four storeys x 49 x 36′ ‘well lighted’, owner Mr Stocks.
HE 15 Oct: Jos Marsden occupier, fire.
1854. HC 11 Feb: To be sold handlooms and powerlooms.
1858. HC 16 Mar: Marsden, ‘Moor Bottom Mill’ robbery, Robert Haigh, outworker takes cops, house searched by Marsden and constable who find warp, weft, listings and blue warp for weaving borders. He has warp in loom due for ‘Nudge’ [Midge?] mill, New Mill. 3 months hard labour.
1859. HC 15 Jan: Jos Pontefract, occupier, Victoria Mill, and Jos Marsden, manufacturer, Westhouse, treat for 80 at Wheatsheaf.
HC 22 Jan: Jonathan Roebuck, linsey-woolsey maker and dealer of Choppards charged by R H Kaye, woollen inspector with having in his possession number of yards of linsey-woolsey and few old coppins and bobbins suspected to be property of Jos Marsden of Honley. Marsden identifies material. Roebuck produces invoices for them from Hezekiah Haigh, who had been given them as arrears of rent. Case dismissed.
HE 23 Jul: Jos Marsden summonsed Mary Ann Dyson for leaving without finishing warp. Agrees to return and pay 8s. expenses.
HC 13 Aug: Ben Carter, sought to recover £50 damages from John Marsden for loss of part of son’s foot in mill October last due to machinery not being boxed. Ben Carter the younger , 15, a layer on for Ben Sanderson, a slubber of Jos Pontefract who took room and power in Marsden’s mill. Piling up slubbings when his foot slipped through hole in boxing. He had beeen six weeks under Dr Lees. Wages 6s.9d/ week. Sanderson says Marsden had been told of broken box. Jos Pontefract, scribbling miller, also says Marsden told about it. Father says doctor’s bill £2.12s. 6d. Edward Lees , surgeon says three toes taken off. Had visited boy 53 times. Jury finds Marsden guilty of gross negligence and award boy £15.
- HC 17 Aug: John Littlewood & Sons treat for 100, in a spacious room near mill for Lupton Littlewood’s marriage.Bride sister of wife of G.W Farrar of Cliff House. Richard Littlewood, Enfield House present.
1864 HC 10 Dec: Lupton Littlewood, Enfield House, elected onto new Local Board.
- HC 7 Jan: appointed treasurer to Local Board. Meets every 2nd Wednesday.
HE 28 Jan: Richard Mellor, treat for 60 workhands and heads of chief manufacturing firms in district to celebrate new spacious weaving shed. GW Farrar congratulates him on his indomitable perseverance in business.
HC 22 Apr: LB, first meeting to deal with highways, LL moves that dross be bought from Hepworth Iron Co for repair of Thirstin and Neiley roads.
- HE 27 Jan: Richard Mellor,treat.
HC 10 Mar: Lupton Littlewood charged with breach of cattle plague regulations, by not depositing a licence to remove a cow with county police withing 12 hours of expiry. says policeman took fee for it and left it on his desk without giving any instructions didn’t realise expired until later.1s and costs.
- HC 2 Feb: Lupton Littlewood, Enfield House, treat for 200 at Foresters Arms ‘near the works’. Birth of son and heir.
1868 HE 13 Jun: Richard Mellor. Fire in willowing room. Only few yards from reservoir for engine.
1871. HC 21 Jan: R Mellor annual party at Foresters Arms.
1872. HEW 7 Sep: Richard Mellor weaving shed being enlarged.
HC 9 Nov: John Littlewood & Sons,, Lupton Littlewood, head of firm, presides over treat for several hundreds on occasion of marriage of Richard Littlewood to Miss Hirst. Males in ‘beerhouse near the works’, the females in large room of mill.
1876 HEW 29 Jul: Richard Mellor, Honley, Huddersfield warehouse occupies upper floor of Littlewood’s Buildings, one side on Seargentson Street, one facing Cloth hall, large no of pieces stored in top room, beam gives way, floor falls through , those below occupied by Wm Roberts, Hinchliffe Mill; Jonas Hobson & Co, Holmebridge,. Considerable damage to building and all pieces will have to be refinished.
1878.HEW 13 Apr: Richard Mellor tuner wanted for Schofield & Smith looms.
1879. HEW 3 May: Richard Littlewood, Honley, fire in dwelling house near mill.
1881. Directory: John Littlewood & Sons, (Lupton and Richard).
1886. HEW 9 Jan: Richard Mellor part occupier, machinery To be sold.
1888. HEW 11 Aug: sheds to be let.
HEW 12 May: John Littlewood & Sons breach of factory act, overworking female weaver.
- HEW 3 May: John Littlewood & Sons, give up business, mill to be sold, 4 storeys by 49 by 36 feet, spinning mill 2 storeys , weaving shed, beaming shed and pattern weaving room over, vertical engine 35 nominal hp by J.Beaumont, Honley (1874), boiler by Robert Taylor & Sons, machinery including 7 fast looms, 42 power looms.
HEW 12 Jul: Mill furnishings and effects, material, yarn etc, scribblong, spinning an weaving machinery.
HEW 1Nov: Paul Wallace, worsted spinning plant.
- HEW 2 May: T.W. Dearnley, machinery to be sold.
HEW 18 Jul: at bankruptcy court Began business 1889, machinery which cost £1,100 now worth only £700 . Sold furniture – c.f. HEW 18 Apr: Advert, Magdale, Mrs Dearnley, furniture to be sold ‘declining housekeeping’, [is this a bitter satire by Mrs Dearnley on the term ‘declining business’ used in adverts for mill machinery?]
1894. HEW 21 Apr: Lupton Littlewood dam, suicide by Annie Taylor (25) of Far End Lane.
1895. HEW 13 Apr: John Littlewood & Sons, occupiers, To be sold, (cf 1890), 4 storey with attic x 49×36 feet, two storey spinning mill 91×41 feet, fire proof willey room, 2 storeys, weaving shed, 108×64 feet, beaming shed with pattern weaving room over, horiz steam engine, 35hp, J Beaumont , Honley, 1874, boiler by tailors, building land frontage to Cross/Gib Lane.
1901. HEW 5 Jan: H.Sillott, shed to be let, 32 by 24 yards.
1909. YFT 11 Mar: Jn Shaw machine makers, fire in buffing machine, £125 damage.
1910. YTD Sykes & Schofield
1915. YTD T.H.Sykes & Co. fancy manufacturers (also London office)
1924 HEW 31 May: Bradshaw mill gutted by fire – adjoins Victoria Mill.
- VICTORIA MILL (Leeds Road)
See Victoria Mill, Beaumont St)
- VICTORIA MILL (Lockwood)
- LM 13 Mar: Shaws accident.
NS,HG 16 Jan: Shaw’s new factory, near Lockwood Baths, screw loose on gasometer, causes explosion. L&Y engine ‘on the spot with an alacrity never before heard of.’ (after the embarrassing drunken debacle at Brick Factory fire on Christmas day.)
1846. LM 14 Feb: J.W.&.H.Shaw.
(1848. Haigh’s letter refers to Shaw’s Victoria ‘new mill’ at Rashcliffe).
1850. LM 20 Sep: J.W.&.H.Shaw, treat at Shoulder of Mutton, in nhonour of wm Shaw Jnr. , females treated in wool warehouse, Victoria Mill, juveniles given 6d each and days holiday. ‘expressive of the friendly feeling which exists…’
1852. HE 31 Jul: cricket team v. Starkeys’.
1854. HE 15 Apr: old employee cloth dresser.
1855. HC 13 Jan: accident. Boy 14 scalded when running in yard during ‘noon hour’, falls in cistern.
1856. HC 1 Nov, HE 15 Nov: John,William and Henry Shaw Dissolution of partnership. To be sold.leasehold, 4stx45x14 yards, 30hp steam engine, 60hp and 40hp boilers.
1857. HC 26 Aug: J.W.&.H.Shaw flood damage.
HC 1 Nov: J.W.&.H.Shaw To be sold.
- HC 14 Aug: Messrs Shaw, Hohn Thornton, 14, attending Lewis cutter. Strap comes off drum and hangs from shaft. Swinging on it even after engine restarts following breakfast. Knot in strap suddenly snags and he is whirled round shaft 60 rpm. Arm and leg badly broken.
1858 HC 2 Oct: Jos Walker of Lockwood, former slubber at mill successful candidate as vocalist for Durham cathedral choir. For 18 months at Chester Cathedral on £70 salary. Durham post £120. Fourth person from Huddersfield area to hold that position.
- HC 8 Feb: J.W.&.H.Shaw,treat at Victoria Tavern.
HC 20 Jun: John, Henry and William Shaw, firm of John, William and Henry Shaw, partnership dissolved. Henry Shaw will carry on under same name.
1863 HC 27 Jun: Victoria Mills, Abel Cockroft, Caleb Wagstaff, 15, smock caught in brushing machine shaft, in precarious state. HC 4 Jul: Inquest.
1867. HC 2 Feb: treat.
1868. HE 18 Apr: room and power.
1869. HC 16 Jan: John Shaws treat.
1876. HEW 19 Aug: Wm.Hirst machinery and effects To be let.
1877. HEW 22 Sep:J.W.Shaw fire in stove, material belonging to A.&.E.Priest.
HEW 15 Dec: James Shaw bankrupt.,£14,000.
1878. HEW 5 Jan:E.&.A.Priest accident female weaver – part of hand amputated.
1881. Directory: E.&.A. Priest, angola yarn manufacturers/George Hinchliffe & Co, worsted coating manufacturers/Wm. Jepson, fancy tweed manufacturers./ Lawton & Jillott, yarn spinners/ John Shaw, wool burring./William Shaw woollen manufacturer, spinner and dyer.
1893. HEW 5 Aug: Allen Priest & Sons, trip to Wolfestone Gardens.
1895. HEW 14 Sep: Chas. Moon carders and mules To be let, Wm Shaw’s mill.
1902. HEW 16 Aug: Lewis T.Crowther & Co, declining business, new weaving plant to be sold.
1908 HEW 6 Jun: Harry Roebuck & Co, woollen manufacturer, Wm Jepson, finisher, Offence against Factory Act, not lime washing within 14 months of previous wash.
- YTD: Wm. Shaw, (Victoria) Ltd, 3,500 spindles, 42 looms.
1911 HEW 11 Nov: woollen manufacturing plant to be sold including 39 power looms.
- VICTORIA MILL (Shepley).
Built by Ben Armitage, fancy vesting and trousering manufacturer.*
- Directory: Ben Armitage & Sons, fancy woollen manufacturers/ Wm & Edward Armitage, woollen manufacturers.
1893 HEW 5 Aug: workpeople and tenants of Ed Armitage, trip to Blackpool.
- *HEW 11 Aug: John Armitage, (57) son of Ben, obituary. ‘a kind and considerate employer’.
- YTD: Ben Armitage & Sons, Ltd, fancy vestings worsted trouserings, mantles etc, also Whitby Mill, Shepley.
- WAREHOUSE HILL MILL (Marsden).
1806. see Haigh’s Factory
1872. HEW 9 Mar: Firth, Cheetam & Co silk mill, treat.
HEW 30 Nov: Firth, Cheetam & Co silk dressing, carding, spinning machinery, To be sold.
1890 HEW 12 Jul: Sam Shaw, obit, shawl manufacturer, purchased mill a few years ago, formerly property of Joshua Farrar.
1892. HEW 27 Aug: Shaws, man 20 foot up ladder putting in squares of glass, ladder broken by dropped bale, but only slight injury.
1893 HEW 23 Sep: to be sold, four storey mill, 98×30 feet, 35 yard chimney, three/four storey mill130x31, steam engine by Taylors, property 999 yr lease from Feb 1792.
1898. HEW 12 Feb: Thos. Firth, rug manufacturer, boy looses finger in machine.
1910. YTD: Arthur Armitage & Co, flock, also Willow Place Mill, gas and water power.
- WASHPIT MILL (Cartworth)
1846. IBJ 10 Feb: At home. Charles Crosland and brother Charles are gone to Mr. John Hinchliffe, Wash Pit, to look at an improved plan of working Engines for weaving (or, as they are called witches).
LM 30 Oct: Jms Hirst, foreman, presents a three yard trousers piece to HRH Pr Albert, who says he will wear it. Pattern to be registered.
1848. LI 19 Aug: Hinchliffe fire in stove due to over heating of flues. No fire engine in district.
1854. HC 4 Feb: David, William and John Hinchliff, Hinchliff Bros, woollen cloth manufacturers, fulling and scribbling millers and merchants, dissolution of partnership.
1856. HE HC 31 May: E.&.J.Hinchliffe, peace celebrations.
1857, HC 11Apr: To be let two third parts. Mill 22×16 yds, 4 stories, willow house, water wheel and steam engine, fulling stocks to run nine pieces. Room for power looms.
HC 8 Aug: To be let. For rent and other particulars apply Messrs D W and J Hinchliffe, Washpit Mill.
HE 31 Oct: John Hinchliffe to emigrate.
1858 HC 27 Feb: Wm Hinchliffe of Housefield House and family emigrate to Australia to join brother. A number of people see them off from Holmfirth station.
1859. HC 15 Oct: To be let. 4 storeys plus attic, 22×16 yds, waterwheel, 34 feet fall. Two steam engines. Fulling stocks for nine pieces, washing and wringing machines, seven scribblers, six carders, six billies and four x240 spindle mules. Apply Jsohua Taylor, surveyor, Damhouse.
1861. HC 27 Jul: water wheel, steam engine, machinery,dyehouse etc, property of Chas Brooke of Healey House, mortgagee, leased to Sarah Ann & David Hinchliffe of Marble Hall.
1863. HC 14 Nov: David and Sarah Ann Hinchliffe, warrant of distress issued by Directors of Holme reservoirs for £22.7s rate for mills.
1865 HC 4 Nov: Scribbling, spinning and fulling machinery, 8hp engine, wagon shaped boiler.
1866 HC 3 Nov: Jonathan Charlesworth, slubber, charges John Howard, engineer, with assault. Howard not satisfied with Charlesworth’s work, orders him out of mill and kicks him. ‘The wife of complainat was in court and made some unbecoming remarks to the defendant, the latter replying in still more uncomplimentary language’. Fined 1s,16s6d expenses.
1898. HC 7 Mar; HE 21 Mar: Lumb & Thompson assignment, mill to be let, annual rent £220, and carding, spinning and weaving machinery to be sold.
1869. HC 8 May, HE 22 May: To be sold. four storeys, 22×16 yds, ‘worked by a powerful new waterwheel, made and fixed by Mr Kilburn in February 1868, 34 ft in diameter and 5 ft wide, with new pentrough and 37ft.10in. of fall, supplied with water from the Home Styes reservoir, estimated to give a full supply of power for nine months of the year…’ 10 hp engine and boiler new in 1866…’ .‘The mill is very substantially built and well timbered and the rooms are lofty and well lighted…’
1871. HC; HEW 21 Oct: To be sold, same advert as 1869.
1872. HC 2 Mar: J Watkinson & Son, tenders for erection of weaving shed, engine house, boiler house, willow haouse, tenter stove, long chimney etc. John C Teale, architect, the Royd, Holmfirth.
HEW 10 Aug: John Sutcliffe & Sons builders, accident to labourer injured on chimney scaffolding.
1874. HEW 26 Sep: Watkinson letter re patent extincteurs saving new part of Greenlane Mill.
1875. HEW 7 Apr: James Watkinson & Son, 70 powerloom weavers strike against the employment of female broad loom weaver.
HEW 24 Apr: Dispute ends. men return on condition ‘Holmfirth statement’ is implemented.
- HWN,HEW,6 May: J.B.Watkinson & Son weavers strike.
3 Jun: James Watkinson & Son, letter, Holmfirth can’t compete with Huddersfield on low picked class of goods, weavers working against own interests, when fully employed can earn £60-£62 per year.
24 Jun: weavers meeting at Cliffe decide to hold to Holmfirth statement, no female broad loom weavers, blacksheep to be dismissed before return. Watkinson agrees. Return 19th
HEW 27 May,3 Jun letters.
1877. HEW 20 Jan: James Watkinson & Sons treat at Druids’ Hotel, T.B.Watkinson in chair.
1881. HEW 9 Jul: Telephone lines to mill (anecdote).
1885 HEW 17 Jan: treat in Town Hall for 250, T B Watkinson on chair – refers to death of manager, Jonas Coldwell.
1890 HEW 15 Nov: Washpit millhands prosecuted for taking short cut along Bowers & Sons road (Dover Mill).
- HEW 28 Jan: James Wilkinson’s St Bernard dog bites engineer, employed for 21 years, dies, mill closed for funeral.
- HEW 5 Feb: James Watkinson & Son: fire to warehouse, £2,000 damage.
HEW 22 Oct: John Lodge, engineer, gives evidence in case of Tom Brook & Co, engineer and broker, Folly Hall, v. Brook & Hoyle for money owing for gas engine. says engine supplied could not be repaired.
- YFT 8 Jan: new boiler installed: pulled by two traction engines.
[Horiz. Engine 600hp Martha]
- YTD: James Watkinson & Sons, Ltd, mixed goods, 5,700 spindles, 140 looms. [Also Bridge Mills].
W 17 Oct: willyers and fettlars dispute referred to Board of Trade.
1914 YFT 23 Jul: strike.
1922 HEW 21 Jan: James Brook Watkinson obit (58).
- WATERCROFT MILL (Almondbury)
1881. Directory: Thomas Midgeley & Son, woollen manufacturers.
1890. Bought by John Addy for £550, improvements made, mortgage for £1,000.*
1893. HEW 6 May: John Addy & Sons, machinery to be sold.
1894. YFT 28 Dec:chimney 20 yards high blown down in storm. Engineer T.Beaumont.
1898. HEW 10 Sep: to be sold with machinery. valued at £2,469.*
1899. HEW 2 Sep: Addy bankrupt, to be sold: HEW 9 Sep, details, new brick chimney 35 yards high, 25 hp compound steam engine, Horsefield boiler, Green’s economiser.
*HEW 28 Oct: Addy bankruptcy case, also Victoria Mill [q.v.],
- HEW 6 Jun: to be sold.
- (a)WATERSIDE MILL (Slaithwaite)
See Bridge Street.
1838 LM 24 Feb: J.S.Scholes & Varley, Waterside Mill. On 17 Feb the strength of ice on dam tested by wagon with 50 men, women and children being drawn several times around ‘the island’ also large number of spectators on ice.
- WATERLOO MILL (Leeds Road)
- HC 24 Mar: Dissolution of partnership.
1856 HC 24 May: Messrs Butterworth & Sons, Nathaniel Holdsworth, Richard Roberts, Benjamin Lockwood – treat for workpeople at mill to celebrate peace. Earlier than otherwise because machinery being repaired. 82 fed on 220lbs roast beef over three days.
1858 HE 15 May: Butterworth & Sons, woollen manufacturer.accident to millwright visiting to repair fulling stocks. Goes into tappit wheel pit, turning wheel to examine it, steam engine not stopped only thrown out of gear. Slips into gear, arm injured.
HE 30 Oct: Chas Platt & Co, Lewis machines etc.
- HE 14 Jan:W.Hirst treat.
HC 28 Apr: Engineer wanted to take charge of five billies.Apply Joseph Wood on premises.
1861 HC 6 Apr: Waterloo Mills, nar the Gas Works, Leeds Rd, two pairs of mules to be sold.
1863 HC 17, 24 Oct: John Stockwell, declining business, machinery to be sold.
- HE. 9 Apr: Abraham Hopkinson’s executors, scribbling, spinning and fulling machinery to be sold.
HC 30 Apr: J M Hassall, Waterloo Mill, Leeds Rd, to let, finishing concern at Marsh, with engine and boiler.
1866 HC 21 Apr: Butterworth & Sons, John Barrow Schofield, 24, Dock St, teazing machine (fearnought) tenter, drawn into machine, ‘frightfully mutilated’ and killed. Proper guards on. Only working there a week.
1869 HE 24 Dec: Hall & Marsden, woollen machinery to be sold. Tinker, auctioneer, will provide sufficient number of men to help removal.
1871. HC 10 Jun: Charles Bell, scribbling engineer, hand drawn into new carder being tried out.
1872. HC 8 Jun: Room and Poer to let, along with finishing machinery, now in occupation of J M Hassall.
1881. HC 12 Feb: To be sold. Also Readfern Mill.
1881. Directory: R.W. Butterworth, yarn spinner/ Chas. Lockwood Jun. & Co, worsted coating manufacturers/ Barras Bros, yarn spinners/ George Starkey, woollen cord manufacturers/ Lee & Jaggar, fullers and finishers.
- HEW 20 May: D.Lockwood & Co/Whiteley Bros (cotton twisters),North & Lucy (spinners) occupiers, burnt down, 4 storeys by 12 by 5 windows.
HEW 24 Jun: tenders for re-erection. John Kirk architect.
1883 HEW 6 Jan: New Mill and shed to let, centre of town, Barras Bros, Waterloo Mills.
1884 HEW 12 Jul: G F Spurdens, manufacturer, sued by Joshua Woodcock, dyer, Seedhill, 36 for 12 pieces. Claimed dyed too black
1886. HEW George Riley bankrupt. machinery To be sold.
1887. HEW 5 Feb: Thomas Webb, obit, formerly of Swaine & Webb. [est c.1820] Waterloo Mill, Leeds Rd. Irish born 1798. Did business with uncle of Tom Carlyle at Ecclefechan.
1892. HEW 5 Nov: W.B.Cumming, action against Dundee firm for cloth supplied.
1903 HEW 23 May: to be sold, leasehold woollen mill, occupied by Marsden & Co, Learoyd Bros & Co, Alf Marsden and TA Cockin., Ramsden, ground rent £49.6s. Lease renewable every 20 years, fine equal to two years rent.
Frontage to Leeds Road and to canal.
HEW 13 Jun: notice of withdrawal of sale.
1906 HEW 3 Feb: Fire in lower room occupied by Marsden & Co, yarn spinners, owned by Barras Bros. Phyliss engine used. Begun in fearnought, £2-300 damages.
1907. HEW 6 Jun: to be sold, occupiers Marsden & Co./ Learoyd & Co/ Alf Marsden
1910. YTD: Marsden & Co. woollen and angola spinners, 3,200 spindles./ Blakey Bros, wool dyers, Waterloo Dye works.
- WATERLOO BRIDGE MILL (Lepton)
1876. HEW 8 Apr: tender for mill, T.W.Hellawell, architect.
1899. HEW 16 Aug: Tolson Bros, late occupiers, to be sold, 4 storey mill and sheds, 200 hp compound engine.
1900. HEW 3 Mar: Burnt down, Whiteley Tolson, owner, not run for over 18 months, 4 storeys by 24 by 12 yards. Part recently taken by Thornton & Kelley of Dewsbury, spark from shaft men working on on 3rd floor ignites rope covered with cotton fluff, £12,000 damage, insured for £6,000. Due to be taken by new firm of Tolson, Milnes & Co.
1910. YTD: Tolson & Milnes, 1.050 spindles, 25 looms.
- WATEROYD MILL (Turnbridge)
1863 HC 31 Jan: tenders for erection of woollen mill at Turnbridge, plans at Read Holliday offices.
HC 15 May: New mill to let, five floors, 14×44 yards, new 60hp engine, apply Read Holliday.
- HC 10; HE 17 Jun: William Walker. Machinery to be sold, power looms, etc..
1866 HC 20 Oct: Jos Raynor & Co, waste dealers, Mary Moore, attending cotton breaker, waste accumulates under cylinder, hand crush attempting to clean it before stopped.
- HE 18 Feb: room and power.Holliday.
1870 HE 17 Feb: owned by Holliday, occupied by JA Wilkinson, fire, extinguished by engine on premises.
- HC 8 Jul: ‘Waterroyd Mills, Quay Street. Several large and small rooms, suitable for any manufacturing purpose with power (steam and water) to be let. Also to sell or let on long lease freehold building land; one large plot adjoing the river, is very eligible for a factory.’
HEW 18 Mar: occ Lawton & Addy, fire, in teasing room.
HEW 5 Aug: room and power.
1872. HEW 9 Mar: machinery To be sold plus 17 cwt of soap.
1874. HEW 17 Jan: Jos Raynor & Co. room and power.
HEW 21 Feb: Richard, Henry & Samuel Roberts, angola yarn and cotton waste bankrupt.
1875. HEW 4 Sep:Richard Heaton giving up tenancy of shed.,scribbling machinery to be sold. Single storey shed adjoing mill.
1881. HEW 2 Jul: Joseph Raynor & Co angola spinners, FIRE, mill burnt down, fear that gable may fall on Read Holliday’s works. Mill bought from Holliday by Raynor & Co, estimated value £5-6,000, damage £20 – 30,000.
HEW, HC 9 Jul: letters from Raynor and Holliday on water turned off by corporation, hindering fire fighting. Reply from Waterworks manager.
Fire engine ladder damaged. Two firemen injured testing it after repairs at Corptn Zetland St Depot.
HEW 23 Jul: tender for erection of fireproof mill at Wateroyd, Turnbridge.
1887 HEW 3 Sep: Joseph Raynor & Co. breach of factory act – accident to female not reported. If results in more than 48 hours off work it should be.
1900 HEW 29 Sep: Joseph Rayner obit, Portland St, 64, yarn spinner, former partner of Abraham Hellawell, retired over 12 years ago, liberal cllr for C.Ward, Wesleyan, and ‘for a great number of years past a regular frequenter of Thornton’s Temperance Hotel, and being a very well read man and fond of conversation with friends he entered with much zest, and with some quaint humour and sometimes dry criticism, into discussions at that “world-mending” establishment…’
- YTD: Joseph Raynor & Co, Ltd, woollen and angola spinners. 5000 spindles, 40 looms.
1914 HDC 20 Oct: Joseph Raynor & Co, Harry Clegg, 15,of Northumberland St, piecer for three weeks, caught between sets of mules. Dies in infirmary.
350 WATERSIDE MILL (Slaithwaite)
1802. Dartmouth Terrier. Burnt down. Widow Sykes, tenant received all the insurance money, which ought not have been the case. ‘But the spirit of erecting cotton mills being high at that time, Varley, Eastwood & Co. proposed to take the bare stone walls as they were at the old rent of £60 per annum, provided Lord Dartmouth advanced £600 at 8% and gave £200 worth of timber which, being done, they erected a large cotton mill.
Also to pay for additional water got into Colne from Lingards reservoir. Mr Elmsall advances large sum on the mill, the lease to be granted to him.
- ‘Phoenix Mill’ rebuilt, cotton, Edmund Eastwood, John Schofield, John Varley, assign tenant right to mill and machinery to Ingham & Sikes, bankers.
1804 Insured with Royal Exchange for £1,800, April Eastwood & Co. dissolved. Taken over by John Schofield for cotton manufacture until bankruptcy in 1810. (Ingle pp 127-128).
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Scott, Varley & Co (also Holme Mill). carding and spinning cotton since 1802 (sic). water wheel 20hp. 117 employed. in dry season work up to time lost.
1860. HC 16 Jun: On sale. Vertical, high pressure steam engine, 13 in cylinder, 12 in stroke, with governor, in good condition, by James Nasmyth. Also engine bed if required. Apply John Varley on premises.
1866 See Shaw Carr Mill entry.
HC 22 Sep: workers from Linthwaite Fold etc who work at ‘Waterside factory’ and others on Slaithwaite and Golcar side of Colne ask Local Boards for a footbridge. Apart from shorter journey to work they could then go home at dinner time.
1867 HC 16 Nov: Josh. Gledhill, woollen manufacturer, fire in shoddy in stove.
1872 HEW 20 Jul: Gledhill, Garside & Co., floods. stones carried away from Dam stakes, (also damage to baths nearby).
1880. HEW 18 Dec: Gledhill & Garside cotton spinners, accident , female feeder, 20, hand amputated.
1884. HEW 15 Nov: steam engine To be sold, 16hp,Haigh & Co. Wigan 1860, plus machinery and shafting.
- WELLINGTON MILL (Lindley)
1862. HC 21 Jun: George Walker, Wellington Mills, trip for 150 to Liverpool.
1864. HC 20 Feb: Trustees of George Walker, to be sold, Park House , Lindley, live and dead farm stock; magnificent modern household furniture.’ Also sale of furniture at Lower Park House, residence of Philip Henry Walker.
HC 12 Mar: To be sold 5 storey x 44 x 14 yards, steam engine 38hp by Messrs Bates & Sons, Sowerby Bridge. ‘very recently erected and the property offers an opportunity to manufacturers seeking mills or for investments, rarely to be met with…’
HE 9 Apr: George Walker, late occupier, trustees, stock, blankets, waste, mungo, shoddy etc.) and machinery to be sold.
HC 30 Apr: Clearing Sale, including Milner’s patent fire proof safe.
(1861, Liddell, Bennett & Martin, putting out work. Summonsed by weavers for wages owed when they firm deducted money for ‘yealds’ provided to do work. ‘Young Mr Martin and the taker in witnesses that men knew about deduction when they took work out. Case dismissed . HC 16 Nov).
1864 HC 5 Mar: Joseph Liddell, Abraham Bennett and Patrick Martin, woollen manufacturers, partnership with Bennett dissolved.
HC 19 Mar: ‘Wanted, fifty narrow loom weavers accustomed to first class trouserings – Apply to Messrs Liddell and Martin, Spring Street.
HC 30 Apr: 50 good fancy woollen weavers wanted.
HC 30 Jul: To be sold, set of nine iron stove tenters for broad cloth, particularly suitable for seal skin cloakings. ‘They are on the railway principle made to draw out for the purposes of stripping. Connected with the sam are also nine wrought iron doors, which separate the drying end of the stove room from the stripping end.’ Only in use for about 18 months. Can be seen at mill on application to Messrs Liddell and Martin, Cloth Hall Street.
HC 12 Nov: Liddell & Martin, George Roebuck, scribbling engineer sues for £3.14s arrears of wages. Had worked for firm for 5 ½ years, wages now £1.17s/week. Helped defendents moving machinery into mill from Lockwood’s Mill, Upperhead Row. Told them he had enough work ‘down yonder’ (Huddersfield) and on payday 21 October gave them 14 days notice in writing. He was told he could go now they didn’t need him. He demands 14 days wages. Asks again after 14 days expired. Summonsed to office in Cloth Hall street and accused of not handing over wages he was given to pay workers. He says he had received only 16s for Marth Jessop from which he had deducted 1s.4d for day she was away. Another boy he had paid 6d less, but the money was spent on putting on four pair of ‘plates’ after work hours and buying tallow for engine. Liddell says Roebuck was dismissed for not fitting up machinery as ordered, but evidence ‘given in such a prevaricating manner that little could be made out of it. But magistrates accept explanation and case discharged, Roebuck told to seek recovery of wages in County Court.
HC 24 Dec: Liddell & Martin. Room and power to let, one room, 42×15 yards.
- HC 27 Jan: weavers from Wellington Mill accused of intimidating weaver at Mallinson’s mill (Victoria St) to leave work in wage dispute.
[cf 3 Mar, meeting of weavers at Golcar to discuss forming ‘branch association from that already formed at Lindley, for the protection of the weavers’ trade.’ Dec 22, Mallinson’s weavers strike against reduction.]
HE 7 Apr: Liddell & Martin, wanted, broad and narrow fancy handloom weavers. and ‘a first class mule spinner, one who has been accustomed to self actors preferred.’
HC 6 Oct: Wanted – 30 good fancy weavers.
- HC 16 Feb: Fire in teasing room. Wool stored there while recently erected shed being plastered.
HC 27 Jul: Liddell & Martin, summonsed for recovery of wages by Henry Hirst, miller.
HC 7 Sep: summons for £1.11.7d. wages by male weaver, brought piece in in August and firm wanted to stop wages for damages to one brought in in room. Had been passed at time, but later found to be cut. Wages awarded.
HC 12 Oct: John Hinchcliffe, Lindley, weaver , charged under new Master and Servants Act for breaking contract by leaving warp to strike. First case under new act brought before Huddersfield bench.
1869 HE 2 Jan: Liddell & Martin sued at County Court by Learoyd and Sons for non payment for washing and scouring. Short of water at time.
- HC 22 Jan: worker’s tea party and concert in Lindley Mechanics Hall.
HE 5 Mar: Liddell & Martin, smoke nuisance.
HC 12 Mar: George Hanson of Fenay Bridge enters into contract to work for Liddell & Martin for 36s a week for first year , rising to £2 in second year. Firm says they dismissed their dyer and assistant to make way for him but he did not take up engagement. Defendant says he could not legally leave present employer.
- HC 21 Jan: Treat for 120 menders, noters [sic], burlers and feeders in large room adjoining mill.
HC 15 Apr: ‘Wanted, a number of Narrow Hand-Lloom Weavers for Fancy Woollens. Must have witches. Healds and Slays found, and a liberal allowance made for putting up – Apply to Lidell and Martin, Huddersfield’
HEW 2,16 Sep: Liddell & Martin, weavers strike, 6 summonsed for leaving work without notice.
HC 4 Nov: powerloom weaver, hand caught placing strap on pulley.
- HEW 1 Feb; HEW 15 Mar: three girls, piecers, sliding fall through ice on nearby dyehouse dam, unused belonging to Mrs Walker. Presentation of medals to workers for rescuing them.
HEW 27 Sep: Henry Martin charged with assaulting Norris Sykes, boy, groom for Thos Jackson wine and spirit merchant, Lindley.
HEW 16 Nov: accident to female.
- HEW 17 Jan: John Liddell left firm, presentation by burlers, knotters and menders in Mechanics Hall.
HEW 13 Jun: Martin &.Co., trip to Blackpool.
- HEW 13 Feb: Martin &.Co.,treat.
HEW 20 Feb: Martin &.Co., presentation by workpeople to Edwin Martin.
1876. HEW 12 Feb: Martin &.Co., treat in new shed for 700.
1879. HEW 8 Feb: Martin &.Co., strike over proposed reduction of 2d. a string.
HEW 1 Mar, 15 Mar: intimidation case.
HEW 22 Mar: workers return 20 march to reduction on some goods.
- HED 3 May: wanted, female warpers, fancy worsteds.
HED 1 Jun: commission weaving to put out for 50 looms.
- HEW 30 Jun: bobbin winders disputes, letter from Martin, Sons & Co. denying they had lowered wages.
- HEW 8 Mar: Martin, Sons & Co., treat for foremen, fire brigade and tradesmen who had worked on recent extensions. Firm, including Halifax works, now runs 500 looms and employs 1700 workers.
1885 HEW 14 Feb: electric arc lights used in burling and mending rooms, extended to dyehouse. , 6,000 candlepower lamps.
1888 HEW 21 Mar: Martin, Sons & Co – claim under master and servant act by Enoch Luke Lawton, beamer and yarn sizer, £4 damages for unlawful dismissal, dispute at mill and refused to do twisting, case dismissed. Martins refused expenses for witnesses due to misery caused by by recent strikes.
- YFT 2 Aug, Martin &.Co., new healding shed.
YFT 16 Aug: weavers to consider levy for Stainland strikers.
YFT 11 Oct: wind damage. Breakdown of shaft.
YFT 15 Nov: accident to weaver cleaning Dobcross fast loom.
1891 Becomes private Ltd Co. (see 1914)
- HEW 4 Feb: letter from Edwin Martin re: Joseph Crosland and the two loom question. Members of Manufacturers’ Association committee when first set up. Crosland replys he left because of MA’s scale and rule that if any workers struck all firms would lock out.
YFT 17 Nov: 15 Dec, HEW 9 Dec: Martin & Sons mill, already part electric, to go all electric. Dynamo room 48×28 feet built, 1200 lights to be run off it. 1500 capacity.
- HEW 16 Jan: Horace Martin wedding presentation.
1901 YFT 4 Dec: wage advance.
- W. 16 Feb: ‘new shed’ of Martin Son & Co, sick club meeting. report, convalescent home, sick visitors etc.
- HEW 11 Jun: Henry A. Martin obit (67) son of Patrick Martin, Irish cloth designer, who, along with Liddell & Bennett begun fancy woollen business 1859 at Spring St and Upperhead Row. [cf. HC 1861 Nov 16: two wevers summonse Liddell, Bennet & Martin for stoppages for yealds taken out with weaving. The ‘young Mr Martin’ and the taker-in swear that they had been warned about stoppages when they took work. Case dismissed]. 1864 took Wellington Mill. Pat Martin obit c.1880, Henry & brother Edwin , Martin, Sons & Co, become Ltd Co. in 1891. Since 1880 also occupied Pellon Lane Mill, Halifax. Wellington Mill largest worsted mill in district. Total workforce, including Halifax, 1,700.
- YTD: Martin, Sons & Co.Ltd,worsted, 400 looms, also of Halifax.
- HEW 13 Jul: Pat Martin from north of Ireland moved from Kendal to Huddersfield. Wellington mill now 300 looms and covers 41/2 acre site.
HEW 29 Jun: Horace Martin biog. Son of Henry, born Sunny Bank, Edgerton, became director on death of father.
1914 HEW 7 Feb: dinner time factory gate meeting, Ben Riley and JW Barry of Australian Freedom League, to publicise evening peace meeting at Town Hall with CP Trevelyan. Opposes National Service League’s plan for conscription.
HEW 23 May: visit by members of Dutch Society for Promoting Industry. Received by Mr Horace martin and shown round by JE Bates, manager, and Mr Brayshaw, foreign correspondent. Coal brought into mill on Corporation tram lines and fed automatically into fires.
HEW 19 Sep: Horace Martin, Stoneleigh, Edgerton, obit 45, heart attack. grandson of Patrick Martin, firm commenced 1859 along with Liddell & Bennett at Spring St and Upperhaed Row, moved to Wellington Mill 1864. Now employ 1400 at mill and 300 at Pelon Lane Mill, Halifax.
- YTD Martin,Sons & Co.Ltd,worsted, 520 looms.
1930 HEW 25 Oct: Sir Ernest Martin, chr, Martin,Sons & Co.Ltd, in ‘Textile Mercury’ reply to Ramsay Macdonald claim that trade lost because business people won’t adapt. ‘…many of our factories could not be better equipped…’ Problem taxation and government granting trade facilities to Russia. Advocates Empire Free Trade, as advocated by Ld Beaverbrook, secure colonial markets and tariff on foreign imports. Admit Canadian wheat if Canada removes tariffs on woollens.
1918 HEW 8 Jun: healders and twisters, dispute settled. Men left work 6 May. Compromise gains rise of 5-7s week.
- WELLS MILL/WELLHOUSE MILL (Northgate)
1831. [DTJ]:Henry Brook & Sons insured for £4,620.
1833. VWR 27 Jul: H.Brook signs resolution against trade unions.
1834. HG 12 Apr: Offence against Factory Act.
1836 LT 13 Feb: Wm Brooks mill, Northgate, woman injured.
1838. LT 8 Dec: powerlooms.
1839. LM 9 Nov: H.Brook & Sons stock in trade To be sold.
1842. General strike, William Brook magistrate.
1848. LM 18 Nov: accident.
1850. LM 8 Jun: late Wm Brook machinery, powerlooms, mules etc To be sold.
LM , HC 31 Aug: Henry Brook & Sons, fire ignites in chimney in old mill.
1852. HE 27 Jan.
1853. HC 14 May: dyehouse To be let, also billy. scribbler, pair of mules..
1855. HE,HC 17 Feb: ‘Brooks mill, Northgate’, (‘Union St’ HC), several occupants. Milner & Hale. Fire in teasing room. Scribbling or willowing cotton and wool together. Dust pipe too full. Milner & Hale not insured.
HC 17 Feb: Thomas Hodgson and Richard reed, bobbin makers, Brook’s factory, Union Street, John Charlesworth obtaining bobbins wirth £38 under false pretences, 20 gross @ 11s/gross. Claimed to be cotton spinner in Oldham. Committed for trial.
HC 28 Jul: Mrs Brook of Wells Mill rents farm to Thos Dickinson at Storthes, Moldgreen. Part of agreement that mill sweepings, night soil, gas lime etc be given to him for manure. In February he gives up notice. Mrs Brook does not allow him to sell manure to incoming tenant. Garside offers him only 1s6d load. Action against Brook for £15. Awarded 50s.
HE 20 Oct: John Hall & Son declining business, machinery to be sold. Also dyepans in dyehouse at Quarmby.
1857. HE 24 Oct: Milne & Hale strike at Wells???
1859. HC 8 Jan: To let at Wells Mills, scribblers, carders, billies, mules, broad and narrow power looms, finishing machinery and stocks, apply W Brook.
HC 11 Jun: J.Hirst and G.Heaton.
HC 17 Sep: William Taylor, Crosland Moor Bottom, cloth miller at Wells Mills, (former partner of Henry Charlesworth of Birkby), debtor.
HC 17 Dec: Henry Charlesworth of Lee Head, R&P at Wells Mills, accuses William France of stealing flocks. Two months in House of Correction.
HC 11 Jun: George Heaton, Whiteley Upper, former partner of Jesse Hirst, bankrupt. At mill from Oct 1856 to Jan 1858. Debtor.
1860. HC 12 May: fire, Stork, cotton spinner..
HE 18 Aug: leased to John Hannah, cloth dresser, by Jos. Armitage and John Brooke, trustees of Huddersfield Banking Co, mortgagees of late William Brook. Notice that engine , boilers, fixtures , machinery etc, belong to lessees.
HE,HC 15 Dec: Stork, fire in third storey. Overlooker lighting gas with safety lamp, but particles of cotton ignite, put out before Imp Comms and L&Y engines arrive.
1861. HC 27 Jul: room and power.
1862. HE 23 Aug: ‘familiarly known as Brook’s Factory…’ Stork Bros room in mill, John Tait, 16, sheet he is carrying caught in shaft running outside mill and he is dashed unconscious, in a dangerous state.
HE 22 Nov: Stork Bros., spinner, James Littlewood (19) hangs himself in privy after being discharged.
- HC 28 Mar: To be let.
HC 8 Aug: Stork Bros, fire in willowing room.
1864. HE 2 Dec: machinery To be sold.
1865. HC 25 Feb: Gutta percha works, Wells Mill, Northgate, boy Thomas Thorpe helping father, arm crushed in a machine.
HC 25 Nov, HE 2 Dec: machinery To be sold.
HC 2 Dec: George Heaton. occupies part of mill, employs own son under 13 before 12 noon neglecting to send him to school. Certificate from Dr Greenwood, stating aged 13, but dated four days after offence committed.
HC 16 Dec: Letter from sub-inspector WH Breadon, re Col Crosland JP’s comments on above case. Surgeons were Not allowed discretion to offer certs to under 13s they thought strong enough.
HC 23 Dec: George Heaton bankrupt, yarn to be sold.
- HE 6 Jan: To be let.
HC 19 May: Hanson & Proctor, woollen yarn spinners, willowing machine in cellar catches fire, room fireproof, Improvement Commissioners Fire Brigade summoned.
- HC 5 Jan: John Firth, scribbler and spinner, bankrupt.
HC 21 Sep:Bray & Stocks machinery To be sold.
1868.HE 11 Jan: Mark Bailey, sizing machine.
1869.HC 2 Jan: room and power.
HE 23 Jan: Wrigleys, woman assistant in mechanics shop steals brass.
HE 27 Nov: Joseph Hirst sued by commission agent for £16.9.10d commission owed on goods sold.
- HEW 22 Jul: Kate Quinn badly injured by bale thrown from upper stories.
HEW 10 Aug: machinery To be sold.
HC 7 Oct: Wm Roebuck, yarn spinner, meeting of creditors.
HC 14 Oct: Wm Roebuck scribbling machines, mules, yarn etc to be sold.
1872 HC 2 Mar: Joseph Hirst, yarn spinner, treat at Palace Inn, Princess St, for 40.
1873 HEW 25 Oct: girl, Gledhill, piecer, looses two fingers cleaning machine.
1875 HEW 30 Oct: Walter Kaye scribbler and yarn spinner, scribbler and yarn spinner, summons for money owed.
HEW 18 Dec: Brook’s Mill, Northgate, part of which occ. by Halstead & Ackroyd. Fire in basement room. Sgt Holt on leave, Shuttleworth in charge of police station brings horse cart. London, Liverpool & Globe brigade also summonsed. Teazing machine and raw material destroyed.
1887. HEW 4 Jun: Halstead & Ackroyd, yarn spinner, presentation to worker going to India.
1891. HEW 28 Feb: Halstead & Ackroyd, yarn spinner/ Fox,yarn spinner, willyer fire, mill 6 storeys by 22 windows long, £1,000 damage
1896. HEW 11 Jul: Estate to be sold, east mill, 4 storeys by 91½ by 61 feet: west mill 5 storeys. Beam engine, 36 ” cylinder, 6½ foot stroke, 25 foot flywheel. West Mill tenants, GH Fox & Co; E & W Halstead, and part empty.
HEW 14 Nov: Rippon Bros, carriage builders buy mill, 5 storeys front onto Fountain St, part still occupied by G.H.Fox/E.&.W. Halstead, spinners, working overtime, fire, spreads rapidly, £1000 damage to 3rd and 4th storeys.
1898. HEW 15 Jan: E & W. Halstead, machinery to be sold.
1901HEW 21 Sep: fire in teazing machine in bottom room, £150 damage.
HEW 19 Oct: G.H.Fox & Co, willying room fire.
- WESTFIELD MILL (Dalton)
1867. James Jordan buys mill.*
1872. HC 13 Jan: James Jordan, Westfield Mills, in his capacity as councillor writes in reply to letter complaining about state of St George’s Square.
1886 HEW 14 Aug: James Jordan, Westfield Mill, action under Employers liability Act £109. 4s. , three years wages (at 14s/week plus overtime) by Tom Garthwaite, dyer. Putting strap on drum catches in crack and carried round shafting. Never told that machine should be stopped. Action withdrawn and out of court settlement. Judge says that in 13 cases in 1885 7 withdrawn.
- HEW 21 Oct: *J.Jordan obituary (81). 28 Oct: Letter re Jimmy Jordan’s arrival from Kendal in 1842, from Ellen Farrand, of Almondbury. He would rather walk three miles from Kirkburton to work than pay 6d as a lodger at her parent’s house at Birks. Went then to weave at Rowley Hill.
HEW 25 Nov: mill to be sold: HEW 9 Dec: machinery to be sold.
- HEW 27 Jan: 3 storeys.
1902 HEW 19 Apr: To be sold – four storeys x 80 x 28’, 16hp vertical engine, with Westfield House, occupied by James Jordan.
- HC 11 Sep: To be sold, occupied Jonathon Beaumont & Sons, shoddy manufacturers, 4 storey main mill 80x28ft with power crane, rag pulling shed, dyehouse, engine house etc along with Westfield House and Westfield Buildings.
1928 HEW 7 Jan: James Jordan , obit (80), son of Alderman James Jordan, with whom in formerly in business at Westfield Mill (pile fabric manufacturer). Left to form own business in 1879.
- WHINNEY HILL WOOD MILL (Marsden)
see Woodbottom Mill.
- WHINNEY BANK MILL (Wooldale)
1802 Insured for £830
1817, HO. deposition of R.Lees, John Bates, cloth dresser, workshop/mill?
1839.LM 15 Jun: ROOM and POWER and DWELLING- HOUSE To Be Let and may be entered, to immediately a convenient Dwelling Housesituate at Winney Bank aforesaid, containing Three Ground Floor Rooms, FourLodging Rooms and good Cellars with Barn,Mistal and Outbuildings. Also if required a few acres of Grass Land. Also Room and Power for One pair of Mules And Two Rooms for the FINISHING of CLOTH in Winney Bank Mill with gig and Brushing Mill ready for use.Also Press, Press Oven and Papers. Also To Be Sold a good Eight-horse STEAM BOILER. For further Particulars apply to Mr Benjamin Bates,Wood Bottom,Near Winney Bank Holmfirth.
1840 LM l6 May: FULLING- and SCRIBBLING- MILL at WINNEY BANK NEAR HOLMFIRTH To Be Let, either from Year to Year or for a Term with immediate Possesion,the above MILL is Three Stories high and l6 Yards Long by 10 1/2 Yards Broad with the Steam Engine and Reservoir thereto.Also the Dyehouse and Two Finishing Rooms. There are Two Scribblers with Two Cylinders and Breast with Three Workers on a part, 4-ft Wide;0ne Scribbler with Three ditto 4ft 6in.wide;Three Carders with Two ditto,3O inches wide;Two Double Fulling Stocks;One Single ditto;Two FiftySix Spindle Billeys;0ne Driver;One Willow or Teazer;0ne Sixty Spindle Billy. The Incoming Tenant will have to pay the Valuation of the Machinery and Going Gear,which are in excellent Condition and Coals within a short distance.Apply to Mr James Bates Winney Bank,Mr William Bates or Mr Benjamin Bates,WoodBottom,Near Winney Bank.
1840 LM 26 Dec: “A person ofthe name of Barrowclough alias Cockin who has long been a very suspicious character was taken into custody on Thursday week charged with stealing a quantity of leather straps from the mill of Mr Bates at Winneybank near Holmfirth.Part of the stolen goods were found in his house…”
- LM 17 May. TO WOOLLEN MANUFACTURERS -TO BE LET for a Term of Years to suit the Convenience of a Tenant and may be entered to immediately .WHINNEY BANK MILL in the Township of WOOLDALE ,with a Steam Engine,Boiler &c of Sixteen Horse power and an abundant Supply of pure Soft Water; also the Gearing,Stocks,Machinery &c.&c. which comprise Two Double,One Single and One Driving Stocks,One Willow or Teazer,Three Scribbling and Three Carding Machines,with Three Billies with Gearing for the same.The Taker can also be accmmodated with Two Houses &c. and about Twenty Acres of Land. Wiinney Bank is situated within I 1/2 Miles of several Beds of excellent Coal,abouta Mile from Holmfirth and Six Miles from Huddersfield.For further Particulars apply Mr Jas BATES, Winney Bank who will treat for the same. Winney Bank I4th May 1845.
1867. HC 7 Sep: James Bates Obit, sub-inspector of factories and liberal.
1870. HC 10 Sep: Whinney Bank House to be sold along with third part in building ‘formerly used as a Woollen Mill with the engine and boiler house…’
- WHITACRE MILL/WOODHOUSE MILL (Deighton)
1789.Land Tax Returns: John Whitacre for mill.
1794. John Whitacre merchant manufacturer.
1809. KC.165/323. John Whitacre case for theft against cloth dresser Ben Haigh. Refers to John Whtacre jnr ‘the young master’ and recording of pieces.
1820, T.S. papers. Hirst’s deposition, insurgents meet near mill.
1831. LM 1 Jan: Fire, Thursday last, two in the morning, begins in attic of the old mill. Fire brigade does not arrive until four o’clock. Adjoining buildings including engine house saved. Machinery in old building lost including scribbling, carding, slubbing, spinning, fulling and cloth dressing. Building ‘a mere shell’. Steam engine saved and all insured. ‘It is also pleasing to learn that this destructive fire was accidental, and not the work of incendiaries.’
1831 LI 6 Jan: The Leeds Intelligencer adds ‘“there is too much reason to believe, from investigations that have been made subsequently that the calamity was not accidental but the work of some incendiary”’. Three firemen injured by fall from ladder, one, John Hartley, 45, foreman to John Newhouse, plumber and glazier, fatal spine injury.
1834. ? 4 Jan: visit by Sadler.
1841. HG 28 Aug:’newly erected’ room and power..
1843. LM 1 Apr: To be let. ‘newly erected in the most substantial and approved manner’ 44×15 yards and 15×12 yards waterwheel 18 feet diameter, 20 feet wide. ‘moved by the whole water of the River Colne’ Holme and Wessenden Reservoirs constructed to supply mills in drought. Provision for putting in additional wheel.
Lesser mill 25hp steam engine, mechanics and smiths shops, wool and tenter stoves, weaving factory and dyehouse. Several cottages.
1845. LT 7 Jun:Wrigley & Binns/Henry Mcauley Offence against Factory Act..
1846. LT 5 Sep: treat to celebrate free trade.
1849. LM 21 Apr:Dickinson & Platt cloth dressing machinery tenant. (move to Crossley Mill?).
1851. HC 6 Sep:George and John Cockin machinery to be sold (including mules totalling 1200 spindles.)
1852 HC 13 Mar: Mrs Inman. Waste embezzling case. Samuel Whiteley engineer prosecuted.
- HE 16 Jul:Rayner spinner occupier.
1855 HC 25 Aug: Whitacre Mill, John Barett of Dalton erects private bridge to mill. Accused of assaulting trespassers, who claim they have used it for 5 or 6 years. Fined 12s 6d.
1856 HC 19 Apr: Wright Charlesworth, 24, scribbling engineer and foreman. Wednesday afternoon at work finished cleaning engine coming down stairs whistling passes Sarah Ann Wood. Moments later Jos Warley finds him lying at bottom of stairs. Mark on forehead and face from fall. Suffered from palpitations of heart.
- HC 30 Mar: Oakes Barret & Co cotton spinners, machinery to be sold, lease expiring.
HC 1Jun: Dissolution of partnership.
HC 15 Jun: several spacious rooms and power at ‘Mr Whitacre’s Mill, Woodhouse’. Apply to engine driver on premises further particulars Edmund Eastwood. .
- HC 25 Oct: Job Starkey’s overlooker Joseph Barker accuses Ben Starkey, brother of employer of assault. Barker remonstrated with Starkey for not working hard enough and Starkey throws an iron roller off a spinning machine at him. It misses so he throws another breaking Barker’s ankle. Defendant says Barker swore at him and caught hold of him to throw him out. Job says complaninat had treated his brother badly. 5s fine and £1 to defendant.
1863 HC 11 Apr: room and power.
HC 5 Sep: room and power, for further information enquire at Edmund Eastwood, Engine Bridge.
- HC 2 Jan: Woodhouse mansion and grounds to let, John Whitacre Esq.
HC 13 Aug: fire in stove over boiler of ‘extensive mills’, part occupied by Messrs Hopkinson of Sheepbridge. Bradley Mill fire engine uses water from dam.
- HE 4 Mar: accident while repairing water wheel.
HC 30 Sep: Thomas Starkey (Leathamite), contests objection to him having vote. Had interest in mill since 1st July. His father and uncle took mill in 1857 , his uncle had since died. ‘He was not allowed commission on business done, but was a partner – just as much a servant as he used to be. He had 24s per week. That is his weekly wage and he had received it since 1857.’ Also ¼ of profits. Vote allowed.
1867. HC 3 Aug: Hopkinson’s, fatal accident to Walter Woodhead, 16, caught in teazing machine.
1868. HC 4 Jan: Joseph Hoyle & Son, Woodhouse Mills, retiring from business of cloth dressing, thanks for patronage over last 35 years. Introduce successors Byrom & Walker.
1869. HC 20 Mar: John Whitacre OBIT 23 March aged 83.
1870. HE 26 Mar: John Whitacre trustees, Ed Eastwood: To be sold,also estate..
1872. HEW 17 Feb: John Lee Walker, cloth finishers,treat.
1875. HEW 27 Mar:cotton machinery To be sold.
HEW 27 May:J.&.A.Starkey bankrupt. machinery To be sold.
HEW 16 Dec: ‘Low Mill’, room and power,three rooms,65 x 24 feet,three rooms 63 x 19 feet.
1883 HEW 30 Jun: set of nearly new condensers, carder, mules etc, to be sold, J & H Singleton, trustees.
1884. HEW 9 Aug: tender for brick chimney – J.Kirk. architect.
1886. HEW 18 Feb 1893: Wm Thompson & Sons,introduces profit sharing.
1887. HEW 22 Jan: Coop Conference held at mill.
William Morris’ visit to Huddersfield on invitation of George Thomson. (see https://undergroundhistories.wordpress.com/from-the-archive/ )
1888. HEW 30 Jun: Wm.Thomson at Brussels exhibition.
1889. YFT 2 Aug: Jessops machinery auctioned, old looms but sell well.
YFT 9 Aug:30 Aug: W.Thomson & Sons ‘industrial partnership’.
YFT 6 Sep: Fire.
1891. HEW 14 Nov: George Thomson, evidence to Labour Commission, male weavers average 24-25s/week, spinners 25s: females 16-17s week. Profit sharing scheme although in recent years not much profit to distribute, around 3d. in £1 of wages given in shares and 80 % of workers shareholders. trend in Yorkshire woollens to replace males by females and for small firms to be replaced by big ones.
1893. HEW 18 Feb: Wm Thomson & Sons , profit sharing introduced in 1886. In 1889 losses due to serious breakdown (fire?) and high wool prices.
YFT 28 Jul: G.Thomson juror in Chicago textile exhibition.
- HEW 10 Feb: Annual Report.
YFT 21 Sep: Wm. Thomson provides free reading room at Deighton.
- HEW 28 Mar: weaving shed to be let, late occupier D.Lockwood & Sons.
HEW 1 Aug: ditto, and room and power in main mill.
HEW 5 Dec: Wm Thomson & Sons Ltd and manager, Edward Irving prosecuted by WR Rivers Board for pollution of stream by sludge from tank. No fine but costs awarded against them and prohibition of repeating offence.
- HEW 10 Jul: sickness and old age pension scheme.
HEW 9 Oct: Goerge Thomson opens Huddersfield Art Society annual exhibition, friend and disciple of Ruskin and in many respects of Wm Morris.
1898. HEW 5 Feb: shareholders meeting.
1899. HEW 3 Jun: Wm. Thomson & Sons, Ltd, declining business in scribbling and spinning, machinery to be sold.
1907. HEW 3 Aug: Woodhouse Hall, garden party and presentation to George Thomson, 21st anniversary of co-parnership.
1908. YFT 13 Mar,20 Mar: George Thomson copartnership, profit sharing scheme, committee of management, 8 hour day, standing wage, pension scheme, sick fund, marriage portion, no married women, no non-union labour, full lay-off pay, bonus according to profits. 1s increase since 1907, male weavers, 24s: female weavers,18s: menders,16s.
HEW 18 Jun: G H Lockwood obit, of G Henry & Co, Woodhouse Mill.
1910 HEW 12 Nov: Cllr George Thomson, formerly Priestroyd Mill, Woodhouse Ltd Co. 1886
1912. HEW 3 Feb: George Thomson (mayor) interview. 25 years of co-partnership.
1915. HE 30 Jan: Khaki contract.
1918 HEW 26 Jan: Wm Thomson & Sons, 31st AGM, Allen Gee JP, vice pres, presided, Mr Langley succeeded Geo Thomson as general manager gives report. 5% payment on share capital agreed.
357.WHITELEY BOTTOMS MILL (Milnsbridge)
1834. Factory Commissioners Report. Whiteley Bottom, Linthwaite, Armitage Bros.&.Co. wool since 1790, 16 employed, water wheel 10hp.
1860. HE 30 Jun: machinery To be sold.
1867 HC 31 Aug: Thos Balmforth, night watchman for Haigh & Heaton ,dyers, cottage adjoining mill, little girl badly bitten by rats which infest house.
1872 HC 20 Apr: Calverley & Beaumont, finishing works, Whiteley Bottoms Mill. ‘Dastardly’ attempt to blow up boiler and break running gear. Piece of iron placed in cogs of going gear. On another occasion feed pipe of boiler blocked with rags to cut of water. Other similar attempts. Marsh society for the prosecution of felons have offered reward.
- WHITLEY WILLOWS MILL (Lepton)
1780. Dam and building on map.
1790. WBE/159, ‘tumming mill’.
1855. HC 5 May: Robert Tolson & Sons, James Stocks, weaver, charged with being in mil yard with intent to commit felony. Workmen who slept in engine house hears ‘a key tinkle’. Several robberies on premises. Stocks, who works at Lodge’s, Fenay Bridge, said he was in ‘shrog to leet on a rabbit.’ One month in Wakefield.
1858. HE 22 May: James, Robert & Jos. Tolson scribbling millers. Dissolution of partnership.
1860. HE 3 Nov:Land & Co. theft.
1867. HC 17 Aug: David Hobson To be sold, finishing machinery and effects.
1879 taken over by George Kilner and brother Charles Edward. George, born 1840, age 9 billy piecer at Dalton Lees Mill, former part-time bookkeeper and fettler at Levi Mill, where father manager.
Obituary HEW 13 May 1911.
- Directory: Robert Tolson (executors of) woollen and angola yarn spinner.
1899 George Kilner retires.
- WIGGINFIELD MILL (Sheepridge)
- HEW 31 Aug: James Bray & Co., woollen machinery and effects to be sold.
HEW 5 Oct: To be let.
- WILDSPUR MILL (New Mill)
1844 BJ 1 Jun: I went to Mr. S. Moorhouses, talked over the valuation [off Mytholmbridge Mill] etc. He would make it out, also the Conditions we let it on and give us an inventory of the Fixtures. We entered into conversation about his New Mill, he said he wished he could let it us, I asked him what Rent_he would want for it, he said £260. I asked if he would not take £200 if a likely person was to offer it, he said no, but he thought he should have done some time since, but things were now looking better and he said he could let it off in Rooms for more money than £260 and I have no doubt he will. I thought he asked a very reasonable rent considering the size and situation of the Mill. It is 22yds by 14yds, about 22ft fall; a wheel 8ft 6in wide put in and says there would be water one half of the year. There would require and Engine, he thought of putting one down 20 Horse power. I think the Mill might be taken to do anyone good who had work to employ it or even part employ it. They would require a large outlay in Machinery. I wishd in my mind we were out of Digley Mill. What a wide contract, paying £140 a year for it and about £40 more for Rezervoir Rates and can only Mill our pieces at it a part of the year and turn the finishing machinery. Whereas Sydney Mill would hold all the machinery in Mules, Scribblers, etc etc we should want to put in. He invited me to dinner on the following day.
1847. LM 23 Oct: Burnt down, ‘new and spacious building’, several occupants. Sid Moorhouse, owner. Fire in third floor, Jn Hinchliffe, loss £500, Jms Hoyle , 1st 2nd storeys, £1,000. Morrhouse has building insured with L&Y but only £750, mill-wrights work and his mules in fourth storey and attic not covered. D Shaws fire brigade prevent spread to engine house, willying house and other outbuildings.
1851. HC 15 Feb: Sid Moorhouse fire in stove.
HC 22 Feb: Wood, offence against Factory Acts.
1852. *Charles Hirst of Birdsedge occupies weaving shed, August . After 18 months signs ten year lease with Sidney Moorhouse. * (* denotes Chancery case – see below).
1853. HE 29 Jan: Sid Moorhouse fire in stove – mill destroyed by fire few years ago. No engine in locality, Examiner report calls millowners ‘penny wise and pound foolish).
1855. HC 5 May: Sidney Moorhouse, obit, 52, ‘humane and liberal views in relation to the relief and elevation of our pauper poor.’
Sidney Moorhouse dies in May this year. * Charles Hirst claims he is a year to year tenant and gives notice to quit on 1 July 1856. *
- HE,HC 11 Jul: room and power. 23×18 ½ ydsThree rows of shafting capable of running 30 pairs of broad looms, John Burton.
HE 10 Oct: to be let – ‘this almost newly erected mill’ five storeys, large weaving shed 22 x 18 yards, for power looms,dyehose, stove, willow, 4 cottages and four acres of land. Apply Mr John Burton, Holmfirth.
- * Mrs Moorhouse finds agreement with Hirst and demands that he fulfil contract. He objects saying premises since let and that Moorhouse had failed to supply steam power or keep premises in repair.*
- HC 2 Jul: ‘Wild Spurr Mill’, room and power, lately occupied by Messrs Lockwood Bros, apply Sidney Morehouse, Morecroft, New Mill.
HC 23 Jul: * Verdict of Chancery case Moorhouse v. Hirst. Hirst by his frauds had precluded himelf from defence of non-repair etc. To avoid protracted litigation defendant agrees to pay £600 and costs.*
HC 26 Nov, HE 10 Dec: Eli Moorhouse tenant. To be sold. 4 storeys and attic, steam engine 18hp, water wheel 26’6″x7’10”, fall 26’7″, dyehouse, stove, weaving-shed 66×54′, recently built by owner Sidney Moorhouse.
‘The water for turning the wheel is impounded in a reservoir of upwards of an acre in area, besides which there are three other reservoirs of the purest spring water conveyed in pipes one to the other and to various parts of the premises, furnishing throughout the year a most abundant supply for washing pieces and for other purposes.’
1860- 1865 Unoccupied *
1864 HC 22 Oct: Moorcroft Estate, family mansion and land sold for £5,400. Estate in family of Sidney Moorhouse for 200 years, ‘one of the most beautiful in the district.’
1869. HC 6 Mar: E Hirst & Son, accident, flywheel breaks due to governor failure.
1871. HED 11 May: Ed Hirst & Sons fire.
1872 HC 10 Aug: Ed Hirst & Son, William Castle weaver, New Mill, found sleeping in boiler house, sentenced to two months imprisonment for wandering about in an unlawful manner as a rogue and vagabond.
- Directory: E.Hirst & Son.
1885 HEW 5 Jan: Ed Hirst & Sons – fire. Seen by PC Ambler and Walter Sykes, millhand who lives on premises. In woollen piece stove – £200 damages.
1886. HEW 23 Oct: Ed. Hirst & Sons suprise presentation of watch to Abram Taylor, head finisher for 37 years, on occasion of his golden wedding.
1888. HEW 4 Feb:Ed.Hirst & Son, treat.
HEW 6 Oct:Ed.Hirst & Son, 5 youths worked overtime.
- *HEW 15 May: 15 Jun: Edward Hirst & Sons, water rights dispute with Jonathon Thorpe, Jackson Bridge, owns two mills further down stream. Culvert made to divert ‘ochre water’ of Raikes Dike from their culvert into Dean Dike, thereby polluting goit of Jackson Bridge mill.
1899. HEW 24 Jun: Edward Hirst & Son, giving up business, machinery to be sold.
HEW 15 Jul: ditto.
1910 YTD : Copley, Marshall & Co, Ltd, hank and warp mercanisers, dyers and bleacers, sizers and winders and dressers, specialists in all kinds of mercerised yarns for art needlework, makers of ‘Wildspur’ sewing and machine threads.
360 a. WILSHAW MILL (see also Royd Edge) (Meltham)
1853 HC 12 Nov: Greave, Joseph Hirst of Wilshaw Villa treats residents, mostly his workpeople to dinner in warehouse at Wilshaw. Large flag flies from roof. Room 60×50 feet decorated with evergreens. Band plays.
1856 HC 12,26 Jan: Attempted robbery of Jos Hirst on his way home from Royd Edge Mill.
HC 8 Mar: Jos Hirst, Wilshaw, firein stove. Roof considerably damaged. Fire subdued before Meltham Mills engine arrives.
1858. HC 16 Oct: Albert Beaumont’s marriage to Mary Hirst of Wilshaw Thursday 14 Oct. 400 of ‘The workpeople of the several mills belonging to Mr Hirst..’ dinner at Swan and Rose & Crown.
1859. HC 29 Jan: J Hirst at meeting of Huddersfield Steam Boiler Association. Praises inspector ‘a more gentlemanly and attentive man he had never met.’ Alterations he had made had resulted in a great deal more power, saved much fuel and produced a gain of 40 minutes per day.
HC 18 Jun: Funeral of Mrs Alfred Beaumont of Park Cottage, Lockwood, only child of Jos Hirst Esq of Wilshaw Villa. Interred in the burial ground of St James, Meltham Mills. 120-30 ‘well dressed workpeople, in the employment of Mr Hirst, walked in front of the hearse, followed by 4 mourning coaches. Hundreds line the road to church and all shops closed.
- HC 17 Aug: Tenders for school and teacher’s house at Wilshaw, John Kirk architect.
1862 HC 5 Apr: Elleanor Hirst lays corner stone of St Mary’s lecture room, school and house, im memory of daughter Mary Beaumont, 31 March. Workpeople present inscribed silver trowel and rosewood mallet. Alfred Beaumont on platform.
HC 16 Aug: Joseph Hirst chairs first annual soiree of Meltham Industrial Cooperative Trading Society at Oddfellows Hall. Alfred Beaumont proposes toast to ‘The town and trade of Meltham.’
HC 11 Oct: Joseph Hirst, donates £100 to Cotton Districts Distress relief Fund.
- HC 2 May: Consecration of St Mary’s in memory of Mary Beaumont.
HC 25 May: Alfred Beaumont of Greave on new Netherthong Local Board.
1864 HC 19 Mar: Jos Hirst one of requisitionists for public meeting in Huddersfield to promote subscription for relief of victims of Bradfield res disaster, Sheffield.
HC 28 May: Joseph Hirst’s four year old son falls into mill dam, seen floating by Morton, cloth miller. ‘The ususal remedies were applied, but it was a considerable time before animation was properly restored.’
1865 HC 18 Feb: Jos Hirst, Wilshaw addresses Meltham Industrial Coop Trading Society third annual tea, meeting and soiree in Odd Fellows Hall, ‘pointing out the advantages that would accrue to the working classes by joining…’
1866 HC 9 Jul: Jos Hirst’s worker, Chas Iredale of Paddock Brow, employed in New Street warehouse, dies of cholera.
1870 HC 2 Apr: Jos. Hirst, almshouses in course of erection, Moorhouse & Co. contractors taking advantage of present fine weather.
HC 21 May: Foundation stone laid by Mrs Hrst with silver trowel donated by workpeople. (similar present given for laying of church foundation stone). Kirk & Son architects.
1871 HC 29 Apr: Almshouses nearing completion., ‘designed as residences for old people formerly in the employ of Mr Hirst, and for the aged poor of the district. The building, when finished, will prove one of the greatest ornaments in this hilly and picturesque district,’ HC 27 May: Description of almshouses.
HC 10 Jun: Jos Hirst Esq of Wilshaw Villa, buys farms at Cote, Woodnook and Uppergreave totalling over 91 acres, in one lot for £6000 – contigious to his property.
HC 2 Sep: Jos Hirst of Wilshaw agrees to give 20% advance of wages. Other manufacturers also in favour. Cloth dressers meeting next week.
Opening of Alms Houses. John Kirk & Sons, architects. Letter from ‘Enquirer’ asking if occupants really needy as some had money in bamk. Editor replies not for wholey destitute but those who can’t support themselves and in words of Mr Hirst’s speech at ceremony, ‘who have conducted themselves through life in an honourable manner and borne a good character for industry, integrity and hobesty.’
1884 HEW 2 Aug: To be sold, worsted spinning concern and dyehouse fittings.
Eleanor Hirst, widow, deceased, notice to creditors.
- WOODBOTTOM MILL (Marsden)
1794. John Plowes Leeds, merchant, acquired mill by marriage.
1796. LM 5 Mar: To be let, fulling, scribbling, carding, dyehouse, and dyewood chipping and rasping mill.
1802. LM 27 Nov:John Haigh and John Moore occupier, To be sold.
1806. LM 14 Jun: John Haigh assignees, To be sold, including 6 cotton throstles.
1812 Allegedly fortified against Luddites according to ‘A Glimpse of the Old Mills of Marsden’ (CVG 2 Mar 1917), but the article attributes this to Arthur Hirst and John Hirst, who were not associated with the mill until the 1860s. [see below]. According to article in Dickens ‘All Year Round’, describing the fortifications Wood Bottom was held by Armitage at this time.
1848. Directory: Jos Armitage & Sons, Woodbottom.
1849. LM 10 Feb, 15 Sep: Jos Armitage To be sold,Whinnyhill Wood.
1854. HC 16 Sep: son of W H Sykes eged 5 drowned in mill dam.
1860. HE 21 Jan; HC 21 Jan: John Hirst of Lane Ings, Tuesday 5am fire in building situated at right angles to old scribbling and fulling mill, parallel to river, 2 storey,oil, mules, willow room, warehouse, building and machinery property of Abraham Hirst of Hullen Edge.c.£1000 damage, insured with L.&.Y. HE comments that ‘so large and important’ a place as Marsden should have a fire engine.
1861. HE 19 Jan: John Hirst, treat with quadrille band. Enoch and Arthur Hirst also attend. Fire referred to.
1862. HC 26 Jul: Abraham Hirst and John Hirst fire in old part of mill, three storey building ‘over a century’ old. New wing recently added, saved.
HE 26 Jul: Farrar’s fire engine first used, a few months in village, only one.
HE 29 Aug: John Hirst’s assignment, Wood Bottom Mill, farm stock and implements to be sold.
1866. HC 22 Dec: Hirst & Stockwell fire.
1867. HC 26 Jan: Hirst & Stockwell treat at New Inn for 60.
HC 28 Sep: FIRE, burnt down.
HC 12 Oct: John Hirst machinery To be sold.
HC 30 Nov: mason injured during demolition.
1868. HE/HC 12 Sep: “newly erected mill” To be let. plus spinning mill, warehouse, dyehouse, five cottages and 16 acres of land.
1869. HC 2 Jan:8 May: Ditto.
1870 WYAS.KX 226: estimate and specification, John Mitchell, ironfounder , Hinchliffe Mill to trustees of late Abraham Hirst, Hullen Edge, for water wheel to be fitted at Wood Bottom Mill, Marsden.
HE 16 Jul: Cottages occupied by Irish labourers working on standedge Tunnel, attacked by English labourers.
1872 HC 17 Feb: Eli Wilkinson, tea at Two Dutchmen.
HC 1 Jun: wall toppings and walls knocked down in vicinity of mill. Several young men to go before magistrates.
HEW 20 Jul: 13 Jul Marsden flood, Eli Wilkinson’s mill. Substantial tail goit swept away. £200 damage.
1884. HEW 11 Oct: tender for alterations and additions, J.Kirk, architect.
1887. HEW 27 Jul:Walter Hartley obit, took over mill 12 months ago and put in additional machinery and employed increased number of hands ‘in period of exceptional depression’.
1894. HEW 14 Apr: Hartley & Co. waste opening machinery to be sold.
1895. HEW 27 Jul: To be let
1896. HEW 28 Mar: Auction, 25 Jun, 1895, Crowther, bruce & Co, sued for 340 owing to auctioneer for machinery bought, Tolson’s carboniser £18, Tolson’s patent hexagonal wool drying machine £22.
HEW 18 Jul, 1Aug: to be let, with or without dwelling house and cottages.
- WOODBOTTOM MILL (New Mill)
- HC 25 Apr, HE 2 May: John Lockwood’s mill, built over a stream which divides the townships, Jn Cartwright stands on frame to disentangle strap caught around horizontal shaft. Hand torn off, arm amputated dies. Asks Lockwood to be kind to his wife and family.
362.(a)WOODFIELD MILL (Dalton)
1913 HEW 22 Mar: John William Smith, 26, arm caught in Garnett machine. Hirst Beaumont injured by block when trying to lift machine to free him.
362.(b)WOODFIELD MILL (Lockwood)
1913 HEW 22 Mar: A Priest & Sons, wollen manufacturers, minor fire. (see Victoria Mill).
- WOODHOUSE MILL (Deighton)
See Whitacre Mill.
- WOODLAND MILL (Longwood)
1884. HEW 17 May: Hepponstall & Co. weavers strike against proposed 10% reduction. 27 looms at mill, 10 female weavers, only men strike. Weavers claim no strike firm had dismissed male weavers to employ only females in future at 15% less.
1887. HEW 15 Jan: W.H.Rhodes overworking female after 6pm.
1889. HEW 23 Mar: Wm. Holroyd Rhodes, sues two female weavers for not finishing warps.
1893. HEW 8 Apr: John Haigh & Sons shoddy and mungo manufacturer. Fire. roof burnt off engine house and damge to steam engine, £6-700. Occupiers also W.H.Rhodes serge manufacturer and D.J.Green woollen manufacturer.
1894. HEW 14 Jul: John Haigh & Sons, fire 5 storeys by 13 by 4 windows, occupied by Haigh/D.J.Green/James [sic.(Joseph)] Brook (linsey)/ W.H.Rhodes (linsey)/ Iredale & Hirst (cloth dressers). £10,000 damage.
One side faces Wood St, one Dale St
1896. HEW 8 Aug: Wm.Holroyd Rhodes, linsey manufacturer killed in mysterious carder accident on Tuesday morning before workpeople arrive. Found with head injuries by son. Occupied two rooms in mill.
1897. HEW 20 Feb: John Haigh & Sons, mungo and shoddy. John Chas. Whitwam, Scapegoat Hill, (18) caught on swift shaft of rag grinding machine and killed. Worked at mill for three years, had a cork leg
HEW 20 Nov: Joseph Brook, executors machinery to be sold.
1901 HEW 7 Sep: J.Haigh & Sons, Woodland Mills, Dale St, Longwood, Lawson Ainley, Scapegoat Hill, helping move heavy machinery with blocks when piece of broken glass falls into his eye. At Manchester eye hospital.
- HEW 21 Jul: J.Haigh & Sons, mungo, E.&.A Eagland drilling hole 10 feet from ground for connecting shaft. Masons labourer injured by shaft.
HEW 18 Oct: John Haigh & Sons Ltd: to be sold mill (in Golcar Township) 5 storeys by 138′ by 48’6″ and machinery. Mungo and shoddy manufacturer, bankrupt, 300 trade creditors and mortgage and debenture holders, £13,000 at least needed from sale of mill to pay creditors
HEW 25 Oct: Raw material (170 tons) and machinery.
- HEW 3 Jan: J.Haigh in liquidation, machinery to be sold.
HEW 25 Jul: Job Beaumont, smoke nuisance (Golcar UDC).
New engine ‘Mary’, [see 1976]
1908 HEW 28 Mar: Job Beaumont, carding engine fire.
- HED 17 Feb: Job Beaumont treat.
YFT 20 Mar: fire, £2,000 damage.
1918 HEW 21 Dec: Job Beaumont & Sons, fire on second floor. Material between floor and ceiling below ignited. Engine ‘Ladas’ on way under Insp Wharfe looses wheel on Dale St. proceed on foot and assist workpeople who had kept it under control with three jets. Extensive damage.
1930 HEW 6 Sep: Percy Ainley, head of Job Beaumont & Sons business trip to Russia. ‘It is a doomed country, Leningrad has the appearance of being recently bombarded, the shabbily dressed people, some of them almost inrags, wait in logn quese for food and everywhere there are degradation and poverty…’ Loose marital vows, soldiers everywhere, propaganda &c. Wouldn’t go again if offered £500 !
1937 HEW 3 Apr: W Garside with firm 46 years at presentation to Miss Dilys Ainley, d. Cllr Percy Ainley on occ of her m (to solicitor of firm where she recently also a solicitor.)
1857-1974.WYAS.B/JB. Job Beaumont & Sons
1976 HED 15 Oct: Job Beaumont & Sons in liquidation, creditors meeting, 115 jobs lost. Mill closed 6 weeks ago bought by Lodong based Sona Consultants, sympathetic to preserving Mary, 73 year old engine.
- WOODROYD MILL / Victoria Dyeworks (Honley)
- HC 11 Mar, 22 Apr, 13 May: Henry Pearson, manager and engineer to John Haigh, woollen spinner, Woodroyd, charged with stealing wool belonging to George Lodge & Sons, Fenay Bridge. Lot of country work done at mill, Lodge sends cotton and wool to be spun. Sold to Samuel Hallas, woollen waste dealer, Mirfield. Walter Lodge says that last December James Shaw & Sons complained that yarn received from Haigh’s mill did not match weight-note. Prisoner said it must be mistake. Tells him that Haigh does not wish matter to be made public and both came to Fenay Bridge but did not meet Lodges. Committed to next sessions. There had been a fire at mill inDecember and Haigh ordered Pearson the manager to burn waste lying about. He persuades Haigh to allow him to sell it. Peason had been in Haigh’s emply for three years.After several hearings Pearson acquitted of felony but fined £20 for embezzlement of waste and Haigh not implicated.
HC 25 Mar: To be let, including 5 scribblers, 4 billies, 5x600spindle mules, stove, water wheel 30foot diameter, gas apparatus and cottages. John Haigh, Hall Ing, George A. Haigh, Grove House. [George Haigh also owns coal pits, ibid, 9 Dec, Marsh Pit. 1858 HC 24 Jul, letter.]
1857/58.HEW 26 Apr 1873:Joshua Hanson bankrupt.
1858 HC 3 Apr: Joshua & James Hanson. bankrupts, distress for rent, sale of machinery and other effects.
HC 8 May: Joshua Hanson, bankrupt, ‘removed from Woodroyd Mill for convenience of sale’ to Chapel Hill Mill, wool, shoddy, mungo, waste, skeps, lurry etc.
- HC 1 Jan: To be let, Messrs Haigh, 5st plus attic x86’x36 feet, weaving room 67x26ft, waterwheel, 30x4ft, 10 hp condensing steam engine, 30hp boiler, gas works etc. Two cottages, barn, outbuildings, 6 ½ a land
- HC 10 Aug: Woodroyd Mill, near Honley Station, to be sold, yarn in hanks and cops and slubbings etc. Also growing crops, Oats, Hay grass and Barley in plots near mill.
1864 HC 10 Dec: To view standing wood in Harryriding Wood and in fields near Woodroyd, apply at mill.
- HC 2 Jan:pattern weaver with knowledge of design wanted.
Ibid: room and power, mules.
1871. Census: woollen mill, unoccupied.
HC 29 Aug: to be sold.
1877. HEW 10 Mar:Whiteley Bros Thos Stephenson designer, Honley charged with rape of female, 23, at work.
1878 HEW 28 Dec: Ellis Lee Adamson, timekeeper, Woodroyd Mill, assaulted by Joe Moss, millhand, Honley, in Railway Hotel
- HEW 30 Oct: Whitely Bros Fire, six storey mill burnt down, engine driver on railway raises alarm with loco whistle, John Batley, engine tenter. £10-12,000 damage.
HEW 20 Nov,(supplmt) Thos & Arthur Whitely prosecuted for £11.19s.1d. by rag dealer, Ben Bailey, Holmfirth.
1881. Directory: Whiteley Bros (Tom and Arthur), fancy woollen and worsted manufacturers.
1882. HEW 4 Mar:Tenders for erection of dyehouse, engine house offices etc – Edward Holroyd & Sons.
1892. OS Map: Victoria Dyeworks.
HEW 11 Jun: ‘Mr Littlewood’s reservoir, Farnley Tyas’, John Moss, 57, Concord St, quarry owner, suicide, suffering from heart disease.
- HEW 11 Aug: Thos Littlewood, bankrupt, to be sold, along with Grove Mill.
1900 YFT 21 Sep: withdrawn from auction at £1200 – one reservoir situated in Farnley Tyas township.
- WRIGLEY’S MILL (Netherton)
1790. RD.DC:133:577. James Rawcliffe fulling miller, Spink Mire, buys land at Honley Woodbottom
1791. KC.165/338,Mill built by James Rawcliffe.
1792. KC.165/338, court order to lower weir after case by John Beaumont of Lower Hall Mill. (see Hall Mill,Lower)
1810. LM 3 Mar: To be let ‘Well built and Extensive Factory called Cocking Steps Mill situated in Honley Wood Bottom…’ 3 storeys high five rooms, two 12 x 8 yards, three 16 x 12 yards. ‘ with good water wheel, stove etc, in the middle of the buildings, being very eligible for a cloth or cotton manufacturer. Owner, James Rawcliffe, Meltham.
1812. KC.165/338.James Wrigley buys mill from John Rawcliffe.
1828 LM 13 Sep: letter from Thom Barlow, Croft House, Netherton, uncles R & R Wrigley win prise for piece made of Hampshire wool, show that Yorks manufacturers could finish pieces as well as W of England manufacturers.
- KC.165/338,case against Wrigley by John Hirst to lower weir.
Factory Commissioners Report. strike against Robert Wrigley
- LM 9 Nov: strike, attack on blacklegs.
HG 16 Nov: Messrs Wrigley ‘strenuous and spirited opposers of the union.’
VWR 16 Nov: Wrigleys ‘deadly enemies’ of Trade unions.
- Factory Commissioners Report. 56 employed scribbling carding, slubbing milling and finishing for 20 years. Under previous owner for 20 years. 30hp steam engine, 10hp waterwheel.
‘We have all our spinning, weaving, burling and wool picking worked at our servants own houses in the neighbourhood which contain about 1000 inhabitants, from 300-400 of them are in our employ and have been for more than 40 years…’
Third of mill occupied by Robert Wrigley, ‘but in June 1832 the Union called his men and children out from their work and since that time his machinery has been standing and spoiled.’
KC 165/341. York Assizes 22 Mar 1834.Robert Wrigley, plaintiff against Wm.Wrigley, Netherton, James Dawson, Honley Woodbottom, overlooker: Ben Wood, slubber:Ben Lees labourer. Plaintiff occupies part of mill he accuses defendants of assaulting him in mill. rents part from wm Wrigley. Defendants say plaintiff drunk and operating machinery in dangerous way. he had not paid rent for three years and has not worked his machinery properly since quarreling with his maen about the trade union in 1832.
1839. March: Mules set up by Sam Pontefract of Thurstonland.*
1843. LM 13 May: James Wrigley gives ground for Independent chapel.
1845 LM 25 Oct: J Wrigley & Sons, offences v. Factory Act, not fencing shaft, dave Bradley, slubber, fined 10s for working own son without certificate.
- Census: Netherton, James Wrigley, firm of two, 135 hands employed.
1853 HC 14 May: John Wrigley & Sons, fire in stove. Girls picking wool in room nearby smell burning. Put out by workpeople. Save cloth in room below .
HC 9 Jul: works closed on Wednesday for funeral of John Sykes of Honley, who had been with firm for 23 years. 46 workmen in procession, along with Ancient Druids.
1855 HC 22 Dec: Martin Wimpenny, 85, cloth miller, ervant of Wrigleys for more than 50 years, dies in sleep at home. Employers and workpeople join funeral procession.
- HC 29 Jan: James Wrigley at meeting of Huddersfield Steam Boiler Association. As a result of suggestions of inspector they had saved three or four tons of coal a week.
HC 6 Aug: James Wrigley’s cart driver for 12 years, John Beardsell of Netherton, head severed by truck when loading coals at Honley station.
1860. HC 18 Aug: James Albert Wrigley, second son of James Wrigley, attains majority. Treat , roast beef and plum pudding, for workpeople in large warehouse in Netherton.
1864. HC 8 Oct: alterations underway, accident, stone falls on cloth finisher, David Schofield of Netherton, serious injuries to head and shoulder.
1865 HC 18 Mar: William Wrigley marries Miss Dewhirst of Aspley, dinner treat for men in Oddfellows’ Hall, females tea in school room. James Wrigley Esq presides over assembly of both in the Hall. John Radcliffe speaks on behalf of workpeople.
HC 9 Sep: Benjamin ‘Old Ben’ Lees obit, Netherton, 74, 1809 enlisted in marines, on frigate Shannon, discharged 1814, engine tenter at Wrigley’s employee for over 40 years.
HC 25 Nov: Treat 130 workmen, Oddfellows Hall, 130 females in Independent schoolroom, occasion of marriage of James Albert Wrigley, timepiece presented.
- HC 9 Jun: fire in drying stove locals put it out with buckets, cans etc., £120 damage to wool.
HC 3 Nov: Pollution of Rivers Enquiry at Huddersfield.
‘Mr Joseph Wrigley, Jun, manufacturer said – the manufactories of their firm were situate at South Crosland and Lockwood and employed 200 or 300 hands and used about 2,000 tons of coal per year. The bed of the river does not appear to have arisen perceptively. We have principally thrown our ashes into the river and filled up deep holes. We have no quarries near us and if prevented from throwing ashes into the river we would have to destroy good land by heaping up ashes. We have a small reservoir which has not been sludged for many years. The sludge would not be sent into the stream. They got water for manufacturing purposes from a bore and some streams on their land and occasionaly from the river when the water ran clearest on Saturday nights and early in the mornings. They turned dyewater &c into the stream. The ochrey water is one of the worst pollutions to the manufacturers…’
1867 HC 27 Jul: millhands work till 8 in evening, then mill locked for night. 9.30, passer-by sees fire in stove. Fire (boiler) man rings buzzer and neighbours gather. Room fire proof, £130 damage.
1871 HEW 28 Oct: Henry Rowbottom, 13, falls in jenny gate and loses two fingers in machine.
- HC 17 Aug: Monday morning mill stopped when boiler bursts.
James Wrigley’s daughter marries son of Joseph Wrigley.
1874. HEW 24 Jan:John Wrigley & Sons treat for weavers, burlers etc.
1876. HEW 22 Jan:John Wrigley & Sons, treat, T.Charlesworth, manager.
1872. HEW 10 Jan: John Hodgkinson & Son cloth dressers, treat.
1876. HEW 1 Jan, 8 Jan: John Hodgkinson & Son, accident, youth falls in dyepan, dies of scalds.
1877. HEW 13 Jan:John Hodgkinson & Son cloth dressers treat.
Ditto. Fire alarm caused by mill buzzer accidentally going off at 11pm due to loose handle.
HEW 7 Jul,14 Jul: accident, fatal, John Sampson Bloor, 21, Moldgreen, painter falls from third floor painting fan light.. Inquest.
HEW 13 Oct: Joah Gledhill, 51, nightwatchman, found dead in road outside mill.
1878 HEW 12 Jan: John Hodgkinson & Son cloth dressers treat.
1880. HEW 24 Aug: ? Wrigley’s marriage, trip to Scarborough.
1883. HEW.10 Mar: Henry Wrigley, Netherton, dies aged 63, at Craiglands Hydropathic Establishment, Ilkley. Apparently jumped from third floor window.
HEW. 17 Mar: Funeral from Croft House to South Crosland Church.. Led by workpeople who also send a ‘beautiful wreath’.
HEW 5,15 Dec: Wrigleys’, Jos Sykes, brusher (60+) hand caught in cogs of brushing machine which he was cleaning, despite notices posted in mill against cleaning machinery in motion. Dies after his hand becomes inflamed and has to be amputated. When his hand his caught he shouts ‘throw out’ i.e stop the machine.
1884 HEW 30 Aug: George Henry Wrigley, eldest son of James Wrigley, obit, 47 from fit while in garden. Workpeople attend funeral at South Crosland.
1885 HEW 6 Jun: Netherton Conservative Association formed. ‘By arrangement with Messrs Wrigley premises have been obtained consisting of a reading room and a billiard room.’
1893 HEW 15 Apr: James Wrigley JP , Field House, Netherton, obit. (84), retired many years ago, firm run by son, J Albert Wrigley and nephew Wm Wrigley. First chairman of Local Board. Jul 1: will, personal estate £30,000.
- HEW 21 Jul: presentation of watch to Wm Garnett Wrigley. Trip to Scarborough for 400.
- *HEW 22 Aug: Pontefract’s obit.
1899 HEW 12 Aug: JA Wrigley, Field House, garden party in grounds to raise funds for South Crosland day school. Stalls, sports, games, dancing etc.
- Trip to Scarborough. Poem.
1907 HED 2 Jan: James Taylor retires after 64 years.
- HEW 17 Feb: James.A.Wrigley, biog. Born 1839, entered business 1855. Firm dates from 1766. Manufacturer of livery cloth.
1915 HEW 16 Oct: James Albert Wrigley, golden wedding presentation at mill.
1917 HEW 13 Oct: Wm Wrigley JP Obit (74), son of Wm Wrigley. Partner and father of Capt. W G Wrigley.
- Netherton Spinning Co.
1935 HED 12 Mar: Fire guts single storey teasing dept, £1,000s damage.
- YEW TREE MILL (Upperthong)
1859.HC 5 Mar: Messrs Roberts, Hinchliffe Mill, John Howe, cart driver, returning with load of coal. Near New Mill horse startled and Howe falls. Thigh crushed beneath wheel.
1868. Built on site of dyeworks. (HExp 9 Mar 1907, pollution case).
1872. HC 9 Nov: Butterworth & Roberts, machinery for sale including two nearly new power looms by Hutchinson & Hollingworth.
1874. HEW 21 Mar:Butterworth & Roberts accident,female loses finger in ‘moiter’
1884. HEW 21 Jun:Butterworth & Roberts coming of age of John Roberts, eldest son of Henry Roberts of Spring Bank, Burnlee,trip to Scarborough, left 4.30am, arrive 8.15am.
1885 HEW 28 March: Butterworth & Roberts, treat to workpeople, Jonathan Roberts, of Newhouse, Hinchliffe Mill, marriage. 200 present.
1904 HEW 23 Jan: improvements to mill marked by treat. Mill started 36 years ago.
1910 YTD: Butterworth & Roberts, vicunas, fancy woollens, worsted coatings and trouserings.
- ZETLAND MILL (Huddersfield)
1854. HE , HC 21 Jan: Aston cloth finisher Folly Hall treat for 40.
1855. HC 10 Mar: Aston cloth finisher,’Zetland new mill opened’. Treat for 78 workpeople at Zetland Hotel.
1857 HC 27 Jun: Brook and Hirst woollen manufacturers case against W H Aston for damages for infringement of 1856 patent for ‘improvement infinishing yarns of wool and hair and the finishing of woollen fabrics and piece goods.’ Defendent has machine made by Cliff. Argued patent bad because same machinery as patented in 1853 by W L and C Brook for cotton and linen yarn. Not new and well known process. Aston only manufactured tweeds which were not ‘burnished’ or ‘polished’ according to patent. He used a Fulton’s scouring machine patented in 1823. Verdict for plaintiff with 40s damages.
HC 21 Nov: Brook and Hirst patent continues. Appeal to court of errors allowed.
1858. HC 18 Sep: Wm Aston, Hopkinsons patent safety valve.
1859. HC 5 Feb: Chancery case, Brook & Hirst v. Aston, began March 1857 with bill to get injunction to stop Aston using machine claimed patented by plaintiffs. Final hearing at Court of Error on 1 Feb finds in favour of defendant.
HC 26 Feb: Celebratory dinner of 84 workpeople at Grey Horse, on victory of William Henry Aston in case. Memorial on vellum presented to Aston.
- HC 4 Feb: Bridge recently erected over canal near mill. Irish labourer taken unladen boat down the canal knocked into water by it and drowns.
HC 25 Feb: Letter from John A Hopkinson, Britannia Works, patent compound safety valve in operation at W H Aston’s mill for twelve months. Can prevent boiler explosions.
1861 HWN 7 Jul 1877: Mill considerably enlarged.
1865 HC 8 Jul: W H Aston, second storey, mecanics fixing new shafting etc and therefore not occuoed at night but shafting running. Friction ignites refuse. £25 damage.
- Joshua Hanson moves to Zetland (see 1873).
1871 HE 1 Apr: ‘At ten minutes past eight o’clock on a Wednesday morning the engine which drives machinery at the mill of Mr Councillor Aston, Queen St South suddenly cease to work and in a moment after the greater portion of it fell through two floors with a dreadful crash to the ground. The eye in which the crank pin works had broken, the whole of the other parts of the engine were consequently thrown out of gear and could not move. In faliing to the floor the engine was broken to many pieces. Happily there was no one in the engine house at the time…’ 300 out of work
1871 HC 1 Apr: 30 hp, had been running 16 years without incident. Old crack found in eye.
HC 21 Apr: Wm Henry Dixon charged with throttleing Mary Jane Emsley in wheel gate. He says she threw oil from can on him and came at him with both hands. Fined 5s.
HE 29 Apr: George Dryden, engineer, 50, scalded to death in hot water well.
HC 11 Nov: Cllr Aston, cloth finisher, gives advance to employees in gigging, hand raising, boiling,, cutting, tentering and burling departments, equalising wages to 24s week for men. 62 men employed as well as boys and females.
- HEW 20 Jan: Joshua Hanson, treat in mill, including wives and friends. One hour a week reduction and advance of 10% to teasers, fettlars, feeders and minders. Announced 1s in £ advance to hand mule spinners.
- HEW 15 Feb: Joshua Hanson late occupier machinery To be sold.
HEW 8 Mar: Joshua Hanson bankrupt.£35,000 liabilities.
HEW 26 Apr; 10 May: Joshua Hanson formerly of Woodroyd Mill, Honley, bankrupt. W.H.Aston stands as guarantee for machinery when at Folly Hall 1859 [sic]. Has invoices printed with picture of mill and description of himself as manufacturer and spinner, £900 a year rent to Aston who occupies another part of mill.
1874. HEW 19 Dec: W.H.Aston prosecutes spinner for leaving work.
1875. HEW 2 Jan: Albert Godward, woollen spinner, Almondbury, charged with leaving work without giving 14 days notice. Oldfield, forman claims given chance to finish contract. Godward says due to illness. Magistrate says undue haste in bringing case.
HEW 26 Jun: fire in stove. £10 damage.
HEW 3 Jul: Wm Henry Aston at House of Lords Committee on the sale of water from the canal. 20 years member of town authority, and member of former Water Works Commission. Only heard six months ago about illegality of Canal Co selling water. Built mill twenty years ago on strength of getting supply of water.
- HEW 12 Feb: W.H.Aston, treat.
- HWN, HEW 7 Jul: W.H.Aston OBIT.
Born 1818, s. of James Aston, wool merchant, Newtown, grandson of Rev. James Aston, Lockwood Baptist Chapel, apprenticed as cloth finisher to Ed Johnson & Sons, Upperhead Row and Rosemary St, partner of John Lunn and Jos Hoyle, Leeds rd (where Brook’s marble works now is), thence to Lane, premises destroyed by fire. Partnership dissolved and moves to Kaye’s factory before building Zetland Mill, first one in that part of valley. 1859, Improvement Commissioner, 1869 councillor, 1872, Guardian..
. HEW 20 Oct: To be sold. Five storey mill, with projecting stone staircase and hoist., 208×45½ feet. Including two double flued cylindrical steam boilers each 30 feet long by 7 feet in diameter and mountings.: beam condensing steam engine, compounded 30 nominal horse power, cylinders 30 in and 26in diameter with 4 feet stroke. Two storey warehouse. Canal boat to carry 24 tons.
- HWN 8 Jun: W.H.Aston & Son room and power.
HWE 31 Aug: J.H.Aston, scribbling, carding and finishing machinery for sale. Room required for other purposes.
1889. HEW 20 Nov: Abel Boothroyd, bank’d, machinery for sale.
1881. Directory: W.H. Aston & Son, cloth finishers/ Fred Jackson, waste puller/ Barker E Oldfield, woollen scribbler/ John Brooke & Co, woollen manufacturers/ bentley Bros, wollen manufacturers.
1882. HEW 14 Oct: James Brierly, yarn spinners, second floor,Bently Bros manufacturers,third floor.J.R.Brook & Co rest of 5 storey mill. Fire, tuesday 9pm. Workers of Jn.Taylor and Geo.Brook help fight fire. Armitage Bros, engine arrives. £2,000 damage, mainly water.
1890. HEW 18 Jan: to be sold: 3 May: ditto, 5 storey mill by 208′ by 47’6″, with hoist and staircase, tentering room with celar under boiler house with raising room over, two willying rooms, 30hp compound beam engine with economiser not yet fixed. ‘The canal being close to the buildings, coal may be most conveniently discharged directly from the boats into the boiler house.’ 3757 for square, gound rent £82.2s.6d., lease for 24 Mar 1876. (3 May: Advt again)
HEW 26 Jul: J.R.Brook & Co, scribbling, spinning and weaving machinery to be sold. (John Richard Brook, formerly of Rookery Mills, obit HEW 23 Mar 1895).
1897. HEW 21 Aug: Walter Sykes presented with silver flower bowl by workpeople, wedding.
1898. HEW 17 Dec: weaver (40) arm lacerated in machine.
1913 HEW 28 Jun: Walter Sykes Ltd: strike by ten boy reachers-in. 650 thrown out of work. 5 Jul: advance conceded to 26 reachers-in and tail end cutters.
HE 27 Mar: Walter Sykes Ltd, Elizabeth Brook (61) tenter, hair caught in shafting – dies.